Relief after largely peaceful Afghanistan poll
Turnout estimated at 58 per cent for vote that will bring historic democratic transfer of power
Afghanistan’s presidential election drew to a close today amid relief that attacks by Taliban fighters were fewer than feared for a vote that will bring the first-ever democratic transfer of power in a country plagued by conflict for decades.
“I congratulate all Afghans for this successful and historic election,“ said Election Secretary Zia-ur-Rahman, as counting got underway. “People participated beyond our expectations.“
Due to Afghanistan‘s rugged terrain it will take six weeks for results to come in and a final result to be declared in the race to succeed President Hamid Karzai. Even then one of the eight candidates will have to score over 50 per cent of the vote to avoid a run-off with his nearest rival.
Despite the Taliban threat, turnout was seven million out of 12 million eligible voters, or about 58 per cent, according to preliminary estimates, election commission chief Ahmad Yousuf Nuristani said. That was well above the 4.5 million who voted at the last election in 2009, as voters refused to be cowed by the militants.
“I am here to vote and I am not afraid of any attacks,“ said Haji Ramazan as he stood in line at a polling station in rain-drenched Kabul. “This is my right, and no-one can stop me.“
The United States could point to the advance of democracy in one of the world‘s most violent countries as a success as it prepares to withdraw the bulk of its troops by the year-end.
Having spent $90 billion on aid and security training since helping Afghan forces to topple a strict Islamist Taliban regime in 2001, American support for Afghanistan‘s ongoing fight against the Taliban has faded.
When the last election was held five years ago, the Obama administration had viewed Afghanistan as the “good war“ - unlike Iraq - ordering a ‘surge‘ of over 60,000 additional soldiers to be deployed.
Yet as US troops get ready to go home, the abiding Taliban threat and uncertainty over neighbour Pakistan’s intentions leave the worry that Afghanistan could enter a fresh cycle of violence, and once again become a haven for groups such as al-Qaeda.
During today’s election, there were dozens of reports of roadside bombs, attacks on polling stations, police and voters. In the eastern province of Kunar alone, two voters died and 14 were wounded, while 14 Taliban militants were killed.
However, there were no large-scale attacks by the Taliban on an election it saw a US-backed sham and had vowed to derail.
Dozens died in a spate of attacks in the preceding weeks. A veteran Associated Press photographer was killed and a senior correspondent of the same news agency was wounded yesterday when a policeman opened fire on the two women in the east as they reported on preparations for the poll.
Kabul sealed off
Most people had expected the election to be better run than the chaotic 2009 vote that handed Mr Karzai a second term amid massive fraud and ballot stuffing.
The constitution barred Mr Karzai from seeking another term. But, after 12 years in power, he is widely expected to retain influence through politicians loyal to him.
More than 350,000 Afghan troops were deployed, guarding against attacks on polling stations and voters. The capital, Kabul, was sealed off by rings of roadblocks and checkpoints.
In the city of Kandahar, cradle of the Taliban insurgency, the mood was tense. Vehicles were not allowed to move on the roads and checkpoints were set up at every intersection.
Hamida, a 20-year-old teacher working at a Kandahar polling station, said more than a dozen women turned up in the first two hours of voting and added that she expected more to come despite the threat of an attack by the Taliban.
“We are trying not to think about it,“ she said, only her honey-brown eyes visible through her black niqab.
Raising questions about the legitimacy of the vote even before it began, the election commission announced that at least 10 percent of polling stations were expected to be shut due to security threats, and most foreign observers left Afghanistan in the wake of a deadly attack on a hotel in Kabul last month.
In some areas of the country voters complained that polling stations had run out of ballot papers. The interior ministry said six officials - including an intelligence agent - were detained for trying to rig the vote, and elsewhere several people were arrested for trying to use fake voter cards.
Risk of Delay
If there is no outright winner, the two frontrunners would go into a run-off on May 28, spinning out the process into the holy month of Ramadan when life slows to a crawl.
A long delay would leave little time to complete a pact between Kabul and Washington to keep up to 10,000 US troops in the country beyond 2014.
Mr Karzai has rejected the pact, but the three frontrunners have pledged to sign it. Without the pact, far weaker Afghan forces would be left on their own to fight the Taliban.
Uncertainty over the outcome could also stall crucial foreign aid and economic reform, foment ethnic tensions and leave a political vacuum in which the Taliban could gain ground.
The election is a landmark after 13 years of struggle that has killed at least 16,000 Afghan civilians and thousands more soldiers. Nearly 3,500 members of the U.S.-led coalition force have died since deployment in the country over a decade ago.
Mr Karzai’s relations with the United States became increasingly strained in recent years as Afghan casualties mounted, and he voiced frustrated that Washington was not putting enough pressure on Pakistan to stop the Taliban, who base themselves in borderlands.
Although his departure marks a turning point, none of his would-be successors would bring radical change, diplomats say.
“Whether the election will be the great transformative event that everybody expects is, I think, delusional.“ Sarah Chayes, a South Asia expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace told a media briefing on the eve of the vote.