US voices concern over violence in Turkey as protests escalate
Erdogan warns demonstrators over taking political disputes to streets
A protester sleeps in a damaged vehicle at Taksim Square in central Istanbul. Photograph: Stoyan Nenov/Reuters
Protesters carry the Turkish flag and shout anti-government slogans during a demonstration at Gezi Park near Taksim Square in central Istanbul today. Photograph: Stoyan Nenov/Reuters
Protesters and medical workers at a makeshift field clinic in a mosque in Istanbul. Photograph Ed Ou/The New York Times.
The US tonight called for an investigation into the political violence in Turkey and urged restraint on all sides following the fifth day of escalating nationwide protests against the rule of the prime minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
In remarks that are likely to provoke Mr Erdogan, the US secretary of state, John Kerry, said: “We are concerned by the reports of excessive use of force by police. We obviously hope that there will be a full investigation of those incidents and full restraint from the police force.”
Earlier today, Mr Erdogan warned protesters against taking the country’s political disputes on to the streets, signalling he could mobilise his mass popular support to crush the demonstrations.
As sporadic clashes between protesters and riot police continued in Izmir, Ankara and Istanbul, and the first death was confirmed, Mr Erdogan lashed out at his critics, delivering an uncompromising message after a week of the worst violent turmoil of his decade in power.
Mr Erdogan’s Justice and Development party (AKP) took just over half the national vote in the last elections in 2011. Invoking that mandate, the prime minister said: “There is 50 per cent and we can barely keep them at home. But we have called on them to calm down.” The turmoil started a week ago as a small environmental protest in an Istanbul park against redevelopment plans, but quickly mushroomed into huge weekend clashes with riot police in the city and across half the country after police mounted tear gas and water cannon attacks on peaceful civilians.
The focus of the protest shifted from the building project to the person of the prime minister. Mr Erdogan’s dismissive attitude to the mass demonstrations contrasted increasingly with President Abdullah Gul, who sounded conciliatory and pointedly rebutted Mr Erdogan’s message.
“Democracy does not mean elections alone,” he said. “There can be nothing more natural for the expression of various views, various situations and objections through a variety of ways, besides elections,” the president said. The prime minister has challenged the rights of the initial protesters in a central
Istanbul park to launch a sit-in opposing a redevelopment scheme demolishing the green space to make way for a shopping complex, mosque, and a replica of an old military barracks. Government data showed 1,500 arrests in Ankara, 300 in Izmir, and another 370 in the southern town of Adana. The impact of political turbulence was also felt by Turkey’s business community in what has been one of the world’s fastest-growing economies in recent years.
Istanbul’s stock exchange fell by 10.47 per cent, the worst one-day decline in a decade. The prime minister brushed off the news. “Bourse indexes increase and decrease, they are not always stable. When we came to power, the National 100 Index was around 11,000. It might increase to 100,000 tomorrow.”
An Istanbul professor and one of his students both lost eyes when police hit them in the face with tear gas canisters on Sunday night, it was confirmed
. In a further sign of spreading instability, the Turkish military said there had been an exchange of fire between its forces and Kurdish guerrillas of the Kurdistan Workers’ party (PKK) in Sirnak, in the south-east. The two sides have been observing a ceasefire as the PKK stages a withdra
wal from Turkey into northern Iraq as part of an incipient peace process since the start of the year. The reported clash was the first known breach of the truce. The army claim could not be corroborated. Tensions remain high in
Istanbul, with protesters still commanding the rebellion’s focal point, Taksim Square. Trade unions are threatening to mobilise a general strike and several Turkish universities have postponed final examinations - a move seen as encouraging the students to take part in the wave of protest without jeopardising their academic prospects.
Guardian News and Media 2013