Timeline: Worst train disasters in Europe
Railway workers remove debris from the wreckage of a public train near to Atocha train station in Madrid, March 12th, 2004. Photograph: Reuters
Bioce, Montenegro, January 23rd, 200 6 At least 45, including five children, are killed and 184 injured when a train carrying about 300 people from Bijelo Polje in the north to the Adriatic Sea port of Bar derails and plunges down a 100-metre ravine into the Moraca river.
Madrid, Spain, March 11th, 2004 A total of 191 are killed and 1,800 injured after groups inspired by al-Qaeda plant bombs in backpacks on four morning rush-hour commuter trains in the Spanish capital three days before national elections.
Kaprun, Austria, November 11th, 2000 A fire on board a funicular train carrying 167 people to the Kitzsteinhorn Glacier ski resort claims 155 lives in a tunnel above the town of Kaprun. Most of the victims choke to death as they flee uphill to try to escape the blaze.
Eschede, Germany June 3rd, 1998 In the world’s deadliest high-speed train crash 101 people are killed and 88 injured when a fatigue crack in a train wheel which, when it finally failed, caused the train to derail at a switch.
Ufa, Russia, June 4th, 1989
At least 575 die and 800 are injured in an explosion as two trains, carrying
about 1,300 passengers, pass each other on the Adler-Novosibirsk route. The
accident occurs after liquefied gas spills out of a burst pipeline and flows towards the rail line, creating a dense, highly flammable cloud. As the trains pass, sparks are released, igniting the gas and causing a huge explosion. An official report states that 575 people died, but a memorial at the site of the crash lists 675 names, and unofficial reports claim that about 780 people died.
Ankara, Turkey, January 4th, 1979
A local commuter train collides with another suburban rapid express train at Behichey railway station, killing 30 and injuring 95.
Zagreb, Yugoslavia, August 30th, 1974 An estimated 153 people die – though some reports put the death toll at 175 – after an express train from Belgrade to Dortmund, filled mostly with workers returning to their jobs in West Germany after taking summer vacations, fails to slow down for a bend, goes through a red signal, and derails.
Seville, Spain, July 21st, 1972 Some 77 are killed when a Cadiz-bound train crashes into a standing train on the outskirts of Seville.
Soissons, France June 16th, 1972 108 are killed when two passenger trains hit the debris of a collapsed railway tunnel.
London, November 5th, 1967 A total of 49 are killed and 78 injured when a commuter train derails between Hither Green and Grove Park stations in south-east London. Bee Gees singer Robin Gibb and his wife Molly are among the survivors.
Custoias, Portugal, July 21st, 1964 An estimated 94 are killed when a passenger train derails.
Harmelen, Netherlands, January 8th, 1962 In the worst train crash in the country’s history, 93 are killed when two trains collide in foggy early-morning conditions.
Voghera, Italy, May 31st, 1962 A total of 64 are killed and 40 injured when a goods train crashes into the back of a passenger train at Voghera station just before it is due to depart for Genoa.
Fiumarella, Italy, December 23rd, 1961 In one of Italy’s worst ever rail accidents, 71 are killed and 28 injured when a train derails while passing across a viaduct in the Calabrian region and plunges into a river 40m below.
Stéblová, Czechoslovakia, November 14th, 1960 A passenger steam train collides with a diesel railcar, killing 118 and injuring 110.