Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

An Islamic State loyalist in Raqqa, Syria, on June 29th, 2014. Men who live in the IS-controlled city told The Irish Times the city has “no government”. Photograph: Reuters

Passengers exhausted by their long journey sit on the kerb or lounge against the buses that have brought them to Damascus from Raqqa in north central (...)

Tribal fighters take part in a security deployment against Islamic State militants in the town of Amriyat al-Falluja, in Anbar province. The jihadists’ momentum in Iraq appears to be stalling. Photograph: Reuters

Islamic State appeared unstoppable after its blitz through Iraq this summer, with its battle-hardened fighters continually raising their black flag ov(...)

Turkish tanks and armoured vehicles took up positions on hills overlooking the besieged Syrian border town of Kobani today as shelling by Islamic State insurgents intensified and stray fire hit Turkish soil. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

US warplanes have attacked Islamic State targets in Syria, in raids that a group monitoring the war said killed civilians as well as jihadist fighters(...)

A man holds up a knife as he rides on the back of a motorcycle touring the streets of Tabqa city with others in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Stringer

Islamic State militants stormed an air base in northeast Syria yesterday, capturing it from government forces after days of fighting that cost more th(...)

A man walks  debris caused by fighting in the Syrian war in Ain Tarma in the eastern Ghouta suburb of Damascus yesterday. Photograph: Bassam Khabieh/Reuters.

At least 191,369 people had been killed in Syria’s conflict through April, more than double the figure documented a year ago and probably still an un(...)

Bashar al-Assad reviews the guard of honour on his arrival at his swearing in ceremony at the presidential palace in Damascus on Wednesday. He was elected for another seven-year term with 88.7 per cent of the vote in an election in June. Photograph: EPA/Sana

Bashar al-Assad has been sworn in for a third term as Syria’s president, defiantly scorning enemies at home and abroad and claiming victory over those(...)

The Old City of Homs, bearing the scars of Syria’s war. The old clock tower has vanished and been replaced by a lamp post bearing clock faces ticking away the hours until Old Homs is restored. Photograph: Karin Leukefeld

The route from the bustling outskirts to the Old City of Homs runs through tidy residential neighbourhoods strewn with road blocks and anti-suicide- b(...)

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad  and his wife Asma al-Assad cast their votes in the presidential elections at martyr Na’em Ma’asarani School in al-Malki neighborhood in Damascus yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Sana

Damascenes flock to a multiplicity of neighbourhood polling stations to cast ballots in Syria’s first ever multi-candidate presidential election, whic(...)

Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad and his wife Asma (R) cast their votes in the country’s presidential elections at a polling station in Damascus today. Dr Assad is expected to record a landslide victory in the election, described by local rivals and international critics as a charade. Photograph: SANA/Handout via Reuters.

Waving photos of their leader and dancing with flags, tens of thousands of Syrians pledged renewed allegiance to president Bashar al-Assad today as th(...)