South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma: opposition MPs maintain fireworks are likely in Parliament. Photograph: Reuters

President to appear in parliament for the first time since his refusal to address calls to repay taxpayers’ money caused uproar in(...)

A GAA player in South Africa: Steven “Papi” Malingaer

Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe trips up: the 91-year-old oversaw the installation of his wife Grace as president of the Zanu-PF women’s league. Photograph: AP

As Robert Mugabe turns 91 today, he continues to cling to power at home

Studying by candle light during load shedding in Soweto.  Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

South Africans endure up to three power outages a day as its electricity company, Eskom, struggles to cope

A  protest outside police headquarters in Pretoria. Despite some    efforts by authorities to clean up the police force, there has been no significant decline in criminality. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

Institute of Race Relations finds 1 per cent of officers have criminal records

Archbishop  Desmond Tutu: said recently it felt like the dark days of apartheid had returned. Photograph: Paul Hawthorne/Getty Images

Spate of attacks has stoked concerns about growth of white racism

Zimbabwe’s former vice-president Joice Mujuru, who has denied plotting against  the country’s president and her party leader, Robert Mugabe. Photograph: EPA

Mnangagwa’s new role sets him up to succeed Zimbabwean president

Children from the Zip Zap circus school prepare ahead of a World Aids Day concert in Khayelitsha, South Africa. Today is the first anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s death. Photograph: Nic Bothma

A year after his death, the ANC is tarnished by suspicions of corruption

Kenyan men work  on a road being built by China Wuyi, a Chinese state company: China has played a crucial role in Africa’s economic development over the past 15 years. Photograph: Antony Njuguna/Reuters

Western countries increasingly see Beijing’s relationship with the continent as a threat

 Joyce Mujuru: Until recently she was considered the leading contender to take over from Robert Mugabe. Photograph: Getty Images)

Ruling Zanu-PF bars vice-president from contesting seat on party’s top committee

South African president claims not to have been involved in project so says he is not liable for any overspend

Mr Higgins and his wife Sabina were given a first-hand account of the methods employed by the apartheid government to break and divide inmates on Robben Island by prisoner turned tour guide Thulani Mabaso. Photograph: Chris Bellew / Fennell Photography 2014

Nelson Mandela spent 18 of his 27 years in jail on Robben Island

President Michael D Higgins delivering the keynote address “On International Human Rights and Global Development” at the University of Witswatersrand, Johannesburg, yesterday. Photograph: Fennell Photography

Analysis: Higgins comes close to challenging Government during South African speech

 President Michael D Higgins with  South African president  Jacob Zuma at the Union Buildings in Pretoria yesterday. Photograph: Chris Bellew/Fennell Photography

President meets Zuma during South African visit

hildren in an Oranjekloof School classroom in Hout Bay, Cape Town. Photograph: Rogan Ward

A recent survey found that two-thirds of South Africa’s citizens with no education were living in poverty, and so Niall Mellon has(...)

President Michael D Higgins at the University of Johannesburg, Soweto Campus, yesterday, where he delivered the keynote address, Challenges and Opportunites in Africa, on the 16th day of his 22-day official visit to Ethiopia, Malawi and South Africa. Photograph:  Chris Bellew/Fennell

Impact of climate change and depletion of natural resources meant economies had to change, which involved risks and opportunitie(...)

South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma is greeted by assistant minister for defence Stuart Robert and Queensland’s premier Campbell Newman on his arrival in Australia today in advance of the G20 summit. He left behind a controversy over a multimillion-euro overspend on upgrades to his home. Photograph: Steven Holland/Getty

Punches thrown as opposition parties try to block approval of ANC MPs’ findings

Members of Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe’s Zanu PF show their support for Mugabes’s wife, Grace, in Harare. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

Robert Mugabe’s Zanu-PF factions vying for control of ruling party

Jacob Zuma: South Africa’s public protector (ombudsman) had found that the president had unduly benefited from several non-security feature upgrades at his property. Photograph:  Neville Hopwood/Getty Images

South African president cleared over €17.8m upgrades at home by own party members

Oscar Pistorius after his sentencing at the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria yesterday. Photograph: Themba Hadebe/New York Times

South African paralympian could be moved to house arrest after serving 10 months

Afonso Dhlakama, leader of Renamo, the opposition political party, rallies support in Maputo, Mozambique,  at the weekend. Photograph: Antonio Silva/EPA

Ruling party Frelimo likely to lose at least some seats to post-conflict rivals

Shrien and Anni Dewani. Photograph: Bristol Evening Post/PA Wire

Shrien Dewani accused in Cape Town of paying taxi driver to hire two hit men

File image taken from video by Nigeria’s Boko Haram terrorist network, shows the alleged missing girls abducted from the northeastern town of Chibok. Refugees from Nigeria  come primarily from the north, where they are fleeing the activities Boko Haram. Photograph: AP Photo/File

Eritrea, Somalia, Mali, Nigeria, Ghana and Gambia are where the majority hail from

Archbishop Desmond Tutu: “Ashamed to call this lickspitle bunch [the ANC] my government.” Photograph: Reuters

Laureates refuse to attend over South Africa refusal to give visa to Dalai Lama

The South African government’s refusal to grant the Dalai Lama a visa to enter the country next month for a Nobel peace laureate summit has prompted a number of participants to pull out of the event in protest. Photograph: Ashwini Bhatia/AP

Activists pull out of event after South Africa refuses visa for peace laureate

“I couldn’t believe a place like this existed.”  Frankie Hannigan with his wife Susannah and children Rafferty, Gabriel and Finlay

Miners, missionaries and medics have been attracted to the country, with 30,000 Irish passport holders now living there

Oscar Pistorius leaves North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, yesterday. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Paralympian faces up to 15 years in prison when sentenced in October

Oscar Pistorius reacts to the verdict in his murder trial at the High Court in Pretoria, South Africa, yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Alon Skuy

Acquittal on lesser charge could leave court’s decision open to appeal

Members of the African National Congress Women’s League protest outside the trial of Oscar Pistorius in Pretoria yesterday. Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

SA has progressive legal system on paper, but in practice ‘there are a lot of abuses’

Reeva Steenkamp’s father, Barry Steenkamp, glances at Oscar Pistorius  in the High Court in Pretoria yesterday. Photograph: Getty Images

Judge says evidence against athlete was ‘purely circumstantial’

South African president Jacob Zuma. The presidency welcomed the decision by South Africa’s supreme appeals court to release the so-calld ‘spy tapes’ tapes but has said nothing else on the matter. Photograph: Dean Hutton/Bloomberg

South African opposition leader seeks to have withdrawn corruption charges reinstated

Julius Malema, leader of the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), leaves parliament with supporters in Cape Town. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

EFF MPs anger speaker with repeated calls for Zuma to pay back money they say he owes

Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace , greet supporters at a  rally in Harare. Photograph: Reuters/Philimon Bulawayo

President Mugabe’s wife nominated as sole candidate to lead Zanu-PF women’s league

A baby white rhinoceros walks with its mother in the Kruger National Park. While rhino poaching occurs across South Africa, Kruger has been hardest hit. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Move to protect South Africa’s endangered animals from poachers

South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma   at the US-Africa leaders summit  in Washington. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

Extension was a main item on Africa-US summit agenda

Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe’s government has given mixed signals on plans to seize majority stakes in foreign-owned companies as part of its indigenisation policy. Photograph: EPA/Aaron Ufumeli

Zanu-PF’s electoral victory 12 months ago has led to a worsening economy

 South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma: The Regulations of Land Holdings Bill is one of a number of land reform bills that his government is trying to sign into law before the end of his term in office in 2019. Photograph: Dean Hutton/Bloomberg

ANC against expropriation of property owned by foreigners, estimated to be about 7% of South Africa

People watch as their dwellings are dismantled in Lwandle, an impoverished area about 45km from Cape Town, after the South African National Roads Agency Limited obtained a court order to  remove squatters from the land. Photograph:  Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images

Progress on reform slow as landowners and state trade blame for delays

Residents pass the perimeter of the Wonderkop platinum plant operated by Lonmin in Marikana, South Africa. Photograph: Dean Hutton/Bloomberg

Industrial action for pay increase affected 40 per cent of global platinum production

A South Africa fan in Pretoria, 2010:  about €2.5bn was spent on new stadiums, renovating airports, upgrading roads and a high-speed public railway. Photograph:  Cameron Spencer/Getty Images

Looked at holistically, the middle classes would seem to have benefited the most

South Africa’s former president Nelson Mandela leaves his office in Johannesburg with assistant Zelda la Grange.  Photograph: Alexander Joe/AFP/Getty Images

Zelda la Grange’s book reveals how family controlled matters at end of Mandela’s life

Frank Gormley’s  Howard Eurocape property development company was one of the driving forces behind the regeneration of Cape Town’s city centre. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Dublin developer has multimillion euro debts

Zimbabwe’s president, Robert Mugabe. Critics of the country’s business indigenisation law accuse his Zanu-PF party of using it as a way to keep intact the patronage system that enriches the president’s allies. Photograph: Reuters/Philimon Bulawayo

Zimbabwean indigenisation law to be made more investor-friendly

South African president Jacob Zuma arrives at his inauguration in Pretoria. Photograph: EPA/Mujahid Safodien

President makes ANC deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa his second-in-command

A police car escorts a bus outside Lonmin’s Saffy shaft mine in Rustenburg. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Industrial action by 70,000 workers has halted nearly 40 per cent of normal production in world’s top platinum-producing count(...)

Malawian president Joyce Banda  answers journalists’ questions during her final election campaign in her home village of Songani, on the outskirts of Zomba, on Saturday.  Photograph: Amos Gumulira/AFP/Getty Images

Encumbent Joyce Banda will have to fight to retain the presidency

South African president Jacob Zuma greets opposition DA party leader Helen Zille at the results operations centre in Pretoria. Photograph: EPA

South African election hailed as most competitive since end of apartheid

Voters queue to cast their ballots in Johannesburg’s Alexandra township.   Photograph: Reuters

First election for seven-million-strong generation born post-apartheid

South African president Jacob Zuma speaks at the weekend at the African National Congress’s final rally before elections in Johannesburg. Photograph: Joao Silva/New York Times

Timing of revelation two days before South African election questioned by critics

Economic Freedom Fighters leader Julius Malema points the way to supporters in Johannesburg on Tuesday. Photograph: Ihsaan Haffejee/EPA

Malema’s new party is set to make a real impact in the May general election

Supporters of the ruling African National Congress protest against the provincial government over the alleged lack of services and housing in Cape Town. South Africa is to hold its fourth general election since the end of apartheid on May 7th. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Western Cape is the only opposition-run province, and the ANC wants it back

Democratic Alliance  members chant party slogans during a march in downtown Johannesburg. Photograph:  Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Democratic Alliance is confident it can win provinces from the ANC

Helen Zille, leader of the opposition Democratic Alliance, dances with supporters at a campaign rally in Hout Bay, Cape Town, on Thursday. The main opposition party has steadily increased its support base since 1994. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Party losing support amid corruption scandals and economic stagnation

An artwork created by South African artist Anton Kannemeyer depicting South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma (right) and his predecessor Thabo Mbeki at the Stevenson gallery in Cape Town, South Africa.  Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

The main players as voters go to the polls

Oscar Pistorius   in the dock inside court in Pretoria. The murder trial will resume on Monday.  Photograph: Werner Beukes/AP

Athlete may have no option but to testify

South Africa president Jacob Zuma: €16.8 million was  spent on renovating his residence near Nkandla village in KwaZulu-Natal province.  Photograph: Dean Hutton/Bloomberg

South African president claims he did not ask for €16.8m makeover

Jacob Zuma: the report recommended that he pay a percentage of the upgrade work overseen by the department of works. Photograph: Dean Hutton/Bloomberg

Investigation paints damning picture weeks before South African general election

Oscar Pistorius (centre) leaves North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Siphiwe Sibeko

Evidence of Estelle van der Merwe a further blow to athlete’s defence

Oscar Pistorius and June Steenkamp (second from right), the mother of Reeva Steencamp, at the North Gauteng High Court on Monday for the opening day of his trial. Photograph: Getty Images

Paralympian pleads not guilty to murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp

Police try to hold back the media as Carl Pistorius, the brother of Oscar Pistorius, arrives at North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria yesterday for the opening day of the athlete’s murder trial. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Athlete walks in through front door

An Australian TV journalist reports from outside  North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria yesterday ahead of today’s opening of Oscar Pistorius’s  trial for murder. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images.

Star’s family calls for end to commentary as he prepares to face Steenkamp’s mother

On trial: Oscar Pistorius in court last August. Photograph: EPA

Oscar Pistorius goes on trial for murder on Monday, with a 24-hour TV channel, a live Twitter feed and the world’s media on standb(...)

Oscar Pistorius. Court documents outline the key evidence prosecutors believe will prove the athlete murdered his model girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp on St Valentine’s Day last year. Photograph: AP Photo/Themba Hadebe

Trial of South African Paralympian charged with murdering girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp scheduled to begin on March 3rd

Conor Fox: “We can calculate the level of greenhouse gas emissions saved from entering the atmosphere each year when one of their new fuel-efficient stoves is used”

Cooking up projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

The former South African president Nelson Mandela in 2008: the two women were born when he was married to his first wife Evelyn Mase. Photograph: Rodger Bosch/AFP/Getty Images)

Lawyers say families not claiming funds from estate of former SA leader

Deputy chief justice Dikgang Moseneke (centre)  is flanked by Professor Njabulo Ndebele (left) and George Bizos, Mr Mandela’s lawyer, confidant and friend, at the Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory in Houghton, on Monday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Graca Machel, wife for former South African president, likely to waive rights to half of estate

Anti-apartheid activist Mamphela Ramphele hugs opposition Democratic Alliance  leader Helen Zille at a news conference in Cape Town on January 28th to announce that Dr Ramphele would  run as presidential candidate for the DA in this year’s South African election. The pact between the two lasted five days. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Pact between Mamphela Ramphele and rival opposition party lasted just five days

Anti-apartheid activist Mamphela Ramphele hugs Democratic Alliance leader Helen Zille at a news conference in Cape Town yesterday. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Opposition party hoping to attract black South Africans in presidential poll

PhD student Girum Azmach inspecting young maize plants in IITA high vitamin A maize field trial in Nigeria

Researchers at NUIG have identified lines of maize that contain eight times the amount of vitamin A found in traditional maize s(...)

Women from the Tikondane and Mulindiyani savings and loan group in Malawi. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

Difficulties have eased for NGOs but political corruption still a threat

Two friends chat in a street in Blantyre. Malawians who work in the cities, where the middle classes are more likely to be found, are primarily engaged in local government, wholesale and retail marketing, social and community services, construction, transport, finance and business.

Poverty and limited educational chances are more pervasive than any affluence

People of different races sit outside a popular coffee shop in Johannesburg. Photograph:  Melanie Stetson Freeman/Getty Images

The black middle class has expanded rapidly but attitudes remain ingrained

A couple sit under an umbrella as they watch the funeral service for former South African president Nelson Mandela on a large screen television in Cape Town today. Photograph: Reuters

Venues with big screens far from packed to capacity writes Bill Corcoran in Cape Town

The former  Dunnes Stores strikers with members of Nimrod Sejake’s family. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

South African union leader Nimrod Sejake was a huge support to the Dublin strikers during their protest

Mary Manning, Liz Deasy and Karen Gearon at Dublin Airport on Sunday pripor to their departure for South Africa, where they took part in a press conference on Wednesday given by the Cosatu trade union federation. Photograph: Eric Luke

Three former Dunnes workers presented at press conference in Johannesburg

Attendees sing prior to the start of the state memorial service for former South African President Nelson Mandela at FNB Stadium in the Soweto township of Johannesburg on Tuesday. Photograph:  Daniel Berehulak/The New York Times

Scenes at memorial event witnessed by 100 dignitaries in stadium and global audience of billions

South African president Jacob Zuma before making a speech in Soweto. The country’s first citizen was booed and heckled repeatedly by some sections of the crowd throughout the Mandela memorial service. Photograph: Reuters

South African president linked to series of scandals in recent years

Mary Manning, Liz Deasy and Karen Gearon, three of the Dunnes Stores workers who went on strike 29 years ago.  “There has been a start, middle and this is the end,” said Ms Gearon at Nelson Mandela’s funeral in Soweto yesterday.  Photograph: Eric Luke

The sight of South Africans paying respects to Nelson Mandela evoked strong emotions in the Dunnes strikers

Mary Manning, Liz Deasy and Karen Gearon, three of the Dunnes Stores workers who went on strike for almost three years over the importing of goods from apartheid South Africa, at Dublin Airport on Sunday before their departure to attend Nelson Mandela’s funeral. Photograph: Eric Luke

Mary Manning, Karen Gearon and Liz Deasy invited to talk about their part in fight against apartheid

Nelson Mandela’s Robben Island cell. One of his guards recalled how in the late 1970s Mr Mandela  continuously urged him to finish high school. Photograph: Patrick Barth/The New York Times

Jailers tell how they were won over by future president’s advice and humility

A man places flowers in tribute to former South African president Nelson Mandela outside his house in Johannesburg  today. Photograph: Reuters

Official Irish delegation to include one of the Dunnes Stores anti-apartheid strikers

Nelson Mandela: The  first democratically elected president of South Africa had repeatedly been hospitalised with lung troubles in recent years. Photograph:  Camera Press/ Yousuf Karsh

Grandson Mandla was there to share his last moments

Winnie Madikizela-Mandela with South African president Jacob Zuma at a prayer service for former president Nelson Mandela. Photograph: Joao Silva/The New York Times

Transport strategy for 2010 World Cup to be implemented to ferry public to stadium

A girl dances today on Vilakazi Street in Soweto, where the former South African President Nelson Mandela resided when he lived in the township. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Events also to include national day of prayer, official memorial service and state funeral

Some of the hundreds of people paying their respects to Nelson Mandela dance and sing outside the house of the late South African president in Johannesburg, South Africa. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

‘Pillar of family is gone’ but will always be ‘in our hearts and souls’, spokesman says

People comfort each other outside the residence of former South African president Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg yesterday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

South African president Jacob Zuma promises a fitting farewell for ‘outstanding son of our country’

While Kenmare Resources has been praised for its social responsibility programme in Mozambique and takes part in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, benefits from its mine are minor compared to the profits made, the new report suggests.

NGO report claims company pays just 1 cent in taxes for every dollar earned

South African president Jacob Zuma: upgrade costing about €15 million undertaken at rural home. Photograph: Reuters/Dinuka Liyanawatte

Investigation finds South African president benefited personally from security upgrades

Mabella Market in Freetown, Sierra Leone. The west African country fared the worst overall when it came to bribing officials, with 63 per cent of respondents saying they had paid up at least once in the previous year. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons / THE IRISH TIMES

Government not doing enough to fight corruption, respondents tell Afrobarometer

While in South Africa, Trinity College will meet with the University of the Western Cape and the Council for the Advancement of the South African Constitution about the Irish government’s new Kader Asmal Fellowship Programme. Photograph: Tim Graham

Six institutes are participating in a trade mission to South Africa and Nigeria

The Nigerian military have intensified security in the oil rich Niger Delta to stop vandalisation of oil pipelines by militants. Photograph: AFP

Agency says oil spills caused by poor maintenance and equipment failure

Police stand guard  in central Cape Town last month. Police minister Nathi Mthethwa said the independently compiled figures had vindicated its own statistics released last month. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Violent offences have dropped by 40 per cent in the past decade, according to study by international information firm IHS

President  Armando Guebuza  greets a surpporter in Chimoio, capital of the Manica province. Photograph: Ferhat Momade/AFP/Getty Images

Armando Guebuza moves to placate international investors after attacks by Renamo forces

Afrikaner extremist group Boeremag co-leader Mike du Toit, who is convicted of culpable homicide and conspiring to murder for a thwarted plan to kill Nelson Mandela, stands in the dock during sentencing  in Pretoria.    Photograph: Themba Hadebe/Reuters

Boeremag group that carried out nine bomb attacks in Soweto also targeted Mandela

Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe: his  Zanu-PF party has dismissed the MDC’s vote-rigging claims as lies. Photograph: Tiksa Negeri/Reuters

Document alleges Zimbabwe’s ruling party and state conspired to steal election

Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe maintains the sanctions have been hurting the Zimbabwean people and are in violation of the Cotonou Agreement which governs relations between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific countries

Sanctions have cost country $42bn in potential revenue, claims attorney general

File photograph of Minister of State Jan O’sullivan visiting the Irish Aid-supported Mandimba Health Centre in Mozambique. Irish companies, including Kenmare Resources (mining), Kentz (engineering) and Tullow Oil (oil exploration), have significant investments in Mozambique, and Irish Aid counts it as one of its key partner nations

Fears for stability of country that has been one of the world’s economic success stories

Uganda president Yoweri Museveni  renewed pledges to fight corruption earlier this year, but the government has arrested at least 28 anti-corruption activists who were distributing information to the public. Photograph: Carl Court/Getty Images

Lack of political will hampering anti-corruption efforts, according to report

Malawian president Joyce Banda dissolved her entire cabinet because of a high-level corruption scandal. Photograph: Reuters

Maxwell Mkwezalamba appointed following sacking of cabinet over corruption scandal

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