The children of Halima Hawad Al Ali and Abdulmouti Al Ibrahim  at their home in Amman, Jordan. Photograph: Ted Nieters

On their small family farm in the countryside north of Aleppo, where Abdelmouti and his wife Halima grew just enough cotton and fruit to sustain their(...)

A Russian warship in the Caspian Sea launches missiles on Wednesday. The Russian Defence Ministry the warships of the Caspian Flotilla carried out massive strikes against Islamic State facilities in Syria. Photograph: EPA/Russian Defence Ministry

Ground troops loyal to president Bashar al-Assad have launched a major offensive in central Syria backed by Russian air strikes. It is an escalation i(...)

Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande at the start of a summit on Ukraine in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/Pool.

The Russian defence ministry said on Friday that it had bombed seven targets in Syria in overnight air raids, including a command post and a traini(...)

Deserted streets and damaged buildings in the central Syrian town of Talbisseh in the Homs province after Russia confirmed that it carried out its first air strike in Syria. Photograph: Mahmoud Taha/AFP/Getty Images 1:29

The White House warned Russia that its military actions in Syria risk prolonging the four-year-old conflict in the country as the US and Russian milit(...)

Vladimir Putin speaks during a meeting of the presidential council for Civil Society and Human Rights at the Kremlin in Moscow on October 1st, 2015. Photograph: Yuri Kochetkov/AFP/Getty Images 1:23

Russian air strikes in Syria are targeting a list of well-known militant organisations, not only Islamic State, the Kremlin said on Thursday. M(...)

 Hungarian soldiers build a temporary  razor-wire fence  at the border between Hungary and Croatia. Photograph: Gyorgy Varga/EPA

Worsening weather and tightening borders confront thousands of migrants making their way through the Balkans to western Europe, as the changing season(...)

 Men help an injured boy who survived what activists said were airstrikes by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad, in the Douma neighborhood of Damascus in late August. Although international attention has turned to Islamic State atrocities, the country’s war has been far more destructive and deadly.  Photograph: Bassam Khabieh/Reuters

Every morning, at the dawn call to prayer, women and children move silently from the Damascus suburb of Douma to the surrounding farm fields, seeking (...)

Britain’s Prime Minister David Cameron  meets Syrian refugee families at a tented settlement camp in the Bekaa Valley on the Lebanese-Syrian border on September 14th. Photograph: STEFAN ROUSSEAU/AFP/Getty Images

The sandstorm that hit Lebanon recently smothered Beirut in swathes of choking red dust. Scarves covered people’s noses and mouths. With the air hazy (...)

Bashar al-Assad: according to Vladimir Putin, the Syrian president ‘agrees to holding parliamentary elections and establishing contacts with the so-called healthy opposition’. Photograph: EPA/SANA

Russian president Vladimir Putin declared yesterday that his Syrian counterpart, Bashar al-Assad, is prepared to conduct early parliamentary elections(...)