Pope Francis leaves  the second morning session of the Synod of Bishops on the Family at the Vatican. Photograph: Andreas Solaro/AFP/Getty Images

The Synod of Bishops on the Family in Rome has yet to decide whether Communion for divorced and remarried couples is a matter of doctrine or disciplin(...)

Takaaki Kajit,   who has won the Nobel Prize for Physics with Arthur McDonald. Photograph: Issei Kato/Reuters

Two scientists from Japan and from Canada have won the Nobel Prize for Physics for their discoveries related to the elusive, fast-moving neutrino. Tak(...)

Paschal Donohoe said making helmets compulsory would have an “instant and very negative effect” on city bicycle schemes being rolled out across the country. File photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

There are no plans to make cycle helmets compulsory though they are proven to reduce serious injury, Minister for Transport Paschal Donohoe has said. (...)

An Islamic State loyalist in the terror group’s de factor capital, Raqqa, in Syria, in June 2014. Photograph: Reuters

The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State has begun preparing to open a major front in northeastern Syria, aiming to put pressure on Raqqa, the terr(...)

Luke Fitzgerald: “I find it pretty hard to say that I’m lucky to be here ... I’ve worked very hard.” Photograph: Inpho/Dan Sheridan

There’s Luke Fitzgerald then and there’s Luke Fitzgerald now. The pre-seasons and seasons have changed him. The tough selections have changed him. Inj(...)

“Children who went through Quebec’s child-care system were more likely to commit a crime, have poor health and experience lower levels of life satisfaction.”

Childcare is one of the biggest worries faced by parents working outside the home. They worry about the cost, they worry about the quality, and they w(...)

Matthias Müller, the new chief executive of Volkswagen AG, promised to make VW “an even stronger company”. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Switzerland has banned sales of Volkswagen Group cars with outdated emissions systems in the wake of the test-rigging scandal. Thomas Rohrbach, spokes(...)

Trainer Jessica Harrington has Elegant Statesman running at Navan on Saturday. Photograph: Donall Farmer.

The former Champion Hurdle winner Jezki faces a season on the injury sidelines but trainer Jessica Harrington could still be on her international trav(...)

All lockdowns were lifted after the suspect was taken into custody. Photograph: Thinkstock/Getty Images

A 57-year-old man is in custody after three people were killed in Ontario, Canada on Tuesday. Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) offered few details abou(...)

Undated file photos of abducted tourists Kjartan Sekkingstad (l), a Norwegian national, John Ridsdel (centre photos) of Canada and Robert Hall. Photograph: Armed Forces of the Philippines/Reuters 0:54

Two Canadian tourists, a Norwegian resort manager and a Filipino woman have been kidnapped by unidentified gunmen from a popular resort island in t(...)