Palestinian school girls return to their houses in Beit Hanoun town in the northern Gaza Strip. Palestinian officials estimate that 100 lorry loads a day of the entire range of building supplies are needed to reconstruct Gaza. Photograph: Mohammed Salem/Reuters

Egypt opened the Rafah crossing from Sinai into Gaza on Wednesday to permit some of the 6,000 Palestinians stranded outside the coastal strip to re(...)

A man reads a copy of the Iranian ‘Hamshahri’ newspaper  with a headline reading: ‘The Geneva deal extended until first of July’. Photograph: Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA

Iranian supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei lashed out angrily at the western powers for trying to “bring Iran to its knees” following the failure t(...)

Members of Iraqi Shiite militia al-Abbas brigades, who are fighting with Iraqi forces against Islamic state group, at Kitba village near Tikrit in northern Iraq. Photograph: Ali Mohammed/EPA

Iraqi prime minister Haidar al-Abadi has capitulated to US pressure by agreeing to arm Sunni tribesmen fighting against Islamic State (IS), in spit(...)

An Israeli border policewoman patrols in a park in Jerusalem where Ethiopian Jews gathered yesterday. Photograph: Jim Hollander/EPA

The recent rise in Palestinian attacks on Israelis reflects Palestinian frustration over the restrictive regime under which they live as well as the f(...)

A relative of Uday and Rassan Abu Jamal, cousins who killed four worshippers in a Jerusalem synagogue, holds their pictures. Palestinian assaults on Israelis have surged recently. Photograph: Ammar Awad/Reuters

The attack yesterday by Palestinian cousins on a synagogue in west Jerusalem stunned Israelis but was welcomed by the leftist Popular Front for the Li(...)

Smoke rising from the Baiji oil refinery in northern Iraq. Iraqi forces appear to be lifting the months-long siege on the country’s main oil refinery. Photograph: EPA

The US chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, Gen Martin Dempsey, has said the battle against Islamic State in Iraq is “starting to turn” as Iraqi for(...)

An armed Palestinian woman who supports the mainstream Fatah movement, and belongs to the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, during a rally in the West Bank city of Hebron yesterday commemorating the 10th anniversary of the death of Yasser Arafat. Photograph: Abed Al Hashlamoun/EPA

A spate of stabbing and vehicle attacks mounted by Palestinian youths against Israelis in the run-up to the 10th anniversary this week of the death of(...)

The bodies of members of the Abu Jamei family, who were  killed in an Israeli airstrike, are buried in Khan Younis, Gaza Strip, on July 21st.  Photograph: Sergey Ponomarev/The New York Times

Israel committed war crimes during the summer’s 50-day war on Gaza by targeting densely populated neighbourhoods and killing 1,523 civilian Palestini(...)

An Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga soldier   on the outskirts of Suruc, near the Turkey-Syria border. Photograph: Vadim Ghirda/AP

News of the deployment at the besieged Kurdish town of Kobani of 150 Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga militiamen and 52 fighters claiming connections with the (...)

Turkey’s prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu. “The Barbaros ship will continue to do its seismic studies . .  nobody should try to create a crisis.” Photograph: Kerem Uzel/Bloomberg

Cyprus’s president Nikos Anastasiades is to raise Turkey’s incursion into the island’s maritime exclusion zone at today’s European Council summit in B(...)