British prime minister Theresa May takes a seat as she arrives for a bilateral meeting with European Council president Donald Tusk during the EU summit in Brussels. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AFP/Getty Images

Leo Varadkar suggests UK stance is gradually moving closer to EU’s position

Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan: there is deep concern over the autocratic leanings of his government and that  Turkey is “no longer on a European path”. Photograph: Presidency Press Service via AP, Pool

Member state leaders also found time to discuss migration, tax, Turkey and Iran

French president Emmanuel Macron arrives at a meeting in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/AFP/Getty Images

Ahead of this summit, Donald Tusk toured EU capitals to sound out a ‘leaders’ agenda’

 Taoiseach Leo Varadkar was unwilling to echo more apocalyptic language used by  Commissioner Phil Hogan  warning that the EU is on a cliff edge.  Photograph: REUTERS/Eric Vidal

‘If UK is leaving the EU, it is incumbent on them to put forward detailed proposals’

Flags of EU members in the atrium of the European Council ahead of a two-day EU leaders’ summit in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Commissioner Phil Hogan says EU summit will show 27 member states never more united

Sebastian Kurz, leader  of the centre-right Austrian People’s Party (OVP): likely to bring  Heinz-Christian Strache’s far-right Freedom Party into government. Photograph: Alex Halada/AFP/Getty Images

Success of Freedom Party in Austria’s election shows populism far from a spent force

Phil Hogan, European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Developmenton, said: “What becomes more obvious day-by-day is that the Brexiteers are hooked on brinkmanship – and have been since the beginning”. File photograph: Alan Betson

‘We are now so close to the cliff edge of a hard Brexit ... we can see the drop’ - Ireland’s EU Commissioner

The EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier: says pace of “divorce” talks inadequate. Photograph: Liam McBurney/PA

Simon Coveney welcomes ‘very strong language on Ireland’ in EU summit documents

A report by the Council of Europe’s Gender Equality Commission examined progress by 46 countries towards having at least 40 per cent of both men and women taking part in different aspects of political and public life.

Council of Europe report finds target of 40% participation hit by only Sweden and Finland

EU high representative for foreign affairs and security policy Federica Mogherini: said Mr Trump has promised to consult allies on the agreement and to take account of their strategic interests. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Foreign ministers pledge to lobby US Congress over Trump move to repudiate deal

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar: Nobody wants a hard Brexit. Photograph: EPA

EU also notes UK’s lack of ‘concrete commitment’ on divorce bill

 EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has  claimed Donald Trump’s “decertification” of the Iran nuclear deal  was driven by domestic politics and had no standing in international law. File photograph:Domenic Aquilina/EPA

EU foreign policy boss says the US president ‘has many powers, but not this one’

Ireland’s beef sector would be particularly vulnerable to a massive influx of beef, not least with Brexit looming.

Irish minister concerned EU is vulnerable to massive influx of beef from Mercosur countries

Demonstrators fly a European Union flag and a Union Jack outside  the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, central London,  October 12th, 2017. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Latest round of talks end with no sign of progress hoped for after May’s Florence speech

UK chief Brexit negotiator David Davis (left) and the EU’s chief negotiator  Michel Barnier  give a press briefing at the end of the fifth round of negotiations  at the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium, today. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Frustration of EU negotiator could be eased if EU leaders give him enlarged mandate

European Union chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier  participates in a media conference  in Brussels. Photograph:Olivier Matthys/AP

Barnier says sides are deadlocked over how much Britain should pay when it leaves

Brexit secretary David Davis with Michel Barnier, chief negotiator for the EU. Bereft of developments, creative colleagues in the British press have latched on to supposedly significant “angles”. Photograph: Bloomberg

Lack of progress in Brexit talks turns press briefings into a farce

The  European Court of Justice  in Luxembourg ruled on a dispute involving the Motor Insurers Bureau of Ireland. Photograph: iStock

Motor Insurers Bureau of Ireland is in effect an arm of State, top European court finds

EU agriculture commissioner Phil Hogan   recently said he is “digging his heels in” to ensure the trade agreement does not allow for the import of lower quality beef into the EU. Photograph: Finbarr O’Rourke

EU trade deals being negotiated may lead to glut of beef in European markets

The ESRI has warned of a potential impact on trade from a hard Brexit - where we are subject to WTO-level tariffs. Photograph: The Irish Times

Analysis: UK is the biggest importer of Irish agri-food, representing 47% of Irish exports

“We never lose our sense of connectedness to our home country. Please don’t make us wait for retirement to be able to vote!” Photograph: Getty Images

Irish official expresses regret at failure of governments to address issue of voting rights

Referendum: Catalans wear pro-independence flags in Barcelona on Tuesday. Photograph: Alberto Estevez/EPA

Europe Letter: EU will offer Spanish region no favours if it carries through on threat

When a VAT registered trader buys goods from another EU member state, he does not pay VAT on import, only charging and accounting for VAT when he sells the goods on the domestic market.

It estimates fraud costs it €50bn a year

Michel Barnier, the European chief negotiator  on Brexit, and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker attend a session at the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, on October 3rd. Photograph: Patrick Seeger/EPA

‘Northern Ireland Brexit solution will be part of the UK solution,’ insists Dodds

People celebrate after the Catalonia independence referendum in Barcelona, Spain. Photograph: Santi Donaire/EPA

Commission refuses to condemn Spanish government or police for violent scenes

Ireland has expressed a preference for hosting Europe’s drugs regulator, the European Medical Agency (EMA), after Brexit. File photograph: Getty Images

Ireland is seeking to host European Medical Agency and European Banking Authority

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar arrives for the Tallinn Digital Summit in Tallinn, Estonia. “If we want to foster innovation, the solution is not more taxes and more regulation, it’s actually the opposite.” Photograph: Valda Kalnina/EPA

Taoiseach defends Ireland’s low tax stance amid calls for harmonisation of tax rates

Following French president Emmanuel Macron’s strong championing of corporation tax harmonisation in his speech last week, the idea was also backed by German chancellor Angela Merkel on the fringes of Tallinn. Photograph: Valda Kalnina/EPA

Digital summit in Estonia full of futuristic promises but also potential stumbling blocks

European Council president Donald Tusk gives a press conference after the European Union digital summit in Tallinn, Estonia. Photograph: Ilmars Znotins/AFP/Getty Images

Tallinn’s DigitExpo treats heads of EU governments to display of artificial intelligence

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar: “If you want those companies to generate in Europe it not through heavy taxes and more regulation”. File photograph Brian Lawless/PA

Taoiseach: solution is not more taxes and regulation, it’s actually the opposite

United Kingdom’s Brexit secretary of state David Davis (L) is welcomed by Michel Barnier (R) in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Parties begin drafting common principles needed to underpin Common Travel Area

'What the Estonians would like is for the leaders to back what will undoubtedly be called the ‘Tallinn Agenda'.' Photograph: Toby Melville/Reuters

Europe Letter: Tallinn digital summit to be attended by all but one of EU’s heads of state

French president Emmanuel Macron delivers a speech to set out plans for reforming the European Union at the Sorbonne in Paris, France. Photograph:  Reuters/Ludovic Marin/Pool

Angela Merkel’s weakened parliamentary mandate seriously undercuts the possibility of support for the French president’s proposals

No cherrypicking: Michel Barnier, chief negotiator for the European Union,  was clear in his message to the UK’s David Davis. Photograph: Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

EU chief negotiator responds to David Davis’s comments about ‘regulatory divergence’

EC vice-president Frans Timmermans. Photograph: Reuters/Francois Lenoir

Andrzej Duda has said he wants greater control over judicial appointments

Irish officials  criticised the fact that those working in European institutions were disenfranchised from Irish elections, unlike Irish diplomats living abroad. Photographer: Aidan Crawley/Bloomberg

Officials say Irish Government, seeking support for relocation, have neglected them

Michel Barnier: “Today’s speech does not clarify how the UK intends to honour its special responsibility for the consequences of its withdrawal for Ireland.” Photograph: Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

Cautious welcome from EU, but will it mean ‘sufficient progress’ has been made in talks?

The European Commission suggested that EU plans to harmonise tax rules across the bloc could be used to incorporate new rules on digital taxation. Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire

Commission paper set outs roadmap for reforming how digital firms should be taxed

Migrants at a detention centre in Zawiyah, Libya, in 2015: there are claims Rome has been paying off Libyan warlords and militias linked to people-traffickers. Photograph: Tyler Hicks/New York Times

Europe Letter: Warlords and militia play dark role in curbing flight of refugees

The Council of Europe’s Group of Experts on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings  stressed the need to  pay increased attention to prevention and protection measures addressing the particular vulnerability of children to trafficking. File photograph: iStockPhoto

Department of Justice defends accommodation but promises it will be reviewed

 An engineer monitors a cyber threat map.  “Businesses are divided in two. Those who believe they have been attacked. And those who don’t know they have been attacked.” Photograph: Erdem Sahin/EPA

Beefed-up EU Cybersecurity Agency will share threat knowledge to prevent cyber attacks

Ireland  has seen some €10bn   invested here in the last decade by biopharmaceutical and biologics businesses

Dublin one of 19 cities vying for EU’s medicines regulatory agency

Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe said Ireland is opposed to what it sees as proposals which undermine its corporate tax system. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

The proposals plan to tax giant digital companies on turnover rather than profits

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker addresses the European Parliament during a debate on the state of the EU, in Strasbourg, France, on Wednesday. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

The EU’s game plan has been laid out but what about the Brexit-shaped elephant in the room?

Brexit had the potential to adversely affect Ireland “more than any other EU state” in terms of security, Minister for Justice Charlie Flanagan said, because of the national threat from dissident republicanism. File photograph:  Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Minister for Justice says UK must clarify position on security co-operation post-Brexit

 Brussels’ new   site aimed at countering Russian propaganda – “EU vs disinfo”, – makes for compulsive reading, documenting the more far-flung claims – 3,000 in the last year – and tracking their emergence

Europe Letter: Moscow’s disinformation campaign covers the seedy and the political

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker addressing the European Parliament in Strasbourg: he said the EU must seize the moment of economic upturn  and “catch the trade winds in our sails”. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

European Commission president calls Brexit ‘tragic’ in brief mention in state of union speech

Demonstrators head towards Parliament Square during the anti-Brexit People’s March for Europe, in central London. Photograph: Tolga Akmen/Reuters

Multiple programmes – the fruit of the Belfast Agreement – are threatened by Brexit

The European chief negotiator  Michel Barnier called on Britain not to use the Irish Border as a test case for wider Brexit border issues. Photograph: EPA

EU sets out position on Border, criticising UK negotiating stance

The Commission task force insists that any solution involving the creation of a “frictionless” Border will have to be unique to the island of Ireland. Photograph:Paul Faith/AFP/Getty Images

Any Irish Border solution must respect integrity of EU’s legal order and single market

A Union Jack and an EU flag fly outside the Houses of Parliament in London, Britain. File photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

European Commission to publish its long-awaited Brexit paper on Ireland

Border defence: Hungarian prisoners build a fence at their country’s border with Serbia, as part of its efforts to keep migrants and refugees from freely entering the country. Photograph: Csaba Segesvari/AFP/Getty

Europe Letter: Pair have rejected refugees and threatened the rule of law

Hungarian hostility: migrants face police at Budapest’s main railway station in 2015. Photograph: Laszlo Balogh/Reuters

Decision underpins principle of burden sharing after Greek and Italian crises

Sara Gibadlo (left,19) of Oranmore, Co Galway, and Dace Zarina (22), from Co Longford, who died in a fire at a residence linked to a college in Leuven, Belgium.

Lawyers for the families welcome verdict but say ‘unfortunately a lot of questions remain’

German chancellor Angela Merkel greets Turkey’s president Recep Tayyip Erdogan at the beginning of the G20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, on July 7th. Photograph: John MacDougall/Reuters

Any decision to suspend stalled talks a matter for heads of government, European Commission says

Coveney-Barnier talks: Ireland and the commission are disappointed with the UK’s lack of detail. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

Republic in ‘uniquely vulnerable position’, Minister tells chief negotiator

Expat Brits: UK citizens living abroad are to keep their pension and welfare entitlements after Brexit. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty

Progress is slow in talks about 3.5m EU nationals in the UK and 1.2m Britons in the EU

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (r) participates in a press conference withBritish Brexit secretary David Davis in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

British side guarantees free movement of all EU citizens between Ireland and Britain

Michel Barnier: the EU’s chief negotiator believes the UK has barely shifted. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

London says €100bn divorce bill is unjustified. Brussels is growing impatient

Self-destructive?: Theresa May seems to hate the European Court of Justice, but any post-Brexit trade deal will involve an ECJ by another name. Photograph: Lukas Schulze/Getty

Europe Letter: You don’t have to love the EU to see that it plays a vital role

Brexit co-ordinator for the European Parliament Guy Verhofstadt  speaking during  Brexit negotiations  in Brussels. Photograph: EPA/Stephanie Lecocq

UK team repeats wish to move beyond talks on divorce terms to those on future relationship

UK Brexit secretary David Davis with EU chief negotiator for the Brexit talks, Michel Barnier, in Brussels on Monday. Photograph:  Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

European Commission chief says ‘huge number of questions’ remain to be settled

Britain’s secretary of state for exiting the EU, David Davis, and the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator, Michel Barnier. Talks between the UK and the commission are due to resume on September 28th. Photograph: Reuters

Commission says trade issues will be dealt with in second phase of Brexit talks

A member of Border Communities Against Brexit at a mock customs post set up at  a press event last February at Carrickcarnon between Dundalk and Newry. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Tory Brexiteers won’t be happy with the notion of policing migrants after they enter the UK

The UK’s Brexit secretary David Davis Photographer: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

UK sets out position on Border in key document ahead of Brexit

UK’s Brexit secretary David Davis:  The customs paper makes clear that the UK will leave both the EU single market and customs union, but suggests two possible forms of tailor-made customs relationships to replace them. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Proposal for transition period to avoid Brexit cliff-face and deal with Irish Border issue

 Michel Barnier: said he would be ready to meet with UK negotiators on August 15th, two weeks earlier than planned, depending on how prepared they are. Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

EU negotiator concerned at slow progress as October milestone approaches

Brian Cowen criticised  EU during honorary degree ceremony. Photograph: Alan Betson

European Commission rejects Brian Cowen’s criticism that it made ‘inappropriate’ decisions

Ireland’s finance minister Paschal Donohoe talks with Cypriot finance minister Harris Georgiades and president of the European Investment Bank Werner Hoyer. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Calculating the UK’s ‘share’ of the EIB is likely to prove difficult and contentious

Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo: said her government was open to discussions. Photograph: Balazs Mohai/EPA

Poland may get formal warning for ‘serious and persistent breaches’ of EU values

An official carries a Union Jack flag ahead of a news conference in Brussels by Britain’s Brexit secretary  David Davis and EU Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier. Photograph:  Reuters/Francois Lenoir

Six-a-side Irish talks opened on Tuesday under watchful eye of Irish Embassy

Britain’s Brexit secretary David Davis and European Union’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier at a joint news conference in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Michel Barnier says Britain needs to clarify position on key issues such as bill for leaving

French president Emmanuel Macron and  German chancellor Angela Merkel take time out from  meetings in  Paris, France, earlier this month. File photograph: Matthieu Alexandre/AFP/Getty Images

Europe Letter: Paschal Donohoe take note - Irish tax regime once again in the firing line

 British Brexit  minister  David Davis: The UK is understood to have demanded a far more detailed breakdown of the EU’s methodology for calculating its financial liabilities, widely estimated at some €65 billion. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/AFP/Getty Images

Brexit talks making progress on travel rules but split on citizens’ rights and divorce bill

Brexit secretary David Davis (L) and Michel Barnier, chief EU negotiator.  Photograph: Dario Pignatelli/Bloomberg

EU negotiator reportedly issues warning over estimated €65 billion settlement

A protest in front of the District Court building in Lodz, Poland against changes in the judicial law and the supreme court. Photograph: EPA/Grzegorz Michalowski

New sweeping powers to hire and fire judges have prompted concerns across EU

EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier (second from left) and UK Brexit secretary David Davis (second from right) prepare with officials for talks at the EU headquarters in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Jennifer Jacquemart/EU/PA Wire

Border among three priorities discussed at first of week-long Brussels talks

Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney discussed his recent visit to the Middle East in a bilateral meeting with British foreign secretary Boris Johnson in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Simon Coveney says Ireland sympathises with Italian concerns about refugees

Britain’s foreign secretary Boris Johnson Foreign secretary Boris Johnson will call for new measures against senior military officers. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty

EU and UK Brexit negotiators will also gather in Brussels for the first formal week of talks

Ibec chief executive Danny McCoy: he said the UK approach continued to put short-term political concerns ahead of jobs and the needs of business

McCoy says Britain is heading towards economically calamitous Brexit divorce

Minister for Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe greets Dutch finance minister and president of the eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Europe Letter: EU expectations will colour Paschal Donohoe’s summer statement

EU’s chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier hopes the “political analysis” next week will make progress  on defining the elements of the Common Travel Area. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Michel Barnier reacts to Boris Johnson jibe, saying ‘no whistling, just a clock ticking’

 German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble, German MEP chairman of committee of inquiry into money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion (PANA) Werner Langen, Italian finance minister Pier Carlo Padoan and Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe, during a hearing by the “Panama Papers” committee of the European parliament, in Brussels. Photograph: EPA/Olivier Hoslet

Minister for Finance tries to persuade MEPs that Ireland now one of the ‘good guys’

Minister for Finance and Public Expenditure Paschal Donohoe and Cyprus’ finance minister Haris Georgiades at the Economic and Financial (Ecofin) Affairs Council meeting in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Ecofin meeting in Brussels considering action plan of European Council committee

Eurogroup welcome: Dutch finance minister and Eurogroup president Jeroen Dijsselbloem with Minister for Finance Paschal Donohoe in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Report broadly endorses economic strategy but urges fiscal caution

Michel Barnier: This week he will set out the negotiating team’s perspective on the UK offer.  Photograph: Aurore Belot/AFP/Getty Images

Letter is key show of political unity and purpose on Brexit from across parliament

Japan’s prime minister Shinzo Abe is welcomed by Belgian counterpart Charles Michel ahead of a meeting in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Reuters

Brussels eyes openings for agriculture while Tokyo looks to boost car exports

British prime minister Theresa May: ‘We will not have truly left the European Union if we are not in control of our own laws.’ Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire

Europe Letter: Prime minister’s apparent phobia promises bonfire of the courts

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), one of the big four accountancy and auditing firms. Photograph: Philip Toscano/PA Wire

Survey on global tax avoidance calls for new measures

Jean-Claude Juncker delivering a speech to the European Parliament in 2016. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Europe’s Future: The bloc's current crisis will not be fixed by adjusting voting procedures

European Union Commissioner for Competition Margrethe Vestager. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP Photo

Agency is considered to be one of world’s most sophisticated antitrust enforcers

A new Irish Times series explores the EU’s future and the pressures it still faces

Manual labour: Poor EU citizens “are likely to migrate to richer member states to improve their income chances”. But the pressures to migrate to wealthier countries “may have political effects in receiving states, with the rise of anti-immigrant sentiment”. File photograph: Getty Images

Europe Letter: Income disparity has bad effects and must be tackled, warns ECB chief

British prime minister Theresa May said on Monday she wanted to end the anxiety of EU nationals fearful of their future after Brexit. But she was jeered by critics in the House of Commons.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Key differences remain, however, which will form the basis of difficult Brexit discussions

Brexit talks: David Davis, the UK Brexit secretary, and Michel Barnier, the EU’s chief negotiator, in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

It’s simply business as usual for a strangely unobsessed European Commission

 German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Emmanuel Macron  at  the end of the European Council summit in Brussels. Photograph:  EPA

European Council president Donald Tusk says ‘Brexit took up very little time’

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar arrives for a two-day EU council meeting in Brussels, June 22nd. Photograph: EPA

EU flag to fly over range of military projects from peacekeeping to weapons research

EU summit: Theresa May, the British PM, arrives for the talks. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

British PM comes close to European stance as Taoiseach flags ‘open door’ for UK return

German chancellor Angela Merkel and British prime minister Theresa May share a lighthearted moment at the European Union leaders’ summit in Brussels. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

EU citizens in Britain would acquire special status after residing in the UK for five years

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