Rebel fighters from Suqour al-Sham Brigade fire their weapons towards forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad that are fleeing Idlib city. Photograph: Mohamad Bayoush/Reuters

Islamic fighters led by al-Qaeda’s branch in Syria have seized almost full control of the north-western city of Idlib, taking over major roundabouts a(...)

Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

Bakdash, a modest shop planted in the centre of 18th-century Souq al-Hamidiya in Damascus, is mobbed from morning to night

Four years of warfare, destruction, displacement and sanctions have shattered the Syrian economy. Its currency value has fallen dramatically from 55-6(...)

US secretary of state John Kerry said he believed it was important to achieve a diplomatic solution for the conflict in Syria and that negotiations should involve president Bashar al-Assad.  Photograph: Brian Snyder/AFP/Getty Images

US secretary of State John Kerry said in an interview broadcast on Sunday that he still believed it was important to achieve a diplomatic solution for(...)

An Islamic State loyalist in Raqqa, Syria, on June 29th, 2014. Men who live in the IS-controlled city told The Irish Times the city has “no government”. Photograph: Reuters

Passengers exhausted by their long journey sit on the kerb or lounge against the buses that have brought them to Damascus from Raqqa in north central (...)

Syrians enjoy a snack in a park in the city of Damascus. The war in Syria is entering its fifth year. Photograph: Louai Beshara/AFP/Getty Images

The avenues and streets of Damascus are alive with the thrum of traffic, the pavements with the tramp of feet of hundreds of thousands of Syrians who (...)

Satellite image from scientists at Wuhan University in China shows a night image of Syria taken in March 2011. Photograph: Trócaire handout from #WithSyria

As the Syrian conflict enters its fifth year, satellite images have been released which show that 83 per cent of all lights in Syria have gone out sin(...)

Members of al-Qaeda’s Nusra Front prepare to fire a mortar towards forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad in al-Mallah farms, north of Aleppo, last month. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

Al-Qaeda’s Syrian branch was left reeling on Friday after its military chief was killed in an apparent army air strike, adding to confusion over the f(...)

Turkish tanks in the northern Syrian town of Kobani this week. The Syrian Kurdish YPG militia, backed by US-led air strikes,  drove Islamic State from the town last month. Photograph: Mursel Coban/Depo Photos/Reuters

Kurdish militia pressed a big offensive against Islamic State in northeast Syria on Wednesday, cutting one of its supply lines from Iraq, as fears mo(...)

 Relatives and mourners arrive for the funeral of Coptic Christians, kidnapped and killed by extremists linked to the Islamic State group in Libya, outside a church in al-Aour village, Egypt. Photograph: EPA

Women living under Islamic State’s control in Iraq and Syria are facing increasingly harsh restrictions on movement and dress, which are rigorously en(...)