Syrians fleeing the northern embattled city of Aleppo wait for tents in Bab-Al Salam, near the Turkish border crossing. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

The arrival of 40,000 refugees at the Turkish border north of Aleppo is a sign of how dramatically the dynamic of the conflict has shifted since Russi(...)

Syrians fleeing the northern embattled city of Aleppo wait in Bab-Al Salama, next to the city of Azaz, northern Syria, near the Turkish crossing gate.  Photograph:   Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Thousands of Syrians have fled towards the Turkish border to escape a Russian-backed military offensive by president Bashar al-Assad’s forces on Syria(...)

Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad was told to ‘step aside’ by US president Barack Obama in 2011. Photograph: EPA

The Syrian crisis might have been resolved in 2011 if US president Barack Obama had not declared on August 18th that year that his Syrian counterpart (...)

 Syrian policemen and citizens at  the site of two terrorist bomb attacks at a security checkpoint in the residential neighborhood of Zahra, Homs. Photograph: SANA/EPA

Islamic State have claimed a bomb attack in the Syrian government-controlled city of Homs that killed at least 24 people yesterday, the city’s governo(...)

The Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor, which was reportedly overrun by Islamic State fighters. Photograph: Ahmad Aboud/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State fighters have seized more than 400 civilians after capturing new ground in a major assault on the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor, according (...)

Syrian Arab Red Crescent ambulances evacuate fighters and civilians from the two besieged Shia towns of al-Foua and Kefraya in the mainly rebel-held northwestern province of Idlib. Photograph: Reuters

Buses evacuated several hundred fighters and civilians from two besieged areas in Syria on Monday under a deal between warring parties backed by the U(...)

Syrians gather at the site of two car bomb attacks in the al-Zahraa neighbourhood of the central Syrian city of Homs on Monday. According to state media at least 14 people were killed in the attack on the neighbourhood which is predominantly Alawite, the minority sect of Syria’s ruling clan. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

At least 32 people were killed and 90 wounded in two bomb explosions in the Syrian city of Homs on Monday, monitoring group the Syrian Observatory fo(...)

Christmas holiday lights hang from trees in the ancient quarter of Bab al-Sharqi in Damascus. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Beleaguered Syrian Christians, who belong to the world’s most ancient Christian communities, are set to celebrate a fifth Christmas during a war that (...)

 Idlib, in northwest Syria, on December 21st,   following reported Russian air strikes: Amnesty International has presenting what it said was evidence that the air raids had violated humanitarian law.  Photograph: Omar Haj Kadour/AFP/Getty Images

Russia’s bombing of Syria may amount to a war crime because of the number of civilians its strikes have killed, Amnesty International said on in a rep(...)

We spoke to Syrians who have made their way to Berlin about their journeys and the future

Ehsan (21) Ehsan worked with various humanitarian relief organisations in Aleppo before joining the Syrian opposition as an assistant surgeon an(...)