People light candles at a vigil in Trafalgar Square on Thursday  in memory of  four people killed in  London  terrorist attack. Photograph: Darren Staples/Reuters

Khalid Masood (52) lived in the west midlands and had a number of criminal convictions

British prime minister Theresa May. When she sat down, May was hunched and still as she heard Jeremy  Corbyn and other party leaders praise her response to the attack. Photograph:   Parliament TV/via Reuters

The scene looked familiar, but the tone at Westminster was absent of usual bombast

A police officer places flowers and a photograph of PC Keith Palmer on Whitehall near the Houses of Parliament in London. Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire

Khalid Masood (52) from Kent had previous convictions but was not under investigation

A policeman points a gun at a man on the ground  outside the Palace of Westminster, London, on Wednesday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Assailant shot dead after fatal stabbing of police officer beside parliament

Cabinet minister Tobias Ellwood (centre) helps emergency services attend to a police officer  after the officer was stabbed in a terrorist attack outside Westminster. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Boxing team coach and cabinet minister among those who rush to help wounded

Armed police  outside parliament on Wednesday. Scotland Yard said  police were called to a firearms incident in the Westminster  grounds and on Westminster Bridge. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Violence was at one of Britain’s most important and heavily guarded institutions

Armed police push people back following major incidents outside the Houses of Parliament in central London. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Politicians in shock as police officer stabbed and pedestrians mowed down in London

British prime minister Theresa May and  Scotland’s first minister Nicola Sturgeon in July 2016.  The Scottish parliament will on Tuesday begin debating a motion calling for a second referendum on independence to be held between autumn 2018 and spring 2019. Photograph: Lesley Martin/AFP/Getty Images

PM expected to visit the North shortly as Scotland begins independence motion debate

British prime minister Theresa May: Downing Street on Monday sought to end speculation that she would call a snap election. Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA

Move will formally begin Britain’s exit from EU but talks may not begin for two months

Scotland’s first minister and leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) Nicola Sturgeon. Photograph: Matthew Lloyd/Bloomberg

SNP leader attempting to exploit Brexit with independence ‘obsession’, says May

Nicola Sturgeon: The Scottish first minister said her  government has a “cast-iron democratic mandate to offer people a choice, and that mandate must be fulfilled”. Photograph: Jane Barlow/PA Wire

Referendum before Brexit negotiations are complete would be ‘unfair’ to Scottish voters

Brexit secretary David Davis gives evidence to the Brexit Select Committee in the House of Commons, London on Wednesday. Photograph: PA Wire

Brexit secretary David Davis says no estimate of the effect of leaving EU without a deal

David Davis told the House of Commons Brexit committee that he remained confident that the CTA would survive because Britain, Ireland and the EU would wish to maintain it. Photograph: Getty

While EU protection for CTA will end, Brexit secretary is confident issues can be solved

Nicola Sturgeon: The Scottish first minister said the ‘Scottish government has a cast-iron democratic mandate for an independence referendum’. Photograph: James Glossop, WPA Pool/Getty Images

Theresa May accuses Scotland’s first minister of ‘constitutional game-playing’

Nicola Sturgeon: ‘I will take steps to make sure Scotland will have a choice at the end of this process.’ Photograph: Andy Buchanan/AFP/Getty Images

Downing Street says Theresa May will not trigger article 50 this week as expected

Britain’s Houses of Parliament: MPs voted down a Lords amendment giving parliament a veto over the outcome of the Brexit talks by 331 votes to 226, a majority of 45. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Amendments by House of Lords to bill authorising triggering of article 50 overturned

  Nicola Sturgeon, first minister of Scotland: “The language of partnership has gone, completely.” Photograph: Robert Perry/EPA

Nicola Sturgeon pledges voters alternative to a hard Brexit with poll by early 2019

Nicola Sturgeon has set Scotland on course for a second referendum, promising to offer Scots ‘a choice between a hard Brexit and becoming an independent country’. Photograph: Andy Ryan/EPA

First Minister says new poll should be held between autumn 2018 and spring 2019

Andrew Marr and David Davis on Sunday: “We didn’t choose the timetable – it’s a two-year time limit on article 50,” Mr Davis said. Photograph: Jeff Overs/BBC/PA Wire

Move would allow Theresa May to trigger article 50 as early as Tuesday

Taoiseach Enda Kenny at the end of the second day of the European spring summit in Brussels,  on Friday. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

Taoiseach says next EU summit will be April 6th if article 50 triggered by Wednesday

British Prime Minister Theresa May was coy about dates in Brussels, sticking firmly to the line that she will meet her deadline of the end of March. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP

Difficulties Brexit poses for Ireland are likely to feature in talks guidelines EU will issue

Britain's Prime Minister Theresa May speaks at a news conference during the EU Summit in Brussels, Belgium, March 9, 2017. REUTERS/Dylan Martinez

Taoiseach plays down fears that hardening of positions will make agreement impossible

Donald Tusk: promised to promote unity when he was reappointed to a second term as European Council president. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Prime minister Beata Szydlo protests at reappointment of Polish European Council chief

UK chancellor  Philip Hammond  before giving his maiden budget speech in House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Chancellor abandons manifesto pledge not to hike national insurance for self-employed

Michael Heseltine: “I believe that the referendum result is the most disastrous peacetime result that we’ve seen in this country.” Photograph: PA Wire

Dismissed peer says he has never met prime minister so cannot make judgment of her

Donald Tusk with Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo  in Warsaw in 2016. Ms Szydlo is seeking to block her predecessor  from securing a second term as European Council president. Photograph: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images

European Council president under fire from his own government for supporting protests

UK chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond and prime minister Theresa May in the British House of Commons for Mr Hammond’s maiden budget speech.

Borrowing to be lower than predicted as social care funding rises, says chancellor

Lord Heseltine speaks in the House of Lords, London, on Tuesday as the Brexit Bill is debated. Photograph: PA Wire

Archbishop of Canterbury warns another referendum on EU would worsen divisions

UK  chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond. Mr Hammond is expected to offset any spending increases with higher taxes to achieve a fiscally neutral budget.

National insurance contributions likely to rise, as could duty on alcohol

The British government faces the possibility of a second defeat in the Lords on Tuesday when peers debate an amendment to the article 50 legislation. Photograph: PA Wire

House of Lords review calls for preferential treatment for EU migrants post-Brexit

Former editor Harold Evans says the press should resist the temptation to set itself up as an opposition to Trump, but should faithfully report and investigate. Photograph:  Jeff Overs/BBC/PA Wire

The former newspaper editor says the US president represents a grievous threat

British prime minister Theresa May addressing the Scottish Conservative conference at the Clyde Auditorium in Glasgow. Photograph: Andy Buchanan/Getty Images

SNP dismisses British prime minister’s remarks as hypocritical and surreal

Contrary to the ‘Yes, Minister’ image of hapless politicians being manipulated by cynical, self-interested civil servants, the former ministers are mostly warm about the officials they worked with

A new report compiles the candid reflections of more than 70 former British ministers

The British Brexit Secretary, David Davis, left, and Danish Foreign Minister, Anders Samuelsen, speak during a press conference in Copenhagen on Thursday. Photograph: Jens Dresling/Polfoto via AP

Amendment that would guarantee rights for EU citizens in UK was passed by 102 votes

 Theresa May: The British prime minister’s spokesman would not say if the government would attempt to stop another vote on Scottish independence. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain/Pool

House of Lords told that closing open Border would be done at ‘great and grim peril’

Gerald Kaufman, who has died aged 86, on a  visit in 2010 to the Palestinian Legislative Council in Hebron, in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Photograph: Abed al-Hashlamoun/EPA

Oldest member of House of Commons was known as acerbic debater and critic of Israel

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn:  “Now is not the time to retreat, to run away or to give up.” Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA Wire

Beleaguered party leader says he will not to resign after losing seat in Cumbria to Tories

Former British prime minister Tony Blair during his speech on Brexit at Bloomberg’s London headquarters on Friday. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Former Labour prime minister launches ‘mission’ to secure reversal of EU exit vote

Jeremy Corbyn: Westminster chatter about his future may subside after a dismal few weeks for the Labour leader – if Labour holds both seats. Photograph: Andrew Milligan/PA Wire

London Letter: A Labour loss in either Copeland or Stoke will reignite leadership issue

British newspaper headlines after the high court ruled that parliament must be allowed  to vote on whether to trigger article 50 on Brexit.    Photograph: Benjamin Fathers/AFP/Getty Images

Rule of law was undermined by media attacks following article 50 ruling, says judge

The Church of England general synod at Church House in London, where a document upholding church teaching on same-sex marriage was narrowly defeated. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Clergy closely reject bishops’ document calling for continued ban on gay marriage

Commons speaker John Bercow: fresh controversy after a recording emerged in which he told students that he had voted against leaving the European Union in last year’s referendum. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/PA Wire

Foreign office recognises ‘strong views’ of 1.8 million signatories but says it will press head

David Hockney with his redesigned masthead for a one-off edition of the Sun newspaper. The artist gave qualified approval for Brexit: “The power has spread to the people because that’s what the iPhone has done.” Photograph: Arthur Edwards/The Sun/PA Wire

Most British writers today are Remainers. Which side would past literary giants take?

 Brian Hayes:  says it is  in Ireland’s interest to ensure that the City of London remains strong after Brexit

Fine Gael MEP expresses confidence the customs issue can be resolved

Brexit minister David Davis and British prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Fifty-two Labour MPs defy Jeremy Corbyn and vote against legislation on article 50

Ireland’s Ambassador to London, Dan Mulhall: says Irish officials are successfully “sensitising” EU governments to the difficulties Brexit creates for Ireland.  Photograph:  Malcolm McNally

Dan Mulhall extols virtues of practical solutions over special status for the North

Four fire engines and 21 firefighters were called to the blaze at a mid-terraced house on Laburnum Avenue shortly after 4am on Monday morning. Photograph: iStock

Wife, husband and brother victims of blaze at mid-terraced house in Hornchurch

John Bercow said Donald Trump’s “racism and sexism” made him unworthy of an invitation. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

John Bercow apologised to his counterpart for not giving him advance warning

 Britain’s prime minister Theresa May: MPs will not be allowed to stop Brexit or send her  back to Brussels to negotiate a better deal. Photograph:  Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Choice between deal Theresa May negotiates or leaving EU with no deal

Theresa May: The British prime minister said that “EU citizens living in the UK make a vital contribution to our economy and our society, and without them we would be poorer and our public services weaker”. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain

Prime minister says no unilateral protection on rights unless British in EU are included

House of  Commons speaker John Bercow: said that Mr Trump’s imposition of a travel ban on seven majority-Muslim countries had reinforced his conviction that the president should not speak at Westminster. Photograph: PA Wire

MPs applaud John Bercow’s remarks rebuking US president over travel ban

British prime minister Theresa May with Taoiseach  Enda Kenny: Mr Kenny said he “wouldn’t be afraid of any fallout” from inviting US president Donald Trump to Ireland when he sees him in Washington.   Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

European leaders at Malta summit sharply critical of US president’s recent actions

 British Prime Minister Theresa May with Taoiseach Minister Enda Kelly at the informal meeting of EU leaders in Valletta. Photograph: Yves Herman/EPA/ POOL AFP OUT

Good-natured talks yield surprising lack of clashes over Donald Trump and migration

German chancellor Angela Merkel  is escorted from the EU leaders summit in Valletta on Friday: “You have to remember how many people perished in the Mediterranean Sea.” Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

Malta summit produces accord under which Libya will be funded to halt flow to Italy

British prime minister Theresa May and Taoiseach Enda Kenny at the informal European Union summit  in Valletta, Malta, on Friday. Photograph: Yves Herman/EPA

Enda Kenny has meeting with Theresa May on margins of informal EU summit in Malta

European Council president Donald Tusk (centre) speaks to the press on the eve of an Informal meeting of EU leaders in Malta. Photograph: Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images

Refugee crisis to be discussed after 4,500 drowned in Mediterranean in 2016

The Royal Netherlands Army’s 43rd Mechanised Brigade prepare for the launch of the international military exercise at a military range in Drawsko Pomorskie, Poland, in January. Photograph: Marcin Bielecki

London Letter: Britain’s military power may play a role in its negotiations with the EU

Donald Tusk: The European Council president  has written that “worrying declarations by the new American administration all make our future highly unpredictable”. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Council president issues letter ahead of May’s briefing on meeting with US president

Brexit secretary David Davis launches the White Paper in the House of Commons. Photoghraph: PA Wire

UK government reaffirms commitment to ‘frictionless’ Border as it publishes plans

Donald Trump: Bill Clinton’s state department spokesman cited the new president’s casual relationship with the truth as his most dangerous quality, because it could lead opponents to miscalculate his intentions. Photograph: Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images

Former adviser to Bill Clinton says White House running on ‘insult-driven policy’

British MPs in the House of Commons, London, England, during a vote on Brexit legislation. Photograph: PA Wire

House of Commons politicians pass legislation on triggering article 50 by 498 to 114

British prime minister Theresa May at Government Buildings during her recent press conference with Taoiseach Enda Kenny. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Former official insists official customs controls will be unavoidable after Brexit

 Brexit secretary David Davis: said the government took very seriously the Northern Ireland Executive’s analysis of the impact of Brexit on industries in Northern Ireland, including issues such as the single Irish energy market. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

David Davis says North ‘at forefront of my mind’ during Brexit Bill debate in parliament

Sinn Féin’s northern leader, Michelle O’Neill:  restated Sinn Féin’s demand for a “special, designated status” for Northern Ireland in the EU.  Photograph: Geoff Caddick/EPA

Devolved administrations express concern over lack of active roles in Brexit negotiations

British foreign secretary Boris Johnson: “The general principle is that all British passport holders remain welcome to travel to the US.”  Photograph: PA Wire

Downing Street says trip will go ahead despite mass petition in wake of travel ban

British prime minister Theresa May is to meet Enda Kenny in Dublin on Monday. File photograph: AFP/Getty Images

British leader is visiting Dublin as concerns increase over UK’s plan for leaving the EU

British prime minister Theresa May and US president Donald Trump during a joint news conference at the  White House in Washington, DC on Friday. Photograph: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

US president hogs the microphone but strikes all the right notes for British audience

Gibraltar’s chief minister, Fabian Picardo: “Neither the people of the United Kingdom nor the people of Gibraltar are a prey that is on its knees, seeking any generous offer from the people of Spain.” Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Gibraltarians fear Spain will use Brexit to grab coveted piece of the Rock

Prime minister Theresa May: Britain’s supreme court ruled this week that she cannot trigger article 50 without the authorisation of parliament at Westminster. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Green Party leaders in Britain and Northern Ireland named as plaintiffs in Brexit case

Donald Trump and Theresa May: Trump is reported to have referred to her as “my Maggie”, hoping to nurture a relationship similar to that enjoyed between Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Photograph: PA Wire

All prime ministers gloss over differences in order to maintain the ‘special relationship’

British prime minister Theresa May responds during the weekly Prime Minister’s Questions session in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Prime minister moves to quell backbenchers with policy document before invoking article 50

 British prime minister Theresa May will likely be able to trigger article 50 by the end of March as planned, despite a ruling from the supreme court. Photograph: EPA/Will Oliver

UK supreme court found article 50 cannot be invoked without parliamentary approval

 David Davis: wants to “preserve the situation” in the North. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty

Northern Ireland ‘near the top of my priorities’, says Brexit minister David Davis

Gina Miller, the lead claimant in the article 50 case, delivering  a statement outside the supreme court in London on Tuesday morning. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Decision that devolved legislatures do not need to be consulted a boost for government

 British defence secretary  Michael Fallon   at a nuclear submarine facility in October: he assured the House of Commons on Monday that “the capability and effectiveness of the United Kingdom’s independent nuclear deterrent is not in doubt.” Photograph: Phil Noble/WPA Pool/Getty

Downing Street confirms PM knew about test failure ahead of vote to renew nuclear deterrent

British prime minister Theresa May holds a regional cabinet meeting in Runcorn, Cheshire, as she launched her industrial strategy for post-Brexit Britain. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

British Prime minister says more government intervention could revitalise economy

British prime minister Theresa May: declined to say if she would specifically criticise Mr Trump’s remarks about women. Photograph: Neil Hall/Reuters

Corbyn warns PM against rushing into trade deal when she meets US president this week

 President Donald Trump salutes during the presidential inaugural parade in Washington, DC. Photograph: Nicholas Kamm/AFP/Getty Images

Graceless, angry and dystopian address extols doctrine of protectionist politics

Labour’s Brexit spokesman Keir Starmer: While   Liberal Democrat and SNP representatives objected to Theresa May’s plan, he welcomed the fact that the prime minister wasn’t advocating an even harder Brexit. Photograph: PA Wire

London Letter: Party spokesman sees focus on single market as sign of moderation

 British foreign secretary Boris Johnson compared French president François Hollande to a POW camp guard in a second World War film. Photograph: Carl Court/Getty Images

Prime minister declines to reiterate threat to walk away from negotiations as minsters resort to rhetoric

Theresa May: The prime minister pauses during her keynote Brexit speech on Tuesday. May said staying in the single market would keep the UK under the influence of EU law, which would be contrary to the result of the referendum last June. Photograph: EPA/Facundo Arrizabalaga

Theresa May’s priorities reflect political reality: Immigration must be controlled

British prime minister Theresa May delivers her keynote speech on Brexit at Lancaster House, London on January 17th 2017. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/ WPA Pool /Getty Images

Sturgeon says Scottish referendum more likely now while Ukip claims credit for policies

Border control at London’s Heathrow Airport: prime minister Theresa May  wants Britain to be able to negotiate its own, bilateral trade deals with countries around the world. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA Wire

British PM Theresa May wants to negotiate new customs arrangement with the EU

British prime minister Theresa May arriving back at Downing Street in London after delivering her Brexit speech at Lancaster House. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Analysis: Theresa May brought clarity but it may not count for much when the EU hits back

UK prime minister Theresa May outlining her plans for Brexit on Tuesday. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/PA Wire

Theresa May says maintaining Common Travel Area is a priority in keynote speech

Shoppers in central London: it has been clear since October that Britain is heading inexorably towards a hard Brexit. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty

Analysis: May speech unlikely to give specifics of her approach to Brexit negotiations

British prime minister Theresa May. Signs that she is preparing to adopt an uncompromising approach to the Brexit talks have alarmed British business. Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

British prime minister will make it clear that the UK will make a clean break from the EU

Northern  Secretary  James Brokenshire sets the date for a fresh Assembly  election, to be held on March 2nd. Photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne/Reuters

Theresa May rules out postponing Brexit talks launch, due before the end of March

A person stands behind textured glass at an address  linked by local media to former MI6 officer Christopher Steele, who is currently in hiding. Photograph: Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Think tank says Russia would have targeted US president-elect due to links with oligarchs

British Labour  leader Jeremy Corbyn, described by one of his party MPs  as being “like the accelerator on a bus that’s going over a cliff”. Photograph:Toby Melville/Reuters

Party’s share of vote could fall to 20% in next election

British prime minister Theresa May: says she hopes  dispute between  DUP and Sinn Féin will  be resolved by next week. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

British prime minister discusses political impasse with Taoiseach Enda Kenny

Mark Carney: The governor of the Bank of England said the “scale of the immediate risks [from Brexit] has gone down.” Photograph: PA Wire

Bank of England governor had warned of economic consequences of Leave vote

Brexit: Theresa May could use negotiations to redraw UK politics. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

The sudden departure of Ivan Rogers suggests disarray in London. But Theresa May has a chance to reinforce her power

File image of Tim Barrow, Britain’s new ambassador to the EU. Photograph: Sergei Ilnitsky/EPA

Tim Barrow will replace Ivan Rogers following diplomat’s sudden resignation

 Sir Ivan Rogers, who has resigned as Britain’s ambassador to the European Union. In his extraordinary farewell message to colleagues, Rogers urged them to challenge “ill-founded arguments and muddled thinking” in government and never to be afraid to speak the truth to those in power. Photograph: Thierry Roge/EPA

Analysis: Ambassador to EU’s departure shows British government is at sea on key issues

The sudden resignation of Britain’s ambassador to the EU has increased fears of a hard Brexit. File photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

Irish fear of hard Brexit grows as top British diplomat Ivan Rogers resigns

Britain’s ambassador to the European Union Ivan Rogers has resigned. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Departure of long-serving diplomat at critical time described as government ‘own goal’

A  woman in Berlin holds some    euro bills  shortly after midnight on  January 1st, 2002. Photograph: Roberto Pfeil/AP

Europe’s single currency – 15 years old on January 1st – has survived numerous crises

A pedestrian shelters from the rain as they walk near the Palace of Westminster, London. Photograph: Justin Tallis/AFP/Getty

British PM has confidence of her party but she should savour her popularity

Conor McGinn: “For me and most of my colleagues, there’s now no apology going to be made for putting our families and our health and security first.”

The Armagh-born MP for St Helens in Merseyside has limited his interaction on social media since the death of his colleague

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