A  woman at the Anitkabir, in Ankara, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Republic of Turkey, on the 77th anniversary of his death. Photograph: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

After my first few days in Ankara, I posted on Facebook that I had never encountered people who were kinder or more helpful to strangers than the citi(...)

An undated picture of General Francisco Franco riding his horse. Towards the end of his regime, Franco had started to open the country up to tourism and international trade, but in many ways Spain’s economy was still lagging behind its European neighbours. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The sun is going down over the Valley of the Fallen, the huge mausoleum north of Madrid where the dictator Francisco Franco is buried and the last vis(...)

Armed response: police at the arrest of two suspected Eta members in July. Photograph: Iroz Gaizka/AFP/Getty

It is four years this week since the terrorist group Eta announced the definitive end of its armed campaign for an independent Basque state. After the(...)

People march during a Catalan Pro-Independence demonstration. David Ramos/Getty Images

‘Spain without Catalonia would no longer be Spain,” wrote former Spanish prime minister Felipe González in a passionate if blinkered appeal to the (...)

Secretary general of the Spanish Socialist Party Pedro Sánchez and his wife, Begoña Fernandez, wave in front of the national flag  during his official presentation in Madrid  as a candidate for the next general election. Photograph: Dani Pozo/AFP/Getty

When the leader of the opposition Spanish Socialists, Pedro Sánchez, strode on to the stage of a venue in central Madrid last weekend to confirm his c(...)

Relatives of imprisoned members of Eta take part in a march demanding the transfer of Eta prisoners to the Basque country in Bilbao in January  2013.  Another thorny issue in the wake of Eta’s ceasefire has been the status of the 500 or so members of the organisation who are still in prison, most of whom are deliberately kept in jails far from their families.   Photograph: Rafa Rivas/AFP/Getty Images

A coalition of pro-independence political parties from the Basque country has presented a “road map” aimed at consolidating peace, more than three ye(...)

Zamora, Spain

We are a family of four with two boys that like adventure. Could you recommend an area in Spain away from the usual tourist charade, rich in culture/m(...)

With an eye to Scotland – Barcelona, September 11th : Demonstrators march during a pro-independence demonstration as part of the celebrations of the National Day of Catalonia behind a banner rthat says in Catalan “Now is the Hour”. (Photo by David Ramos/Getty Images)

It’s natural that most of us should be focused on the significance of the outcome as the polling day for Scotland’s referendum on independence approac(...)

Vitoria in northern Spain, pictured earlier in August at the start of its annual festival.  Photograph: Adrian Ruiz de Hierro/EPA

The mayor of a town in northern Spain has been accused of racism and even of aping Hitler, after he claimed that immigrants are sponging off the stat(...)

Relatives of imprisoned members of ETA  take part in a march in Bilbao last year demanding the transfer of prisoners to the Basque country. The placard reads: “Basque prisoners in the Basque country.” Photograph: Getty Images

As Julen Mendoza, the quietly spoken mayor of Errenteria, points out the red-brick former factory in the town’s centre, his pride is barely perceptibl(...)