A Catalan flag flutters above Barcelona’s Mercat de Born. Today’s Diada, or Catalan national day, marks the anniversary of city’s  defeat of 1714 during the War of Succession. Photograph: Josep Lago/AFP

In the Born Cultural Centre, history is presented as a violent drama whose heroes and villains are painted in broad strokes. A huge, glass-ceilinged h(...)

A file picture of Ana Patricia Botin, new boss at the bank. Photograph: EPA

Ana Patricia Botin was approved as the new boss of Santander bank yesterday, following the sudden death of her father, Emilio Botin, from a heart atta(...)

A protester holds up a sign reading ‘Out with binge tourism’ at a demonstration in Barcelona. Photograph: EPA/Marta Perez

It’s an all-too-common sight in many Mediterranean cities and resorts: drunken foreigners noisily staggering through the streets while sober locals l(...)

Catalan president Artur Mas. Newspapers El País and El Mundo reported yesterday that Mr Mas and his Convergència i Unió coalition could delay the Catalan independence referendum if the Spanish constitutional court rules it illegal, as is widely expected. Photograph: Reuters/Gustau Nacarino

The Catalan government is considering suspending a referendum on independence from Spain, which it had been planning to hold this autumn, if author(...)

Vitoria in northern Spain, pictured earlier in August at the start of its annual festival.  Photograph: Adrian Ruiz de Hierro/EPA

The mayor of a town in northern Spain has been accused of racism and even of aping Hitler, after he claimed that immigrants are sponging off the stat(...)

Relatives of imprisoned members of ETA  take part in a march in Bilbao last year demanding the transfer of prisoners to the Basque country. The placard reads: “Basque prisoners in the Basque country.” Photograph: Getty Images

As Julen Mendoza, the quietly spoken mayor of Errenteria, points out the red-brick former factory in the town’s centre, his pride is barely perceptibl(...)

 Former   president of Catalonia Jordi Pujol: was found to be hiding a secret fortune he had harboured money from his father’s inheritance in tax havens for 34 years. Photograph: EPA/David Borrat

The revelation that the self-styled godfather of Catalan nationalism, Jordi Pujol, hid a fortune in tax havens for decades has thrown the region’s g(...)

Demonstrators with the pro-independence Catalan National Assembly hold a giant banner with an image of US president Barack Obama at Plana square in Badalona, near Barcelona. Photograph: Gustau Nacarino/Reuters

With a contentious Catalan referendum on independence from Spain slated to take place in less than four months, pressure is building on the region’(...)

Pedro Sánchez: won 49 per cent of the votes cast by 130,000 party members in the Spanish Socialist Party leadership contest. Photograph: Reuters/Javier Barbancho

Pedro Sánchez, a young economist who was virtually unheard of only a few months ago, has promised to unite his party and unseat the conservative go(...)

General Francisco Franco (second from right) and his wife Doña Carmen Polo are saluted at a reception at Burgos. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

The Hostal San Marcos in the northern Spanish city of León was originally a convent, built in the 16th century by King Ferdinand. Today, it is a pa(...)