Mansour sworn in as head of interim government
Ousted leader Mohamed Morsi under house arrest
Egypt’s chief justice Adly Mansour (67) has been sworn as interim president to take charge of the transition from exclusive Muslim Brotherhood rule to a pluralistic multiparty democratic regime.
He served as deputy head of the court since 1992. Regarded as a non-political figure, he helped draft the presidential election law that brought ousted president Mohamed Morsi to power last year.
Although Egyptians cast ballots in parliamentary and presidential elections and a constitutional referendum over the past 28 months, Egypt has not become a democracy.
The country is still in the grip of a revolution which was stalled first by the generals, who assumed power after president Hosni Mubarak was deposed, and then by the Muslim Brotherhood.
The army had to act before the situation in the streets became anarchy and criminal elements began to take advantage of the lack of security.
The military command issued its ultimatum at the behest of civilian revolutionaries.
Overnight, ten Egyptians were killed in clashes between anti- and pro-Morsi elements in Alexandria and elsewhere. The toll for the past six days, under 30 is, far lower than the 846 killed during the 18-day day uprising in 2011.
The police and security services no longer interfere - as they did under Mr Mubarak - with demonstrations, including those mounted by the pro-Morsi camp - that have been huge and energetic but largely peaceful.
The army has surrounded the largest of the loyalist demonstrations - now protests against the white “coup” - to contain them and prevent attacks by people seeking revenge against the Brotherhood for assaults by its armed men on opposition activists.
Under house arrest in the Republican Guard headquarters near Ittihadiya Palace, Mr Morsi issued a defiant statement following the announcement of the roadmap by General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi but was promtply cut off. His is being held incommunicado.
The army has closed down the Brotherhood’s television channel and al-Jazeera’s live streaming channel (Mubasher).
The Egyptian army yesterday toppled president Mohamed Morsi and replaced his Muslim Brotherhood-dominated regime with a transitional government charged with preparing for early presidential and parliamentary elections.
Yesterday, US president Barack Obama said he is “deeply concerned” by the events and urged Egypt’s military to return to a democratically elected civilian government as soon as possible.
“The voices of all those who have protested peacefully must be heard -- including those who welcomed today’s developments, and those who have supported president Morsi,”
Mr Obama said in a statement released by the White House. “I urge all sides to avoid violence and come together to ensure the lasting restoration of Egypt’s democracy.”
The announcement was made by army chief Gen Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, flanked by opposition spokesman Mohamed ElBaradei, Egypt’s senior cleric, Sheikh al-Azhar Ahmed al- Tayeb, and Coptic Orthodox Christian Pope Tawadros II, who had negotiated the details of the proposed roadmap during the day.