Morsi ousted by Egyptian army in military coup
General calls for fresh elections, panel to review constitution and national reconciliation committee
Opponents of Egypt’s Islamist President Mohammed Morsi celebrate the military coup in Tahrir Square, Cairo, tonight.Photograph: Suhaib Salem/Reuters
Laser lights are flashed as protesters against Egyptian President Mohamed Mórsi gather in Tahrir Square in Cairo this evening. Photograph: Asmaa Waguih/Reuters
Protesters erupt in celebration in Cairo’s Tahrir Square tonight at the news of the military overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi. Photograph: Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters
An Egyptian military helicopter flies over Tahrir Square in Cairo as dusk this evening after a broadcast by the head of the Egyptian military that Mohamed Morsi was being removed as national president. Photograph: Spencer Platt/Getty Images
Egypt’s armed forces overthrew elected Islamist President Mohamed Mursi tonight and announced a political transition with the support of a wide range of political, religious and youth leaders.
After a day of drama in which tanks and troops deployed near the presidential palace as a military deadline for Mr Morsi to yield to mass protests passed, the top army commander announced on television that the president had “failed to meet the demands of the Egyptian people”.
Opponents and supporters of Mr Morsi tonight clashed in the Mediterranean city of Alexandria after the army had announced his removal from office.
Gunfire was heard as rocks and bricks flew, said witnesses. “We are dealing with the situation ... We have called for security reinforcements in the area,” said senior police officer Sherif Abdelhamid.
Flanked by political and religious leaders and top generals, General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi announced the suspension of the Islamist-tinged constitution and a roadmap for a return to democratic rule under a revised rulebook.
The president of the supreme constitutional court will act as interim head of state, assisted by an interim council and a technocratic government until new presidential and parliamentary elections are held.
“Those in the meeting have agreed on a roadmap for the future that includes initial steps to achieve the building of a strong Egyptian society that is cohesive and does not exclude anyone and ends the state of tension and division,” Gen al-Sisi said in a solemn address broadcast live on state television.
After he spoke, hundreds of thousands of anti-Morsi protesters in central Cairo’s Tahrir Square erupted into wild cheering, setting off fireworks and waving flags. Cars drove around the capital honking their horns in celebration.
But a statement published in Mr Morsi’s name on his official Facebook page after Gen al-Sisi’s speech said the measures announced amounted to “a full military coup” and were “totally rejected”.
The Arab world’s most populous nation has been in turmoil since the fall of autocrat Hosni Mubarak as Arab Spring uprisings took hold in early 2011, arousing concern among allies in the West and in Israel, with which Egypt has a 1979 peace treaty.
The Muslim Brotherhood president, in office for just a year, was at a Republican Guard barracks surrounded by barbed wire, barriers and troops, but it was not clear whether he was under arrest. The state newspaper Al-Ahram said the military had told Mursi at 7pm that he was no longer head of state.
Military chiefs, vowing to restore order in a country racked by protests over Mr Morsi’s Islamist policies, earlier issued a call to battle in a statement headlined “The Final Hours”. They said they were willing to shed blood against “terrorists and fools”.
Armoured vehicles took up position outside the state broadcasting headquarters on the Nile River bank, where soldiers patrolled the corridors and non-essential staff were sent home.