An engineer monitors a cyber threat map.  “Businesses are divided in two. Those who believe they have been attacked. And those who don’t know they have been attacked.” Photograph: Erdem Sahin/EPA

Beefed-up EU Cybersecurity Agency will share threat knowledge to prevent cyber attacks

Ireland  has seen some €10bn   invested here in the last decade by biopharmaceutical and biologics businesses

Dublin one of 19 cities vying for EU’s medicines regulatory agency

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe said Ireland is opposed to what it sees as proposals which undermine its corporate tax system. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

The proposals plan to tax giant digital companies on turnover rather than profits

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker addresses the European Parliament during a debate on the state of the EU, in Strasbourg, France, on Wednesday. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

The EU’s game plan has been laid out but what about the Brexit-shaped elephant in the room?

Brexit had the potential to adversely affect Ireland “more than any other EU state” in terms of security, Minister for Justice Charlie Flanagan said, because of the national threat from dissident republicanism. File photograph:  Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Minister for Justice says UK must clarify position on security co-operation post-Brexit

 Brussels’ new   site aimed at countering Russian propaganda – “EU vs disinfo”, – makes for compulsive reading, documenting the more far-flung claims – 3,000 in the last year – and tracking their emergence

Europe Letter: Moscow’s disinformation campaign covers the seedy and the political

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker addressing the European Parliament in Strasbourg: he said the EU must seize the moment of economic upturn  and “catch the trade winds in our sails”. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

European Commission president calls Brexit ‘tragic’ in brief mention in state of union speech

Demonstrators head towards Parliament Square during the anti-Brexit People’s March for Europe, in central London. Photograph: Tolga Akmen/Reuters

Multiple programmes – the fruit of the Belfast Agreement – are threatened by Brexit

The European chief negotiator  Michel Barnier called on Britain not to use the Irish Border as a test case for wider Brexit border issues. Photograph: EPA

EU sets out position on Border, criticising UK negotiating stance

The Commission task force insists that any solution involving the creation of a “frictionless” Border will have to be unique to the island of Ireland. Photograph:Paul Faith/AFP/Getty Images

Any Irish Border solution must respect integrity of EU’s legal order and single market

A Union Jack and an EU flag fly outside the Houses of Parliament in London, Britain. File photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

European Commission to publish its long-awaited Brexit paper on Ireland

Border defence: Hungarian prisoners build a fence at their country’s border with Serbia, as part of its efforts to keep migrants and refugees from freely entering the country. Photograph: Csaba Segesvari/AFP/Getty

Europe Letter: Pair have rejected refugees and threatened the rule of law

Hungarian hostility: migrants face police at Budapest’s main railway station in 2015. Photograph: Laszlo Balogh/Reuters

Decision underpins principle of burden sharing after Greek and Italian crises

Sara Gibadlo (left,19) of Oranmore, Co Galway, and Dace Zarina (22), from Co Longford, who died in a fire at a residence linked to a college in Leuven, Belgium.

Lawyers for the families welcome verdict but say ‘unfortunately a lot of questions remain’

German chancellor Angela Merkel greets Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the beginning of the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, on July 7th. Photograph: John MacDougall/Reuters

Any decision to suspend stalled talks a matter for heads of government, European Commission says

Coveney-Barnier talks: Ireland and the commission are disappointed with the UK’s lack of detail. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Republic in ‘uniquely vulnerable position’, Minister tells chief negotiator

Expat Brits: UK citizens living abroad are to keep their pension and welfare entitlements after Brexit. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty

Progress is slow in talks about 3.5m EU nationals in the UK and 1.2m Britons in the EU

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (r) participates in a press conference withBritish Brexit secretary David Davis in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

British side guarantees free movement of all EU citizens between Ireland and Britain

Michel Barnier: the EU’s chief negotiator believes the UK has barely shifted. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

London says €100bn divorce bill is unjustified. Brussels is growing impatient

Self-destructive?: Theresa May seems to hate the European Court of Justice, but any post-Brexit trade deal will involve an ECJ by another name. Photograph: Lukas Schulze/Getty

Europe Letter: You don’t have to love the EU to see that it plays a vital role

Brexit co-ordinator for the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt  speaking during  Brexit negotiations  in Brussels. Photograph: EPA/Stephanie Lecocq

UK team repeats wish to move beyond talks on divorce terms to those on future relationship

UK Brexit secretary David Davis with EU chief negotiator for the Brexit talks, Michel Barnier, in Brussels on Monday. Photograph:  Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

European Commission chief says ‘huge number of questions’ remain to be settled

Britain’s secretary of state for exiting the EU, David Davis, and the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier. Talks between the UK and the commission are due to resume on September 28th. Photograph: Reuters

Commission says trade issues will be dealt with in second phase of Brexit talks

A member of Border Communities Against Brexit at a mock customs post set up at  a press event last February at Carrickcarnon between Dundalk and Newry. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Tory Brexiteers won’t be happy with the notion of policing migrants after they enter the UK

The UK’s Brexit secretary David Davis Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

UK sets out position on Border in key document ahead of Brexit

UK’s Brexit secretary David Davis:  The customs paper makes clear that the UK will leave both the EU single market and customs union, but suggests two possible forms of tailor-made customs relationships to replace them. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Proposal for transition period to avoid Brexit cliff-face and deal with Irish Border issue

 Michel Barnier: said he would be ready to meet with UK negotiators on August 15th, two weeks earlier than planned, depending on how prepared they are. Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

EU negotiator concerned at slow progress as October milestone approaches

Brian Cowen criticised  EU during honorary degree ceremony. Photograph: Alan Betson

European Commission rejects Brian Cowen’s criticism that it made ‘inappropriate’ decisions

Ireland’s finance minister Paschal Donohoe talks with Cypriot finance minister Harris Georgiades and president of the European Investment Bank Werner Hoyer. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Calculating the UK’s ‘share’ of the EIB is likely to prove difficult and contentious

Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo: said her government was open to discussions. Photograph: Balazs Mohai/EPA

Poland may get formal warning for ‘serious and persistent breaches’ of EU values

An official carries a Union Jack flag ahead of a news conference in Brussels by Britain’s Brexit secretary  David Davis and EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier. Photograph:  Reuters/Francois Lenoir

Six-a-side Irish talks opened on Tuesday under watchful eye of Irish Embassy

Britain’s Brexit secretary David Davis and European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier at a joint news conference in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Michel Barnier says Britain needs to clarify position on key issues such as bill for leaving

French president Emmanuel Macron and  German chancellor Angela Merkel take time out from  meetings in  Paris, France, earlier this month. File photograph: Matthieu Alexandre/AFP/Getty Images

Europe Letter: Paschal Donohoe take note - Irish tax regime once again in the firing line

 British Brexit  minister  David Davis: The UK is understood to have demanded a far more detailed breakdown of the EU’s methodology for calculating its financial liabilities, widely estimated at some €65 billion. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Brexit talks making progress on travel rules but split on citizens’ rights and divorce bill

Brexit secretary David Davis (L) and Michel Barnier, chief EU negotiator.  Photograph: Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

EU negotiator reportedly issues warning over estimated €65 billion settlement

A protest in front of the District Court building in Lodz, Poland against changes in the judicial law and the supreme court. Photograph: EPA/Grzegorz Michalowski

New sweeping powers to hire and fire judges have prompted concerns across EU

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (second from left) and UK Brexit secretary David Davis (second from right) prepare with officials for talks at the EU headquarters in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Jennifer Jacquemart/EU/PA Wire

Border among three priorities discussed at first of week-long Brussels talks

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney discussed his recent visit to the Middle East in a bilateral meeting with British foreign secretary Boris Johnson in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Simon Coveney says Ireland sympathises with Italian concerns about refugees

Britain’s foreign secretary Boris Johnson Foreign secretary Boris Johnson will call for new measures against senior military officers. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty

EU and UK Brexit negotiators will also gather in Brussels for the first formal week of talks

Ibec chief executive Danny McCoy: he said the UK approach continued to put short-term political concerns ahead of jobs and the needs of business

McCoy says Britain is heading towards economically calamitous Brexit divorce

Minister for Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe greets Dutch finance minister and president of the eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Europe Letter: EU expectations will colour Paschal Donohoe’s summer statement

EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier hopes the “political analysis” next week will make progress  on defining the elements of the Common Travel Area. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Michel Barnier reacts to Boris Johnson jibe, saying ‘no whistling, just a clock ticking’

 German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble, German MEP chairman of committee of inquiry into money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion (PANA) Werner Langen, Italian finance minister Pier Carlo Padoan and Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe, during a hearing by the “Panama Papers” committee of the European parliament, in Brussels. Photograph: EPA/Olivier Hoslet

Minister for Finance tries to persuade MEPs that Ireland now one of the ‘good guys’

Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe and Cyprus’ finance minister Haris Georgiades at the Economic and Financial (Ecofin) Affairs Council meeting in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Ecofin meeting in Brussels considering action plan of European Council committee

Eurogroup welcome: Dutch finance minister and Eurogroup president Jeroen Dijsselbloem with Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Report broadly endorses economic strategy but urges fiscal caution

Michel Barnier: This week he will set out the negotiating team’s perspective on the UK offer.  Photograph: Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images

Letter is key show of political unity and purpose on Brexit from across parliament

Japan’s prime minister Shinzo Abe is welcomed by Belgian counterpart Charles Michel ahead of a meeting in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Reuters

Brussels eyes openings for agriculture while Tokyo looks to boost car exports

British prime minister Theresa May: ‘We will not have truly left the European Union if we are not in control of our own laws.’ Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire

Europe Letter: Prime minister’s apparent phobia promises bonfire of the courts

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), one of the big four accountancy and auditing firms. Photograph: Philip Toscano/PA Wire

Survey on global tax avoidance calls for new measures

Jean-Claude Juncker delivering a speech to the European Parliament in 2016. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Europe’s Future: The bloc's current crisis will not be fixed by adjusting voting procedures

European Union Commissioner for Competition Margrethe Vestager. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP Photo

Agency is considered to be one of world’s most sophisticated antitrust enforcers

A new Irish Times series explores the EU’s future and the pressures it still faces

Manual labour: Poor EU citizens “are likely to migrate to richer member states to improve their income chances”. But the pressures to migrate to wealthier countries “may have political effects in receiving states, with the rise of anti-immigrant sentiment”. File photograph: Getty Images

Europe Letter: Income disparity has bad effects and must be tackled, warns ECB chief

British prime minister Theresa May said on Monday she wanted to end the anxiety of EU nationals fearful of their future after Brexit. But she was jeered by critics in the House of Commons.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Key differences remain, however, which will form the basis of difficult Brexit discussions

Brexit talks: David Davis, the UK Brexit secretary, and Michel Barnier, the EU’s chief negotiator, in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

It’s simply business as usual for a strangely unobsessed European Commission

 German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Emmanuel Macron  at  the end of the European Council summit in Brussels. Photograph:  EPA

European Council president Donald Tusk says ‘Brexit took up very little time’

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar arrives for a two-day EU council meeting in Brussels, June 22nd. Photograph: EPA

EU flag to fly over range of military projects from peacekeeping to weapons research

EU summit: Theresa May, the British PM, arrives for the talks. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

British PM comes close to European stance as Taoiseach flags ‘open door’ for UK return

German chancellor Angela Merkel and British prime minister Theresa May share a lighthearted moment at the European Union leaders’ summit in Brussels. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

EU citizens in Britain would acquire special status after residing in the UK for five years

Sinn Féin president Gerry Adams walks past a portrait of former first minister Ian Paisley in Stormont.  The Northern Executive is still to resume after talks fell apart in January.  Photograph:  Paul Faith/AFP/Getty Images

EU and Irish sources say discussions on politically sensitive elements of the brief inopportune

Donald Tusk: Leo Varadkar will meet the European Council president at Thursday morning’s meeting of European People’s Party leaders. Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

The UK’s departure isn’t on the official agenda, but it will be an ever-present subtext

A man looks at a board showing pictures of the missing from the Grenfell Tower  fire  in north Kensington on Tuesday.  Photograph: Niklas Halle’n/AFP/Getty Images

London Letter: These are a fine, warm people, salt of the earth. They did not deserve this

Chips: European Commission steps up to the plate to dispel fears the Belgian frite might be banned, but it  suggests blanching before frying. Photograph:  Hyoung Chang/Denver Post via Getty

Fears Flanders delicacy is under attack are unfounded amid warning on healthy cooking

Leo Varadkar during a press conference with Britain’s prime minister Theresa May in London on Monday. Photograph: Philip Toscano/AFP/Getty Images

UK officials insisted Border issues ‘right at the top of priorities’ for Brexit talks

United Kingdom secretary of state for exiting the European Union David Davis is welcomed by Michel Barnier, the European chief negotiator of the Task Force for the Preparation and Conduct of the Negotiations with the United Kingdom. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq

EU and UK agree on structure, timeline and priorities for March 29th, 2019, deadline

A worker arranges flags at the EU headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

David Davis may make concessions in accepting timeframe

David Davis (left) and Michel Barnier at the start of talks this morning. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

UK Brexit secretary begins talks with Michel Barnier in Brussels

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar:  he is due to meet British prime minister Theresa May in London on Monday. Photograph: Aidan Crawley/Bloomberg

Taoiseach to stress ‘rights and freedoms’ of Irish citizens and importance of open Border

The formal Brexit talks will begin on Monday. Is Ireland’s  Border likely to come up? Only as a mention. Photograph: PA

Q&A: After a year of claim, counterclaim and posturing, what happens on day one?

Britain’s chancellor Philip Hammond said a worse deal than no Brexit deal was one ‘structured to suck the lifeblood out of our economy’. Photograph: PA

Ahead Brexit talks on Monday, chancellor says he will not agree deal that will ‘destroy’ UK

Monica Leech, pictured leaving court in 2007. Photograph: Garrett White/Collins

Group argued ‘disproportionate’ €1.2m libel settlement violated right to freedom of speech

French president Emmanuel Macron and German chancellor Angela Merkel during a ceremony in Berlin. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters/File Photo

The mood in Brussels is upbeat as big challenges are recast as historic opportunities

British prime minister Theresa May and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in Brussels last year. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

The result has also led to uncertainty about when Brexit talks will begin

Commission spokesman describes establishment of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office  as a ‘game changer in tackling financial crime’. Photograph: Getty Images

Office will pursue fraudsters dipping in to EU funds which is estimated to cost €500m a year

Hate speech: the justice commissioner, Vera Jourova, said the proportion of offending items taken down had doubled. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Europe Letter: Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are hurrying to take down content

A visitor stands in front of the 16th Irish Division Memorial during the Battle of Messines Ridge commemorations at the military cemetery in Wijtschate, Belgium, on June 7th, 2017. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/AFP/Getty Images

Unlike what followed, Messines was a rare military success

Willie Redmond: His   death was widely mourned at home. Photograph:  Culture Club/Getty Images

‘He had had difficulty persuading the War Office to let him lead his men into battle, but was allowed to lead the third wave assau(...)

Britain’s Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Taoiseach Enda Kenny lay wreaths during the Battle of Messines Ridge commemoration in Messines, Belgium, on June 7th, 2017. Photograph: EPA/Stephanie Lecocq

Standard-bearers struggle to hold up their colours on windswept hillside

European Commissioner for Budget Günther  Oettinger. Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

Brussels Letter: British ‘hostage-taking’ and autocratic governments compromise budget process

US President Donald Trump addresses US military personnel and families at Naval Air Station Sigonella after G7 summit of Heads of State and Government near Taormina in Sicily. Photograph: Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

The contrast between the US president’s embrace of the Saudis and Israelis and his attitude to Europe and Nato was striking

Emily O’Reilly, European Ombudsman. Photograph: Alan Betson

European Commission pledge at odds with Theresa May’s wish for cloak of secrecy

Fighting for the British Empire: the story of the Irish who lost their lives needs to be told

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan:  “After the failed coup attempt last July, he started a large-scale purge of his “enemies”, arresting 45,000 people and firing or suspending 130,000. But he has 10 straight victories at the polls since 2002, and there is no doubting his popularity.” File photograph:  Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

World View: Trump pays homage to strongman autocrat

Taoiseach of Ireland Enda Kenny signs the new Rome declaration during a summit to mark the 60th anniversary of the EU’s founding. Photograph: Tiziana Fabitiziana Fabi/AFP/Getty Images

World View: Irish ‘neutrality’ is intensely ideological, a luxury and a bit of a myth

Russian president Vladimir Putin: 1917 revolution does not fit his neo-tsarist, nationalist Great Russia myth. Photograph: Maxim Shemetov/AFP/Getty Images

Impulses that drove 1917 insurgents might resonate today in deeply divided Russia

Realistic rejection of violence: an image of Martin McGuinness next  to a book of condolences   at Stormont this week. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Terror is the weapon of those who believe they would lose, or are losing, a traditional military trial of strength – it’s the resp(...)

President Vladimir Putin  with Leonid Tibilov, the president of the Georgian breakaway region of South Ossetia. Putin regards South Ossetians as Russians that history has wrongfully parted from their homeland. Photograph: Maxim Shipenkov/Reuters

Patrick Smyth: Breakaway Georgian enclave seeks to change name in pro-Russian move

 EU commissioner Phil Hogan has warned against talk of treaty changes for which the weary public has no appetite. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Union relaunch faces major challenges in countering Euroscepticism and nationalism

The online defamation regime is confusing and inequitable.

Defamation law in Ireland is financially onerous, oppressive and unpredictable

‘We must remain at the heart of Europe and open to the world  … We must protect the hard-won peace on our island,’ Taoiseach Enda Kenny said. File photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Analysis: Taoiseach reminds the UK the State will be on EU’s side of the table in exit talks

A man walks next to Chevrolet vehicles at a GM dealership in Miami, Florida: the Center for Automotive Research warns a tariff of 35 per cent could cut US car sales by 450,000 a year and cost 31,000 car industry-related jobs across the US. Photograph: Carlos Barria

Donald Trump’s protectionism is not just economically illiterate, it is dangerous

Cypriots, from  occupied Northern city of Kyrenia, chant slogans during  demonstration against  UN-sponsored Cyprus peace talks. Photograph:  Iakovos Hatzistavrou/AFP

Most of the remaining points of difference are not of principle but degree

 Israeli prime minister Binyamin Netanyahu   at  Hatzerim air force base  on Thursday. Photograph: Abir Sultan/EPA

Donald Trump will be the only major global leader to back pro-settler policies

A man walks on a ripped electoral poster of Gambia’s  defeated president Yahya Jammeh. Photograph:  Seyllou/AFP/Getty Images

Jammeh refuses to step down, but his departure is a necessity for the country

Pro-choice activists  in front of  the US Supreme Court in Washington DC. Photograph: Jim Watson/AFP/Getty

Leaving individual states to decide on reproductive rights could be legally problematic

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg: “The idea that fake news on Facebook . . . influenced the election in any way is a pretty crazy idea.” Photograph: Peter Dasilva/EPA

World View: Social media giant faces questions over accountability as editor of feeds

US senator Roy Blunt  greets newly elected Missouri attorney general Josh Hawley prior to speaking to supporters after winning his campaign for Missouri senator. Photograph: Michael B Thomas/Getty Images

Party now able to fill vacancy on supreme court vacant since death of Antonin Scalia

William Britt and Al Moreno celebrate in Los Angeles after Californians voted to pass proposition 64, legalising recreational use of marijuana in the state. Photograph: Jonathan Alcorn/Reuters

Nebraska reverses opposition to death penalty in referendums on 150 issues in states

Bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945. Photograph: EPA/Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum

Some say a global ban is ineffective without full support, but a vital step has been taken

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