A Russian warship in the Caspian Sea launches missiles on Wednesday. The Russian Defence Ministry the warships of the Caspian Flotilla carried out massive strikes against Islamic State facilities in Syria. Photograph: EPA/Russian Defence Ministry

Ground troops loyal to president Bashar al-Assad have launched a major offensive in central Syria backed by Russian air strikes. It is an escalation i(...)

Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande at the start of a summit on Ukraine in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/Pool.

The Russian defence ministry said on Friday that it had bombed seven targets in Syria in overnight air raids, including a command post and a traini(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin’s decision this week to launch air strikes on Syria marks a dramatic escalation of foreign involvement in a 4-year-old civil war in which every major country in the region has a stake. Photograph: Regis Duvignau/Reuters 1:29

Russia bombed Syria for a third day on Friday, mainly hitting areas held by rival insurgent groups rather than the Islamic State fighters it said it w(...)

 Hungarian soldiers build a temporary  razor-wire fence  at the border between Hungary and Croatia. Photograph: Gyorgy Varga/EPA

Worsening weather and tightening borders confront thousands of migrants making their way through the Balkans to western Europe, as the changing season(...)

Residents inspect a site damaged by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad. Photograph: Abdalrhman Ismail/Reuters

Syrian government forces used newly delivered Russian warplanes to bombard Islamic State insurgents in Aleppo province in northern Syria, a group moni(...)

Migrants get off a train  at the railway station of Botovo, near the Croatian-Hungarian border. Photograph: Stringer/AFP/Getty Images

Four years of war have killed 250,000 of its people, driven four million of them abroad and displaced twice as many inside its borders, but on the Bal(...)

 Men help an injured boy who survived what activists said were airstrikes by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad, in the Douma neighborhood of Damascus in late August. Although international attention has turned to Islamic State atrocities, the country’s war has been far more destructive and deadly.  Photograph: Bassam Khabieh/Reuters

Every morning, at the dawn call to prayer, women and children move silently from the Damascus suburb of Douma to the surrounding farm fields, seeking (...)

Residents waiting in line to receive food aid distributed in the Palestinian Yarmouk refugee camp, Damascus, in January 2014. Many Palestinian refugees fled the camp after it was overrun by al-Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra fighters. Photograph:  United Nation Relief and Works Agency via Getty Images

“The journey began on 9/11 and ended on 11/9,” said Jamil with a wry smile. A smuggler driver, contacted weeks earlier, rang on September 10th last ye(...)

Beder Jasim, from Aleppo in Syria and his friend Ibrahim  Momtaz. “We feel great now. Thank you to Austria. In Hungary things were very bad, and we were scared. Now we feel safe” said Mr Jasim.

Thousands of migrants have arrived in Germany and Austria after Hungary eased travel restrictions and let them continue their westward voyage, giving (...)