German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande (R) and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi depart after speaking to the media during talks at the Chancellery Monday in Berlin, Germany.  Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Hollande warns that uncertainty over UK leaving could lead to ‘irrational behaviour’

Soldiers taking part in the “Baltops” military exercise in Ustka, northern Poland, earlier in June. It is the largest and most important Nato exercise in the Baltic Sea. Photograph:  Adam Warzawa/EPA

Move to more closely align institutions will prove uncomfortable for Ireland

German chancellor Angela Merkel: meetings with Donald Tusk, François Hollande and Matteo Renzi today. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/EPA

Commission president says he wants UK’s divorce papers on his desk ‘immediately’

As an island country operating one of world’s biggest international air routes between London and Dublin, Ireland is particularly exposed as Britain seeks to ensure easy access to the EU common aviation area. Photograph: Kate Geraghty

Agriculture, trade, aviation and energy among areas left uncertain by UK Brexit vote

Leave campaign leader Boris Johnson said Britain was part of Europe and always would be. Photograph: Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Johnson claims there will still be ‘intense European co-operation’

 A file shows  European Commissioner in charge of financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union, Lord Jonathan Hill. Mr Hill resigned on Saturday in the wake of the Brexit vote.   Photograph: EPA

Germany foreign minister says negotiations on UK’s exit should begin ‘as soon as possible’

Photographers aim their cameras as European Commission President Jean- Claude Juncker  speaks during a news conference on Brexit. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

‘What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger,’ says European Council president

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker comments on the Brexit referendum campaign during a meeting with the media in Brussels. Photograph:  EPA/Olivier Hoslet

‘The notion of ‘two-speed Europe” has long been seen as logical next step for Europe’

Brussels’ Grand Place. As the Brexit results began to filter through in the early hours, a new reality was dawning in Brussels

One outcome of the British exit is that Ireland and Malta will be the only countries where English is an official language

British prime Minister David Cameron said Britain should only give its formal notice of leaving the EU when a new leader is in place. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Top officials want UK to invoke Article 50, ‘however painful that process may be’

So long: A file image shows British prime minister David Cameron leaving an EU summit in Brussels, Belgium, in February 2016. Photograph: EPA/OLIVIER HOSLET

Analysis: Leave vote gives legitimacy to calls by eurosceptics in other states for ballots

Since the announcement of a planned referendum last year, British nationals living and working in Brussels have been nervously assessing their future. Photograph: Reuters

Crucial meeting after the result is known has been scheduled for 10.30am in Brussels

 Brendan Cox,  widower of MP Jo Cox, and their two children Cuillin (5) and Lejla (3) prepare to join a floating commemoration on the River Thames, where the family lived on a houseboat. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Over 10,000 people gather in London’s Trafalgar Square and more honour her in Brussels

Police cars block the scene of a bomb alert at the City2 shopping mall in the Rue Neuve in the city centre of Brussels on June 21st, 2016. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

No explosives found as ‘suicide belt’ of suspect found to be filled with biscuits and salt

Syria Solidarity campaigners hold flags, signs and flowers during a vigil in honour of the late Jo Cox in Parliament Square, London, yesterday. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Some see migration problems but other pro-business voters are keen to remain

This weekend the Sunday papers nailed their colours to the mast, setting out their position in their last publication before next Thursday’s referendum. Photograph:  Matt Cardy/Getty Images

‘Sunday Times’ calls for Brexit while ‘Mail on Sunday’ parts with its daily to back Remain

Grimbsy Fish Market: in the move to processing, 95 per cent of fish arrives by vehicle, a far cry from the past captured in a 1907 image. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Topical Press

Despite Humberside town’s shift to processing of fish, the locals see Brexit as desirable

Paying respects: Hilary Benn MP, speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, chaplain to the speaker   Rev Rose Josephine Hudson-Wilkin, prime minister David Cameron and Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn   near to the scene of the murder of Jo Cox  in Birstall, UK.  Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty

Prime minister pays tribute to ‘passionate and brilliant campaigner’

Ukip leader Nigel Farage launchs a Leave poster campaign on Thursday before the death of MP Jo Cox.  Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Cameron cancels appearance in Gibraltar after death of Labour MP Jo Cox

British chancellor George Osborne at the annual “Dinner to the Bankers and Merchants” at the Mansion House in London on Thursday. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Analysis: In campaign hit by horror, Remain side is desperate to push economic message

Tom Watson: set out case for EU membership, offering an analysis of its benefits, rooted in socialist politics. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

Deputy leader Tom Watson tries to deal with party supporters’ fears about immigration

 MPs Yvette Cooper and Jess Phillips pose with staff at Palfrey Sure Start Centre as they join the Labour In battle bus to campaign in the West Midlands. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The financial impact of leaving the EU is focusing minds as referendum looms

Minister Dara Murphy: his was the fifth visit to Britain by Government Ministers in the last two weeks ahead of the referendum on June 23rd. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien / The Irish Times

Minister for European Affairs Dara Murphy said Ireland and Britain were deeply connected

On market day in Leicester city centre, beneath the clock tower, the colourful cultural mix is in evidence, from the people to the culinary offerings

In the city centre people mix happily but in the suburbs it seems more complex

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald, pictured  with Garda Commissioner Nóirín O’Sullivan, said the deployment of extra personnel would likely be in the context of a specific taskforce for a temporary period of time. Photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

Frances Fitzgerald held meetings with European counterparts to discuss organised crime

Responding to a UN committee’s findings which called for Ireland’s strict prohibition on abortion to be changed, Tánaiste Frances  Fitzgerald said: ‘We have to take this very seriously. We signed up to this covenant.’ Photograph: Nick Bradshaw.

Pro Life Campaign says human rights body a ‘de facto lobby group for abortion’

Ukip MEP: “Of course I’m campaigning,” she snapped. “I live in England, darling. I only turn up here to vote. I vote no, and then I go back home.” Photograph: Getty Images

Nothing lukewarm in Irish sensibility: If Britain leaves it should not drag NI with it

The European Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favour of a European Commission anti-tax avoidance package on Wednesday, though most Irish MEPs abstained or rejected the proposal.

Most Irish MEPs abastain or reject measure

Concerns about new Government’s commitment to deficit and debt targets

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini: aim of the plan is to “save lives in the Mediterranean”. Photograph:  Vincent Kessler

Programme will target Lebanon and Jordan, as well as a number of African countries

Leaflets delivered recently to British households, relating to the forthcoming European Union referendum. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Ahead of Brexit vote, EU experiencing a dip in public support in France, Spain and Italy.

Sinn Fein’s Matt Carthy has launched a stinging attack on Ireland’s corporate tax regime, arguing that Ireland’s reputation as an “enabler of massive tax avoidance for large corporations” is justified.

MEP says Ireland’s reputation as an ‘enabler of massive tax avoidance’ is justified

Sarah Rooney: “Living in Brussels means you can jump on a train to London to visit friends”

Irish will be a fully fledged language of the EU by 2022, and the drive is on to recruit translators. Officials see it as a rare o(...)

Greece’s finance minister Euclid Tsakalotos and European commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Pierre Moscovici during an Ecofin meeting in Brussels on Wednesday. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty

Decision on proposals to clamp down on avoidance postponed until next month

Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras. Photograph: Osman Orsal/Reuters

Europe Letter: Alexis Tsipras unlocks €10.3bn in funds and a woolly commitment

Former British prime minister Gordon Brown: the idea that sovereign states alone could solve the world’s problems was unrealistic, he told members of the centre-left Socialists and Democrats group at the European Parliament. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Social rights, economic health and security at stake in Brexit referendum, says former PM

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Dutch finance minister and head of the group of euro-area finance ministers, speaks during a news conference following a Eurogroup meeting of European finance ministers in Brussels. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Eurogroup sanctions release of €10.3 billion for Athens and commits to ease debt burden

Irish businesses are ahead of their EU counterparts in terms of overall online trade. E-commerce accounts for 19 of Irish SME turnover, compared to the EU average of 9.4 per cent.

European Commission survey finds Ireland sell double the EU average online

Up to ten EU countries, including Ireland, are poised to resist giving final sign-off to a new anti-tax avoidance package announced by the European Commission. Photograph: iStock

Up to ten countries unlikely to sign off on agreement

Tensions between the IMF and Greece’s European lenders have plagued the third Greek bailout, with the IMF pushing for greater debt relief measures than euro zone finance ministers are willing to grant

Strains grow between indebted nation’s lenders and IMF over extension of relief

 Alexander Van der Bellen  waving to supporters at the Palais Auersperg on Sunday after the Austrian presidential elections run off, in which he defeated the far-right candidate  Norbert Hofer. Photograph: Florian Weiser/EPA

Independent Alexander Van der Bellen edges to victory over Freedom Party’s Norbert Hofer

Greenpeace activists display a banner against TTIP free trade agreement while suspended on one of the Kio towers in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Andrea Comas/Reuters

Companies will be able to sue national governments under planned TTIP agreement

Trojan horse: anti-trade-deal campaigners protest on the eve of President Obama’s vist to Hannover in April. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty

Proponents of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership say it will boost economies – Ireland’s in particular. So why ar(...)

European Council president Donald Tusk: “When I hear the EU being compared to the plans and projects of Adolf Hitler I cannot remain silent”

In-work benefits for Irish people may hang in the balance after Brexit vote

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan:  the European Commission has expressed frustration with recent Irish economic policy decisions, noting that ‘efforts to broaden the tax base have been limited’. Photograph: AFP

EU officials concerned about changes to USC and planned suspension of water charges

British prime minister David Cameron  meets Taoiseach  Enda Kenny  in Brussels in February. Mr Kenny raised the issue of in-work benefits for Irish citizens living in the UK. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/EPA

Brussels concerned that bid for special treatment may breach EU law

Minister for Agriculture Michael Creed: Called for the European Commission to allow the deferral of super-levy liability payments by farmers. Photograph: The Irish Times

Minister for Agriculture Michael Creed calls for changes to super levy payments scheme

Tánaiste and Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald said it would be “going down a very dangerous route’’ if they insisted, not that they could, that all legal privilege between clients and lawyers should be in the public domain. File photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Remarks follow claim O’Sullivan’s counsel said McCabe acted in malice in O’Higgins inquiry

Changes negotiated by David Cameron span four main areas – greater power for national parliaments, more protection for non-euro zone member states, economic competitiveness and limits on in-work benefits paid to migrants and index-linked child benefit payments. Photograph: Getty Images

Even if UK votes to remain a period of uncertainty and tough political talks will ensue

Various statements by Michael Noonan suggested that retroactive direct recapitalisation was not longer being sought. Photographs: The Irish Times

Noonan’s comments confirmation matter not being pursued

Syrian migrants cross under a fence as they enter Hungary at the border with Serbia last August. Photograph: Reuters

Two journalists tell powerful tales from the front lines of the European migrant crisis – and offer damning indictments of the off(...)

Danny McCoy says account must be taken of investment deficits. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Danny McCoy wants fiscal rules to become more flexible

A ceremony on  Europe Day in Rome on Monday. The day is aimed at celebrating peace and unity on the continent. Photograph: EPA/Massimo Percossi

Brexit vote focusing EU minds on role, definition and future relevance of union

A Lego store in Shanghai: if China gets market-economy status it would make it more difficult to impose steep tariffs on Chinese goods. Photograph: Aly Song/Reuters

Tensions grow as EU veers away from granting market-economy status to Beijing

The president of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz (right), and Turkey’s minister of EU affairs Volkan Bozkir  after a meeting at the European Parliament. Photograph: AFP Photo/Patrick Hertzog

Ankara says anti-terrorism law cannot be changed despite being crucial to accord

Ireland South MEP Brian Crowley: His non-attendance  due to illness meant that Ireland had one of the lowest participation rates in the European Union. Mr Crowley continues to participate in European Parliament work through his office in Cork. Photograph: Michael MacSweeney/Provision

New figures show average attendance rate of 81 per cent in 2015, up from 76 per cent

European Parliament building in  Strasbourg, France: The report commissioned by the parliament’s Green group argues that certain US states “behave like tax havens” by not obliging financial institutions to provide information on the beneficial owners behind firms, allowing for the creation of shell companies. Photograph: Getty

Tensions between the EU and the US over tax follow investigations into Apple in Ireland

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Dutch finance minister and head of the group of euro-area finance ministers, right, and Euclid Tsakalotos, Greece’s finance minister in Brussels. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

But euro-group finance ministers push forward final decision until later this month

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan said that while the projections for Ireland three years ago was that Ireland would be paying about €11 billion in debt servicing costs at this stage, the cost was now around €6 billion.

Minister for Finance says circumstances have changed and State will not ask for further easing

 Medication workers, affiliated to the Communist party, participate in a demonstration against reforms to the tax and pension system in Athens, Greece. Photograph:  EPA/Orestis Panagiotou

Weekend protests as Tsipras government tries to secure approval for €5.4bn package of cuts

Pope Francis shakes hands with Italian premier Matteo Renzi, as German chancellor Angela Merkel looks on, during a ceremony where he was awarded the International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen (Karlspreis) at the Vatican on Friday. Photograph:  L’Osservatore Romano/Pool Photo via AP

Refugees and economy feature in powerful acceptance speech for Charlemagne Prize

Pope Francis: will receive the Charlemagne Prize at a ceremony in the Vatican on Friday. Photograph:  Filippo Monteforte/AFP/Getty Images

European Parliament head criticises EU ahead of awarding of prize to Pope Francis

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel with Turkey’s prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu after visiting a refugee camp in Turkey late last month. Photograph: Steffen Kugler/EPA

Controversial promise to Ankara was always going to meet opposition

European Commission First vice president Frans Timmermans said since the EU-Turkey migration deal had come into effect, the number of migrants arriving to Greece had fallen to less than 100 per day. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Proposal is key concession offered by the EU as part of March deal to tackle migrant crisis

Photograph: Bloomberg

European Commission revises its growth forecast for Ireland upwards to 4.9%

Prof Michael O’Flaherty,  director of the  EU Agency for Fundamental Rights. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónailln

Michael O’Flaherty heads up independent body looking out for the downtrodden

Protesters wear masks of US President Barack Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel as they demonstrate against Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) free trade agreement before the opening ceremony of the Hannover Messe in Hanover, Germany on April 24th. Photograph: REUTERS/Kai Pfaffenbach

The US government wants to wrap up the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) deal this year

MEPS have told Mario Draghi that Irish banks are overcharging their customers. Photograph: EPA

ECB should address standard variable products, letter says

EU Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly published a report last year which found the European Commission’s approach to publicising meetings with  lobbyists was “inadequate, unreliable and unsatisfactory”. Photograph: Alan Betson

The murky world of tobacco lobbying remains a powerful force in Brussels

A baby at a makeshift camp for migrants and refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border. Hanging the country out to dry and expelling it from the euro area as it grapples with Europe’s biggest refugee crisis since the Second World War is not an option.  REUTERS/Alexandros Avramidis

Europe’s twin challenges of the refugee crisis and the Brexit referendum may strengthen Greece’s hand as it enters a crucial stage(...)

Greek Finance Minister Euclid Tsakalotos: the eurogroup and IMF have announced that Greece should prepare an extra €3.6 billion in cuts if it fails to meet primary surplus target of 3.5% by 2018 . Photograph: François Lenoir

Euro zone finance ministers on standby for extraordinary eurogroup meeting on Greece

IMF managing director Christine Lagarde has described the approach to the Greek crisis as a “two legged” approach. Photograph: Stephen Jaffe/EPA

Eurogroup of finance ministers agree to endorse a new ‘contingency package’

While the blocs are working closely on some issues they are far apart on others, in particular data privacy

The government of  Alexis Tsipras has pushed through dozens of reforms, but many outstanding issues remain. Photograph: EPA

Amsterdam meeting expected to expose differences between IMF and Greece’s EU lenders

The commission accuses Google of abusing its market dominance by preinstalling apps on the Android devices it sells in Europe, while also preloading Google Search as the default search engine in some cases. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP

Europe Letter: Many in US see Google case as part of clampdown on US multinationals

Children cover their faces to protect themselves from dust amid strong winds at a makeshift camp for migrants and refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni on Wednesday. Photograph:  Daniel Mihailescu/ AFP/Getty Images

UNHCR says hundreds of migrants may have drowned in Mediterranean this week

The accusation that Google is abusing the dominant market position of its Android operating system is the latest in a series of clampdowns by the European Commission on US multinational companies. File photograph: Peter Power/Reuters

Google has 12 weeks to respond to charge and could face European Commission fine

British foreign secretary Philip Hammond (centre right) tours a naval base with Libya’s prime minister-designate Fayez Sarraj (centre left) during his visit to Tripoli on Monday. Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Spain and France press for mandate to enter Libyan waters amid fear of rise in refugees

Vote on Passenger Name Records before European Parliament on Thursday

Members of the European Parliament take part in a voting session in Strasbourg, France. Photograph: Vincent Kessler/Reuters

Europe Letter: MEPs call for EU information to be included in member states’ classrooms

A boy stands outside a tent at a makeshift camp for refugees and migrants at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece. Photograph: Stoyan Nenov/Reuters

Donald Tusk defends European Union’s response to the refugee crisis

European Commissioners Pierre Moscovici, Jonathan Hill and Dimitris Avramopoulos: Mr Hill has defended the EU’s decision to confine rules on tax reporting to companies with revenues exceeding €750 million. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Firms with revenues of over €750m would have to disclose details under proposed law

Independent MEP Nessa Childers says the  new Passenger Name Records  directive is “a bad deal for both the liberty and the security of European citizens”. Photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Sinn Féin MEPs and Nessa Childers to vote against legislation in European Parliament

Disclosure rules to apply for firms doing more than €750m of business in Europe

No surprise that David Cameron urged young people to vote. Photograph:  Kerry Davies/AFP/Getty Images

Nationalist backlash across EU sparked by lack of democratic accountability

European Commissioner in charge of economic and financial affairs Pierre Moscovici. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

European Commission to unveil new reporting rules following Panama Papers revelations

Mohamed Abrini:  admitted to Belgian police he was “the man in the hat” who had been captured in CCTV footage alongside two other Brussels Airport bombers minutes before two explosions at the city’s airport on March 22nd. Photograph:  Belgian federal police/AFP/Getty Images

Terrorists changed target after Paris suspect Salah Abdeslam’s arrest, prosecutors say

Activists swim as they try to interfere the deportation of  migrants on board a ferry set to sail for Turkey in the port of Mytilini on the Greek island of Lesbos. Photograph:  Petros Giannakouris/AP

Protests in Lesbos as boats resume between Greece and Turkey under EU deal

Paris attacks suspects Mohamed Abrini and  Salah Abdeslam (right) in north Paris on November 11th, 2015. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Mohamed Abrini detained and thought to be ‘man in the hat’ at Zaventem airport

Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte: Dutch voters rejected the trade deal by almost two to one. in Photograph: Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images

‘As far as France and Germany, we will continue to support Ukraine,’ says Hollande

The “man in hat”  suspect in the attack  at the Brussels international airport of Zaventem,  seen in a still from CCTV footage made available by Belgian Police.  File photograph: Belgian Federal Police/Reuters

Authorities especially interested in anyone who may have filmed or photographed man

First vice-president of the European Commission Frans Timmermans casting his vote in the Dutch referendum on the association agreement between the EU and Ukraine. Photograph: AFP Photo/Marcel van Hoorn

Eurosceptics say No vote in referendum equals blow against ‘Brussels elite’

Migrants and refugees protest to have a border gate opened at their makeshift camp in the northern Greek border village of Idomeni on Wednesday. Photograph:  Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Peter Sutherland welcomes pledge to reform Dublin rule for ‘catastrophic situation’

A man holds his hands up behind a chain link fence as Pakistani and Afghan migrants protest inside the Moria detention centre in Mytilene on the Greek island of Lesbos on Tuesday  against deportation to Turkey.  Photograph: Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images

Relocation plan slowed by delays in processing migrants at EU ‘hotspots’ in Greece and Italy

 Syrian refugees arrive at Hannover Airport in  Germany on Monday under the controversial “one for one” plan. Photograph: Holger Hollemann/EPA

European Commission welcomes ‘logical’ system as human rights bodies critical

Salah Abdeslam has been been held in a high-security jail since his dramatic arrest at a Brussels flat on Friday. AFP/Getty Images

Belgian court makes decision after lawyer says terror suspect wishes to co-operate

Commuters near Brussels Central Station as they return to work after the Easter holidays. The mayor of Brussels, Yvan Mayeur, says the EU’s capital can never go back to “normal” again. Photograph: AP Photo/Alastair Grant

As suspects remain at large, the country seeks to manage its complex politics

Belgian prime minister Charles Michel (right) with Indian prime minister Narendra Modi in Brussels on Wednesday during a state visit by Mr Modi. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

Brussels attacks: details of Charles Michel’s office found on computer, says reports

People gather at the Place de la Bourse to pay tribute to the victims of Tuesday’s bomb attacks in Brussels, Belgium, March 25th, 2016. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

Prosecutor denies media reports of nuclear access badge being stolen by militants

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