Last year’s Eurovision winner Conchita Wurst. There were quite a few emancipated ladies at the Vienna Congress too.   Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Gathering of the crowned heads of Europe was to form the blueprint for summits today

Data privacy may seem like a distant and abstract concept but what is more personal than the information you are sharing with Goog(...)

Protesters outside Deutsche Bank’s headquarters in Frankfurt recently wearing masks depicting former chief executive Josef Ackermann, co-chief executive Juergen Fitschen, former board member Tessen von Heydebreck and former chief executive Rolf Breuer. Photograph: Ralph Orlowski/Reuters

As its past catches up with it in court, analysts worry more that the lender has no clear path for its future

Polish president Bronislaw Komorowski: opponents have chipped away at a once comfortable lead  and he is now more than 10 points short of outright victory.   Photograph: Piotr Wittman/EPA

Incumbent Bronislaw Komorowski has pitched himself to voters as the safe and experienced pair of hands

Trümmerfrauen: women clear rubble and recycle bricks outside the Reichstag, in Berlin, after the end of the second World War. Photograph: Ullstein/Getty

As Germans remember the rebuilding of their country, nobody has thanked the women

The German-Russian museum in the Berlin district of Karlshorst: jointly funded by Germany and Russia, the museum includes a permanent exhibition highlighting Nazi Germany’s Russian campaign during the second World War. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Against the backdrop of Ukraine’s conflict, it is clear the divide between east and west lives on

 Prime minister of Finland Juha Sipilä: agreed to prioritise a revival of Finland’s stalled economy. It has been   hit by Nokia’s sale of its mobile phone business to Microsoft and EU economic sanctions on neighbouring Russia. Photograph:  Martti Kainulainen/Lehtikuva/AFP

With recession and 10% unemployment, the Finns face pressure to bring debt into line

A European Union flag flutters as the ancient Parthenon temple. Photograph:  Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters

Neither breakthrough nor breakdown reported as Greek debt talks rumble on

Greece’s finance minister Yanis Varoufakis arrives for a meeting with EU Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Pierre Moscovici at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels yesterday. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert)

Cash-strapped Athens facing €200 million interest repayment to IMF today

A section of the Berlin Wall that was rebuilt as a tourist attraction near Checkpoint Charlie. Irish developers have turned the historic site into a fast-food area, complete with cocktail bar. Photograph: Michael Dalder

Site of infamous border crossing reportedly sold at a €58m profit for Nama

Angela Merkel: “I once said that spying on friends is not on.That seems to be a more ambitious goal than I thought, but we have to work towards this”

Chancellor under pressure to state if and when she was aware of BND spying for US

‘BND officials insist the chancellery was always in the picture but chose not to act. Dr Merkel’s office insists it first heard about the affair in March and demanded the BND remedy without delay “technical and organisational deficits” – without explaining what these deficits were.’ Above,  German Chancellor Angela Merkel during a joint press conference with US President in Washington, DC last year. Photograph:  SAMADJEWEL SAMAD/AFP/Getty Images

Merkel at centre of questions on German co-operation with NSA

Visitors look around the new Nazi museum in Munich. Photograph: Christof Stache/AFP

City’s new attraction is little more than a sterile box filled with superficiality

The remains of 120 German soldiers who died during the second World War are  buried during a  ceremony in Halbe, eastern Germany, on Wednesday. Photograph: Patrick Pleul/AFP/Getty Images

Decades after they fell, dead soldiers are still being found and given burials

Adolf Hitler and his mistress Eva Braun dine in a still from a private home movie made by Braun’s sister Gretl Fegelein, early to mid-1940s. Hitler and Braun married on April 29th, 1945, the day before they took their own lives. Photograph: Express Newspapers/Getty Images

Visitors to Berlin are drawn to the place of the dictator’s last stand, but officials are torn

Deutsche Bank jointchief executive Jürgen Fitschen (fourth from right) and the former Deutsche Bank CEOs Rolf Breuer (third from right) and Josef Ackermann (fifth from right) wait for their trial in connection with the Kirch  bankruptcy in Munich. Photograph  by Jörg Koch/Getty Images

Bank leaders accused of consipracy to co-ordinate false testimony

The children packed a rucksack with food, a torch, an alarm clock and a book to help them on the long journey.

The boy and girl packed food, a torch, an alarm clock and a book for 1,600km journey

Jürgen Fitschen ( left) and Anshu Jain, co-chief executives of Deutsche Bank at a news conference in Frankfurt to announce plans to reduce annual costs by a further €3.5 billion,  cut back its ownership in the Postbank consumer unit and shrink the securities business to revive profitability. Photographer: Martin Leissl/Bloomberg

Details come a day ahead of court date for joint CEO Jürgen Fitschen over Kirch investigation

Former Nazi death camp officer Oskar Gröning, dubbed the ‘bookkeeper of Auschwitz’, is on trial charged with  accessory to murder in 300,000 cases of deported Hungarian Jews who were sent to the gas chambers. He faces up to 15 years in jail. Photograph: Julian Stratenschulte/AFP/Getty Images

Rejecting 'victimhood', one of 50 plaintiffs publicly forgives ex-SS man after he admits ‘moral guilt’

Peter Casey of Dragons’ Den: ‘The Germans definitely have a different way of operating to the Irish’

A summer school in Munich opens Irish minds to the German outlook on business

Ferdinand Piech: was left with little option but to put his own head in the noose he had fashioned. Photograph: Frank Leonhardt

Group chairman resigns after losing boardroom battle with chief executive Martin Winterkorn

Former Polish foreign minister Wladyslaw Bartoszewski who died over the weekend. Photograph:  AFP PHOTO/DPA/ STEPHANIE PILICK

The 93-year-old, who survived Auschwitz, was also a writer and activist

German chancellor Angela Merkel: when her own phones were tapped, she said, “Spying on friends is just not on.” Photograph: Roni Rekomaa/AFP/Getty Images

German foreign intelligence agency accused of processing over 40,000 spy requests from US organisation

Former SS officer Oskar Gröing sits outside during a break of his trial. The 93-year-old  did not contribute directly to killings but “gave the Nazi regime an economic boost” to continue its murderous campaign, the court heard. Photograph: Ronny Hartmann/AFP/Getty Images

SS officer Oskar Gröning accused of being accessory to murder of 300,000 Jews

‘The argument over putting nonagenarians on trial overlooks one group who will never stand trial over the Holocaust: the lawyers, civil servants and politicians in the two post-war German states who worked assiduously to prevent such trials ever taking place.’ Above, defendant Oskar Gröning(right) leaves the court after the first day of his trial in Lueneburg April 21st, 2015. Photograph: Reuters/Fabian Bimmer

Official apathy let countless Auschwitz cases get away: lawyers, civil servants and politicians in the two post-war German states (...)

The chairman of the National Coalition Party Alexander Stubb speaking during a news conference at the party’s office in Helsinki yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Jussi Nukari/Lehtikuva

Juha Sipilä’s Centre Party wins 21% of vote and is likely to head new coalition government

Helsinki department store Stockmann is facing an existential crisis. The 5.5 million Finns aren’t spending. Photograph: EPA/Mauritz Antin

Microsoft’s takeover felt like your parents had sold a sibling to pay the bills

Finnish Centre Party leader and likely next prime minister Juha Sipilä poses for a photograph with passersby in Helsinki while campaigning for Sunday’s parliamentary elections. Photograph: Antti Aimo-Koivisto/AFP/Getty Images

Juha Sipilä’s Centre Party likely to lead coalition with incumbent Stubb a minor player

Timo Soini of the True Finns party: kept his party in opposition in 2011 rather than compromise and back Greek bailouts in power. Photograph: Martti Kainulainen/Lehtikuva

Sunday’s election is a moment of truth for Finnish voters and the Finns party

Sanctions and oil-price hit Russians buy caviar at Disas supermarket in Lappeenranta. Where once they bought fashion, those who come now are buying groceries. Photograph: Derek Scally

EU-Moscow links are key to Sunday’s poll as cross-border commerce suffers

A couple look at campaign posters in Helsinki of candidates in the Finnish parliamentary elections. Finns will go to the polls on April 19th. Photograph: Heikki Saukkomaa/Lehtikuva/Reuters

Tough ex-EU commissioner will use harsh policies if elected to power

Nobel prize-winning German writer Gunter Grass attends a news conference to promote his latest book “Peeling the onion” in Madrid in 2007. Grass died on April 13, 2015. Photograph: Susana Vera/Reuters

Author of The Tin Drum passes away in hospital in Lübeck

Anngret Raunigk, a 65-year-old English and Russian teacher from Berlin on the front page of Bild am Sonntag. Ms Raunigk is expecting quadruplets in summer

Doctors optimistic for Berliner Anngret Raunigk, who has 13 children already

Max Schrems says his one-man campaign could yet challenge one of the world’s biggest companies. Photograph: AFP

Max Schrems’ case demands company divulge what user data it collects and why

Max Schrems on abandoning the challenge in Ireland: “I realised that, in the Irish court system, I wouldn’t be done in 25 years, it’s madness”

Max Schrems says he had to give up on Facebook challenge here

Max Schrems has already taken on Facebook, where its international operation is based, and has a case involving Facebook ongoing at the European Court of Justice. Photograph: Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images

Privacy campaigner accuses social network giant violating Austrian and EU laws

Brigitte Eicke: her diary, written in shorthand, reveals the normality of wartime life for a teenager in Berlin and is in stark contrast to the experiences of Anne Frank. Photograph: Derek Scally

Brigitte Eicke’s teenager account of life in wartime Germany offers a very different perspective on the Nazi years

Pictures of the second black box from the plane that crashed in the French Alps are displayed in Marseilles. Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

Co-pilot Lubitz may have researched cockpit security measures and suicide

Joint news conference: German chancellor Angela Merkel  and French president François Hollande   yesterday. Photograph: Bernd Von Jutrczenka/EPA

Chancellor Angela Merkel and President François Hollande hold joint cabinet meeting in Berlin

Relatives of a crash victim  visiting a memorial in Le Vernet, southeastern France, yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Yoan Valat

Taskforce of 100 compiling information on Germanwings first-officer Andreas Lubitz

Former German chancellor Gerhard Schröder: married  to journalist turned politician Doris Schröder-Kopf for 17 years. Photograph: Matt Kavanagh.

Reports and cause of split ‘private matters’, says ex-chancellor’s office

Michael Healy-Rea: report said he hid ‘behind the veneer of a friendly/simple country yokel’ but was ‘unbeatable electorally’. It claimed he had a ‘vicious temper . . . he is not like his more collegial father in that regard.’ Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill / The Irish Times

Joan Burton defends Eamon Gilmore over FG claims he could lose Dáil seat

Andreas Lubitz: Prosecutors have declined to confirm or deny the pilot was in treatment for depression. Photograph: Getty Images

Investigators: Neither suicide note nor letter claiming responsibility found at apartment

Joan Burton said Irish people were sympathetic to Greece, reflected in their €350 million contribution to its EU/IMF programme, but that Ireland wanted to see more progress on tackling corruption and boosting tax revenue. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Ireland wants Greece to tackle corruption and boost tax revenue, says Tánaiste

Germanwings co-pilot Andreas Lubitz on his (now blocked) Facebook page in San Francisco, California. He barricaded himself in the cockpit and “intentionally” rammed the plane full speed into a mountain on Tuesday, ignoring the captain’s frantic pounding on the cockpit door and the screams of terror from passengers. Photograph: AP Photo

German police search bungalow in Rhineland town where Lubitz lived with his parents

This picture circulating on the internet and social networks allegedly shows Andreas Lubitz posing in front of the Golden Gate Bridge in California

Locals in Lubitz’s home town struggle to reconcile the man they knew with perpetrator of Germanwings tragedy

‘The case dismissed by the Irish Data Protection Commissioner (DPC) as “frivolous” was, on Tuesday, dubbed a “case of great principle” by the ECJ.’ Photograph: Getty Images

‘Whistleblower Edward Snowden alleges that all this data eventually finds its way into the “Prism” servers of the National Securit(...)

Candles at the Joseph-Koenig-Gymnasium high school in Haltern am See on Wednesday. Students and teachers at a small-town German high school broke out in ears when they realised that 16 class-mates and two teachers were on board an ill-fated Germanwings aircraft. Photograph: Reuters

Aircraft appears to have been intact on impact with mountains after steep decent

Workers from the Delphi company hold photographs of one of their two colleagues who died in the Germanwings plane crash as they observe a minute silence at San Cugat del Valles in Barcelona. Photograph: EPA

Incomplete flight data and treacherous mountain conditions hamper inquiry

Rescue workers and gendarmerie arrive by helicopter as they continue their search operation near the site of the Germanwings plane crash in  the French Alps. Photograph:Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

‘It’s an unbelievable feeling to know now that I could have been on the plane’

Simone Menne, chief financial officer of Deutsche Lufthansa AG, speaks to employees following a minute’s silence for the victims of Tuesday’s plane crash, at the airline’s headquarters in Frankfurt. Photograph: Martin Leissl/Bloomberg

Several Germanwings crews refuse to fly due to reported concern over aircraft safety

Tuesday’s oral hearing at the European Court of Justice was a referral from the Irish High Court on foot of a complaint filed by Austrian privacy campaigner Max Schrems against the Irish Data Protection Commissioner.

European Commission says US under no obligation to meet their privacy standards

European Court of Justice debates EU citizens’ right to privacy

Wreckage and debris on the French Alps after the crash of Germanwings flight 4U 9525. Photograph: EPA/Thomas Koehler

Germanwings aircraft experienced technical problems but was repaired and put back into service

Opera singer Oleg Bryjak. “With Oleg Bryjak we have lost a great interpreter and wonderful person”

Among first victims identified is Oleg Bryjak, a bass baritone at Deutsche Opera

Case was brough on foot of claims by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, that Facebook had breached EU law by passing his data to the US National Security Agency’s ‘Prism’ programme. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

European Court of Justice begins hearing arguments in landmark Facebook privacy case

Edward Snowden alleges the NSA operated a programme  obliging major technology companies such as Google and Facebook to feed in data they collect on their users. Photograph: Boris Roessler/EPA

European Court of Justice to hear arguments arising from High Court case here last year

German chancellor Angela Merkel  and Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras in Berlin yesterday. Photograph: John Mac Dougall/AFP/Getty Images

The visit was a choreographed breather in the bailout crisis

German chancellor Angela Merkel and Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras shake hands  in Berlin yesterday. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Balance must be struck between reform demands and will of voters, says Greek PM

Minister of State pays timely visit to fintech start-up hub on German visit

Ukraine’s prime minister, Arseny Yatsenyuk, in Brussels yesterday after meeting European Council president Donald Tusk, who led calls for EU member states to commit to extending sanctions against Russia. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Merkel says Russian sanctions to be lifted only if Minsk deal implemented

German comedian  Jan Böhmermann. He claimed responsibility on Wednesday for manipulating a video that allegedly shows Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis giving Germany the “middle finger”

‘We devastated Europe twice in a century but go nuts when somebody gives us the finger’

Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis during a parliamentary session in Athens on Wednesday  during which prime minister Alexis Tsipras criticised EU lenders. Photograph: Yannis Kolesidis/EPA

Before two-day Brussels summit Alexis Tsipras demands lenders ‘stop unilateral actions’

Greece’s finance minister Yanis Varoufakis. Athens faces questions over its determination to tackle tax evasion by rich Greeks. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis denies giving Germany the finger during talk

German chancellor Angela Merkel and Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko following their talks in Berlin. Photograph: Reuters/Fabrizio Bensch

Merkel says Germany will ‘never forget’ illegal Crimea annexation

Revellers at the St Patrick’s Day parade on Sunday in Munich. Photograph: Ferdinand zur Lippe

An estimated 30,000 people turned out for a parade and party on Odeonsplatz

A Communion dress made from linen from Marion Baur and Hermann Glaser- Baur’s mill in Limavady, Co Derry

A couple restored a mill in Co Derry and also have a linen shop in Berlin

Social Democrat leader Sigmar Gabriel has already given up hope of beating Chancellor Angela Merkel in Germany’s 2017 general election. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Social Democrats’ internal study warns of ‘grave image problem’

The Reeperbahn: Hamburg’s notorious party mile attracts some 20 million revellers a year, many of them beer drinkers. Photograph: Matias Boem

Residential revenge: Locals splash back against drunken revellers keen to take leak

Islamic State militants take sledgehammers to an ancient artifact in the Ninevah Museum in Mosul, Iraq. Photograph: Getty

Museum curators reveal that originals of statues from 7th century are still safe

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras prepares to address lawmakers on Tuesday during a parliamentary session on the creation of a committee for claiming second World War reparations. Photograph:  Reuters/Alkis Konstantinidis

Tsipras cites Nazi war crimes in Greece to focus on the controversial issue of forced – and never repaid – ‘loans’ to Germany

“There’s no jobs benefit for a country in allowing an airline to overcharge people for a flight because they’re allowed to collect enough data to know who the passenger is and where they need to be on a given day,” said Max Schrems, an Austrian campaigner and part of the Lobbyplag group.

Industry proposals have found their way verbatim into MEPs’ tabled amendments

Minister for Data Protection Dara Murphy: will arrive in Brussels amid claims Ireland is pushing for changes to European privacy law  which Lobbyplag  says would benefit interests of private companies and public bodies over citizens. .

Privacy campaign group Lobbyplag puts Ireland one of top three offenders in pushing for changes to EU privacy law

Since 2012 EU institutions have worked to update 1995 data privacy laws. Following proposals from the European Commission and then the European Parliament, the member states have been negotiating their own proposals for three years behind closed doors in the European Council.

Leaked Brussels documents show State is just behind Germany and UK in watering down legislation

German Chancellor Angela Merkel with Prof Peter Bofinger (second left) at a presentation of a report by Germany’s “five wise men” who advise the federal government on economic affairs. Also pictured is Sigmar Gabriel (left), vice-chancellor and minister for economic affairs, and the chairman of the German Council of Economic Experts Christoph M Schmidt (right). Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

One of the ‘wise men’ who advise Merkel, the economist is a prophet in the desert

 European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker: said pooling military capability would demonstrate EU member states’ determination never to go to war against each other. Photograph: Sergio Perez/Reuters

European Commission president rules out Greek exit from euro zone

The German public is acutely conscious of data privacy issues, as this  carnival float with a  caricature representing Google and Facebook in a Duesseldorf parade highlights. Photograph: Ina Fassbender

Officials accused of allying with industry in secret while championing privacy in public

Yanis Varoufakis: Proposed new measures to unlock remaining bailout funds. Photograph: Kostas Tsironis/Bloomberg

Yanis Varoufakis submits plan to euro group with measures including online gambling

 Chancellor Angela Merkel does not approve of binding quotas for women Photo: David Sleator/The Irish Times

Bundestag has approved 30% requirement for non-executives

Data mining: It’s hard to think of anything you can do these days – online or off – that doesn’t leave a trail of data crumbs

European institutions are in the process of replacing existing data rules from 1995 to ensure citizens are better protected

Security cameras  at the partially-finished new headquarters  of Germany’s federal intelligence service, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND). The construction  has suffered major delays, including the theft of blueprints. Photograph:  Adam Berry/Getty Images

Suspicious leak at foreign intelligence agency BND, the city’s most high-security building site

Former SPD politician Sebastian Edathy  in a  regional court in Verden, Germany, yesterday.  Photograph: Julian Stratenschulte/AP

Sebastian Edathy urged to leave the party

Greece’s Finance Minister, Yianis Varoufakis. In an interview marathon over the weekend, both Greek and German finance ministers tried to put very different spins on last week’s deal in Brussels.

Varoufakis said he would ask for debt rescheduling talks with European institutions

German finance minister Wolfgang Schaeuble after making his speech, near German Chancellor Angela Merkel, in the Bundestag in Berlinon Friday. Photograph: EPA

Pre- and post-election remarks in Greece ‘hadn’t made things easier, to put it mildly’

Former nurse, only identified as Niels H, hides his face behind a folder next to his lawyer Ulrike Baumann at the local court in Oldenburg, Germany. Photograph: Carmen Jaspersen/AP Photo/dpa

Niels H, who injected patients with medicine to induce cardiac arrest, may have killed 200

Residents pay their respects to the victims of the shootings in Uhersky Brod. Photograph: Igor Sefr/EPA

Locals in Czech town left stunned by mass shooting, writes Derek Scally in Uhersky Brod

German deputy chancellor and economis minister Sigmar Gabriel delivers a speech at a conference in Berlin on Tuesday. The party he leads, the SPD, is stuck 15 opinion poll points behind its grand coalition partner, Angela Merkel’s CDU. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

The German centre-left leader says it’s time to break the ‘downward spiral’ of austerity

A policeman stands guard near the site of a shooting at a restaurant in the city of Uhersky Brod, Czech Republic. Photograph: EPA

Shooter who killed eight people before turning gun on himself had no terrorist motive

A rally by the anti-Islam group Pegida  in Dresden, Germany. A new study has warned that Germany’s political centre is under attack from a ‘new irrationalism’. Photograph: Sebastian Kahnert/AFP/Getty Images

Researchers find that Germany’s political centre under attack from radical viewpoints

Free Liberals (FDP) chairman Christian Lindner gives flowers to Katja Suding, the party’s top candidate in the Hamburg state election, at a meeting in Berlin yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Tim Brakemeier

Christian Democratic Union officials are demanding the party challenge the euro-critical AfD with tougher line on security and mi(...)

Floral tributes are placed  where a Danish Jew was shot dead  at the weekend at a Jewish confirmation  in Copenhagen. Photograph: Bax Lindhardt/Scanpix Denmark/Reuters

Denmark’s 2,000 Jews have spent years getting ready for the worst

Danish prime minister Helle Thorning Schmidt arrives at the synagogue in Krystalgade in Copenhagen to show her sympathy. Photograph: Simon Laessoee/Scanpix/Reuters

Danish-born suspect (22) shot dead after two people killed in separate terror shootings

EU economics commissioner Pierre Moscovici said the decline in oil price, depreciating euro and recently-launched quantitative easing programme by the ECB would provide ‘a welcome shot in the arm for the EU economy’. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Bloc’s economy grows 0.3% between third and fourth quarters of 2014, data shows

FDP Hamburg leader Katja Suding (right) and two party colleagues did a photo shoot as ‘Linder’s Angels’ – a nod to luckless FDP leader Christian Lindner.

Ailing party’s campaign flirts with and fights against German sexist streak

Destroyed: looking over the skeletal city from the town hall in 1945. Photograph: Walter Hahn/AFP/Getty

Seventy years ago, near the end of the second World War, British planes dropped 1,400 tonnes of bombs on the German city. Bruno E (...)

European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker arrives for a European Summit of Heads of States and governments at the EU Council headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: EPA

SPD faces task of differentiating from CDU on Greece and euro reform

International Monetary Fund  managing director Christine Lagarde with Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis at an extraordinary euro zone finance ministers’ meeting in Brussels last night. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Ahead of EU summit German official says certain alterations may be acceptable

A Ukrainian serviceman jumps off a tank damaged during fighting with pro-Russian separatist forces outside Debaltseve, eastern Ukraine, on Tuesday. Photograph: Reuters/Alexei Chernyshev

Proximity to Russia breeds fear as focus on sanctions fails to inspire confidence

 Ukraine president Petro Poroshenko, German chancellor Angela Merkel and US vice-president Joe Biden prior to a Friday meeting of  the Munich Security Conference. Photograph: Matthias Schrader/AP

German chancellor to meet US president amid divisions on Ukraine military aid

Ukraine’s Petro Poroshenko holds up Russian passports as proof that Russian troops are present in the conflict at talks in Munich at the weekend. Photograph: Tobias Hase

While Merkel has faith in sanctions, others see arms as more persuasive

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