An image grab taken from a video made available by Jihadist media outlet Welayat Homs on July 4th, 2015 allegedly shows 25 Syrian government soldiers kneeling as, what appears to be children or teenagers, are brought in to execute them. Photograph: Getty

The Islamic State group has released a video showing the killing of 25 government soldiers in the historic town of Palmyra in central Syria. The vide(...)

A billboard depicting Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad is seen in the old city of Homs. Steady advances by insurgents on key fronts in Syria mean president Bashar al-Assad is under more military pressure than at any point in the four-year-old war. The arabic on the billboard reads ‘Together, we will build it’. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Syria’s defence minister has visited government army units to the east of Homs city, state television reported on Thursday, in what appeared to be the(...)

Islamic State appears to be using Palmyra as the latest outpost of its self-declared caliphate rather than immediately harming or looting the city’s magnificent Greco-Roman ruins. Photograph: AFP/HO/Welayat Homs

Hours after they swept into the Syrian city of Palmyra last week, Islamic State militants carried out scores of summary executions, leaving the bod(...)

Displaced Sunni people fleeing the violence in Ramadi on the outskirts of Baghdad. Iraqi forces recaptured territory from advancing IS militants near the recently-fallen city of Ramadi on Sunday. Photograph: Reuters/Stringer

Rival powers and allies have traded barbs and accusations over the recent successes of Islamic State, a week after the militant group seized Ramadi (...)

Iraqi families, who fled the city of Ramadi after it was seized by Islamic State , gather during a sand storm at a camp. Photograph: Getty Images

A convoy of Shia Muslim militia and Iraqi army forces set out from a base near Ramadi on Saturday to advance on areas held by Islamic State, a Shia sp(...)

Iraqi families, who fled the city of Ramadi after it was seized by Islamic State, waiting to cross Bzeibez bridge on the southwestern frontier of Baghdad on Friday.  Photograph: Ahmad al-rubaye/AFP/Getty Images

The Islamic State (IS) seized Syria’s last border crossing with Iraq yesterday, after big advances in both countries that have cast doubt on the effe(...)

Islamic State militants who have taken over Palmyra have  imposed a curfew from 5pm until sunrise and banned people from leaving town until Saturday morning to ensure no government-linked figures they are seeking manage to escape, activists and officials said. File photograph: Christophe Charon/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State militants have been searching through the Syrian town of Palmyra for government troops and fighters, and activists are claiming at least(...)

Islamic State militants were reported to have gained ground against Syrian troops in fighting near the historic city of Palmyra, also known as Tadmur. This is a file potograph of the ancient city. Photograph: Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State militants were reported to have gained ground against Syrian troops in fighting near the historic city of Palmyra, also known as Tadmur(...)

Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

An Islamic State loyalist in Raqqa, Syria, on June 29th, 2014. Men who live in the IS-controlled city told The Irish Times the city has “no government”. Photograph: Reuters

Passengers exhausted by their long journey sit on the kerb or lounge against the buses that have brought them to Damascus from Raqqa in north central (...)