British prime minister Theresa May arrives at Riffa Fort in Manama, Bahrain,  during a three-day visit to attend the Gulf Co-operation Council summit. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

British PM agrees to show plans for leaving EU before triggering formal exit negotiations

   Northern Ireland attorney general  John Larkin speaking at the UK supreme court on the second day of a hearing to decide whether or not parliamentary approval is needed before the British government can begin Brexit negotiations . Photograph: AFP/Supreme Court/Getty

UK supreme court may hear argument that Stormont should have say on article 50

Gina Miller leaves the supreme court in London after the first day of the challenge against a ruling that Theresa May’s government requires parliamentary approval to start the process of leaving the EU. Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

Attorney general tells supreme court it was wrong to rule that MPs must have their say

Paul Green, president and founder of Halcyon Gallery, stands in front of Bob Dylan’s painting Endless Highway at the gallery during a preview of his artwork in London this month. Photograph: Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Three-floor Mayfair show has 250 drawings, paintings and ironworks

British chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond looks over his autumn statement in his office at 11 Downing Street  on Wednesday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor exposes damage Brexit is wreaking on British economy

The British and Irish governments, along with the devolved administration in Northern Ireland, have said they want to preserve the Common Travel Area after Brexit. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Law professor says any agreement will need consent of other EU member states

UK chancellor Philip Hammond delivers his autumn statement in the House of Commons. Photograph: PA Wire

Britain can expect slower growth, higher inflation and more borrowing, minister warns

David Davis (left) and Guy Verhofstadt: Their meeting was described as ‘constructive’. Photograph:   PA Wire

UK’s Brexit minister David Davis meets senior EU negotiators for talks on leaving EU

Donald Trump and Nigel Farage at Trump Tower on November 12, 2016 in New York City. Photograph: Nigel Farage/PA Wire

Farage ‘enormously flattered’ after unprecedented move by incoming US president

Mikhail Khodorkovsky on trial in Russia in 2005: While in prison, the businessman transformed into a political dissident. Photograph: Alexander Natruskin/Reuters

Putin critic Mikhail Khodorkovsy speaks out as he attempts to unfreeze €100m

Mikhail Khodorkovsky: ‘If there are no more questions, then I expect to be given the money back.’ Photograph: Bartek Sadowski/Bloomberg

Russian ex-magnate claims he has answered all Garda questions about source of money

The Cyronics Institute facility in Clinton township, Michigan, where the body of a 14-year-old British girl and 142 other bodies are being preserved. Photograph: EPA/Cryonics Institute

Case of British girl winning battle to have body frozen throws technology into spotlight

Mr Justice Peter Jackson ruled that nothing about the case should be reported while she was alive. Photograph: Getty Images

UK court rules body can be cryogenically frozen in hope she can later be brought back to life

Glenda Jackson as King Lear and Rhys Ifans as the Fool in  King Lear  at the Old Vic Theatre. Photograph: Robbie Jack/Corbis via Getty Images

Brexiteers’ fear they will be betrayed and Remainers that they already have been

Prison officers went on strike briefly this week to draw attention to growing disorder, overcrowding and staff shortages in British prisons. File photograph: Getty Images

Police to investigate as government pressed to reduce numbers of prisoners

JD Wetherspoon’s The Coronet pub in London. File photograph: Google Street View

Tens of thousands in compensation due over refusal of service in noted pub ‘The Coronet’

The report found that 45 per cent backed passport checks on visitors from Ireland, with 29 per cent opposed and 25 per cent with no opinion. Photograph: Alan Betson

MPs told there will be have to a customs border on island of Ireland  

British PM Theresa May has little choice but to cling to the special relationship and hope for the best. Photograph: Getty Images

British press less than impressed by president-elect’s tardy call to prime minister

The Capital Building in Washington, seat of the US Congress. The president is entitled to withhold information from Congress, the courts and the public in the interests of national security. Photograph: Zach Gibson/Getty Images

Incoming president will have command of the armed forces and can veto legislation

Photographs: Grzegorz Momot/EPA; Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg; Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images; Chantal Briand/AFP/Getty Images

Election night and the US political climate have uncanny echoes of Brexit referendum

Queen Elizabeth has unveiled a portrait of herself by Northern Ireland painter Colin Davidson at a reception for Cooperation Ireland at Crosby Hall

Tanaiste Frances Fitzgerald praised promotion peace and reconciliation

Bernard Hogan-Howe: The Metropolitan Police commissioner apologised for the actions of his officers in Operation Midland. Photograph: Nick Ansell/PA Wire

Officers investigating high-profile figures made serious errors, judge-led inquiry finds

Britain’s Prince Harry has alleged that the media is intruding into the private life of his new American girlfriend, actor Meghan Markle.  Photograph:  PA Wire.

Statement says actor Meghan Markle has been ‘subject to a wave of abuse and harassment’

A selection of the front pages of British newspapers taken on Friday following the  UK high court ruling yesterday that the Conservative government do not have the power on their own to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. Photograph: Benjamin Fathers/AFP/Getty Images

UK press reacts to high court’s Brexit ruling, with some newspapers criticising judges

Lead claimant in article 50 case Gina Miller gives a statement outside  the high court after it ruled that the government cannot trigger Brexit  without parliamentary approval.  Photograph: Hannah McKay/EPA

Despite most MPs wanting to remain, a Commons vote against move is improbable

The government had argued that it could invoke article 50 without parliamentary approval, using royal prerogative, a set of executive powers.  Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/PA Wire

Court decision means parliament – where two-thirds of MPs opposed Brexit – must vote

Ukip  donor Arron Banks said Nigel Farage’s departure had “caused the pressure cooker to explode”. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Contenders in destructive leadership race include Paul Nuttall and John Rees-Evans

NIESR predicted a decline of 35-44 per cent in Britain’s trade in goods with the EU   if Britain secures a free-trade agreement with the European Economic Area.

NIESR says trade in goods likely to decline by up to 44 per cent after article 50 activated

Granville Williams of the Orgreave Truth and Justice Campaign: MPs  accused home secretary Amber Rudd of betraying members of the campaign after leading them to believe she would approve an inquiry. Photograph:  Lindsey Parnaby/AFP/Getty Images

Government refuses to hold inquiry into police conduct during 1984 miners’ strike clash

Hillary Clinton: has a strong emotional attachment to Ireland.  Photograph: Robyn Beck/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Democratic candidate may prove less Anglophile than Brexiteers wish

Former taoisigh John Bruton and  Bertie Ahern at the European Union select committee in the House of Lords in London. Photograph: PA Wire

Former taoisigh addressing House of Lords committee about Brexit impact on Ireland

The Conservative government will seek to assuage doubts about expanding Heathrow by proposing a 6.5 hour ban on night flights. Photograph: Eddie Keogh/Reuters

Tory MP triggers byelection after stepping down in protest over ‘doomed’ decision

Martin McGuinness and Arlene Foster speaking to journalists after attending the  meeting of the Joint Ministerial Committee in Downing Street  on Monday. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

British prime minister rules out special deals for Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales

Northern Irish First Minister Arlene Foster and her deputy Martin McGuinness outside 10 Downing Street  after holding talks with British prime minister Theresa May. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Leaders of devolved administrations range from muted to contemptuous after meeting

British Prime minister Theresa May has said the Joint Ministerial Committee (EU Negotiations) would give Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales an official channel to influence Brexit negotiations before they start next spring.  Photograph: Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images

Forum to give leaders of Wales, Scotland and NI ‘official channel’ to influence talks

British prime minister Theresa May is welcomed by European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker at the EC headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Reuters

Summit told UK departure to be ‘smooth’ as leaders haggle over Russia and Canada

British prime minister Theresa May at the  European Union leaders summit in Brussels: Speaking after the meeting, she  struck a conciliatory tone, stressing that she wanted to “cement” Britain as a close partner of the EU after Brexit. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Tusk reminds British PM where her loyalty lies while Merkel tackles language question

The hope in Whitehall is that a withdrawal treaty with transitional arrangements will ensure the smoothest possible exit from the EU.

Without transitional arrangements the relationship with the EU will ‘fall off a cliff’

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan with EU competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager at a European Union finance ministers’ meeting in Luxembourg in 2012. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Margrethe Vestager defends Apple ruling as State intensifies discussions with Brussels

British prime minister Theresa May talks with European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker at the European Union leaders summit in Brussels also attended by Taoiseach Enda Kenny, seen on the right. Photograph: Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images

Tusk asks British prime minister to clarify hard-Brexit comments at party conference

British prime minister Theresa May during prime minister’s questions in the House of Commons. Sitting behind her is chancellor of the exchequer Philip Hammond, who suggested this week that other ministers have been briefing the media against him in an effort to push the British government towards seeking a “hard Brexit”. Photograph: PA Wire

British prime minister to rule out second referendum on Europe despite speculation

Ukip party chairman Paul Oakden: dismissed North-West England MEP Steven Woolfe’s resignation as a side issue. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

Ukip chairman says party must focus on finding Nigel Farage’s successor as leader

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May: her government has agreed to allow MPs to debate its Brexit negotiating position before the start of formal exit talks next year but has ruled out a parliamentary vote that could veto the triggering of article 50. Photograph: Matt Cardy/PA Wire

UK government holds view parliamentary vote is needed before formal exit talks

President Michael D Higgins has paid tribute to Eva Gore-Booth. File photograph: Frank Miller/The Irish Times

Leader describes Constance Markievicz’s sister as a ‘remarkable figure’ in history

The Beatles  entered their most creative phase in the second half of the 1960s: costumes used on the  cover of “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” feature in the V&A exhibition. Photograph: BIPs/Getty Images

A new exhibition about the decade celebrates Britain when it was at its most thrilling

Pro-European Union protesters demonstrate against Brexit at the entrance to the Royal Courts of Justice, Britain’s high court, in London on Thursday. Photograph: Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty

British high court considers legality of invoking article 50 without Commons vote

Former Labour leader Ed Miliband said the referendum had left Britain deeply divided and that both sides in the debate had a responsibility to help build a national consensus around Brexit. Photograph: PA Wire

PM bows to pressure from Labour and Tories but rules out vote in parliament

UK foreign secretary Boris Johnson speaking  about Syria  in the House of Commons  on  Tuesday.  Photograph: PA

UK foreign secretary calls for investigation but says ‘we cannot commit to a no-fly zone’

Secretary of State for Northern Ireland James Brokenshire speaks on stage at the Conservative Party Conference 2016 in Birmingham, England. Photograph: Matt Cardy/Getty Images

NI secretary says no reason to suppose UK leaving EU will damage ‘strong’ Anglo-Irish ties

Northern Ireland Secretary James Brokenshire: “Our focus is to strengthen the external border of the Common Travel Area, building on the strong collaboration with our Irish partners.” Photograph: Matt Cardy/Getty Images

Both governments envisage an enhancement of existing systems of information exchange

 Amber Rudd delivers  her first speech as home secretary on the third day of the Conservative Party conference  in Birmingham. Photograph: Carl Court/Getty Images

Amber Rudd proposes businesses should declare proportion of non-UK workers

Prime Minister Theresa May makes her keynote speech as she closes the 2016 Conservative Conference in Birmingham. Photograph by Matt Cardy/Getty Images

Will prime minister’s vision be enough to stem the rise of right-wing populism?

Nigel Farage: the fisticuffs at the European Parliament capped a chaotic week that saw him return to the helm following the resignation of Diane James after just 18 days as leader. Photograph: Vincent Kessler/Reuters

‘Altercation’ in Strasbourg seals Ukip’s reputation as most dysfunctional UK party

 Diane Abbott, who has become the shadow home secretary as part of a reshuffle announced by British Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn. Photograph: Danny Lawson/PA Wire

Nick Brown and Diane Abbott among those promoted as Rosie Winterton sacked

     Nigel Farage with newly elected Ukip leader Diane James on September 16th. The MEP has resigned after 18 days in the job. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Diane James resigns after 18 days, citing lack of authority and support from party

British prime minister Theresa May delivering her keynote speech to the Conservative party conference in Birmingham. Photograph: PA

British leader will need intestinal fortitude to overturn Margaret Thatcher’s legacy

British prime minister Theresa May: “All that should matter is the talent you have and how hard you’re prepared to work.” Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Bigger role envisioned for state in shaping the economy and controlling immigration

Northern Ireland First Minister Arlene Foster said a new ‘new border’ using  technology and data analytics could be put in place between the North and the Republic after the UK leaves the EU.

First Minister suggests ‘using data, using analytics, using new technology’

A delegate reads a leaflet entitled “Brexit, how do we do it?”  at the annual Conservative Party conference  in Birmingham, at which prime minister Theresa May signalled she would seek a “hard Brexit” from the EU. Photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP/Getty Images

Philip Hammond seeks to reassure business sector after sterling falls to three-year low

Jeremy Browne: said that   although US investment banks who operate across Europe are considering relocating staff in the euro zone, some will prefer a location on the continent.

London will remain Europe’s only truly global financial centre, says representative to EU

Following the British PM’s Brexit announcement the Government said its focus would be relations between the two parts of Ireland as well as on the Common Travel Area and the impact on trade. Photographs: The Irish Times

Theresa May indicates state prepared to exit single market for ‘full independence’

Most significant part of the Theresa May’s speech was her clear statement of preference for a hard Brexit. Photograph: Getty Images

Speech leaves no doubt that control of immigration will trump single market

Carroll professor of Irish history: Roy Foster at Hertford College in Oxford. Photograph: Ianthe Ruthven

Roy Foster, who is retiring after 25 years as Carroll professor of Irish history at Oxford, says that Irish people are keen on the(...)

Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi has said: ‘It will be impossible to give to British people more rights than other people outside the EU.’ Photograph: Reuters/Tony Gentile

Despite its confidence, Britain has been warned that it will not be given special preference

Labour party leader Jeremy Corbyn  with deputy leader Tom Watson:  when deputy leader  Watson praised Labour’s achievements under Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, it was interpreted as a frontal attack on Corbyn. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA

Decisive re-election does not mean Jeremy Corbyn will have his own way on policies

UK  Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn gestures   speaks on the fourth day of the annual party conference in Liverpool: his insistence that controlling immigration should not be a priority in a post-Brexit deal with the EU put will put him  at odds with many Labour MPs and activists.  Photograph: Paul Ellis/AFP/Getty Images

Plans to allow local councils to borrow for housing draws praise at Liverpool conference

Sir Terry Wogan died of cancer in January of 2016.

Celebrities filed into Westminster Abbey to pay tribute to much-loved broadcaster

Former prime minister David Cameron with the current prime minister (then home secretary) Theresa May.  Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Former home secretary called for immigration brake, say allies of British prime minister

Jeremy Corbyn in front of Che Guevara merchandise at the Labour  conference. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA

Socialism back on agenda as supporters discuss ways to build on leader’s victory

The Leader of Britain's opposition Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn listens to a speech on the first day of the Labour Party conference, in Liverpool, Britain September 25, 2016.  REUTERS/Peter Nicholls

Re-elected leader, who won contest with 62% of vote, says there is ‘thirst for change’

Jeremy Corbyn at the UK Labour Party leadership conference in Liverpool: he and his allies have promised to reach out to rebel MPs. Photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP/Getty Image

The failed putsch by Labour MPs has merely strengthened leader’s control over the party

Jeremy Corbyn, seen here during a Bloomberg television interview, is set to retain the leadership of the British Labour Party this week after a divisive and bitter election campaign. Photograph: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg

Proposal floated as Jeremy Corbyn set to be confirmed as leader after bitter campaign

New group includes former ministers Dominic Raab (above), Owen Patterson and Gerard Howarth. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Leave Means Leave will oppose any deal with the EU short of a ‘hard Brexit’

A House of Commons committee is  discussing the  future of the Border after Brexit. Photograph: Reuters

Ian Paisley jnr predicts Republic will vote to exit EU by 2020

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said that June’s referendum result was a rejection of the free market economic policies pursued by successive governments in Britain. Photograph: Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images

Labour leader says state aid rules are ‘no longer valid’ after Britain leaves bloc

Police face protesters near Orgreave coking plant during the 1984 miners’ strike. Photograph: PA

London Letter: Light to be cast on tactics used during 1984 strike that led to violent clashes

Hinkley Point C nuclear power station site  near Bridgwater in Britain, September 14th, 2016. Photograph: Stefan Wermuth/Reuters

New agreement will see introduction of ‘a series of measures to enhance security’

Queen Elizabeth in conversation wiht President Michael D Higgins during the State visit in 2014. Photograph: Getty Images

Irish Embassy in London yet to receive any complaints of harassment of Irish nationals

British prime minister Theresa May delivers a speech outlining the government’s policy on schooling at the British Academy in London on Friday. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

Plan will see grammar school expansion and promotion of faith-based institutions

The possibility of Irish unity must be considered in Britain’s negotiations to leave the EU, so that both parts of a unified Ireland could be part of the EU,  Taoiseach Enda Kenny  has told a high-level British-Irish conference. Photograph:  Philip Fitzpatrick/Collins.

Taoiseach says no convincing evidence people of North would vote to change status now

Lt Tom Kettle, in an image from his book The Ways of War. The MP and academic  was one of the most high-profile Irish casualties of the  Battle of the Somme.

Kettle killed leading B Company, 9th Royal Dublin Fusiliers; 300 Irish killed in the battle

Among the first questions to be answered is whether Britain wants to remain part of the EU customs union after departure. Photograph: Getty Images

Japanese letter highlights difficulty facing United Kingdom in trade talks after EU vote

British prime minister Theresa May leaving Downing Street in London on Wednesday.  “This is about getting the kind of deal that is ambitious and bold for Britain,” she told MPs.  Photograph: Neil Hall/Reuters

PM rules out replacing free movement of people from the EU with points-based system

 Dan Mulhall: he said the open border had come about as a result of the peace process and Britain and Ireland’s shared EU membership

Mulhall says he believes other EU states understand unique issues Brexit raises for Ireland

The figures  about prosecutions for revenge porn were published in the Crown Prosecution Service’s annual report on violence against women and girls

One man jailed for 12 weeks after sending intimate pictures to woman’s family

 British Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union David Davis: “We will decide on our borders, our laws, and taxpayers’ money. It means getting the best deal for Britain – one that is unique to Britain and not an ‘off the shelf’ solution.” Photograph: Justin Tallis/ AFP/Getty Images

David Davis to visit Dublin on EU tour to help formulate bespoke negotiating position

Joseph Stiglitz, a professor at Columbia University, argues that the single currency was a mistake in his new book, The Euro and Its Threat to the Future of Europe. Photograph: Sasha Maslov/New York Times

Europe gets some things right, such as its ruling on Apple’s taxes in Ireland, but the euro itself is broken and European politici(...)

British prime minister Theresa May on a visit to the Jaguar Land Rover factory in Birmingham on Thursday: some of the fog surrounding Britain’s decision to leave the EU has started to lift. Photograph: Carl Court/PA Wire

London Letter: Some minds in Brussels already formulating imaginative solutions

 British prime minister Theresa May holding a cabinet meeting at the prime minister’s country retreat Chequers on Brexit strategy on Wednesday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/ WPA Pool/Getty Images

British PM promises ‘Brexit means Brexit’ as cabinet discusses strategy at Chequers

Germany’s deputy chancellor Sigmar Gabriel: he warned that the EU could be undermined if Britain received too soft an exit deal

Labour spokesman compares triggering article 50 to powers of a Tudor monarch

Jeremy Corbyn (left) and Owen Smith at the first Labour leadership debate. Photograph:  Ben Birchall/PA

Deputy leader Tom Watson suggested Trotskyists were manipulating tens of thousands of new members

Floral tributes rest against railings near the scene of a stabbing in Russell Square, London, in which a woman was killed and five people injured.  Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

British police arrest 19-year-old Norwegian for multiple stabbing’s in Russell Square

Ukip’s national executive committee disqualified Farage’s favourite, North-West MEP Steven Woolfe, because he missed the nomination deadline by 17 minutes. File photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: Theresa May prospers as post-Farage party fumbles for leader

Sterling fell by 1.3 per cent to just under €1.18 and by 1.5 per cent or 2 cents to $1.31 after the Bank of England cut interest rates. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Irish exporters hit by fall in the British pound after Mark Carney cuts rates to 0.25%

Economists at Investec said the bigger than expected breadth of the package from the Bank of England – which cut interest rates for the first time in seven years –  proved effective in the  eyes of markets

As Bank of England cuts rates, economists warn currency will probably stay on soft side

The governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney. He   made no bones about the overwhelmingly negative short-term impact of the Brexit vote

The £100bn funding available for banks reflects the fact further rates cuts have a diminished impact

Bank of England governor, Mark Carney

Interest rates reduced to record low, as banks boosts QE programme by £60bn

Bank of England governor Mark Carney: the bank is expected to cut interest rates on Thursday for the first time in seven years

Post-Brexit slowdown expected to shrink Britain’s economy and lead to first rate cut in seven years

British prime minister Theresa May with Taoiseach Enda Kenny on the steps of 10 Downing Street. Photograph: Justin Tallis.AFP/Getty

Taoiseach and UK prime minister want ‘creative and imaginative’ ways to deal with customs checks

Theresa May: has been warned by   group of hardline Eurosceptic Conservative MPs that she must live up to her promise to fully implement the referendum decision to leave the EU. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Eurosceptic says there should be no negotiation over taking back immigration control

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