Iraqi families, who fled the city of Ramadi after it was seized by Islamic State, waiting to cross Bzeibez bridge on the southwestern frontier of Baghdad on Friday.  Photograph: Ahmad al-rubaye/AFP/Getty Images

The Islamic State (IS) seized Syria’s last border crossing with Iraq yesterday, after big advances in both countries that have cast doubt on the effe(...)

Sevan, Samuel, Lucy, Arshag and Arthur Agopyan in their Yerevan apartment. Photograph: Daniel McLaughlin

Looking across Yerevan to where Mount Ararat soars over Armenia’s border with Turkey, Samuel Agopyan’s thoughts travel on, to the ancient Syrian city (...)

Civilians in Aleppo struggle past a  site damaged by what activists said was a barrel bomb dropped by forces loyal to president Bashar Al-Assad. ‘In some cases, the actions of the Syrian government have amounted to crimes against humanity,’ Amnesty International charged in a new report. Photograph: Reuters/Hosam Katan

Amnesty International has urged the UN Security Council to refer the situation in Syria to the International Criminal Court and to demand “prompt and (...)

A man holds an injured boy after what activists said was a barrel bomb dropped by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad and hit a school and a residential building in Seif al-Dawla neighborhood of Aleppo. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

Syrian government forces are targeting civilians in barrel bomb attacks in Aleppo that have forced hospitals and schools to move underground, Amnesty(...)

A man holds an injured boy after what activists said was a barrel bomb dropped by forces loyal to Syrian president Bashar al-Assad hit a school and residential building in the Seif al-Dawla neighborhood of Aleppo. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

Children were killed and wounded in Aleppo on Sunday in a barrel-bomb attack that destroyed a building where students were sitting exams, residents a(...)

A file image of a US Navy F/A-18C Hornet on a aircraft carrier.

The death toll from an air strike by US-led forces on the northern Syrian province of Aleppo on Friday has risen to 52 including seven children, a gro(...)

US army trainers watch as an Iraqi recruit fires at a military base in Taji, Iraq.They are teaching members of the Iraqi Army, as the Iraqi government tries to recover territory lost to IS last year. Photograph: John Moore/Getty Images

The leader of Islamic State, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, has been seriously wounded in an air strike in western Iraq, according to reports.A source in Iraq (...)

Rebel fighters from Suqour al-Sham Brigade fire their weapons towards forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad that are fleeing Idlib city. Photograph: Mohamad Bayoush/Reuters

Islamic fighters led by al-Qaeda’s branch in Syria have seized almost full control of the north-western city of Idlib, taking over major roundabouts a(...)

Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

Bakdash, a modest shop planted in the centre of 18th-century Souq al-Hamidiya in Damascus, is mobbed from morning to night

Four years of warfare, destruction, displacement and sanctions have shattered the Syrian economy. Its currency value has fallen dramatically from 55-6(...)