US Senate panel backs use of limited force in Syria
G20 leaders to meet amid differences over Syria
Protesters hold red hands up as US secretary of state John Kerry speaks before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington. Photograph: Doug Mills/The New York Times
Protester Medea Benjamin is pictured alongside US General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and US secretary of defense Chuck Hagel as they testify at a US House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing on Syria on Capitol Hill. A divided U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved a resolution authorising the use of military force in Syria by a vote of 10-7, with one senator merely voting “present.” Photograph: Jason Reed/Reuters
US senator John McCain talks to reporters after leaving a closed door meeting about Syria at the US Capitol. Photograph: Mark Wilson/Getty Images
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee narrowly voted 10-7 in favor of a compromise resolution that sets a 60-day limit on any engagement in Syria, with a possible 30-day extension, and bars the use of US troops on the ground for combat operations.
The compromise is more limited than president Barack Obama’s original proposal but would meet his administration’s goal of punishing Syrian president Bashar al-Assad’s government for what the United States says was the use of chemical weapons on Syrian civilians, killing more than 1,400 people.
Tensions over Syria are expected to dominate a summit of the world’s major economies being held in Russia today in the run-up to an expected US military assault which host Vladimir Putin has warned would be an act of aggression.
Last night's relatively close committee vote reflected the broad divisions on the authorisation in Congress, where many lawmakers fear it could lead to a prolonged US military involvement in Syria’s civil war and spark an escalation of regional violence.
Five Republicans and two of Mr Obama’s fellow Democrats - Chris Murphy and Tom Udall - voted against the resolution. Democrat Ed Markey voted “present,” saying in a statement that he is still undecided.
The full Democratic-controlled Senate is expected to vote on the resolution next week. The Republican-controlled House of Representatives also must approve it. Both votes are expected to be close, as scores of politicians in both parties have yet to stake out a public position other than to say they are looking for more answers.
Mr Obama and administration officials have urged Congress to act quickly, saying US national security and international credibility is at stake in the decision on whether to use force in Syria in response to the use of chemical weapons.
“If we don’t take a stand here today, I guarantee you, we are more likely to face far greater risks to our security and a far greater likelihood of conflict that demands our action in the future,” secretary of state John Kerry told the House Foreign Affairs Committee last night.
“Assad will read our silence, our unwillingness to act, as a signal that he can use his weapons with impunity,” Mr Kerry said.
Protesters held hands splattered with blood-red paint in the air behind Mr Kerry as he spoke at a House hearing that underscored the skepticism among lawmakers in both parties about the authorisation.
House members peppered Mr Kerry, defense secretary Chuck Hagel and General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the US military’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, with questions about the duration, targets, potential response and level of international support for military action in Syria.
“Whether we ultimately support a resolution on the use of force or not, it will depend on how these concerns are addressed in the coming days by the administration,” Republican Steve Chabot told the officials.
‘Limits of American power’
In the Senate committee, Mr Murphy said he rejected the resolution because he was concerned a strike could make the situation worse in Syria and he feared the possibility of a prolonged US commitment.
“I oppose it not because I don’t gag every time that I look at those photos of young children who have been killed by Assad in his lethal attacks. It’s simply because I have deep concerns about the limits of American power,” Mr Murphy said.
Senate leaders are unsure if Mr Obama can win the 60 votes needed to overcome possible Republican procedural roadblocks. In the 435-member House, a senior Republican aide predicted most of the 50 or so Republicans backed by the conservative Tea Party movement and a number of Democratic liberals will join forces to vote no, leaving the outcome in doubt.