The “survivors’ issue” of Charlie Hebdo sold eight million copies worldwide, and the wave of post-massacre sympathy brought 270,000 subscriptions. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Satirical’s survivors are traumatised, threatened and at odds with each other

French secondary school teachers take part in a demonstration against  curriculum reforms in Paris. Photograph: Yoan Valat

Demonstrators carry placards saying ‘Bring back our Latin and Greek’

Emmanuel Todd has built his career as an author and public intellectual on a combination of scientific analysis, opinion and provocation. In 1976, he foretold the fall of the Soviet Union, 15 years before it occurred. Photograph: Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

Emmanuel Todd says interior minister should be held responsible for January attacks

French ecology minister Segolene Royal: recently accompanied François Hollande on a five-day official trip to the Caribbean. Photograph: Pascal Pochard-Casabianca/AFP/Getty Images

Through state roles, interviews and film launches, all the president’s women live in public

Detail from ‘Dancers Resting’ by Edgar Degas: ‘The dancers’ faces are simian masks.’ Heritage Foundation, Lausanne

Although seen as an Impressionist, the painter was never comfortable with the term and even derided its proponents

Thomas Piketty: “Euro zone finance ministers have been meeting every other week for the past four months to discuss Greece, and nobody knows what they’ve done or what they are talking about. We are just losing time.”

Economist Thomas Piketty says euro zone is wasting valuable time in the Greek crisis

Sétif, 300km east of Algiers, in  about 1930, where a protest sparked the massacre of thousands in 1945. Photograph: Roger Viollet/Getty Images/CAP

Second World War marked the beginning of the end of France’s colonial empire

National Front founder Jean-Marie Le Pen sings at the foot of a statue of Joan of Arc during the party’s annual rally In Paris on May 1st. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP

Some 87 per cent of National Front voters want party founder to retire

Aristocrat?: Guglielmo Alberto Wladimiro Alessandro Apollinare de Kostrowitzky, aka Guillaume Apollinaire, with his fiancee, Madeleine Pagès, in 1916. Photograph: Mondadori Portfolio via Getty

Guillaume Apollinaire, France’s most acclaimed war poet, who was born in Rome to a Polish noblewoman, survived the trenches of the(...)

France’s far-right National Front political party founder and honorary president Jean-Marie Le Pen leaving the  party’s   headquarters in Nanterre near Paris. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

Party founder angered daughter Marine Le Pen with contentious comments in interview

French National Front leader Marine Le Pen’s anti-EU and anti-immigration May Day rally speech in Paris  was interrupted by her father, the party’s founder and honorary president Jean-Marie Le Pen. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

National Front leader’s attempts to legitimse party are an uphill battle

French president Francois Hollande: said would “make an example” of up to 16 French soldiers if allegations contained in a United Nations report leaked to a newspaper prove true

Claims French soldiers sexually abusing children in Central African Republic

Velázquez’s only surviving nude: Toilet of Venus (1647-51). Photograph © National Gallery, London/Réunion des Musées Nationaux

The Spanish master’s portraits of royal children were dispatched to European capitals to curry marriage possibilities. But the ‘(...)

French prime minister Manuel Valls says the Irish economic performance is “good news for Ireland and it’s very good news for Europe”. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Mediterranean crisis hung over meeting with Taoiseach, writes Lara Marlowe

French Ambassador to Ireland Jean Pierre Thebault with French Prime Minister Manuel Valls outside the new French embassy on Merrion Square in Dublin yesterday. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Talks will center on the economy, agriculture, the British EU exit and Greece

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls inaugurating the new French embassy with Tánaiste Joan Burton at Merrion Square in Dublin yesterday. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Prime Minister and Tánaiste celebrate “unwavering friendship” between two countries

Though his presidential ambitions are well known, French prime minister Manuel Valls has been faultlessly loyal to President François Hollande. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

Strong state to ‘provide security . . . to run our healthcare system’, says prime minister

The Hotel-Dieu hospital where Sid-Ahmed Ghlam, a computer science student suspected of plotting attacks on churches and murdering a young French woman, is undergoing police questioning in Paris. Photograph: Yoan Valat/EPA

Student with links to al-Qaeda arrested on suspicion of terrorist plot and murder

France’s President Francois Hollande (left)  with French diplomat Laurent Stefanini. File photograph: Bertrand Langlois/AFP/Getty Images

Holy See yet to confirm Laurent Stefanini posting three months after appointment

 French   National Front leader Marine Le Pen is kissed by her father Jean-Marie Le Pen after she was   re-elected as president of the party. The party  is in “an unprecedented crisis”, Ms Le Pen told ‘Le Monde’. Photograph: Laurent Cipriani/AP

Marine Le Pen accuses her National Front-founder father of ‘political suicide’

Marseilles prosecutor Brice Robin: Forensic scientists have isolated 150 DNA profiles from more than 2,000 samples collected at the crash site.  Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

Co-pilot Andreas Lubitz accelerated for maximum impact on descent to French Alps

Ian Bailey leaving the High Court after losing his case against An Garda Síochána and the State. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Jury dismisses claim gardaí conspired to implicate Bailey in death of Toscan du Plantier

Pictured at their home in Paris are Marguerite and Georges Bouniol, parents of Sophie Toscan du Plantier.

Family’s lawyer predicts ‘new impetus’ in criminal investigation

Andreas Lubitz runs the Airportrace half marathon in Hamburg in this September 13th, 2009 file photo. Photograph: Reuters/Foto-Team-Mueller

The Germanwings pilot who flew 149 people to their deaths was an apparently normal, apolitical 27-year-old. The reasons for his ac(...)

French gendarmes and investigators work amid the debris of the Germanwings Airbus A320

The cockpit recording indicates a deliberate act by co-pilot, says French prosecutor

Germanwings co-pilot Andreas Lubitz on his (now blocked) Facebook page in San Francisco, California. He barricaded himself in the cockpit and “intentionally” rammed the plane full speed into a mountain on Tuesday, ignoring the captain’s frantic pounding on the cockpit door and the screams of terror from passengers. Photograph: AP Photo

German police search bungalow in Rhineland town where Lubitz lived with his parents

A search and rescue worker at the crash site of the Germanwings Airbus A320 that crashed in the French Alps, above the town of Seyne-les-Alpes, southeastern France. Photograph: EPA

European leaders demonstrate solidarity as alpine valley awaits bodies and the families of victims, writes Lara Marlowe

Tunisia’s culture minister Latifa Lakhdar: “The jihadist idea that religion should rule politics is a model that never existed.” Photograph: Anis Mili/Reuters

Latifa Lakhdar to unveil memorial to Tunis museum massacre victims

M’Barka Brahmi, who heard her husband Mohamed being shot as he left their house: ‘I ran out screaming, “Ennahda killed him”.’

Politician shot outside his home had opposed training of local youths for Syria and Libya

A Tunisian policeman stands guard at Bourguiba Avenue in the capital of Tunis during a celebration to commemorate Tunisia’s national independence day yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Anis Mili

Tunis refuses to declare national day of mourning in aftermath of attacks

Self-Portrait With Two Circles: the circles on the wall behind Rembrandt are a mystery but may allude to a Renaissance theory that the ability to draw a perfect circle freehand was the mark of a great artist. Photograph: Kenwood House/Rijksmuseum

‘Late Rembrandt’, at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, shows that the great Dutch painter was also centuries ahead of his time

Hospital personnel and medical students protest French government reform which seeks to modify payment and social security reimbursement methods for consultations. Photograph: EPA/Ian Langsdon.

Minister believes Ireland is not beginning a new property boom

A Tunisian woman holds a placard reading:  “No to terrorism. We will no longer remain silent for the death of our children” outside the National Bardo Museum in Tunis. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty

Sorrow, anger and defiance in response to the jihadist attack on Bardo museum

Roses  on bloodstains in front of the National Bardo Museum in Tunis. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images

Tunisian officials say more than 3,000 young men have gone to fight with IS in Syria

 Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation, Richard Bruton: “That’s the worst feature of this, that by failing to report and to take appropriate action, that someone else who’s entirely innocent gets exposed to risk.”

‘Expectation’ all information from internal investigations would be turned over, says Bruton

In the spirit of St Patrick’s Day: Edinburgh Castle in Scotland. Photograph: Gareth Easton/PA

From Brussels to Melbourne, St Patrick’s Day is celebrated in style across the globe

The rector of the mosque of Bordeaux, Tareq Oubrou, looks on during a speech by the French interior minister in February. Getty Images

French government reliance on establishment imams misguided, writes Lara Marlowe

Zyed Benna and Bouna Traoré. Photograph: Olivier Laban-Mattei/AFP

Electrocution in 2005 of two immigrant teenagers led to major riots in Paris

French champion sailor Florence Arthaud in Paris, French Olympic gold medallist swimmer Camille Muffat, and French Olympic boxer Alexis Vastine died when two helicopters filming the survival series Dropped smashed into each other in the mountains of La Rioja province of Argentina. Photograph: Getty Images

Champion yachtswoman Florence Arthaud, swimmer Camille Muffat and boxer Alexis Vastine among 10 killed during filming of a realit(...)

Tatiana Danilova, deputy head of security at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, and volunteer Irina Popovits with Emma, one of their charges. Photograph: Lara Marlowe

St Petersburg Letter: Hermitage museum houses 70 cats in its basement and courtyards

French security officials are exploring the possibility of shooting down drones or jamming their guidance systems. Photograph: AP Photo/Francois Mori

Unmanned aircraft overfly landmarks on two consecutive nights

French photographer François-Marie Banier (right) with his lawyer Laurent Merlet as they leave the Bordeaux courthouse yesterday. Photographer: Mehdi Fedouach/AFP/Getty Images

Verdict to be delivered by June

Co-editor of  ‘Charlie Hebdo’ Laurent Sourisseau, who was shot in the shoulder. Photograph: AFP Photo /Bertrand Guaybertrand Guay/Getty Images

Satirical weekly richest publication in France since nine staff were murdered

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve, French Jewish institutions representative council president Roger Cukierman, French president Francois Hollande, Paris Mosque rector Dalil Boubakeur and Paris Mosque Imams inspector Mohamed Louanoughi  at the Elysee Palace. Photo: Getty Images

French president trying to rebuild unity between Jewish and Muslim communities

Hulking presence: Dominique Strauss-Kahn was at the centre of the trial, just as he had been the focal point at the orgies held for his benefit. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

His political career may be in tatters, but despite numerous scandals involving allegations of sexual violence and pimping, the f(...)

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel during the third week of the so-called “Lille Carlton Hotel Case” trial. Photograph: Getty

Beaming former IMF director says he felt he was listened to, unlike some defendants

French prime minister Manuel Valls after delivering a speech before the vote of no confidence. The outcome shows that President François Hollande’s administration no longer commands a reliable majority. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

Timid reform law comes at the cost of unity on the left

A still from the video of Chelsea football fans repeatedly pushing the man off a Paris Metro train on Tuesday night. Photograph: Guardian/AFP/Getty Images

Scotland Yard helps Paris police in search for fans who racially abused black man

Said Kouachi (left) and Cherif Kouachi: the brothers sent a text message to Amedy Coulibaly  an  hour before the assault on Charlie Hebdo Photograph: Judicial Police of Paris/PA Wire

Degree of co-ordination between Kouachi brothers and Amedy Coulibaly disclosed

French gendarmes at the desecrated Jewish cemetery of Sarre-Union in France. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty

Desecration of Jewish cemetery has compounded shock at attacks in Copenhagen, writes Lara Marlowe

François Hollande. He telephoned Egyptian president Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to “renew the expression of his solidarity”

Paris and Cairo share disquiet at rise of Islamic State, writes Lara Marlowe

Islamist gunmen shoot a wounded police officer on the ground at point-blank range, as they flee the offices of French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris, in this still image taken from amateur video shot on January 7th, 2015. Photograph: Reuters

Sins of France’s colonial fathers have come back to haunt the country in the form of a remorseless Muslim intifada

Former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel this week in Lille to attend his trial on chages of “aggravated pimping”.  Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Former IMF director angrily tells court he is not on trial for sexual behaviour

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel  on Thursday to attend the trial where he is charged alongside 13 others for ‘aggravated pimping’. Photograph: AFP

Strauss-Kahn annoyed that text messages were being read out of context in court

Former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel in Lille to attend his trial on charges of procuring women. Photograph: AFP

Former IMF boss claims to have ‘rougher sexuality’ than average man

A topless activist jumps on a car carrying Dominique Strauss-Kahn to his trial in Lille, France. She was joined by two others. Photograph: Denis Charlet/AFP

Seemingly bored ex-IMF director says he had no idea the women at ‘soirées’ were hired

French president François Hollande at the Élysée Palace in Paris yesterday. Photograph: Alain Jocard/Reuters

French president also warns that Ukraine conflict could become ‘total’

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaving the Lille courthouse. The economist is accused, with 13 others, in connection with a prostitution ring. Photograph: Denis Charlet/AFP/Getty

Former call-girls paint portrait of sleaze and orgies in ‘Carlton’ case, writes Lara Marlowe

A market in Nice. The attack has shaken Nice’s 25,000-strong Jewish community

Assailant had tried to reach jihad in Syria, writes Lara Marlowe

French-born pimp and defendant Dominique Alderweireld arriving at the Lille courthouse as the “Carlton” case trial began on Monday. Photograph: Francois Lo Presti/AFP/Getty Images

Former IMF director faces up to 10 years in jail if guilty of ‘aggravated pimping’ charges

The entrance of the Nice Flore elementary school in Nice,  France, school  of an eight-year-old boy  who was questioned  by police on suspicion of “defending terrorism”. Photograph:  Valery Hache/AFP/Getty Images

Police summons of child who wouldn't take part in minute’s silence sparks national debate

 President Michael D Higgins at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg on Tuesday where  he delivered his address ‘The Future of Parliaments: Addressing the Challenges’. Photograph:  Chris Bellew/Fennell Photography.

Citizens have paid ‘a very high price’, president tells tells Strasbourg assembly

French president François  Hollande:    invited Alexis Tsipras to visit Paris soon and promised “that France will be beside Greece in this important period for its future”.  Ian Langsdon/Reuters

French communist party leader Pierre Laurent ‘absolutely thrilled’

Nicolas Sarkozy: he said prime minister Manuel Valls comparison of  France to the former apartheid regime in South Africa was “a moral error”. Photograph: Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

France’s post-attack ‘sacred union’ between left and right broken by the UMP leader

The Hyper Cacher kosher supermarket in Paris, where four hostages died on January 9th: France plans to spend about €735 million on anti-terrorist measures in the next three years. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

France unveils measures two weeks after Paris attacks, including €725m in new spending

A man films  a building in Beziers, outside Montpellier, where a Russian Chechen suspected of preparing a terrorist attack was living before his arrest on Monday. Five Russian Chechens were placed under custody in Beziers and Saint-Jean-de-Vedas, outside Montpellier. Photograph: Pascal Guyot/AFP/Getty

France remains on high alert in wake of Islamist attacks, writes Lara Marlowe

Marine Le Pen mocked the French foreign minister Laurent Fabius for avoiding the word “Islamist” and for referring to Islamic State by their Arabic name, Daesh. Photograph: Yoan Valat

‘What we are living through is the result of 20 years of errors,’ says National Front leader

 Armed Belgian police officers guard the building of the Federal Parquet in Brussels, Belgium, on  January 16th, 2015. Thirteen people were detained in 12 anti-terrorism raids in the Belgian city of Verviers. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Arrests in Belgium, Germany and France follow Belgian raid in which two jihadists killed

French president François Hollande (left) welcomes US secretary of state John Kerry prior to a meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

French life still revolves around last week’s attacks, writes Lara Marlowe

Rio police block the street of Colline in Vervier Eastern Belgium, 15 January 2014, after an anti terrorist operation in which two people died and one was injured. Photograph: EPA/Oliver Hoslet

Men believed to have been planning atack ‘on a grand scale’ opened fire on police

Men in Lahore, Pakistan,  chant slogans on January 15th, 2015,  as they  protest against satirical French weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo, which featured a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad as the cover of its first edition since an attack by Islamist gunmen. Photograph: Mohsin Raza/Reuters

Large numbers of students refused to observe minute’s silence for Charlie Hebdo victims

The coffin of “Tignous” is carried outside the town hall of Montreuil during the tribute service for Bernard Verlhac on January 15th, 2015 in Montreuil, France. Cartoonist Bernard “Tignous” Verlhac was killed in last week’s terrorist attack on satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo. Photograph: Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images

Malian Lassana Bathily who acted to save Jews in supermarket to become French citizen

Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi, a leader of the Yemeni branch of al Qaeda (Aqap), speaks via a video posted on YouTube. Photograph: Reuters/YouTube via Reuters TV

Aqap leader claims in YouTube video that killings were in accordance with wishes of Osama bin Laden

Members of the French government and deputies stand as they observe a minute of silence in homage of the 17 victims of last week terrosrist attacks, at the National Assembly in Paris.  Photograph: Remy de la Mauviniere/AP Photo

National Assembly sing ‘Marseillaise’ in emotional scenes

French prime minister Manuel Valls delivers a speech during a special session of the national assembly to pay tribute to the 17 victims killed in Islamist attacks. Photograph:  Francois Guillot/AFP/Getty Images

Assembly votes to renew deployment of French forces in Iraq

A military helicopter flies over Dammartin-en-Goele during the siege last week. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong)

Lilian Lepère ran to the kitchen and hid under the kitchen sink

Hostages (including a baby) hide inside one of the food freezer during the Hyper Cacher supermarket in the Porte de Vincennes area of Paris

Commentators unite in pride but uncertainty remains about long term

Detail from Le voyage d’Hector Hyppolite en Afrique (2000) by Hervé Télémaque

A show at Paris’s Grand Palais vividly captures how Haitians have portrayed their culture while subverting dictators

 Amedy Coulibaly  and Hayat Boumeddiene, two of four suspects in connection with the shooting attack in Montrouge, France,  last week. Photograph: EPA

Mother thought Paris massacre would horrify child who is Islamic State recruit

Stéphane Charbonnier, the editor of ‘Charlie Hebdo’, is remembered by marchers as they make their way along Boulevard Voltaire in  Paris yesterday. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The same words were on every lips, on every placard: ‘Je suis Charlie’

A man holds aloft a giant pencil as he takes part in a national unity march against terrorism in Paris on January 11th, 2015. Photograph: Stephane Mahe/Reuters

Interior ministry estimates 3.7m marched throughout France, including 1.2-1.6m in Paris

Emmanuelle Riva: age has not withered her fine acting, the expressiveness of her face or the clarity of her diction. Photograph: AGF/Rex

Sixty years after she started as an actor, the star of ‘Hiroshima, Mon Amour’ and ‘Amour’ is still impressing audiences

French police are hunting Hayat Boumeddiene (L), the girlfriend of  Amedy Coulibaly (R) who was killed yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Paris Prefecture de Police

Authorities believe Hayat Boumeddiene (26) flew to Istanbul days before the attacks on her way to Syria

 Hostages are evacuated by special forces from the supermarket in Porte de Vincennes in Paris. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP/Getty Images

German chancellor Angela Merkel and British PM David Cameron to join Spanish and Italian leaders in show of solidarity in Paris af(...)

Paying their respects: Parisians outside the Charlie Hebdo offices the day after the attack. Photograph: Marc Piasecki/Getty

With Europe’s largest Muslim population, France sees itself as a model of equality. Yet Islamists view it as a profoundly anti-Mus(...)

Jeannette Bougrab, the partner of slain Charlie Hebdo editor Stéphane Charbonnier. “I was with a hero whom I admired. He was executed because he defended secularism.” Photograph:  Getty Images

Slain journalist’s companion Jeannette Bougrab criticises security efforts to protect cartoonists

Riot officers patrol in Longpont, north of Paris. The suspects were were identified by a petrol station attendant in the town of Villers-Cotterets, 70km northeast of the French capital. Photograph: Thibault Camus/AP

Police search 20km sq area of Picardie for brothers Cherif and Said Kouachi

Thousands gather for a candlelight vigil on Place de la Republique following  the attack by  gunmen on the ‘Charlie Hebdo’ headquarters in Paris. Photograph: EPA/Ian Langsdon

Three days of mourning to follow murder of 12 at ‘Charlie Hebdo’ offices

Gunmen flee the offices of French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris, in this still image taken from amateur video shot on January 7, 2015, and obtained by Reuters.

Parisians reeling after gunmen strike during editorial meeting of satirical Charlie Hebdo

Michel  Houellebecq’s sixth novel, Submission, which goes on sale on January 7th, reflects France’s obsession with Islam in a cheeky, futuristic political fiction focused on two of Houellebecq’s favourite subjects, religion and women. File photograph: Tony Gentile/Reuters

Political fiction reflects French obsession with Islam, writes Lara Marlowe

Francois Hollande: plans to saturate radio and TV with his presence. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

French leader seeks to capitalise on unexpected recent surge in poll rating

Cold comfort: a Palestinian child in the rubble of a house destroyed by an Israeli air strike. Photograph: Said Khatib/AFP/Getty

Atrocities committed by Israel this summer have led to international recognition of Palestine

Big in Japan: school meals are cooked on site from fresh ingredients. Photograph: Toshiyuki Aizawa/Bloomberg news

From Japan’s low obesity rates to Belgium’s happy renters, the world is full of examples of how to make society smarter, healthier(...)

A lawyer throws a civil code book as justice officials demonstrate to protest against the new ‘loi Macron’ in Paris. The economy minister, Emmanuel Macron, has made proposals that aim to free up France’s notoriously inflexible labour rules and regulations. Photograph: AP Photo/Francois Mori

The ‘loi Macron’ is intended to revive the economy – if it can get past the vested interests

Ségolène Royal and Francois Hollande in 2006. The former partners were both raised by strict, religious, right-wing fathers. Photograph: Jean-Marc Loos/Reuters

French relationships are deeply influenced by political leanings

Madonna Irlanda by Michael Farrell, inspired by the famous painting of Marie-Louise O’Morphy by Boucher.

An Irishwoman’s Diary: on an Irishwoman at the court of Louis XV

A handout picture made available  by the Syrian Arab News Agency  shows Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad speaking during an interview with French magazine Paris Match, in Damascus. Assad spoke scathingly of France, portraying the last two French presidents as puppets of Qatar and Washington. Photograph: EPA/Sana

Syrian dictator mocks French president’s unpopularity, writes Lara Marlowe

Marine Le Pen, France’s National Front  leader, delivers a speech at their congress in Lyon. Ms Le Pen, the sole candidate, won 100 per cent of the vote. Photograph: Robert Pratta/Reuters

The 2017 race for the presidency of the Fifth Republic has started early

An Islamic State militant in Raqqa, Syria: French authorities say 1,132 French men and women, some younger than 18, are involved in the   jihad. Photograph: Reuters

Frenchwoman Marie has lived in fear since her son decamped to Syria

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