President of France Francois Hollande attends The National Tribute to The Victims of The Paris Terrorist Attacks at Les Invalides in Paris. Photograph: Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images

President Francois Hollande spoke of ‘the fallen’ as if they were soldiers

 Nicolas Hulot: President François Hollande’s special envoy for the climate and a chief organiser of COP21:  “The real question is will it be half a success, a full success or an absolute success?”Photograph:  Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images)

Hulot, French special envoy for the climate, says UN conference is already a success

 We cannot receive more refugees in Europe,” French prime minister Manuel Valls told journalists in Paris. Photograph: Christophe Petit Tesson/EPA

Manuel Valls stresses solution to migration crisis lies in Middle East not Europe

 French prime minister Manuel Valls Mr Valls was at home in Paris’s 11th district, just 150 metres from La Belle Équipe café where 19 people were shot dead on the night of November 13th. “I learned a few hours later that the son of close friends, a former gallery owner in Barcelona, died,” he said. Photograph: EPA/Ian Langsdon

Paris attacks are Europe’s moment of truth, according to Manuel Valls

Co-ordination: French president Francois Hollande talks to British prime minister David Cameron after a meeting at the Elysée Palace in Paris. Photograph: Eric Gaillard/Reuters

French president to meet world’s most powerful leaders in search of support

It is possible to love a place the way one loves a person, and everyone loves Paris: tributes at the base of the Monument a la Republique at the Place de la Republique square. Photograph: Joel Saget/AFP/Getty Images

We see death on an industrial scale, but we are selective in our compassion

Suicide bomber: 20-year-old Bilal Hadfi, who blew himself outside the Stade de France, raising his right index finger in the Islamic State salute

Weekend Read: The atrocities of November 13th, committed by ordinary-looking young Europeans are the culmination of two decades of(...)

Muslims hold the French national flag at the Great Mosque of Strasbourg   during the Friday prayer, to pay tribute to the victims of the November 13th Paris terror attacks. Photograph: Patrick Hertzog/AFP/Getty Images

French Muslims are fearful in the wake of the Paris attacks, writes Lara Marlowe

Detail from painting of Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun in a 1790 self-portrait while painting Queen Marie Antoinette. Image: Galleria Degli Uffizi, Florence/Bridgeman Images

A Grand Palais exhibition shows Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun to have been as intelligent, charming, resourceful – and indeed liberated (...)

Forensic scientists examine the apartment raided by French police yesterday morning in the northern Paris suburb of Saint-Denis: Sources say second cell was planning fresh strike on business district. Photograph: Joel Saget/AFP/Getty Images

Sources say cell was planning fresh strike

An undated image of Belgian citizen Abdelhamid Abaaoud from Islamic State’s English-language magazine ‘Dabiq’.  (Militant photo via AP)

The man suspected of planning the Paris attacks is a well-known face of Islamic State

French president François Hollande  and US secretary of state John Kerry at talks on Syria in the Élysée palace, Paris. Photograph: Dominique Faget/AFP/Getty Images

Vladimir Putin greets president’s initiative with sarcasm and claims alliance was his idea

French president  François Hollande observes a minute’s silence with other high-ranking officials. Photograph: Guillaume Horcajuelo/Reuters

Hollande criticised by former president Nicolas Sarkozy for use of word ‘war’

The French air force  launched  air strikes against  Islamic State in its Raqqa stronghold  in Syria on Sunday. Photograph: EPA

High-ranking Frenchmen in Islamic State may have chosen Paris targets, sources say

French President François Hollande delivers his speech during an exceptional joint gathering of both of the French houses of parliament in Versailles.  Photograph: Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images

Paris aftermath: François Hollande indicates current state of emergency will be extended

The  Les Beguines bar in Molenbeek, Brussels was run by the French Abdeslam brothers, one of whom blew himself up in Paris on Friday  and the other who is on the run. Photograph: Eric VidalReuters

At least five of the eight jihadis who carried out the Paris massacres were French citizens

A crowd gathers to lay flowers and candles in front of the Carillon restaurant in Paris. Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

Parisians experience a range of emotions after the attacks in 11th arrondissement

Candles  next to a flower in  a broken window of Le Carillon restaurant in Paris,  the site of one of the attacks in the French capital on Friday. Photograph: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

Massive air attack targets Raqqa in northern Syria as hunt continues for Salah Abdeslam

A man attaches a banne to a statue at Place de la Republique near sites of the deadly attacks in Paris on Sunday. Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

There’s a straight line between Bush’s invasion of Iraq and France’s torment

Arrest warrant issued for Abdeslam Salah.

France conducts ‘massive’ air strikes against Islamic State in Syria two days Paris attacks

Municipal employees clean the blood outside Le Carillon bar in Paris, the day after a deadly attack in the city. Photograph: Antoine Antoniol/Getty Images

City still feels like a front line on Saturday morning, writes Lara Marlowe in Paris

Coats are seen on the floor as forensic police search for evidence on Saturday morning  inside the Comptoir Voltaire cafe at the site of one of the six attacks on Friday in which 128 people were killed. Photograph: AFP

Three arrested as Islamic State claims responsibility for attacks

A screen  grab image taken of French president Francois Hollande adressing  the nation from Paris after a series of terror attacks in the city as as well as explosions outside the national stadium. Photograph: DSK/AFP/Getty Images.

Hollande declares state of emergency and closes borders so ‘no one can enter’

Police patrol in front of the Louvre Pyramid. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/AFP Getty

Police say ‘accomplices’ could be on loose; Vatican condemns ‘mad terrorist violence’

Maurice Lévy: has been called the Napoleon of advertising for the string of acquisitions – not always friendly – which grew the once small Publicis agency into a giant.

French advertising legend Maurice Lévy is still learning at the age of 73

Christiana Figueres, Manuel Pulgar Vidal (centre) and Laurent Fabius: Recent reports published have driven home the gravity of the climate change situation. Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

Foreign and environment ministers have made progress towards a climate change accord

France’s president François Hollande and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping after a joint news conference at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China, on Monday. Photograph: Jason Lee/EPA

Beijing accepts legally binding text with reviews every five years in major breakthrough

Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy: Lashed out at authorities for having put him under investigation in connection with “Air Cocaine”. Photograph: Reuters

Former French president Nicolas Sarkozy accuses socialist government of harassment

TV weatherman Philippe Verdier was taken off air by the France 2 channel after writing a book in which  he pooh-poohed global warming and questioned the probity of the 830 scientists who comprise the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/AFP

France 2’s Philippe Verdier pooh-poohed global warming ahead of UN summit in Paris

Laurent Fabius during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change summit in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Patrik Stollarz/AFP/Getty Images

Tension between developed and developing worlds an obstacle in global warming fight

France’s President Francois Hollande shakes hands with the families of victims of the Puisseguin road accident. Photograph: AFP

‘No one knows better than you the void they will leave in the villages’

Ten years ago: a warehouse burning on November 4th, 2005 in Aulnay-sous-Bois on the seventh consecutive night of violence on the ouskirts of Paris. Photograph: Jack Guez/AFP/Getty Images.

Prime minister Manuel Valls warns of risk of ‘an explosion of our society’

Portrait of Eleanor of Toledo (1522) by Agnolo di Cosimo, called Bronzino. National Gallery of Prague

A Paris exhibition of Medici portraits is a subtle guide to the turbulence that would shape Europe for centuries

Grieving relatives carry candles in procession in Petit-Palais on Sunday. Photograph: AP Photo/Bob Edme

Petit-Palais was home to 28 of the 43 people killed in collision between coach and lorry

A survivor after the collision near Libourne, southwestern France, is comforted. At least 43 people, most of them elderly, were killed when a coach collided with a lorry and caught fire. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The pensioners killed organised a lottery to earn money for their outings

People leave a chapel which has been giving refuge to friends and relatives of victims of a bus and track crash in which at least 43 people were killed. Photograph: Romain Perrocheau/Getty Images

Most of the passengers on the coach, who were on a day trip, were over 70

Residents have a wash at the “New Jungle” migrant camp in Calais, where thousands live in the hope of crossing the Channel to Britain. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Migrant numbers rocket amid shoddy services, hazards and racist sentiment

Marine Le Pen: If convicted she risks a fine, prison and disqualification from the 2017 presidential race. Photograph: Robert Pratta/Reuters

National Front leader insists she was not comparing street prayers with Nazis

Salim Benghalem (35) is described by French authorities as an executioner, jailer of hostages and the man responsible for supervising French-speaking recruits to Islamic State

Salim Benghalem had long established ties to the Charlie Hebdo killers

Dominique Strauss-Kahn: allegations concern fraud and misusing company assets in connection with the bankruptcy of his former Luxembourg investment company LSK. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

Paris prosecutor opened inquiry after businessman who lost €500,000 filed a lawsuit

Then British prime minister Sir Anthony Eden addresses the nation with a television broadcast concerning the Suez crisis. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

The October 1956 war was ‘an act of imperial madness’ that the West has ignored

A French army Rafale fighter before taking off from a base in The Gulf for Syria as part of France’s Operation Chammal launched in September 2015 in support of the US-led coalition against Islamic State. Photograph: AFP

Questions over whether apparent killings in bombing of IS training camp were justified

Adelie penguins, Antarctica. “We are already seeing the impact. We’re already seeing Antarctica start to go, and we aren’t even at 2 degrees yet.” Photograph: Wolfgang Kaehler/Lightrocket via Getty Images

Author Elizabeth Kolbert says fear, not morality, could impel people to act

Kaci Kullmann Five,  head of the Norwegian Nobel Peace Prize committee. “We want to prove that it is possible for Islamist and secular political movements to work together in the best interests of the people,” she said. Photograph: Heiko Junge/Reuters

Honour intended to encourage Tunisians and make them example for Arab world

Nadine Morano: her comments on  a television talk show provoked outrage outrage on the left and centre right and divided Morano’s cohorts in Les Républicains. Photograph: Vasily Maximov/AFP/Getty Images

Nicolas Sarkozy furious after Nadine Morano refuses to apologise for comments

A shirtless Xavier Broseta, an Air France executive, is evacuated by security after employees interrupted a meeting at the Air France headquarters on Monday.  Photograph: Jacky Naegelen/Reuters

Political class and trade union movement unanimously condemn ugly assault

A car is stuck under a bridge during floods in Nice in the southeast of  France on October 3rd. Along the French Riviera, at least 17 have drowned. Photograph: Valery Hache/AFP/Getty Images

Hollande links catastrophe around Cannes and Nice to climate change

Stiff handshake: Russia’s president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande meet for bilateral talks before a summit to discuss the conflict in Ukraine in Paris. Photograph: Michel Euler/Reuters.

Timetable for Minsk accords delayed as local elections put on long finger

In this 2010 file photo, Syria president Bashar al-Assad addresses reporters following his meeting with French President Nicolas Sarkozy at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France. Photograph: AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere

Vladimir Putin’s support has ensured the Syrian dictator’s survival, at least for now

“One must not write what is expected. It’s important for north African writers to show they have other things to say.” Leila Slimani, whose novel In the Garden of the Ogre has just won the Prix La Mamounia literary prize in Morocco. Photograph: C Hélie Gallimard

Moroccan author Leila Slimani has taken a bold step in writing about a bored woman addicted to sex at a time when publishers in th(...)

Ali al-Nimr’s father has appealed to the king for mercy after he lost his last high court appeal.  Photograph: Facebook

Ali al-Nimr (20) participated in protests against the Saudi government

French prime minister Manuel Valls during a parliamentary debate on Wednesday about the migration crisis. Photograph: EPA/Ian Langsdon

Divided public opinion explains why French politicians emphasise rules and the repression of traffickers as much as humanity

Prime minister Manuel Valls at the start of an extraordinary session on Syria on Tuesday: he said 1,880 French citizens or residents have joined IS. Photograph: Eric Feferbergeric/AFP

French air operations shift from reconnaissance missions to bombing raids on IS

French minister for foreign affairs Laurent Fabius. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

Hamdallah met by French prime minister as UN votes to raise Palestinian flag outside HQ

French president François Hollande said: “It’s late. It may already be too late.” Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

The French are pulling out all the stops to ensure the COP21 is not a mere talking shop

French environment minister optimistic for agreement at COP 21, writes Lara Marlowe

François Hollande: “My responsibility is to make sure that we are as well informed as possible of the threats against our country.” Photograph: Christophe Morin/Bloomberg

François Hollande changes tactics in light of the ongoing IS crisis and Russian actions

Migrants and refugees cross the border between Greece and Macedonia near the town of Gevgelija on Friday. More than 230,000 refugees and migrants have arrived in Greece by sea this year. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Tánaiste calls for ‘global solution’ to bring peace to migrants’ troubled homelands

Mayor of Lyons Gérard Collomb said he found Enda Kenny “very warm and straightforward and very engaged”. Photograph: courtesy of Gérard Collomb

Taoiseach admits Ireland may take 1,800 migrants during French economic visit

A migrant holds a sign in front of Keleti railway station in Budapest, Hungary. Photograph: Bernadett Szabo/Reuters

Taoiseach says numbers to increase under EU deal

 Máire Whelan: Howlin insists Attorney General will not be used as scapegoat. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Nation would be ‘deeply wounded’ if Máire Whelan was lost, says Brendan Howlin

Taoiseach Enda Kenny has said it is “not realistic” to set a figure immediately on the number of refugees Ireland can take. Photograph: Getty

Kenny says he instucted Minister Fitzgerald to attend crisis meeting with ‘flexible mind’

Taoiseach Enda Kenny: Happy to debate Fennelly conclusions when Dáil resumes. Photograph: The Irish Times

Taoiseach reacts to criticism, alleging possible individual agendas with eye to publicity

Paris firefighters recover after extinguishing  a fire   in an apartment building in central Paris.  The fire killed eight people, including two children. Four people were also injured. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Police hold man with criminal record after worst fire in city for decade

A Eurostar train waiting to cross to England, at the Calais-Frethun train station in northern France. Photograph: Getty Images

Helicopters search for migrants on train roofs, writes Lara Marlowe

French prime minister Manuel Valls at a migrants’ reception centre in Calais: a visit to “the jungle” was too great a security risk. Photograph: Denis Charlet/EPA

Franco-German entente provides new hope of a united EU policy

French prime minister Manuel Valls: “Migrants must be treated with dignity, lodged and cared for. Our duty is to find long-term solutions”. Photograph: Stephane Mahe/Reuters

Prime minister Valls and EU officials to visit Calais, including Jules Ferry camp

French riot police stand on the side of the road to prevent migrants from approaching lorries on the road leading to the ferry port in Calais, northern France. Photograph: AFP Photo

Code of silence prompted perhaps by a collective guilty conscience, and fear of strengthening the extreme right-wing National Fro(...)

UN secretary general Ban Ki-Moon, French foreign minister Laurent Fabius and Peruvian environment minister Manuel Pulgar Vidal in Paris yesterday. Photograph: Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty

COP 21 officials urge world leaders to ‘look beyond national interests’

French president Hollande  after his speech during the annual gathering of French ambassadors at the Élysée Palace in Paris on August 25th. Photograph:  Philippe Wojazer / EPA/ Pool MaxPPP

French president’s overview of state of world long on observation, short on remedies

French President François Hollande (centre) with Briton Chris Norman and Americans Anthony Sadler, Spencer Stone and Alek Skarlatos at the Élysée Palace in Paris yesterday. Photograph: Michel Euler/AFP/Getty Images

Moroccan denies jihadist motives despite being listed as radical Islamist

The cast of Le Pré aux Clercs, a co-production by Opéra Comique and Wexford Festival Opera. Photograph: Pierre Grosbois

Le Pré aux Clercs, a public garden in Paris where countless duels were fought in the 16th century, gives its name to one of the mo(...)

An image grab taken from a video shows alleged Islamic State leader  Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in Mosul. Photograph: Al-Furqan Media/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Group combines medieval executions and slavery with Hollywood-worthy propaganda

Participants at the opening of the Summit of Conscience for the Climate in Paris. Photograph: Reuters/Etienne Laurent/Pool

With just four months until COP 21, negotiations plod on but the public are mobilising

Al-Qaeda: guerrillas at al-Farouq, in a video from June 2001; Mourad Benchellali ended up at the training camp. Photograph: AFP/Getty

Former Guantánamo inmate Mourad Benchellali now spends his spare time trying to dissuade wannabe jihadis in France from repeating (...)

President Michael D Higgins at the meeting of the Conseil Economique, Social et Environmental in Paris with former UN secretary general Kofi Annan. Photograph: Shane O’Neill/Fennell Photography

Michael D Higgins concentrates on ethical issues in first major address in Paris

The President of the French Economic, Social and Environmental Council Jean-Paul Delevoye greets Irish president Michael D Higgins upon his arrival to attend the Paris Summit of Conscience for the Climate. Photograph: Alain Jocard/AFP/Getty Images

President ‘appalled’ by reluctance of some EU members to resettle refugees

President Michael D Higgins  meets with HE Tony de Brum, Foreign Minister, Marshall Islands and Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States. Photograph: Shane O’Neill

Will call for new thinking on global warming and decry selfishness of state-led policies

Correspondence between French diplomats strongly suggests the complete remains of WB Yeats were not returned. Photograph: Getty Images

Recently discovered diplomatic archives allude to secret procedure

Diplomatic documents unearthed in France reveal bones sent by the French were not WB Yeats’s bones

French records suggest coffin sent to Ireland after poet’s death held others’ bones

France still has a mission to civilise the world, and is utterly convinced she is right

The French lifestyle still holds an allure that many don’t quite understand. Here, Lara Marlowe, rounds up some life lessons learn(...)

‘Flamby’ no more: France’s president, Francois Hollande,  in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Ian Langdson/EPA

Keeping Greece in the euro is a domestic and foreign policy victory for France’s president

French ecology minister Ségolène Royal has already become a central figure in the presidency of her former partner François Hollande. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

It’s taken 10 years but the former partner of Francois Hollande is once again combative, energetic and engaged at the heart of (...)

Historic Catholic cathedral  Notre Dame de Paris: the controversy over using French churches as mosques is polarising politicians, intellectuals and media

Suggestion by Muslim leader Boubakeur raises an outcry

Deal to be done?: a student protests in Tehran in support of Iran’s nuclear programme. Photograph: Atta Kenare/AFP

Deal would be Barack Obama’s signature foreign policy achievement

French prime minister Manuel Valls delivers a government statement on Greece at the National Assembly in Paris. France would do all it could to keep Greece in the euro zone, he said on Wednesday. Photograph: Jacky Naegelen/Reuters

Left and right at loggerheads in National Assembly over Greek crisis

German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande speak to the press at the Elysée Palace in Paris, yesterday. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/Getty Images

Tension evident between the French wish to negotiate and German impatience

 A woman looks at flowers laid on Marhaba beach in Sousse, where 38 people were killed in last Friday’s terror attack, on June 30th, 2015 in Sousse, Tunisia. Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Tunisian official says assassin was at Islamic State camp with Bardo museum gunmen

Empty sunloungers on the beach near the RIU Imperial Marhaba hotel in Sousse, Tunisia, June 30th, 2015. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA Wire

Few regret 2011 exit of Tunisian dictator, but some recall his tougher police methods

  Seifeddine Rezgui:  killed 38 people in the Tunisian beach resort of Sousse on Friday. Photograph: AP

Authorities examine possibility Seifeddine Rezgui may have travelled to Libya for training

British home secretary Theresa May, Tunisian interior minister Mohamed Najem Gharsalli, German interior minister Thomas de Maizière and French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve give a press conference in the Riu Imperial Marhaba Hotel in Port el Kantaoui, on the outskirts of Sousse. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

British, French, German and Tunisian ministers condemn Islamic State

Flowers and tributes  left at Marhaba beach near to where 38 people were killed on Friday.  Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Surprising number of tourists remain in country despite the slaughter

This image released through social media accounts associated with Islamic State  purports to show Tunisian Seifeddine Rezgui who is believed to be the gunman who killed at least 39 people in the holiday resort of Sousse.  More than 30 people were wounded in the attack. Photograph via EPA/HO

Gunmen targeted foreigners, telling Tunisians in his path to ‘get away’

Laurence (Larry) Hayes, who died during the Tunisian shootings this week

Minister for Foreign Affairs says no reason to believe there are further Irish victims

Police lead away an unidentified woman as they search Yassin Salhi’s home in Saint-Priest, near Lyon. Photograph: Richard Mouillaud/EPA

Neighbours near Lyons describe Yassin Salhi (35) as a quiet, discreet man

Lorna Carty, from Co Meath, who was  killed in a terrorist attack at a resort in Tunisia.

Lorna Carty, from Robinstown, Co Meath, shot dead in assault on beach at Sousse resort

French police cordon off the area where a decapitated body was  found near the Air Products company, in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier. Photograph: AFP

In Syria and Iraq, Islamic State displays the heads of its victims in this way

Dominique Cottrez (51) appears in the courtroom of Douai, northern France, accused of multiple counts of first-degree murder of minors. Photograph: Michel Spingler/AP Photo

Dominique Cottrez feared her eight babies were the result of incest, writes Lara Marlowe

French President François Hollande meets with parliamentarians at the Elysée Palace in Paris after revelations of US spying on French presidents. Photograph: Charles Platiau/AFP/Getty Images

Politicians express indignation, real or feigned, at NSA intelligence gathering

rench foreign minister Laurent Fabius held a meeting on the proposal with Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, the West Bank, on Sunday. Photograph: Thomas Coex/EPA

Aim of initiative is to set deadline for completing a two-state solution

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