The Aquarius capsule: Dr Marc Ó Gríofa from Clonee, Co Meath, is a member of the Nasa  project located 6km off the US Florida coast. Photograph: Nasa Neemo

Irish participants in Nasa seabed mission replicating life in space

Parteen Weir on Lough Derg is part of the Shannon water system. Irish Water plans to build a 170 km long pipe from the Parteen basin on the river Shannon to Dublin. Photograph: The Irish Times

Lorna Siggins’s second of her three-part series runs the rule over mounting challenges

Kite brooches were used as pieces of jewellery to fasten a cloak or shawl

US student makes discovery while on archaeology field trip to Omey Island

Shannon pipeline: Parteen Weir. Photograph: Alan Betson

To solve Dublin water shortages, plans are in train to build a 170km pipeline from the Shannon. Opponents say it will affect the e(...)

The medal awarded to Timothy McCarthy for his role in Shackleton’s epic sea rescue in the Antarctic Ocean in 1916.  Photograph: Jan Starnes

Shackleton museum in Kildare fails to match bid for award to Irish Antarctic adventurer

Former Asahi plant in Killala, Co Mayo. The new power station was to be based on this site

Mayo Renewable Power project in Killala halted due to financing difficulties

The    polar  medal awarded to Shackleton adventurer and Corkman Tim McCarthy, which is  being auctioned in London. Photograph: Jan Starnes

Tim McCarthy survived Shackleton journey but died off southwest coast in first World War

 Construction work by O’Malley Construction at Réileán at Roscam in Galway. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

New housing regulations a ‘shock to anyone who stopped building in 2007’

Galway City Council has said it is taking legal advice over the felling of mature trees without a permit in a public park in Salthill over the weekend. File photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Five trees were cut down without permission in Salthill Park over the weekend

David Kinsman: whose Galway home was provided by the Clúid housing agency. He worked in construction “in a situation where I couldn’t save for a mortgage”. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Man saved from brink of homelessness: ‘It feels like the world is giving you a big hug’

A woman looks at flowers and messages placed in tribute to the victims of the deadly Bastille Day attack in Nice. Photograph: Getty Images

Department of Foreign affairs says Irishman initially feared injured actually safe and well

Revenue said its policy was to investigate all such detections with a view to prosecution.

Revenue’s routine inspection on Inis Mór yields unusually high number of illicit fuel finds

 Minister for Arts, Heritage, Regional, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs Heather Humphreys with members of the Galway team who secured the European Capital of Culture designation for 2020. Photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Delight at announcement of 2020 title tempered with sympathy for victims of Nice attack

The census figures show a decline over the past five years in Donegal of -1.5 per cent

EU policy is to ‘gentrify’ rather than develop the west, says Dr Micheál Mac Gréil

Marie Antoinette (Tara Breathnach) gives advice on headwear at Quay Street in Galway city on Thursday during a street theatre production to mark Bastille Day. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Bar marks historic links between Galway and France as artist proves art is rubbish

The discovery of three dead dolphins in the space of a week on the west Kerry coast has prompted a call for the EU to place observers on large fishing vessels. Photograph: Patrick Lyne

Expert wants observers on large fishing ships after the discovery of three bodies in a week

A boy plays on rebar being used to build a new sea wall to replace one that failed during last year’s king tide in Betio, a town on the island of South Tarawa in Kiribati, whose fate in the face of climate change is so precarious that the government is effectively planning its own demise. Photograph: Josh Haner/New York Times

A senior American marine expert is alarmed by misinformation about climate change and by weak leadership, but he refuses to give i(...)

NASA astronauts carry out simulated space manoeuvres on the ocean floor during a previous NEEMO expedition. An Irish doctor has been selected to monitor the health of six astronauts, engineers and scientists who are due to spend three weeks in an undersea research station off the Florida coast. Photograph:  NASA

Astronauts, engineers and scientists will spend three weeks undersea off Florida

Director Garry Hynes. Druid Theatre company has announced an ‘unusual rural tour’ of Hynes’s new production of Samuel Beckett’s ‘Waiting for Godot’. File photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Company selects three ‘bleak but beautiful’ locations to showcase Samuel Beckett’s text

Portiuncula Hospital in Co Galway. A leaked report has suggested closing its emergency department and sending patients to UHG. Photograph: Alan Betson

Leaked report calls for closure of A&E department in Portiuncula Hospital

Minister for Arts Heather Humphreys with Hughie O’Donoghue at the opening of his exhibition, part of Galway International Arts Festival. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Arts minister approves additional funding for city’s arthouse cinema

Merlin Woods is home to five species of bat, some 16 species of butterfly and the short-eared owl. Library photograph: iStock

Councillors vote to allow new hospice construction within Merlin Woods

Playwright Enda Walsh has said he believes the Brexit referendum result reflects a British ‘inferiority complex’. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times.

Playwright says world has ‘become a lot more polarised and a lot scarier, politically’

Minister of State for Gaeltacht Affairs Seán Kyne: said one final effort would be made to reach a deal between Aer Arann Islands and the Government. Photograph: Alan Betson

Deadline for contract talks extended after ‘stumbling blocks’ relating to airport identified

A gas flaring incident at the Shell-operated Bellanaboy Terminal in Co Mayo. Photograph: Shay Fennelly

Energy giant is accused of breaching its emissions license at refinery in north Mayo

The Irish Underwater Council  wrote to the EPA in March, seeking an appropriate assessment of the impact of dumping spoil on the Burford Bank, 5km southeast of Howth. Photograph: Alan Betson

Concerns about impact on special area of conservation

Although 91 per cent of the farmers did not smoke, 13 per cent had a pre-existing diagnosis of obstructive lung disease and 12 per cent demonstrated abnormal lung function. Photograph: iStock

Researcher found that 89 per cent of participants were overweight

Minister for Housing Simon Coveney:  “We had very pragmatic discussions, and there is clearly a generosity and willingness among the congregations around donating lands and buildings.” Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

List of properties nationwide to be drawn up for Minister for Housing Simon Coveney

Johnny Cloherty harvesting seaweed near Carna, Co Galway. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy.

Two-decade study finds iodine deficiency much lower in seaweed-rich coastal areas

Minister for Housing Simon Coveney has ruled out increasing the mandatory minimum provision of 10 per cent of social housing, arguing that this would be ‘too crude’ an instrument and ‘naive’. Photograph: Aidan Crawley/The Irish Times

New housing strategy will also ensure planning decisions ‘within six months’

Frank Bolter’s paper boat is launched at Kinvara on Friday. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Frank Bôlter worked with locals to build an 'unfolding' ten-metre vessel from large sheets of paper

 Ireland and Britain share about 40 stocks, and Britain is a key market for Irish seafood. Photograph: Chris Furlong/Getty Images

Michael Creed says department are listening to fishing industry at Galway SeaFest

Minister for Housing Simon Coveney said the Government was ‘committed to a process that can bring about change’ but the Bill before the Dáil ‘will not change anything for anybody’. Photograph: Aidan Crawley/The Irish Times

Intervention comes as Minister of State calls for free vote on ‘issue of conscience’

 Broadcaster Olivia O’Leary, Mary Shelman, a former Harvard agribusiness programme director, and Tara McCarty of Bord Iascaigh Mhara. Photograph: Andrew Downes

US agribusiness specialist stresses virtue of marketing scarce supply as high value at BIM conference

Bord Iascaigh Mhara ceo Tara McCarty with  broadcaster Olivia O’Leary  and global agri-food industry expert Mary Shelman at the National Seafood Conference, Galway. Photograph:Andrew Downes/xposure

Oblivious to Brexit, fish know no boundaries - but fishermen will be held to account, conference told

Minister for Planning and Local Government Simon Coveney has given a second extension to public consultation over Marine Institute plans for renewable energy test site in Galway Bay.

Concerns over handling of plans to test wave, tidal and wind turbine devices off An Spideal

Over half of those who participated in a Health Service Executive-sponsored survey in Galway have “hazardous” drinking habits, while 18 per cent of respondents believe it is “acceptable” to give a 15-year-old child alcohol at home. File photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire

Some 44% find it acceptable to allow 16- and 17-year-olds to consume alcohol at home

Former minister for communications, energy and natural resources, Pat Rabbitte, at the announcment of details of the Eircode, the national postcode system. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill / The Irish Times

Irish language commissioner gets over 70 complaints about postal code roll-out

 Former president Mary Robinson was critical of the Remain campaign’s concentration on a “fear factor about the economic implications”. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Former president appeals to EU to remember its core values

Sean O’Donoghue, CEO of the Killybegs Fishermens’ Organisation. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Leaders fear Irish access to 40 stocks shared with Britain could be reduced after Brexit

Jeremy Corbyn: English man Pete Ball, a long-time Labour supporter who now lives in Connemara, says he is very disappointed by the British Labour Party leader. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

English living in Ireland disappointed with David Cameron and Jeremy Corbyn

A mudslide of hundreds of tonnes of peat has closed the N59 Galway-Clifden road, some 8km  east of Clifden town in Connemara. Source: Google maps

N59 expected to closed for part of Friday after hundreds of tonnes of peat slide to close road

20-year-old man’s name not being released until relatives informed

US Vice President Biden enjoys a round of golf , with the taoiseach Enda Kenny, at Castlebar Golf Club, in Mayo. Photograph: Eric Luke / The Irish Times

Taoiseach Enda Kenny basks in glory as he shows VP around his Mayo

Members of the Irish Naval Association, veterans of the Irish Navy, after the decommissioning of the Irish Naval Service vessel LÉ Aisling at Galway Docks on Wednesday. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Ship aided Air India recovery and capture of IRA gun-runner over 36 years of service

Mayo welcome: Locals turn out to greet US vice-president Joe Biden, as he walks down Garden street, home of his ancestors, at Ballina, Co Mayo. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Kenny compares visit by Bidens to pilgrimage to Ireland undertaken by Kennedy clan

Seal  near Dalkey Island in Dublin bay. Previous dumping has already had an impact on the integrity of the area. Photograph: Nigel Motyer

Underwater Council warns contaminants could damage special area of conservation

Large numbers of dead fish were reported over a kilometre of one of the tributaries of the Clare river. Photograph: Graham Horn/

Inland Fisheries Ireland says pollution of Yellow river caused by silage effluent

Times past: The original Oireachtas 1913 group photograph outside the Town Hall in Galway

Future presidents and Proclamation signatories among Gaelic League Oireachtas 1913

Johnny Cloherty harvesting seaweed near Carna, Co Galway. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

The decision to sell a local firm to a Canadian company has shocked some in the industry

Eamonn Gilmore: he said Labour made the right decision in selecting Brendan Howlin as leader. Photograph: Dave Meehan/The Irish Times

Former Labour leader receives honorary doctorate at NUI Galway

Two construction companies have had charges brought against them following a fatal workplace incident almost three years ago at the Corrib gas tunnel project in Co Mayo. File photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Two construction firms face trial over fatal workplace incident at Co Mayo project

 University Hospital Galway has postponed non-urgent elective procedures due to pressure on its emergency department. File photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Hospital says it is at ‘full capacity’ due to pressure on its emergency department

Francis O’Donnell said Ireland has one of the largest and biologically fish-rich sea areas, but has been allocated quotas for 18 per cent of the total catch.   Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA Wire

North Atlantic states should form union, says head of Irish Fish Producers Organisation

The fire at the  Sacre Coeur hotel in Salthill, Galway. Photograph: Matt Redman/Twitter

Fire brigades attend to incidents at Quay Street restaurant and Salthill hotel

Dr John Waldron played a crucial role in the campaign to establish a family planning clinic in Galway in the late 1970s. File photograph: Johnny Ryan Photography

Doctor and horse breeder’s car struck another vehicle in Borrisokane, Co Tipperary

Nesting puffins on Skellig Michael have exacerbated the problems of rock slides. Photograph: Mark Hannaford/AWL/Getty

Puffins and other seabirds stripping back weather-damaged vegetation

Minister of State for the Gaeltacht Seán Kyne. Photograph: Alan Betson

Deadline for tenders extended by a fortnight

Humpback whale off Cork. Photograph: Pádraig Whooley/IWDG

We asked coastal cognoscenti for the inside track on the best lesser-known sights and activities dotted around Ireland’s 7,800km c(...)

It is understood that the inquiry was initiated after a recent report to the Garda, and parishioners have been informed. Photograph: iStock

Bishop Martin Drennan confirms stepping aside of cleric from regular duties pending outcome

Casper, ‘probably a new genus of octopus’

Irish expert opinion called for after the discovery of ‘Casper’, a strange kind of octopus filmed at a record ocean depth

The rare Arctic bowhead whale normally frequents far cooler waters below polar ice

Bowhead renowned for its singing prowess and repertoire of songs

A 72-year-old man, Francis Smith, from Salisbury in England, died in the capsizing of a  6m dory craft, the Jillian, on August 29th, 2015, near the Saltee Islands, above. File photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Francis Smith (72) died in incident involving 6m craft near Saltee islands in August 2015

Grace Kenneally (centre), who has died after suffering from Neuroblastoma, a rare and aggressive children’s cancer, singing Christmas carols with  school friends from Gaelscoil Dara at the live crib outside Galway Cathedral in late 2014. File photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy.

Neuroblastoma tumour claims life of Galway schoolgirl whose attitude inspired many

Participants in GMIT’s outdoor education course. Photograph courtesy of GMIT

Rebel leader’s ‘progressive ideas’ again to the fore as to what might have been possible

Galway hooker: Pádraig and Johnny Bailey aboard Capall. Photograph: Joe St Leger

A documentary by Joe St Leger tells the dramatic history of the workboats and their sailors

Myles Joyce, who was hanged in Galway in 1882 and is widely accepted as being innocent of the Maamtrasna murders. Photograph courtesy of the National Library of Ireland

Three Irish speakers were condemned to death – in a language they did not understand – for the murder of a family in Maamtrasna in(...)

British Ambassador to Ireland Dominick Chilcott said the opinion polls showed “a very close race” in the Brexit referendum. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Changes for migrants if Brexit vote fails but Brussels uncertain about Irish exemption

 Artist Joanna Kasinska. “I was 21 and I just came for a bit of a break, a bit of adventure.” Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Moving to Atlantic seaboard has brought opportunities – and plenty of rain

A task force led by Prof Jane Grimson, former vice-provost of Trinity College Dublin, was set up by the university early last year, after a landmark Equality Tribunal case was won by botanist Dr Micheline Sheehy Skeffington.

NUIG has the lowest representation of women at senior levels in Irish universities

Sinn Féin Senator Trevor Ó Clochartaigh: welcomed the consideration of Galway’s Merlin Park campus being  used as a location for a new hospital. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Existing hospital should be considered for ‘developments into future’, says Saolta chief

Former minister for the marine Simon Coveney: set up a  taskforce which initiated the Atypical Working Scheme for Non-European Economic Area Workers. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Migrant rights group expresses concerns about scheme to protect non-Europeans

Mark Hamill, who plays Luke Skywalker in  Star Wars, arrives at Belfast International Airport this morning. Photograph:  Colm Lenaghan/Pacemaker

Risk to visitors from further rockfalls has passed, says OPW

Robert Kenny said if everyone with a spinal cord injury was able to live independently “it would save the Government money in the long term”. Image: Screenshot from Spinal Injuries Ireland video.

Robert Kenny believes more carers needed to support those suffering from injuries

Ictu general secretary Patricia King: not in secret talks. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill/The Irish Times

States’s public contract terms contributed to recent disputes, union conference told

Some employers still “cling” to a 19th century model of workplace relations that refuses to recognise union representation, according to the Communications Workers’ Union (CWU) general secretary Steve Fitzpatrick. File photograph: Getty Images

CWU general secretary to say workers experience ‘oppressive and intimidating disciplinary procedures’

The company behind Galway’s long-delayed arthouse cinema have said it is hoping to avert a threat by Galway City Council to pull out of the €8 million project. File photograph: Steve Bonini/Stone/Getty

Local authority delivers ultimatum on the long-delayed €8m arthouse development

Inishbofin Island, Co Galway, which is famed for its “pirate presence” of Grace O’Malley . Photograph: Frank Miiller/The Irish Times

Birdwatching among activities that helped secure prize

Gary “Ted” Sargent: setting sail in a Laser dinghy which is just over twice the size of a bathtub

Gary ‘Ted’ Sargent to sail around island in dinghy in aid of ChildVision charity

The Comeraghs: “rugged, rocky and inspiring”. Photograph: Helen Lawless

Mountaineering Ireland says community group misled by local authority

A willow rattle woven by Co Galway basketmaker Ciaran Hogan has turned up on the British royal princess Charlotte’s official toybox list. Photograph: Courtesy of Kensington Palace/Handout via Reuters

Willow toy made in An Spidéal, Co Galway has made the princess’ official toybox list

Members of the public affected by the norovirus are asked not to visit. Photograph: Lynne Cameron/PA Wire

Visitors urged to make essential visits only to the St Mary’s and St Teresa’s wards

Canine therapy has been used in colleges in recent years to help calm stressed-out students. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

NUI Galway tries to calm students’ frazzled nerves with new stress-busting initiatives

 Archeological volunteer Rithie Jones at the cairn on the top of Turlough Hill. Photograph: Eamon Ward

Evidence of 160 huts and two labyrinthine enclosures for spiritual or ritual gathering

Some 8,592 migrants were rescued last year by the LÉ Eithne, LÉ Niamh and LÉ Samuel Beckett. Photograph: David Jones/Irish Defence Forces/PA Wire

Naval Service patrol ship sails on Sunday as part of a bilateral arrangement with Italy

Chef Michael O’Meara  in Oscar’s Seafood Bistro, Galway: agrees that “overfishing”  a much misunderstood term. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Many fishermen find it harder to make a living because of regulations, says expert

Sinn Féín  expressed opposition to the commemoration of Constable Patrick Walsh with Senator Trevor Ó Clochartaigh describing it as ‘inappropriate’. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Sinn Féin expressed opposition to the event in memory of Constable Patrick Walsh

Galway Harbour Company’s decision after the Buncrana deaths to limit access to its slipway has aroused criticism from water users.  Photograph: Peter Murtagh/The Irish Times

NUI Galway professor calls for centralised standards for treating marine algae

Fine Gael councillor Pádraig Conneely called for the immediate removal of the stone, saying it had no planning permission and that it was “republican propaganda”. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy.

City manager says some Mervue residents want memorial stone to be retained

The HSE has shelved plans to relocate a service for disabled children in the Connemara Gaeltacht due to language issues. Photograph:   Brenda Fitzsimons

Relocation of Gaeltacht service for children stalls over lack of Irish language speakers

Alice L and Alice N, from the production ‘Alice M’ by Guerilla Aerial. The production, which features a fusion of opera, aerial acrobatics and immersive design, is being staged as part of the Galway Theatre Festival 2016. Photograph: Andrew Downes

‘Alice M’ by Guerilla Aerial among productions lined up for event later this month

Andrew Lydon  with his wife Sally and chilren Molly  and Seosamh: The HSE has agreed to keep in him in hospital for three more weeks until supports are in place.

Andrew Lydon is in intensive care in University Hospital Galway after a tracheotomy

Alex Ellis-Roswell: Walking the length of the Irish and British coastlines in aid of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. He has already raised €18,000. Photograph: Olga Leszczynska

Alex Ellis-Roswell on four-year coastal walk in bid to raise cash for RNLI lifeboat stations

Worshippers wearing the Montserrat national dress of 'Irish tartan' attend mass in the town of Lookout. Customs officers stamp shamrocks in the passports of visitors to this tiny West Indies island. Photograph:Frank Miller

With many islanders claiming Irish ancestry, Montserrat is proud of its 'green history' - even if it defies the notion of the 'nic(...)

Pete Ball at home near Clifden: “By trying to steal the Ukip vote and keep right-wing Tory backbenchers happy, Cameron has been clever, but the British taxpayer is paying for all this political manoeuvring.” Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Brexit: ‘It’s a political trade-off for David Cameron’

Fr Martin McNamara with the stolen paintings which were returned to Kiltullagh Church in east Galway on Wednesday. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Evie Hone paintings taken almost three years ago found on waste ground in Co Offaly

Hilary Dully: “We were never actually told that they wouldn’t show it, and it was kind of suggested that they would – but not then.” Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

The maker of a 1994 documentary about three Irish women’s abortion stories says some in RTÉ were worried that the women ‘didn’t sh(...)

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