Local residents watch smoke from an explosion rising over the Syrian city of Kobani as they watch the apparent US-led coalition’s airstrike against IS positions in the border region. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

Air strikes by US-led forces have killed 553 Islamist fighters and 32 civilians during a month-long campaign in Syria, a monitoring group which tracks(...)

Supporters of Rachid Ghannouchi, leader of the Islamist Ennahda party in Tunisia, at an election  rally in Slimania, south of Tunis, on Tuesday. Leaders of Ennahda say they overestimated the power of democracy alone to tame violent extremism. Photograph: Mohamed Messara/EPA

Nearly four years after the Arab Spring revolt, Tunisia remains its lone success as chaos engulfs much of the region. But that is not its only dist(...)

A rebel fighter on the  the frontline against Syrian president Bashar al-Assad’s forces in Aleppo. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

The Syrian conflict is being driven and prolonged by a war economy, by profiteering and dirty deals between militias. “Moderate” rebels openly form ba(...)

Turkish Kurds watch as airstrikes hit Kobani, inside Syria, as fighting intensifies between Syrian Kurds and the militants of Islamic State group. Photograph: Lefteris Pitarakis/AP

New US-led air strikes targeted Islamic State fighters near the strategic Syrian Kurdish border town of Kobani yesterday amid urgent appeals for act(...)

A Syrian Kurdish refugee  and her daughter waits for transportation after crossing into Turkey from  Kobani yesterday. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

Fighting between Kurdish forces and Islamic State militants for the Syrian border town of Kobani fuelled rising tension inside Turkey yesterday as th(...)

 A photograph taken from Turkey shows Islamic State (IS) flags displayed by militants in the east of Syrian Kobani city, at the Syria-Turkey border near Sanliurfa, yesterday. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

Turkey’s president said the Syrian Kurdish town of Kobani was “about to fall” as Islamic State fighters pressed home a three-week assault that has cos(...)

Turkish tanks and armoured vehicles took up positions on hills overlooking the besieged Syrian border town of Kobani today as shelling by Islamic State insurgents intensified and stray fire hit Turkish soil. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

US warplanes have attacked Islamic State targets in Syria, in raids that a group monitoring the war said killed civilians as well as jihadist fighters(...)

Britain’s parliament approved air strikes against Islamic State insurgents in Iraq by a decisive margin on Friday, paving the way for the Royal Air Force to join US-led military action with immediate effect. Photograph: Cpl Neil Bryden/Ministry of Defence/Handout via Reuters

Air strikes believed to have been carried out by US-led forces hit three makeshift oil refineries in Syria’s Raqqa province early today as part of an (...)

An undated handout photo of Alan Henning who has been taken hostage by Islamic State. His wife has said she has been sent a recording of him pleading for his life. Photograph: Mohamed Elhaddad/PA Wire.

The wife of British hostage Alan Henning has urged Islamic State to release him after she received an audio message from her husband pleading for his (...)

 US president Barack Obama makes a statement on US and allied airstrikes against the Islamic State (IS) in Syria, from the South Lawn of the White House, on Tuesday. Photograph: EPA

President Barack Obama praised the handful of Arab nations that supported America’s first air strikes against Islamic State (IS) militants inside Syr(...)