Universities propose radical changes to college entry system
RADICAL CHANGES to the Leaving Cert and the college entry system are proposed by the seven university presidents in a much anticipated report which will be given to Minister for Education, Ruairi Quinn today.
The key proposals include a new ranking system where each Leaving Cert subject would be ranked in relation to its difficulty. The presidents also propose a reduction in the number of grades awarded in the Leaving Cert.
They say colleges should roll out more general courses for first year undergraduates and they back more bonus points schemes for subjects other than maths.
The report identifies key weaknesses in the Leaving Cert exam. These are the continued stress on rote learning and the manner in which students seek out subjects which are seen to be “easier’’.
It acknowledges that the roll-out of too many specialised courses by the colleges has put upward pressure on points. Mr Quinn has been critical of the duplication of courses and the high degree of specialisation especially in arts.
He wants to see colleges offering more general courses for 18-year-old undergraduates which would reduce the pressure on points and allow them to sample a wider body of knowledge.
The other key proposals include:
The abolition of the existing 14 Leaving Cert grades (including A1, A2 etc) and their replacement with grades A B and C. The presidents say the current system makes teaching much too focused on the marking scheme for each subject – and makes the exam more predictable.
Ranking with subjects rather than absolute grades counting for points. At present students tend to opt out of subjects like physics and chemistry which are seen to be difficult.
An extended bonus points system which would be linked to college choice. Students intent on studying science or arts in college might get bonus points for relevant subjects.
The paper also proposes that students might matriculate at the end of fifth year when they could take Irish and English exams and gain entry requirements for college. But sources say this proposal is not seen as central to the report.
The report sets out a series of options rather than definitive proposals. It says the report will lead to a Task Force chaired by Prof Philip Nolan, president of NUI Maynooth. This will make more definitive proposals before the end of the year.
Last night, a university source said each of the proposals will need to be examined in detail before they could be rolled out. “The introduction of the Hpat for entry to medicine and the new bonus points system have had unintended consequences. We must avoid that.” Mr Quinn requested the report last September after a major UCD conference on the transition from second to third level.
University presidents have been sharply critical of the Leaving Cert, arguing its leaves many students ill-prepared for self-directed learning at third level.
Addressing a major conference on undergraduate admissions in May, TCD provost, Prof Paddy Prengergast, said the college admission system gives an undue reward to rote learning in the Leaving Cert and frequently delivers the wrong student to the wrong course. Colleges, he said, are missing out on students who could thrive, but whose abilities are not captured by a CAO points total.
In a separate development, Trinity College Dublin is to pilot a radical new approach where student interviews, personal statements and teacher references are used for college entry.
The college plans to roll out the approach in the application process for entry to law in 2014. If successful, its use will be extended to other high points courses.
Under the new system, Leaving Cert results would still be a key element in the application process, but the other “more holistic’’ elements would be used to ensure that students take courses which represent the best ‘fit’ for their skill set.
Thousands of students received the first round of CAO offers yesterday. By 5pm, 21,639 online acceptances were recorded.
Applicants have until 5.15pm next Monday to accept their offer.