Lebanon’s Hizbullah deputy leader Sheikh Naim Qassem speaks as Syrian foreign minister Walid al-Moualem (centre) and Iran’s minister of culture  Ali Jannati listen during the International Media Conference Against Terrorism in Damascus. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Syrian president Bashar al- Assad yesterday welcomed “positive” changes in western attitudes to the conflict in the country – suggesting the United St(...)

President Assad described the regime’s surrender of territory as a question of priorities, given its limited resources. Photograph: Getty

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad has admitted his regime has a shortage of soldiers and has suffered military setbacks. In his first public speech for(...)

An image grab taken from a video made available by Jihadist media outlet Welayat Homs on July 4th, 2015 allegedly shows 25 Syrian government soldiers kneeling as, what appears to be children or teenagers, are brought in to execute them. Photograph: Getty

The Islamic State group has released a video showing the killing of 25 government soldiers in the historic town of Palmyra in central Syria. The vide(...)

A billboard depicting Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad is seen in the old city of Homs. Steady advances by insurgents on key fronts in Syria mean president Bashar al-Assad is under more military pressure than at any point in the four-year-old war. The arabic on the billboard reads ‘Together, we will build it’. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Syria’s defence minister has visited government army units to the east of Homs city, state television reported on Thursday, in what appeared to be the(...)

Islamic State appears to be using Palmyra as the latest outpost of its self-declared caliphate rather than immediately harming or looting the city’s magnificent Greco-Roman ruins. Photograph: AFP/HO/Welayat Homs

Hours after they swept into the Syrian city of Palmyra last week, Islamic State militants carried out scores of summary executions, leaving the bod(...)

Displaced Sunni people fleeing the violence in Ramadi on the outskirts of Baghdad. Iraqi forces recaptured territory from advancing IS militants near the recently-fallen city of Ramadi on Sunday. Photograph: Reuters/Stringer

Rival powers and allies have traded barbs and accusations over the recent successes of Islamic State, a week after the militant group seized Ramadi (...)

Iraqi families, who fled the city of Ramadi after it was seized by Islamic State , gather during a sand storm at a camp. Photograph: Getty Images

A convoy of Shia Muslim militia and Iraqi army forces set out from a base near Ramadi on Saturday to advance on areas held by Islamic State, a Shia sp(...)

Iraqi families, who fled the city of Ramadi after it was seized by Islamic State, waiting to cross Bzeibez bridge on the southwestern frontier of Baghdad on Friday.  Photograph: Ahmad al-rubaye/AFP/Getty Images

The Islamic State (IS) seized Syria’s last border crossing with Iraq yesterday, after big advances in both countries that have cast doubt on the effe(...)

Islamic State militants who have taken over Palmyra have  imposed a curfew from 5pm until sunrise and banned people from leaving town until Saturday morning to ensure no government-linked figures they are seeking manage to escape, activists and officials said. File photograph: Christophe Charon/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State militants have been searching through the Syrian town of Palmyra for government troops and fighters, and activists are claiming at least(...)

Islamic State militants were reported to have gained ground against Syrian troops in fighting near the historic city of Palmyra, also known as Tadmur. This is a file potograph of the ancient city. Photograph: Joseph Eid/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State militants were reported to have gained ground against Syrian troops in fighting near the historic city of Palmyra, also known as Tadmur(...)