US credibility on the line over Syria Obama warns
US president holds out hope Vladimir Putin will back away from supporting Assad
Protesters hold red hands up as US secretary of state John Kerry speaks before the House Foreign Affairs Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington today. President Barack Obama issued a blunt challenge to sceptical US lawmakers today to approve his plan for a military strike on Syria, saying inaction would put America’s prestige and their own credibility at risk. Photograph: Doug Mills/The New York Times
US president Barack Obama issued a blunt challenge to sceptical US lawmakers today to approve his plan for a military strike on Syria, saying inaction would put America’s prestige and their own credibility at risk.
Using a visit to Sweden to build his case for military action, Mr Obama insisted that the world could not remain silent after the “barbarism” of the August 21 chemical weapons attack he blamed on the forces of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad.
“My credibility is not on the line. The international community’s credibility is on the line,” Mr Obama told a news conference in Stockholm.
“And America and Congress’ credibility is on the line, because (otherwise) we give lip service to the notion that these international norms are important.”
One day before travelling to St. Petersburg for a G20 summit hosted by Vladimir Putin where Mr Obama will look to persuade other world leaders over Syria, he said he held out hope that the Russian president would back away from his support for Assad.
Mr Obama’s comments came after Mr Putin offered a glimpse of potential compromise over Syria by declining to entirely rule out Russian backing for military action. At the same time, Mr Putin said any strike on Syria would be illegal without UN support.
However secretary of state John Kerry said today that a US military strike on Syria over its chemical weapons use was unlikely to provoke a clash with Russia.
“Foreign Minister (Sergey) Lavrov has made it clear ... Russia does not intend to fight a war over Syria,” Mr Kerry told a hearing in the House of Representatives.
He told the House Foreign Affairs Committee that Mr Lavrov and Mr Putin had made it clear in conversations that “Syria does not rise to that level of ... conflict.”
Mr Obama has taken a big political gamble by delaying military action and asking a divided Congress to grant authorisation for a strike on government targets in Syria.
Although Mr Obama denied it, foreign policy experts say his standing as a world leader is also at stake if he fails to enforce his year-old warning to Assad.
Mr Obama appeared to take umbrage at a reporter’s question about the “red line” he set for Assad at an August 2012 White House news conference.
“I did not set a red line, the world set a red line,”Mr Obama said, referring to bans on chemical weapons use.
Mr Obama declined to say if he would proceed with a strike even if Congress rejected the plan. But he said he was not required by law to put the matter before Congress and made clear he reserved the right to act to protect US national security.
“I would not have taken this before Congress just as a symbolic gesture,” he said, as he made some of the strongest hints so far that he could act on his own if he chose that course.
At the joint news conference with prime minister Fredrik Reinfeldt, a Swedish reporter asked how it felt to be a Nobel Peace Prize winner preparing to attack Syria.
“I would much rather spend my time talking about how every 3- and 4-year-old gets a good education, than I would spending time thinking about how I can prevent 3- and 4-year-olds from being subjected to chemical weapons and nerve gas,” he replied.
Mr Obama will fly to Russia tomorrow for a two-day summit of the Group of 20 leading economies, a gathering sure to be dominated by tensions over Syria. The meetings will bring him face-to-face with Mr Putin, a key Syrian ally and arms supplier and a staunch critic of the US push for military action.
“Do I hold out hope that Mr. Putin may change his position on some of these issues? I’m always hopeful, and I will continue to engage him,” Mr Obama told reporters.
Syria tops the list of disputes that have sent US-Russian relations to one of their lowest points since the end of the Cold War.
Mr Obama’s three-day foreign trip offers a chance to try to shore up a shaky international coalition against Syria.
Britain, a generally reliable US ally, pulled out after a parliamentary revolt last week, but France, western Europe’s other main military power, is still coordinating possible action with the Pentagon.
Mr Obama will meet French President Francois Hollande, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on the G20 sidelines.