Theresa May: The British prime minister’s spokesman would not say if the government would attempt to stop another vote on Scottish independence. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain/Pool

House of Lords told that closing open Border would be done at ‘great and grim peril’

Gerald Kaufman, who has died aged 86, on a  visit in 2010 to the Palestinian Legislative Council in Hebron, in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Photograph: Abed al-Hashlamoun/EPA

Oldest member of House of Commons was known as acerbic debater and critic of Israel

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn:  “Now is not the time to retreat, to run away or to give up.” Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA Wire

Beleaguered party leader says he will not to resign after losing seat in Cumbria to Tories

Former British prime minister Tony Blair during his speech on Brexit at Bloomberg’s London headquarters on Friday. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Former Labour prime minister launches ‘mission’ to secure reversal of EU exit vote

Jeremy Corbyn: Westminster chatter about his future may subside after a dismal few weeks for the Labour leader – if Labour holds both seats. Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA Wire

London Letter: A Labour loss in either Copeland or Stoke will reignite leadership issue

British newspaper headlines after the high court ruled that parliament must be allowed  to vote on whether to trigger article 50 on Brexit.    Photograph: Benjamin Fathers/AFP/Getty Images

Rule of law was undermined by media attacks following article 50 ruling, says judge

The Church of England general synod at Church House in London, where a document upholding church teaching on same-sex marriage was narrowly defeated. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Clergy closely reject bishops’ document calling for continued ban on gay marriage

Commons speaker John Bercow: fresh controversy after a recording emerged in which he told students that he had voted against leaving the European Union in last year’s referendum. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/PA Wire

Foreign office recognises ‘strong views’ of 1.8 million signatories but says it will press head

David Hockney with his redesigned masthead for a one-off edition of the Sun newspaper. The artist gave qualified approval for Brexit: “The power has spread to the people because that’s what the iPhone has done.” Photograph: Arthur Edwards/The Sun/PA Wire

Most British writers today are Remainers. Which side would past literary giants take?

 Brian Hayes:  says it is  in Ireland’s interest to ensure that the City of London remains strong after Brexit

Fine Gael MEP expresses confidence the customs issue can be resolved

Brexit minister David Davis and British prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Fifty-two Labour MPs defy Jeremy Corbyn and vote against legislation on article 50

Ireland’s Ambassador to London, Dan Mulhall: says Irish officials are successfully “sensitising” EU governments to the difficulties Brexit creates for Ireland.  Photograph:  Malcolm McNally

Dan Mulhall extols virtues of practical solutions over special status for the North

Four fire engines and 21 firefighters were called to the blaze at a mid-terraced house on Laburnum Avenue shortly after 4am on Monday morning. Photograph: iStock

Wife, husband and brother victims of blaze at mid-terraced house in Hornchurch

John Bercow said Donald Trump’s “racism and sexism” made him unworthy of an invitation. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

John Bercow apologised to his counterpart for not giving him advance warning

 Britain’s prime minister Theresa May: MPs will not be allowed to stop Brexit or send her  back to Brussels to negotiate a better deal. Photograph:  Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Choice between deal Theresa May negotiates or leaving EU with no deal

Theresa May: The British prime minister said that “EU citizens living in the UK make a vital contribution to our economy and our society, and without them we would be poorer and our public services weaker”. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain

Prime minister says no unilateral protection on rights unless British in EU are included

House of  Commons speaker John Bercow: said that Mr Trump’s imposition of a travel ban on seven majority-Muslim countries had reinforced his conviction that the president should not speak at Westminster. Photograph: PA Wire

MPs applaud John Bercow’s remarks rebuking US president over travel ban

British prime minister Theresa May with Taoiseach  Enda Kenny: Mr Kenny said he “wouldn’t be afraid of any fallout” from inviting US president Donald Trump to Ireland when he sees him in Washington.   Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

European leaders at Malta summit sharply critical of US president’s recent actions

 British Prime Minister Theresa May with Taoiseach Minister Enda Kelly at the informal meeting of EU leaders in Valletta. Photograph: Yves Herman/EPA/ POOL AFP OUT

Good-natured talks yield surprising lack of clashes over Donald Trump and migration

German chancellor Angela Merkel  is escorted from the EU leaders summit in Valletta on Friday: “You have to remember how many people perished in the Mediterranean Sea.” Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

Malta summit produces accord under which Libya will be funded to halt flow to Italy

British prime minister Theresa May and Taoiseach Enda Kenny at the informal European Union summit  in Valletta, Malta, on Friday. Photograph: Yves Herman/EPA

Enda Kenny has meeting with Theresa May on margins of informal EU summit in Malta

European Council president Donald Tusk (centre) speaks to the press on the eve of an Informal meeting of EU leaders in Malta. Photograph: Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images

Refugee crisis to be discussed after 4,500 drowned in Mediterranean in 2016

The Royal Netherlands Army’s 43rd Mechanised Brigade prepare for the launch of the international military exercise at a military range in Drawsko Pomorskie, Poland, in January. Photograph: Marcin Bielecki

London Letter: Britain’s military power may play a role in its negotiations with the EU

Donald Tusk: The European Council president  has written that “worrying declarations by the new American administration all make our future highly unpredictable”. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Council president issues letter ahead of May’s briefing on meeting with US president

Brexit secretary David Davis launches the White Paper in the House of Commons. Photoghraph: PA Wire

UK government reaffirms commitment to ‘frictionless’ Border as it publishes plans

Donald Trump: Bill Clinton’s state department spokesman cited the new president’s casual relationship with the truth as his most dangerous quality, because it could lead opponents to miscalculate his intentions. Photograph: Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images

Former adviser to Bill Clinton says White House running on ‘insult-driven policy’

British MPs in the House of Commons, London, England, during a vote on Brexit legislation. Photograph: PA Wire

House of Commons politicians pass legislation on triggering article 50 by 498 to 114

British prime minister Theresa May at Government Buildings during her recent press conference with Taoiseach Enda Kenny. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Former official insists official customs controls will be unavoidable after Brexit

 Brexit secretary David Davis: said the government took very seriously the Northern Ireland Executive’s analysis of the impact of Brexit on industries in Northern Ireland, including issues such as the single Irish energy market. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

David Davis says North ‘at forefront of my mind’ during Brexit Bill debate in parliament

Sinn Féin’s northern leader, Michelle O’Neill:  restated Sinn Féin’s demand for a “special, designated status” for Northern Ireland in the EU.  Photograph: Geoff Caddick/EPA

Devolved administrations express concern over lack of active roles in Brexit negotiations

British foreign secretary Boris Johnson: “The general principle is that all British passport holders remain welcome to travel to the US.”  Photograph: PA Wire

Downing Street says trip will go ahead despite mass petition in wake of travel ban

British prime minister Theresa May is to meet Enda Kenny in Dublin on Monday. File photograph: AFP/Getty Images

British leader is visiting Dublin as concerns increase over UK’s plan for leaving the EU

British prime minister Theresa May and US president Donald Trump during a joint news conference at the  White House in Washington, DC on Friday. Photograph: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

US president hogs the microphone but strikes all the right notes for British audience

Gibraltar’s chief minister, Fabian Picardo: “Neither the people of the United Kingdom nor the people of Gibraltar are a prey that is on its knees, seeking any generous offer from the people of Spain.” Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Gibraltarians fear Spain will use Brexit to grab coveted piece of the Rock

Prime minister Theresa May: Britain’s supreme court ruled this week that she cannot trigger article 50 without the authorisation of parliament at Westminster. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Green Party leaders in Britain and Northern Ireland named as plaintiffs in Brexit case

Donald Trump and Theresa May: Trump is reported to have referred to her as “my Maggie”, hoping to nurture a relationship similar to that enjoyed between Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Photograph: PA Wire

All prime ministers gloss over differences in order to maintain the ‘special relationship’

British prime minister Theresa May responds during the weekly Prime Minister’s Questions session in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Prime minister moves to quell backbenchers with policy document before invoking article 50

 British prime minister Theresa May will likely be able to trigger article 50 by the end of March as planned, despite a ruling from the supreme court. Photograph: EPA/Will Oliver

UK supreme court found article 50 cannot be invoked without parliamentary approval

 David Davis: wants to “preserve the situation” in the North. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty

Northern Ireland ‘near the top of my priorities’, says Brexit minister David Davis

Gina Miller, the lead claimant in the article 50 case, delivering  a statement outside the supreme court in London on Tuesday morning. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Decision that devolved legislatures do not need to be consulted a boost for government

 British defence secretary  Michael Fallon   at a nuclear submarine facility in October: he assured the House of Commons on Monday that “the capability and effectiveness of the United Kingdom’s independent nuclear deterrent is not in doubt.” Photograph: Phil Noble/WPA Pool/Getty

Downing Street confirms PM knew about test failure ahead of vote to renew nuclear deterrent

British prime minister Theresa May holds a regional cabinet meeting in Runcorn, Cheshire, as she launched her industrial strategy for post-Brexit Britain. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

British Prime minister says more government intervention could revitalise economy

British prime minister Theresa May: declined to say if she would specifically criticise Mr Trump’s remarks about women. Photograph: Neil Hall/Reuters

Corbyn warns PM against rushing into trade deal when she meets US president this week

 President Donald Trump salutes during the presidential inaugural parade in Washington, DC. Photograph: Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images

Graceless, angry and dystopian address extols doctrine of protectionist politics

Labour’s Brexit spokesman Keir Starmer: While   Liberal Democrat and SNP representatives objected to Theresa May’s plan, he welcomed the fact that the prime minister wasn’t advocating an even harder Brexit. Photograph: PA Wire

London Letter: Party spokesman sees focus on single market as sign of moderation

 British foreign secretary Boris Johnson compared French president François Hollande to a POW camp guard in a second World War film. Photograph: Carl Court/Getty Images

Prime minister declines to reiterate threat to walk away from negotiations as minsters resort to rhetoric

Theresa May: The prime minister pauses during her keynote Brexit speech on Tuesday. May said staying in the single market would keep the UK under the influence of EU law, which would be contrary to the result of the referendum last June. Photograph: EPA/Facundo Arrizabalaga

Theresa May’s priorities reflect political reality: Immigration must be controlled

British prime minister Theresa May delivers her keynote speech on Brexit at Lancaster House, London on January 17th 2017. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/ WPA Pool /Getty Images

Sturgeon says Scottish referendum more likely now while Ukip claims credit for policies

Border control at London’s Heathrow Airport: prime minister Theresa May  wants Britain to be able to negotiate its own, bilateral trade deals with countries around the world. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA Wire

British PM Theresa May wants to negotiate new customs arrangement with the EU

British prime minister Theresa May arriving back at Downing Street in London after delivering her Brexit speech at Lancaster House. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Analysis: Theresa May brought clarity but it may not count for much when the EU hits back

UK prime minister Theresa May outlining her plans for Brexit on Tuesday. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/PA Wire

Theresa May says maintaining Common Travel Area is a priority in keynote speech

Shoppers in central London: it has been clear since October that Britain is heading inexorably towards a hard Brexit. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty

Analysis: May speech unlikely to give specifics of her approach to Brexit negotiations

British prime minister Theresa May. Signs that she is preparing to adopt an uncompromising approach to the Brexit talks have alarmed British business. Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

British prime minister will make it clear that the UK will make a clean break from the EU

Northern  Secretary  James Brokenshire sets the date for a fresh Assembly  election, to be held on March 2nd. Photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne/Reuters

Theresa May rules out postponing Brexit talks launch, due before the end of March

A person stands behind textured glass at an address  linked by local media to former MI6 officer Christopher Steele, who is currently in hiding. Photograph: Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Think tank says Russia would have targeted US president-elect due to links with oligarchs

British Labour  leader Jeremy Corbyn, described by one of his party MPs  as being “like the accelerator on a bus that’s going over a cliff”. Photograph:Toby Melville/Reuters

Party’s share of vote could fall to 20% in next election

British prime minister Theresa May: says she hopes  dispute between  DUP and Sinn Féin will  be resolved by next week. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

British prime minister discusses political impasse with Taoiseach Enda Kenny

Mark Carney: The governor of the Bank of England said the “scale of the immediate risks [from Brexit] has gone down.” Photograph: PA Wire

Bank of England governor had warned of economic consequences of Leave vote

Brexit: Theresa May could use negotiations to redraw UK politics. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

The sudden departure of Ivan Rogers suggests disarray in London. But Theresa May has a chance to reinforce her power

File image of Tim Barrow, Britain’s new ambassador to the EU. Photograph: Sergei Ilnitsky/EPA

Tim Barrow will replace Ivan Rogers following diplomat’s sudden resignation

 Sir Ivan Rogers, who has resigned as Britain’s ambassador to the European Union. In his extraordinary farewell message to colleagues, Rogers urged them to challenge “ill-founded arguments and muddled thinking” in government and never to be afraid to speak the truth to those in power. Photograph: Thierry Roge/EPA

Analysis: Ambassador to EU’s departure shows British government is at sea on key issues

The sudden resignation of Britain’s ambassador to the EU has increased fears of a hard Brexit. File photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

Irish fear of hard Brexit grows as top British diplomat Ivan Rogers resigns

Britain’s ambassador to the European Union Ivan Rogers has resigned. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Departure of long-serving diplomat at critical time described as government ‘own goal’

A  woman in Berlin holds some    euro bills  shortly after midnight on  January 1st, 2002. Photograph: Roberto Pfeil/AP

Europe’s single currency – 15 years old on January 1st – has survived numerous crises

A pedestrian shelters from the rain as they walk near the Palace of Westminster, London. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty

British PM has confidence of her party but she should savour her popularity

Conor McGinn: “For me and most of my colleagues, there’s now no apology going to be made for putting our families and our health and security first.”

The Armagh-born MP for St Helens in Merseyside has limited his interaction on social media since the death of his colleague

UK prime minister Theresa May declined to rule out introducing passport checks for people travelling between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

British PM suggests favourable deals likely to revolve around reciprocity for Brits abroad

Theresa May has promised to invoke article 50 by the end of March. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Discussions overshadowed by a dispute over the role the European Parliament will play

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May has advocated a tough line on Syria and an extension of sanctions on Russia. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

London Letter: UK faces leaving EU as US president looks for new relationships

UK prime minister Theresa May   at the  European Union   leaders’ summit in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Theresa May uses EU summit to urge action over rights of UK citizens living in EU

British prime minister Theresa May arriving for the EU leaders’ summit in Brussels on Thursday. “It’s right that the other leaders prepare for those negotiations as we have been preparing,” she said of today’s Brexit talks. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Britain will not be present at evening talks, with Syria and Ukraine on main summit agenda

The UK’s Brexit secretary David Davis has said he is “determined” to keep an open border between Northern Ireland and the Republic after leaving the European Union.  Photograph: PA Wire.

David Davis tells MPs that Norway-Sweden frontier could offer model for Ireland

Theresa May: has ruled out unilateral offer to EU citizens now living in Britain. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA

Leading lawyer says unilateral action would lead to reciprocal action by EU countries

Philip Hammond with Minister for Finance Michael Noonan: The chancellor of the exchequer   has backed a mutually beneficial post-Brexit transitional deal. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

British chancellor claims ‘thoughtful people’ see need for negotiations beyond two years

British prime minister Theresa May and Taoiseach Enda Kenny. File photograph: Stefan Rousseau/Reuters

Best deal would seek to maintain open boundary between North and South

The Houses of Parliament in London, Britain. A House of Lords EU committee favours a bilateral Brexit deal with the Republic. Photograph: Tim Ireland/PA

House of Lords committee wants deal to minimise impact on the Border and trade

A video feed from inside the supreme court in London. The court is to decide whether Theresa May’s government can trigger article 50 and start the Brexit process without a parliamentary vote. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

Hearing considered many arguments, but not whether exit process could be revoked

British prime minister Theresa May is set to trigger article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty by the end of March 2017. Photograph:  Stefan Wermuth/Pool/Getty Images

Leading UK barrister argues best scenario would be if Britain were to remain in EEA

The Alan Turing computerised poem/artwork at Paddington. Photograph:  Julia Kreitman

London’s latest public art work speaks to us from beyond the grave

 Anti-Brexit protesters gather  outside the supreme court in London on Thursday. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Northern Ireland cases heard during UK government appeal against article 50 ruling

Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs Charlie Flanagan discussed Brexit in London on Wednesday with a number of MPs, including Labour’s Hillary Benn, who chairs the Commons select committee on Brexit. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

Labour’s Keir Starmer says MPs and public are entitled to know Theresa May’s plans

NI victims campaigner Raymond McCord, who is  taking a case in the British supreme court.  Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Britain’s supreme court hears successive agreements have moved sovereignty to North

British prime minister Theresa May arrives at Riffa Fort in Manama, Bahrain,  during a three-day visit to attend the Gulf Co-operation Council summit. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

British PM agrees to show plans for leaving EU before triggering formal exit negotiations

   Northern Ireland attorney general  John Larkin speaking at the UK supreme court on the second day of a hearing to decide whether or not parliamentary approval is needed before the British government can begin Brexit negotiations . Photograph: AFP/Supreme Court/Getty

UK supreme court may hear argument that Stormont should have say on article 50

Gina Miller leaves the supreme court in London after the first day of the challenge against a ruling that Theresa May’s government requires parliamentary approval to start the process of leaving the EU. Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

Attorney general tells supreme court it was wrong to rule that MPs must have their say

Paul Green, president and founder of Halcyon Gallery, stands in front of Bob Dylan’s painting Endless Highway at the gallery during a preview of his artwork in London this month. Photograph: Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Three-floor Mayfair show has 250 drawings, paintings and ironworks

British chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond looks over his autumn statement in his office at 11 Downing Street  on Wednesday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor exposes damage Brexit is wreaking on British economy

The British and Irish governments, along with the devolved administration in Northern Ireland, have said they want to preserve the Common Travel Area after Brexit. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Law professor says any agreement will need consent of other EU member states

UK chancellor Philip Hammond delivers his autumn statement in the House of Commons. Photograph: PA Wire

Britain can expect slower growth, higher inflation and more borrowing, minister warns

David Davis (left) and Guy Verhofstadt: Their meeting was described as ‘constructive’. Photograph:   PA Wire

UK’s Brexit minister David Davis meets senior EU negotiators for talks on leaving EU

Donald Trump and Nigel Farage at Trump Tower on November 12, 2016 in New York City. Photograph: Nigel Farage/PA Wire

Farage ‘enormously flattered’ after unprecedented move by incoming US president

Mikhail Khodorkovsky on trial in Russia in 2005: While in prison, the businessman transformed into a political dissident. Photograph: Alexander Natruskin/Reuters

Putin critic Mikhail Khodorkovsy speaks out as he attempts to unfreeze €100m

Mikhail Khodorkovsky: ‘If there are no more questions, then I expect to be given the money back.’ Photograph: Bartek Sadowski/Bloomberg

Russian ex-magnate claims he has answered all Garda questions about source of money

The Cyronics Institute facility in Clinton township, Michigan, where the body of a 14-year-old British girl and 142 other bodies are being preserved. Photograph: EPA/Cryonics Institute

Case of British girl winning battle to have body frozen throws technology into spotlight

Mr Justice Peter Jackson ruled that nothing about the case should be reported while she was alive. Photograph: Getty Images

UK court rules body can be cryogenically frozen in hope she can later be brought back to life

Glenda Jackson as King Lear and Rhys Ifans as the Fool in  King Lear  at the Old Vic Theatre. Photograph: Robbie Jack/Corbis via Getty Images

Brexiteers’ fear they will be betrayed and Remainers that they already have been

Prison officers went on strike briefly this week to draw attention to growing disorder, overcrowding and staff shortages in British prisons. File photograph: Getty Images

Police to investigate as government pressed to reduce numbers of prisoners

JD Wetherspoon’s The Coronet pub in London. File photograph: Google Street View

Tens of thousands in compensation due over refusal of service in noted pub ‘The Coronet’

The report found that 45 per cent backed passport checks on visitors from Ireland, with 29 per cent opposed and 25 per cent with no opinion. Photograph: Alan Betson

MPs told there will be have to a customs border on island of Ireland  

British PM Theresa May has little choice but to cling to the special relationship and hope for the best. Photograph: Getty Images

British press less than impressed by president-elect’s tardy call to prime minister

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