Egyptians light candles as the French and Egyptian flags and France’s national colours are projected onto one of the pyramids at Giza, outside Cairo,   in tribute to the victims of the Paris attacks. The words on the pyramid read: “Solidarity with France”. Photograph:  Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

Egypt lit the Giza pyramids on Sunday night with the colours of the flags of both France and Russia in solidarity with the victims of Islamic State at(...)

The massacre in Paris, following bombings in Beirut, Lebanon, and the downing of a Russian passenger jet over Egypt, all claimed by the Islamic State, reveals a terrorist organization that has changed in significant ways from the West’s initial understanding of it. Photograph: Reuters

Defying Western efforts to confront Islamic State on the battlefield, the group has evolved in its reach and organisational ability, with increasingly(...)

Sympathisers put a candle  outside the French ambassador’s residence in Dublin. Ireland should not be shy about making its  experience and position known. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Basing our response to Friday’s attacks in Paris on a long-held and comfortable self-image of Ireland as a non-aligned, benevolent country could le(...)

Smoke rises from the site of US-led air strikes in the town of Sinjar, Iraq. Photograph: Ari Jalal/Reuters

Kurdish forces backed by US air strikes have seized the northern Iraqi town of Sinjar from Islamic State (IS), giving the jihadists’ opponents an impo(...)

Yazidi refugees celebrate news of the liberation of their homeland of Sinjar from Islamic State at a refugee camp in Derek, Rojava, Syria. Photograph: John Moore/Getty Images

The Kurdish regional president in Iraq said that peshmerga forces have taken the northern town of Sinjar from Islamic State (IS) militants in an offen(...)

A Russian employee of a hotel teaches belly dancing to Russian tourists in Sharm el-Sheikh on Tuesday. Photograph: Asmaa Waguih/Reuters

The likelihood that a bomb caused the crash of a Russian airliner flying from Sharm al-Sheikh to St Petersburg has already had a devastating impact on(...)

Ahmed Chalabi: his group was blamed for false information about Iraq’s possession of weapons of mass destruction. Photograph: Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images

Ahmed Chalabi, who has died aged 71, was an Iraqi politician who helped persuade the United States to invade Iraq in 2003 and then unsuccessfully tri(...)

Migrants clamber on to a dinghy to sail for the Greek island of Chios from the western Turkish coastal town of Cesme on Wednesday. Greece and Bulgaria complain that Turkey does nothing to halt the flow into their countries of refugees. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

In celebration of the parliamentary election victory of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Ankara arrested three dozen opposition figures and mo(...)

Ahmed Chalabi, the Iraqi politician who from exile helped persuade the United States to invade Iraq in 2003. Photograph: the New York Times

Ahmed Chalabi, chief proponent of US-enforced regime change in Iraq, died yesterday at the age of 71 in Baghdad, where he headed the Shia fundamentali(...)

A man inspects a  house  hit by what activists said was an air strike by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad, in the town of Marshamsha, in the southern countryside of Idlib, Syria. Photograph: Khalil Ashawi/Reuters

Saudi Arabia has responded militarily to the Russian and Iranian-supported Syrian army offensive in Homs and Aleppo provinces by providing anti-tank a(...)