Angela Merkel: Her previously unquestioned leadership is now under fire. Photograph: Omer Messinger

German chancellor looks to untested alliance with Greens and Free Democrats

 Sebastian Kurz arrives for a TV discussion, in Vienna, Austria. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Sebastian Kurz continues to polarise as he looks set to become the next Austrian leader

German chancellor Angela Merkel gestures during an EU  summit in Tallinn, Estonia. Photograph: Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

Angela Merkel insists she has options, but her party’s match has already been made

Former Hypo Real Estate chief executive Georg Funke, pictured in a Munich court in March 2017. The case was settled today. Photograph: Christof Stache / AFP

German prosecutors drop fraud charges against ex-managers of bailed-out lender

Wolfgang Schäuble, who departs  the German finance ministry after eight years to become the next Bundestag president. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Veteran politician takes over as Bundestag president at critical juncture in parliament’s history

Alice Weidel and Alexander Gauland, newly elected parliamentary party leaders of the far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD), make a statement after a first meeting of the  parliamentary group at the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders-Haus parliamentary building in Berlin on September 26th, 2017. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

Co-leader Frauke Petry says is quitting in protest at extremist language in far-right party

Frauke Petry, a leading member of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD), who is leaving the party. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Officials of far-right party order leader Frauke Petry to leave over rhetorical differences

German chancellor Angela Merkel of the Christian Democratic Union at a press conference in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

German chancellor refuses to rule out SPD coalition amid fallout from general election

 German chancellor Angela Merkel: the AfD is now her biggest challenge. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Afd’s breakthrough as the third-largest party lay in activating 1.47 million non-voters

Frauke Petry, chairwoman of the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) speaks as she leaves a news conference in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

AfD scored 12.6 per cent in Sunday’s election, coming third behind Merkel’s CPD

In An Post’s ad, man stands on an Irish headland and stares west at the Manhattan skyline, mulling the world of potential on the far side of the Atlantic.

Brexit has given Ireland a chance to reshape relationships with EU partners

German chancellor and CDU party leader Angela Merkel addresses supporters. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Germans have turned away from chancellor, her centrist CDU and her open-door policy

Film-maker Volker Schlöndorff with writer Colm Tóibín. Photograph: Franziska Strauss

The film director, a friend and confidant of the chancellor, describes her as ‘authentic’

Demonstrators protest against the anti-immigration party Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) after German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Christian Mang/Reuters

The anti-immigration party, now Germany’s third-largest, is broadening its scope

Opponents of  AfD  protest  on Berlin’s Alexanderplatz after the far-right party secured 13 per cent of the vote. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

AfD gain will pose a challenge to Merkel as she seeks to form three-way coalition

Christian Democratic Union party leader and German Chancellor Angela Merkel reacts on first exit polls in the German general election in Berlin. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Far-right party enters parliament for the first time in over 50 years

Getting boomier: Mayo firm Cannon & Cannon’s  Number 1 Charlottenburg in Berlin where    prices start at around €250,000, almost eight times the average German gross salary of €33,000

Mayo firm adapts plans for Berlin complex amid heated election debate on housing

A defaced election campaign poster of the CDU party in Cologne. Chancellor Angela Merkel offered voters her tried and trusted “lot done, more to do” campaign. . Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

The country’s general election is a referendum: more Merkel or no more Merkel

German chancellor Angela Merkel at a  final election rally in Munich. She was heckled by  hundreds of far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) protesters. Photograph:  Reuters

After three terms in office, polls suggest CDU leader is on course for fourth term

 A billboard showing German Chancellor and Christian Democrat leader  Angela Merkel and the numbers 24.9,  the date of upcoming German federal elections,  in Hermsdorf, Germany. File photograph: Jens Schlueter/Getty Images

Election of rightist Bundestag majority would be latest pushback against legacy of 1968

Parliamentary group leader of left-wing party Die Linke and top candidate for the upcoming general elections, Sahra Wagenknecht, speaks in Berlin district of Lichtenberg. Photograph: Clemens Bilan

Voters aware left has neither will nor mass to do deal and oust Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel, Jean-Claude Juncker and Wolfgang Schäuble at a  reception to mark Schäuble’s 75th birthday. Photograph: Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Price paid by Merkel for coalition may see the flinty politician sidelined in favour of FDP candidate

A former store in Berlin that was redesigned to feature interactive spaces that present the CDU’s election campaign programme for the general elections. Photograph: Carsten Koall/EPA

Irish-style door-to-door canvassing has been enhanced with specialised apps to win votes

A supporter of the Pegida movement and German right-wing populist party Alternative for Germany holds a banner against   Angela Merkel, in Dresden, on Monday. Photograph: Filip Singer/EPA

Party speakers say Merkel administration has ‘blood on its hands’ over its refugee policy

Martin Schulz, chancellor candidate of the German Social Democratic party (SPD): mood has changed since March as  voters are likely to reject the 61-year-old, his party and manifesto as credible agents of change. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

German election: Enshrouded in working-class myth, the SPD leader is destined for opposition

German election: a poster of Angela Merkel is pasted up in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Erdogan urges voters to boycott Merkel’s party as ‘enemy of Turkey’

 A symbiotic relationship: the German chancellor Angela Merkel  with  her publicity-shy office manager Beate Baumann.   Photograph:  EPA/Alexander Becher

The chancellor and her loyal political team are on course for victory at next Sunday’s federal election

German Social Democrat (SPD) and chancellor candidate Martin Schulz during an election campaign stop  in Munich this week. Photograph: Joerg Koch/Getty Images

Schulz facing humiliation as latest poll puts Social Democratic Party on just 20%

Alternative für Deutschland: Alexander Gauland speaks in Frankfurt on Oder. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty

Alternative für Deutschland aims to cement its rise by entering the parliament

FDP leader Christian Lindner has framed his party’s return for its pro-business voters as a successful reflotation. Photograph: David Hecker/EPA

Image-obsessed FDP hopes to win back enough support to be coalition kingmaker

Angela Merkel: After 12 years in power,  the German chancellor knows that major reform of how the EU  operates will be a slow  affair. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images

We will eventually have to show our hand when the push for EU reforms gathers pace

Frank Schneemelcher in his Quedlinburg workshop. Photograph: Derek Scally

Quedlinburg’s restoration has brought tourists and business, but many challenges remain

Protesters and hecklers chant “Merkel must go” at the edge of an election campaign stop in Finsterwalde. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘Disappointed love’ and immigration fears are causing unrest in chancellor’s heartland

Syrian couple and dentists Ayham and Farah Kodmany in their new home of Goslar, Germany: “When you’ve lost your homeland, it’s all the same whether you’re in Goslar or Göttingen, once it’s peaceful,” says Ayham.

Lower Saxon city embraces asylum seekers as it counters low birth rate and brain drain

The Chancellery, Berlin. Germany is to hold federal elections on September 24th. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Germany faces up to the threat of targeted cyberattacks ahead of September’s federal vote

A man tries a set of virtual reality goggles at the Philips stand at the IFA tech fair in Berlin. Photograph: Felipe Trueba/EPA

Windows Mixed Reality and high-tech oven among innovations at veteran trade show

German Chancellor Angela Merkel talks to foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel in the German Bundestag in Berlin. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

In the Bundestag, opposition politicians released four years of frustration with Merkel

The number of people visiting food banks has spiked in the 15 years since Germany introduced radical economic and welfare reforms. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

‘You hear that our state coffers are well-filled but it’s depressing how empty my fridge is’

  German chancellor Angela Merkel and  SPD candidate  Martin Schulz:  up to half of German voters are still undecided who to vote for on September 24th. Photograph: Reuters

Chancellor aims to reassure voters over looming diesel bans in German cities

 Martin Schulz, leader of Germany’s SPD  party and German chancellor Angela Merkel during a televised debate in Berlin. Photograph: AFP/MG RTL D

Chancellor defends record on Turkey and migration as Germany prepares for election

German chancellor Angela Merkel: the secret to her survival early on – eliminating her rivals – has turned on her now. Photograph: Getty Images

As German election nears, shadows are falling over the chancellor’s looming victory

German chancellor Angela Merkel and the leader of the SPD, Martin Schulz,  on campaign posters in Berlin. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

The debate is challenger Martin Schulz’s last, best chance to turn the election around

Under investigation: the Prometheus Academy website shows medical-school hopefuls dissecting body parts

Health officials also allege that Prometheus Academy’s head isn’t a real doctor

Samsung’s Gear Sport watch is a waterproof fitness tracker able to record record swimming sessions with the preloaded Speedo On app. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

IFA tech fair showcases latest innovations in phones, watches, ovens, vacuums and TVs

The Borussia Dortmund was damaged by an explosion some 10km away from the stadium prior to their Champions League clash with Monaco. Photo: Sascha Schuermann/Getty Images

The 28-year-old suspect had bought shares in the club and hoped to cash in for €4million

German Chancellor Angela Merkel leaves a news conference in Berlin on Tuesday. Photogrph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Poland’s court reforms, Russian sanctions, and refugee crisis discussed at wide-ranging press conference

Kenny Jacobs left and David O’Brien of Ryanair during their press conference in Dublin on Tuesday. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Airline has complained to competition authorities over Air Berlin ‘stitch-up’

 Angela Merkel: SPD officials have accused her of taking advantage of her position to secure a logistical advantage over challenger Martin Schulz. Photograph:  Jochen Luebke/AFP/Getty Images

German chancellor accused by rival over use of helicopter at ‘knockdown price’

Alice Weidel, co-lead candidate of the right-wing, populist Alternative for Germany (Afd). Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Alternative für Deutschland adapts: populist xenophobia in east, conservatism in west

German chancellor Angela Merkel at an election campaign rally in Quedlinburg, Germany, on Saturday. Photograph: Reinhard Krause/Reuters

German chancellor to seek extension of border checks in effort to win back voters

A procession in which St Oliver Plunkett is venerated in Lamspringe, Lower Saxony, Germany, pictured in late August 2013. File photograph: Wikimedia Commons

Archbishop Eamon Martin thanks Benedictine monks who guarded Irish saint’s body

A Portable Emissions Measurement System device  attached to the exhaust pipe of a car.  VW, Daimler and BMW have agreed software updates to improve emissions but refused to consider costlier retrofits for their cars. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Software updates alone will not be enough to avoid ban, warns environment minister

“I see no military solution for North Korea, I consider that completely wrong,” said Dr Merkel (above, with Donald Trump). Photograph: Michael Kappeler/Reuters

Nationalist thinking the wrong approach in a globalised world, chancellor argues

A press event on the start of the construction of Tower THF in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

Plans have been unveiled to build a 1.2km public terrace atop the Nazi structure

Air Berlin  says  it opened a data room for potential investors in May, and there was nothing stopping Ryanair from making a bid

Cantillon: O’Leary says if Lufthansa swallows up Air Berlin it will create ‘national monster’

Candidate for the German chancellorship Martin Schulz: “You have the choice between a chancellor who avoids every debate about the future and somebody who tells you what he wants.” Photograph: Friedemann Vogel/EPA

However, a record one in two voters remains undecided and make-up of coalition unclear

Turkish-born  writer Dogan Akhanli in custody in Turkey in 2010. He fled to Germany where he was granted asylum and citizenship, but was arrested last Saturday while on holiday in Spain. Photograph: Tolga Bozoglu/EPA

Turkey trying to extradite German-based Turkish writer critical of Erdogan’s regime

Brexit blues: A year after the Brexit vote, most German banking analysts say there will be no one big winner from the shift away from London. Photograph: Brian O’Leary/

Andreas Dombret says American banks are concentrating relocations on the two cities

Hugo Heymann’s villa in Dahlem, Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Sven Meissner

Frank-Walter Steinmeier is under pressure to commemorate building’s Jewish ex-owner

Tal Silberstein, an adviser to Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern,  was detained on Monday in Israel on suspicion of using fake contracts to launder money. Photograph: Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor Christian Kern said party had severed ties to Tal Silberstein

 Gerhard Schroeder greets Russian president Vladimir Putin in Berlin in September 2005. Photograph: Vladimir Rodionov/AFP/Getty Images

Former German chancellor and friend of Putin nominated for board of Rosneft

German chancellor Angela Merkel meets the German YouTuber Ischtar Isik in Berlin. Photograph: Reuters/Axel Schmidt

German chancellor makes her YouTube premiere pitching to young voters

Air Berlin filed for bankruptcy protection after key shareholder Etihad Airways withdrew funding following years of losses. Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Reuters

Irish airline claims state loan to struggling firm is part of ‘conspiracy’ to distort market

 Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure and Reform Paschal Donohoe welcomed British proposals on post-Brexit customs arrangements. File photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Minister outlines Republic’s Brexit concerns in talks with German counterpart Schäuble

President of the German Constitutional Court  Andreas Vosskuhle: court has asked the European Court of Justice for an expedited ruling on whether the ECB crisis-era asset purchase programme, worth over €2.3 trillion, broke the bank’s own ban on financing governments.  Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

European Court of Justice to rule on whether asset purchase programme broke bank’s ban

German chancellor Angela Merkel attends a CDU campaign event  in Cuxhaven, western Germany, on Tuesday. Photograph: Patrik Stollarz/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor warned against third coalition with Social Democrats in federal elections

Germany’s leader of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) Martin Schulz: he is being presented as someone who still lives in his small German home town and knows people’s problems.  Photograph: Jens Schlueter/EPA

SPD challenger to Angela Merkel employs hands-on personal approach to election

Artist Stefan Roloff  has covered a 229m stretch of the Berlin Wall with still images of the  wall from video footage he took in 1984

Culture minister says remembering victims of wall part of state’s commemorative culture

Chancellor Angela Merkel on Saturday launched a scathing attack on Germany’s auto managers

German chancellor says large sections of the auto industry have gambled away ‘huge amount of trust’

Roger Casement in Congo in September 1898

In Germany, one man is campaigning to screen a forgotten TV play about the Irish revolutionary

German chancellor Angela Merkel visits a former Stasi prison in Berlin-Hohenschoenhausen. Photograph: Wolfgang Kumm/Pool/Reuters

Chancellor shows little interest in examining the history of her party’s East German wing

“Nitrous oxide emissions kill about 75,000 people a year in the European Union . . . But car companies are big employers, people like their cars and so the dirty business continues.” Photograph: Thomas Kienzle/AFP/Getty Images)

Press’s incestuous relationship with politicians worse than car industry’s

Bild story on gathering of Irish Travellers in Düsseldorf:  “Someone in the town hall had the foresight to get an Irish person to talk to the Travellers.”

Head of Irish Business Network mediates with Traveller gathering in German city

German chancellor Angela Merkel: the car industry is a crucial pillar of the German economy, employing 800,000 directly and generating a fifth of economic output. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

German attitudes to car industry scandals may be taking a toll on political support

A Soviet tank faces the badly damaged Reichstag in May 1945 in Berlin, where the last pocket of German resistance was crushed. Photograph: Mark Redkin/Getty Images

Academic accuses leading German historian of flirting with neo-Nazi thinking

A man takes pictures of hate tweets, a part of the art project #heytwitter created by Shahak Shapira, outside Twitter office in Hamburg. Photograph: Reuters

Shahak Shapira spray-paints pavement outside social media firm’s German HQ

Tegel airport in Berlin. A September referendum will decide its fate. Photograph: Sean Gallup / Getty Images

Airline backs campaign to keep Tegel airport operating even after its replacement opens

Jürgen Resch, head of the DUH environmental group

Critics say ‘voluntary’ deal which includes a diesel scrappage scheme does not go far enough

Matthias Mueller of Volkswagen, Harald Krueger of BMW, Dieter Zetsche of Daimler and Matthias Wissmann of the German Automobile Industry Association in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Clemens Bilan/EPA

German giants to update millions of diesel cars to reduce dangerous emissions

Germany’s  environment minister Barbara Hendricks answers journalists’ questions on her recent  tour of Volkswagen’s manufacturing plant in Wolfsburg. Photograph: Reuters/Natasha Zekry

Politicians will give car executives chilly reception at emergency ‘diesel summit’

German chancellor Angela Merkel shows few signs of political wear and tear after 12 years in office. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

There are many plenty of potential pitfalls in the seven weeks before the election

Poland’s foreign minister, Witold Waszczykowski, said the European Commission’s rule-of-law procedure would ensure “months of bad emotions”. Photograph: Radek Pietruszka/EPA

Major reforms by the ruling party drew massive street protests in Polish cities

The book ‘Finis Germania’  has caused uproar in Germany after Der Spiegel magazine deleted it from its bestseller list

Volume takes issue with Germany’s ongoing obsession with the ‘eternal Nazi’ role

VW Touareg: likely to face a road ban

Germany’s transport minister investigating whether VW Touareg using ‘defeat’ software

Volkswagen cars inside a delivery tower in Wolfsburg. Multibillion-euro settlements over the emissions scandal will rob German car companies of R&D funds. Photograph:Michael Sohn/AP

Transport minister pulls permits for 22,000 new Porsche Cayennes with cheat software

Underpass in Stuttgart, Germany: The city’s administrative court has ruled that no measures to improve air quality were as effective as outright bans on diesel vehicles, “and that includes so-called retrofit solutions”. Photograph: Ronald Wittek/EPA

German city may now introduce first inner-city ban on diesel engines

A fighter with the Christian Syriac militia, which battles the Islamic State group under the banner of the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, burns an IS flag on the western side of Raqqa. Photograph:  Hussein Malla

‘Bild’ reporter penetrates recruitment arm of Islamic State with undercover online identity

Last Friday it emerged that, in July 2016, Volkswagen told European Commission competition investigators of secret meetings with its German competitors, dating back 14 years, to discuss production and components, including elements related to the diesel emissions scandal

If EU competition law is found to be breached the companies could face fines of up to 10% of turnover

1996: British soldiers walk to a police van that hides partly a pickup truck in front of a side entrance to the Osnabrück British Quebec barracks after a mortar attack. Photograph: Joerg Sarbach/AP/File

James Corry appears at first day of trial over attack on army base in western Germany

Demonstrators gather in Wroclaw, Poland, to protest against judicial reforms that many fear will require incoming judges to be loyal to the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party. Photograph: Mieczyslaw Michalak/Agencja Gazeta/Reuters

Polish cabinet vows to continue with radical reform plan despite opposition from EU

Former Polish president Lech Walesa at a protest against supreme court legislation in Gdansk. Photograph: Renata Dabrowska/Agencja Gazeta

Controversial Bill was aimed at extending government powers over court appointments

People demonstrate in front of the presidential palace in Warsaw on Monday. Photograph: Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

Reform laws passed by parliament triggered nationwide demonstrations

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German car maker Volkswagen: reports of secret meetings being held between managers of VW and its competitors BMW and Daimler. Photograph:  Paul J Richards/AFP/Getty images

Collusion to fix prices of diesel-emissions systems goes back to 1990s, says ‘Der Spiegel’

Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo: her ruling party has mounted a long-term campaign against existing judges. Photograph: Jacek Turczyk/EPA

Critics say new law increases political influence of ruling party over new judges

German Advocate General Juliane Kokott has told the European Court of Justice that Ireland’s Data Protection Commissioner was wrong  to say  accountancy trainee Peter Nowak had no right to access the script of a failed exam. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Advocate General tells European court that exam scripts do constitute ‘personal data’

Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the chairman of the ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), attends a parliamentary session in Warsaw, Poland. Photograph: Agencja Gazeta/Slawomir Kaminski/via Reuters

Jaroslaw Kaczynski makes emotional intervention in judicial dispute amid EU warning

German minister for justice Heiko Maas: last two years have  seen a tripling of hate speech and other criminal content on social media platforms. Photograph: Steffi Loos/AFP/Getty Images

Law compels social media to remove abusive material within 24 hours or face €50m fines

The sign in the window of a hairdresser’s shop in Zwickau, eastern Germany, that sparked abuse and calls to boycott the salon.

Xenophobes criticise hairdresser branch over barber who cannot cut women’s hair

Thousands gather   outside   the Supreme Court building in Warsaw, Poland to protest against changes in the judicial law and the supreme court. Photograph:  EPA/Jacek Turczyk

Berlin says court reform is unacceptable political ‘intervention’ in judiciary independence

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