Facebook, Microsoft reveal US user data requests
Social network it recieved 10,000 orders for information about users in second half of 2012
Facebook said it received between 9,000 and 10,000 US requests for user data in the second half of 2012. Photograph: Reuters
The move is seen as a modest victory for the companies as they struggle with the fallout from disclosures about a secret government data-collection programme.
Facebook last ngiht became the first to release aggregate numbers of requests, saying in a blog post that it received between 9,000 and 10,000 US requests for user data in the second half of 2012, covering 18,000 to 19,000 of its users’ accounts.
Facebook has more than 1.1 billion users worldwide. The majority of those requests are routine police inquiries, a person familiar with the company said, but under the terms of the deal with Justice Department, Facebook is precluded from saying how many were secret orders issued under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
Until now, all information about requests under FISA, including their existence, were deemed secret.
Microsoft said it had received requests of all types for information on about 31,000 consumer accounts in the second half of 2012. In a “transparency report” Microsoft published earlier this year without including national security matters, it said it had received criminal requests involving 24,565 accounts for all of 2012. If half of those requests came in the second part of the year, the intelligence requests constitute the bulk of government inquiries.
Microsoft did not dispute that conclusion.
Google said last night it was negotiating with the US government and that the sticking point was whether it could only publish a combined figure for all requests. It said that would be “a step back for users,” because it already breaks out criminal requests and National Security Letters, another type of intelligence inquiry.
Facebook, Google and Microsoft had all publicly urged the US authorities to allow them to reveal the number and scope of the surveillance requests after documents leaked to the Washington Post and the Guardian suggested they had given the government “direct access” to their computers as part of a National Security Agency programme called Prism.
The disclosures about Prism, and related revelations about broad-based collection of telephone records, have triggered widespread concern and congressional hearings about the scope and extent of the information-gathering.
The big internet companies in particular have been torn by the need to obey US laws that forbid virtually any discussion of foreign intelligence requests and the need to assuage customers. “We hope this helps put into perspective the numbers involved and lays to rest some of the hyperbolic and false assertions in some recent press accounts about the frequency and scope of the data requests that we receive,” Facebook wrote on its site.
Facebook said it would continue to press to divulge more information. A person familiar with the company said that it at least partially complied with US legal requests 79 percent of the time, and that it usually turned over just the user’s email address and Internet Protocol address and name, rather than the content of the person’s postings or messages.
It is believed that FISA requests typically seek much more information. But it remains unclear how broad the FISA orders might be. Several companies have said they had never been asked to turn over everything from an entire country, for example.
However, the intelligence agencies could ask for all correspondence by an account holder, or even all correspondence from the users’ contacts.
The initial reports about Prism included an internal NSA slide listing the dates that each of nine companies began allowing Prism data collection, starting with Microsoft in 2007 and Yahoo in 2008. The other companies include Apple, AOL and PalTalk as well as YouTube and Skype, which are owned by Google and Microsoft respectively.