‘In Germany establishment parties have ruled out co-operation with Pegida, the German acronym for “Patriotic Europeans Against Islamisation of the West”.’ Supporters of the Pegida movement waves flags while they gather for a march in their first Berlin demonstration,  following  marches in Dresden.  Photograph:  Carsten Koall/Getty Images

This week mosques have been bombed in Sweden, in Dresden thousands of anti-immigrant marchers demand a halt the ‘Islamisation of t(...)

‘There is the danger that in conceding that freedoms can rightly be limited we turn the discussion into one in which we are considering how much the victim of an attack on freedom of speech like Charlie Hebdo was to blame for its own fate.’ Above, a woman holds a placard   in front of the French embassy in Rome. Photograph:  Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters

‘The appalling massacre at Charlie Hebdo promises to make 2015 yet more deadly for journalists’

An anti-Castro Cuban exile in Florida holds a Cuban flag during a protest after the announcement of the restoration of diplomatic ties between Cuba and United States. Photograph: Carlos Barria/Reuters

Possible eventual loss of strategic foothold will not have pleased Vladimir Putin

In happier times: Franklin Foer, right, with Chris Hughes, in May 2012. Photograph: James Estrin/The New York Times

‘Chris Hughes decided to bring the venerable, once-liberal US political journal into the 21st century online age by firing editor(...)

‘Last year, the Swiss government apologised after decades of silence about the scope and inhumanity of the policy.’ Photograph: Getty Images

Opinion: ‘Until the 1930s the allocation of many of the children to farmers in search of cheap labour was done through auction at (...)

Key players: former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbatchev, former US president George Bush and former German chancellor Helmut Kohl

The prospect of a united Germany faced huge hostility but became a reality just 11 months after the Berlin Wall fell

‘By Friday, reckoning discretion to be the better part of valour, Orbán  abandoned the new tax altogether. People power.’ Above, earlier in the week tens of thousands of Hungarians held up their mobile phones as they crossed  the Elisabeth Bridge, in Budapest,  during a protest against the  tax on internet data transfers. Photograph: Laszlo Balogh/Reuters

Opinion: ‘Orbán’s measure also has to be seen in the light of his own particular brand of right wing, deeply regressive consumptio(...)

The Woodenbridge first World War Memorial Park in Co Wicklow, formally opened last month. The memorial, 15 stone pillars on which the names of the dead and their townlands are inscribed, commemorates the approximately 1,200 men from all parts of Co Wicklow who died in the first World War. It is inscribed with the lines of Francis Ledwidge’s poem below. Photograph: Jack McManus

Redmond’s gamble that Irish nationalism’s support for empire in first World War would cement home rule proved terribly wrong, but (...)

‘Several decisions by the Strasbourg Court have particularly upset Tories’. Above,  party leader David Cameron  addresses the Conservative party’s annual conference earlier this month. Photographer: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg

Opinion: ‘The court and convention were largely products of British/Winston Churchill’s post-War desire to bind wayward Europeans (...)

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