At least 20 people have been killed in bomb explosions in the centre of the Turkish capital Ankara, the Dogan News agency has reported. The attack app(...)

US Defense Secretary Ash Carter at a Nato defence ministers meeting in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Nato will double the size of its emergency response force and may send ground troops to Turkey, its secretary general said yesterday. Speaking after (...)

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan  shakes hands with Belgian PM Charles Michel during a meeting at the Chateau of Val-Duchesse in Brussels on Tuesday. Turkey’s leader began his  European tour in Strasbourg last Sunday. Photograph: Nicolas Maeterlinck/AFP/Belga

The picturesque Alsatian town of Strasbourg is used to finding itself at the centre of political activity when thousands of MEPs and Eurocrats descend(...)

Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg at  a press conference  in Brussels on Tuesday. “I will not speculate on the motives but this does not look like an accident,” he said. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

Nato general secretary Jens Stoltenberg rejected claims by Russia that its incursion into Turkish airspace last weekend was accidental, amid claims t(...)

Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad: targeting of Syria shows Moscow gives priority to strengthening Damascus against near enemies rather than striking Islamic State. Photograph: Sana via Reuters

Russia’s deployment of war planes, missile systems, tanks, and armoured troop carriers has dramatically changed the shape of the conflict on the groun(...)

Footage released by Russia’s defence ministry shows airstrikes carried out by the country’s air force in Syria. Photograph: Reuters

Nato ambassadors told Russia to halt its incursions into the airspace of Turkey, a member of the alliance, saying the violations were both extremely d(...)

Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Residents waiting in line to receive food aid distributed in the Palestinian Yarmouk refugee camp, Damascus, in January 2014. Many Palestinian refugees fled the camp after it was overrun by al-Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra fighters. Photograph:  United Nation Relief and Works Agency via Getty Images

“The journey began on 9/11 and ended on 11/9,” said Jamil with a wry smile. A smuggler driver, contacted weeks earlier, rang on September 10th last ye(...)

Coffins are draped in the Kurdish flag during the funerals of people killed during clashes between Turkish forces and PKK militants, in Cizre, Turkey. Photograph: Llyas Akengin/AFP/Getty Images

A second curfew in as many days on the besieged Turkish city of Cizre was announced last night following a 36-hour cessation that allowed supplies ent(...)

 Turkish soldiers secure the area at a barricade near the Yuksekova district of Hakkari city, in the southeast of Turkey. An attack  by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party  in the south-eastern Turkish province of Hakkari killed 31 soldiers, according to the PKK. Photograph: EPA/STR

Turkish warplanes bombed Kurdish insurgent targets on Sunday night after the militants staged what appeared to be their deadliest attack since the col(...)