Riot police charge protesters amid a clouds of tear gas during a demonstration in Paris, France,  May 26th, 2016. The demonstration took  place as part of widespread protests against the French government’s labour reform project. Photograph: Jeremy Lempin/EPA

Difficult to see how tournament can go ahead if strikes, protests and shortages continue

Secretary-general of the Confédération Générale de Travail (CGT) Philippe Martinez: until the present crisis, he was virtually unknown. Photograph: Alain Jocard/AFP/Getty Images

Leader of communist CGT ‘wants to bring France to its knees’, according to ‘Le Figaro’

Fianna Fáil leader Micheál Martin: said the proposed period for the Dáil to rise is “too early and it is too long”. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

As the Dáil is set to get about three months holidays, we look at the norm in other jurisdictions

People pass a security check at the Stade Roland Garros in Paris yesterday, where the French Open is being played. Photograph: Christophe Ena/AP

France reveals 90,000-strong security force for tournament amid fears of attacks

Workers on strike block the access to the harbour of Saint-Nazaire, western france. Photograph: Getty Images

Trade unions railing against new labour laws employing more drastic protest measures

Bardo massacre: Moncef Ben Moussa, the museum’s director. Photograph: Emeric Fohlen/NurPhoto via Getty

Visitor numbers at Tunisia’s famous Bardo museum collapsed after the jihadist massacre in March 2015. It’s what the terrorists wan(...)

An Egyptian Defence Ministry  search  for missing EgyptAir flight MS804  off the Egyptian coast, north of Alexandria. Photograph:  Egyptian Defence Ministry/EPA

If aircraft downed by Islamists, the jihadists are tardy in claiming credit for grisly crime

French police  at Charles de Gaulle airport: The crash of the EgyptAir flight coincided with the extension of France’s state of emergency for the third time since the November 13th, 2015, attacks that killed 130 people. Photograph: Christophe Morin/Bloomberg

French and Egyptian leaders vow close co-operation after 66 die over Mediterranean

Families of passengers on the EgyptAir plane that vanished en route from Paris wait at Cairo Airport. Photograph: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

French and Egyptian officials suspect terrorism amid confusion over debris

The Egyptair Airbus 320, which disappeared from radar over the Mediterranean on Thursday pictured in Vienna, Austria, in August last year. Photograph: Thomas Ranner/Reuters

Greek authorities say no aircraft wreckage found despite airline's earlier claims

Jean-Pierre Filiu disagrees with Barack Obama’s refusal to intervene in Syria because the US did not know who would replace Assad. Photograph: James Leynse

Expert says talk of dictators and jihadists overlooks the people’s rights

Abdelhamid Abaaoud: the presumed mastermind behind the Paris attacks said he was able to return to Syria from Europe despite being pursued by intelligence agencies. Photograph: AP

France tried to arrest or kill Islamic State terrorist before he struck

Protesters clash with police in Nantes on Tuesday during a demonstration against the use of the French constitution’s article 49,3 allowing the government to bypass parliament and force through labour reforms. Photograph: AFP Photo/Jean-Sebastien Evrard

Spectre of French government falling recedes after left-wing rebels fail to muster sufficient numbers

A demonstrator holds a board reading  “The temperature rises” during a protest in front of the National Assembly in Paris: Prime minister Manuel   Valls pleaded with a socialist group meeting before asking the cabinet to authorise use of article 49.3 of the constitution. Photograph: Christophe Ena/AP

Unpopular changes to be forced through parliament in move that could sink government

 Denis Baupin: Female officials from the green party EELV told the investigative website Mediapart and France Inter radio station he had assaulted or harassed them. Photograph: Jean-Sebastien Evrard/AFP/Getty Images

EELV member Denis Baupin accused of sexual aggression and harassment

French prime minister Manuel Valls: Spoke of the necessity of “preparing the population for a threat which, let there be no doubt, will strike again”. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

Initiative adds weight to existing policy on deradicalisation centres in country’s regions

An activist shouts slogans in front of French gendarmes during a demonstration in Paris yesterday against the labour law proposal. Photograph: Jacky Naegelen/Reuters

Opposition to the law from left and right is a sign of broader dissatisfaction

Masterworks: Detail from ‘Skylark’ by Pál Szinyei Merse

A beautifully curated exhibition in Paris showcases masterworks with a Hungarian edge

Smoke pours from the  World Trade Center in New York after it was struck by two planes during  the September 11th attacks in 2001: 15 of the 19 people involved in the attacks were Saudi citizens. Photograph: David Surowiecki/Getty Images

US may declassify 28 secret pages that could help explain attacks that killed nearly 3,000

Salah Abdeslam has been transferred from Belgium’s Beveren prison to Fleury-Mérogis, 30km outside Paris. Photograph: Tvbrussels via AP

Salah Abdeslam has ‘real desire to explain the facts, and how he was radicalised’

French president Francois Hollande visits the French industrial group DCNS headquarters in Paris, yesterday. Photograph: Christophe Petit Tesson/EPA

Hollande praises deal set to create nearly 7,000 jobs in partnered countries

Anti-nuclear activists   on the “Europe” bridge between Kehl, southwestern Germany, and Strasbourg, eastern France, remember the nuclear disaster in Chernobyl. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

Safety authority chief Chevet warns France is wrong to think accidents only happen to others

 Investigative journalists this month revealed an institution that is at the same time penny-pinching and profligate, worm-eaten by privilege, political favouritism and impunity. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Paris Letter: Favouritism and stealing are among antics uncovered by journalists

French foreign minister Jean-Marc Ayrault, who preside the conference on the Israeli-Palestininian conflict in Paris on May 30th said: “The parties are further apart than ever.” Photograph:  John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

France hopes to involve Israel and Palestine in an autumn ‘peace congress’ in Paris

 Leonardo DiCaprio is applauded by François Hollande and Ban Ki-moon at the UN. Photograph: Mark Lennihan/AP

Leaders of main polluter nations absent from signing of Paris accord in New York

French president François Hollande: a strong majority of voters want neither him  nor his predecessor Nicolas Sarkozy to be candidates next year but both fight on. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

Left and right: Juppé, Macron and Le Pen in lead a year before vote to succeed Hollande

French  police officers, military personnel and rescue helpers attend an exercise simulating a chemical terrorist attack in view of the Uefa Euro 2016 soccer championship  in Toulouse, southern France. Photograph: Guillaume Horcajuelo/EPA

French forces plan anti-terrorism measures in the wake of last year’s jihadist attacks

French prime minister Manuel Valls: Mr Valls said he plans to  ‘simplify and harmonise benefits very quickly, because complexity creates inequality’. Photograph: Alain Jocardalain/AFP/Getty Images

Plan to simplify process and extend payments to young people is welcomed

 French president François Hollande  visits a factory in Venette on Friday. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty

Street protests continue outside venue of French president’s two-hour appearance

Masked Palestinian Hamas militants watch the televised speech of US President Barack Obama in Rafah, southern Gaza Strip in 2009. AP Photo/Eyad Baba

Hopes for a free and democratic Arab world have drowned in the blood of 470,000 dead Syrians

 An activist clutching a suitcase stuffed with fake money demands greater transparency in new legislation following the  Panama Papers  in Berlin, Germany. File photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Image

International representatives meet at OECD to discuss response to controversy

A detail of a painting entitled “Judith Beheading Holofernes” pictured during its presentation in Paris on Tuesday. It is widely believed to have been painted by the Italian master Caravaggio. Photograph:  Charles Platiau/Reuters

The 400-year-old artwork was discovered in a property in the outskirts of Toulouse

Emmanuel Macron: Both “Libération” and “Le Figaro” devoted four pages to him in their Friday editions. Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP/Getty Images

Emmanuel Macron’s star is rising in a France desperate for a new generation of leaders

Irish photographer John Minihan in Paris on Monday, 14th March, 2016, five days before his 70th birthday. Photograph: Andrew McLeish.

How Irishman John Minihan secured his place in history by photographing the writer in Paris

Muslims hold the French flag in the Great Mosque of Strasbourg on November 20th last year to pay tribute to the victims of the  Paris terror attacks. Photograph: Patrick  Hertzog/AFP

Government should have allowed French form of Islam to emerge, says expert

 Abdeslam Salah, who was arrested by Belgian police on Friday after months on the run. Nine days before the Paris attacks, Salah and his brother Brahim Abdeslam began taking martial arts courses, apparently in training for the massacre. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Lara Marlowe: Surviving perpetrator of Paris attacks had a reputation as a bon vivant

Hunger striker: an Iranian resident of the “Jungle” camp who has sewn his lips shut. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Life in the ‘Jungle’ is miserable for everybody, but for children and their parents it is often impossible

A migrant looks on as the migrant camp the “Jungle” is dismantled in Calais.  French authorities have asked the UK to take immediately several children who applied in Calais for asylum. Photograph: Thibault Vandermersch

Unaccompanied children who qualify to enter Britain wait in France for asylum

Collaboration and empathy: Geraldine Byrne Nason, Samantha Power, Sonya Hyland, Patricia O’Brien and Barbara Jones

Diplomacy, clear focus and long-term view help forge agreement and ambition

Calais mayor Natacha Bouchart (centre) and residents of Calais protest to urge the government to help their failing businesses and restore the image of the town affected by the migrant crisis. Photograph:  Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

Demonstrators claim ‘The Jungle’ has caused business to decline by 30% to 40%

Simone Roche, Emma O’Carroll, Orla Kiely, Liz Kelsh, Ciara Hunt, Helen Lambert, Fiona Byrne, Breege O’Donoghue, Freida Gormley

To celebrate International Women's Day, we've found an outstanding bunch of Irish women whose influence is felt around the world. (...)

French president François Hollande with German chancellor Angela Merkel  after their meeting at the Elysée Palace in Paris on March 4th. Photograph: Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images

President Hollande attempts to repair damage from criticism of German policy

A makeshift shelter burns in the Jungle migrant camp in Calais, during the ongoing demolition of the camp’s southern half. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

France is so preoccupied with its own problems it will not address migrant crisis

Britain’s prime minister David Cameron and French president Francois Hollande arrive at the Musée de Picardie in Amiens for a joint press conference on Thursday. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

French statements seen by some as way of shoring up British PM’s pro-EU position

Migrants and refugees stage a protest as demolition continues at the Calais migrant camp, known as the “Jungle”, in northern France. Photograph: Gareth Fuller/PA Wire

Several thousand migrants and refugees see little hope as they are gradually driven out

“They didn’t tell us the truth about the dogs. If I’d known the dogs were dead, I wouldn’t have risked my life for €1,900. I wouldn’t have signed up. I’m not crazy”

Dogs and a monkey died from same drug before it was tried on humans

Children sit near a fire as migrants and refugees wait to cross the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, northern Greece. Photograph: Sakis Mitrolidis/AFP/Getty Images

As tensions flare, migration commissioner warns system could completely break down

Phil Hogan meeting French prime minister Manuel Valls and French agriculture minister Stephane Le Foll in Paris on Thursday. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP/Getty Images

French PM says agriculture commissioner ‘must fully assume’ his responsibilities

Taxi drivers protest over Uber, near the Etoile in Paris in January. Photograph:  Thomas Samson/Reuters/AFP

Taxis enjoyed a tight street monopoly for years. But arrival of Uber has changed all that

Prefect of Pas de Calais Fabienne Buccio speaks to reporters on Thursday about the expulsion order for the southern part  of the  camp known as the Jungle. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

Authorities want humanitarian groups to help persuade migrants to leave voluntarily

French judge Valerie Quemener tours a makeshift camp outside Calais, France, today. Photograph: Jerome Delay/AP Photo

Tribunal postpones evictions as judge visits shanty town of 3,500 migrants

Aida (9) walks in the mud in the southern part of a camp for migrants. Photograph: Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

A French judge will inspect the site where thousands live on Tuesday

Residents walk through  mud in the  ‘jungle’ camp  in Calais.  Photograph: Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

Thousands face immediate evacuation if Lille tribunal decides against them on Tuesday

France’s labour minister, Myriam El Khomri, who will  defend the new labour law  in the National Assembly in April and in the Senate in May. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

Law would make it easier to fire employees on economic grounds

A protester farmer holds an EU flag among flakes of eggs boxes sprayed by farmers using a chipper in front of the Ile de France headquarters of the ASP,  in Montreuil, outside Paris, to protest against the falling prices of their products. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP/Getty Images

Farmers addicted to old-fashioned EU policies losing out in new post-quota world

Jesse Hughes (centre), lead singer of  the Eagles of Death Metal: Speaking on French television, Hughes, a   Republican and supporter of the National Rifle Association, said “Did your French gun control stop a single f**king person from dying at the Bataclan?”  Photograph: Joel Saget/AFP/Getty

Californian band’s lead singer makes emotional plea for greater access to guns

John Minihan’s portrait of Samuel Beckett from the cover of André Bernold’s ‘Beckett, A Friendship’, translated by Max McGuinness

Men of words – Beckett, André Bernold and Max McGuinness

Primark also a winner at gala dinner in Paris

Former French prime minister Jean-Marc Ayrault: to succeed Laurent Fabius as foreign minister. Photograph: Stephane Mahe/Reuters

No clear policy changes apart from attempt to bring Greens back into French government

French police work in the wreckage of a school bus after it crashed into a truck killing at least six children, police said. Photograph: Xavier Leoty/AFP/Getty Images

Drivers of bus and lorry taken into custody after collision in port town of Rochefort

French foreign affairs minister Laurent Fabius (bottom left) reacts as deputies applaud  at the National Assembly in Paris on Wednesday.  Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Controversial move on stripping nationality from terrorists squeaks by on slim margin

Children write on the blackboard in a Marseille school. File photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

Paris Letter: Attempt to change the spelling of some words stirs a social media storm

 French journalist and author Nicolas Hénin: ‘Bashar al-Assad is responsible for between seven and 10 times as many civilian deaths as Islamic State.’  Photograph:  Mustafa Yalcin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Political plan is essential to checking ‘ocean of death’ in Syria, says Nicolas Hénin

Darroze (48), is the reigning “World’s Best Woman Chef”, having picked up her trophy from British magazine Restaurant at its “World’s 50 Best Restaurants” ceremony

As just one of five women chefs in Paris with Michelin stars, Hélène Darroze believes feminine perspectives help shape her award-w(...)

A lot of nerve: Bruno Le Maire and  Nicolas Sarkozy. Photograph: Lionel Bonaventure/AFP/Getty Images

With electorate tired of Sarkozy and Hollande, is Bruno Le Maire a sight for sore eyes?

Forget the Irish and US elections. The big question is whether dogs or cats are the superior species. A new TV programme attempts (...)

France’s prime minister Manuel Valls says the country’s state of emergency will continue “as long as necessary”. Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP/Getty Images

French interior ministry report is used to justify extending state of emergency

Until his conversion to Islam, football was Quentin Roy’s great passion. He is believed to have died with Islamic State fighters in Syria at the age of 23

Lara Marlowe: Family and friends grieve for ‘the real Quentin’, not the fallen jihadi fighter

French philosopher Alain Finkielkraut poses in the Institut de France library prior to his induction ceremony at the Académie francaise on Thursday. Photograph: EPA/Christophe Petit Tesson

Secular Jew philosopher’s elevation coincides with the French drift to the right

French president François Hollande  welcomes Iran’s president Hassan Rouhani as he arrives at the Élysée Palace in Paris.  Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Years of mutual mistrust could not be erased in an instant by the stroke of a pen

Christiane Taubira waves to staff from her bicycle as she leaves the justice ministry in Paris following her resignation on Wednesday. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

Christiane Taubira steps down over plan to strip convicted terrorists of their nationality

Iran president Hassan Rouhani said he was looking to shore up economic ties with European Union countries, as he started a four-day trip to Italy and France. Photograph: Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters

Trip after nuclear accord marks start of normalisation and step to stabilising Middle East

Policemen from the Ile de France region hold a banner reading “Don’t touch our years of services benefits” as they demonstrate in Paris on Tuesday. Photograph: Dominique Faget/AFP/Getty Images

Trade union CGT claimed up to 150,000 civil servants demonstrated across France

US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter and US ambassador to France Jane Hartley, pay tribute to the victims of November 13th terror attacks in Paris, at the Place de la Republique. Photograph: Jacques Demarthon/AFP/Getty Images

France and the jihadists seem locked in a wrestlers’ hold, a mutual fascination and loathing which neither can escape

 Belgian Abdelhamid Abaaoud is suspected of being the  ringleader behind  the Paris attacks in November. Photograph:  AP

Analysis: Islamic State’s influence among French Muslims is a result of many factors

President François Hollande: “Aside from the security of the French people, the only question that matters is employment.” Photograph: Yoan Valat/Reuters

France's president has moved to address years of structural unemployment

The Tánaiste Joan Burton with Minister for Business and Employment Jed Nash and Joe Costello at the launch of the Labour Party’s Workers Charter  earlier this week. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Joan Burton chairs ministerial meeting as OECD praises Ireland’s ‘can-do attitude’

 David Begg: defending her decision to appoint Mr Begg as Pensions Authority chairman, Joan Burton said he “has an outstanding record in this area”. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Minister under attack for appointing David Begg as chairman of Pensions Authority

French health minister Marisol Touraine and neuroscientist Gilles Edan. The minister promised to “get to the bottom of this tragic accident”. Photograph: Reuters/Stephane Mahe

French police to investigate Phase I testing of BIA 10-2474 by firm Biotrial

Rob Lawrie with Bahar Ahmadi who he was asked to smuggle to the UK from Calais. He was facing up to five years in jail but the judge in Boulogne-sur-Mer merely gave him a symbolic fine and then suspended it. Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty

Compassion for a child in a Calais refugee camp led Rob Lawrie to risk five years in jail

Benjamin Amsellem: the Jewish teacher was stabbed by a 15-year-old the day before this picture was taken by a 15-year-old. Most of the 72 “terrorist-related” offences in Marseilles since November 13th have been directed against members of the city’s 70,000-strong Jewish community. Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty

Community leaders debate wisdom of wearing kippa following Marseille attacks

Soldiers guarding La Source Jewish school in Marseilles after a teenager wounded a teacher. Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

Jews in Marseilles urged not to wear kippa ‘until better days’ after attack with machete

Place de la République: Small gathering leaves impression of  government turned in upon itself, under siege. Photograph: EPA

France pays tribute to killed or injured by jihadists in capital’s shooting attack of 2015

Iranian women wave flags  during a rally to protest the execution by Saudi Arabia  of Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr. Photograph: AP Photo/Vahid Salemi

Countries are competing to fill the regional power vacuum left by the Arab Spring

French police near the Rue de la Goutte d’Or in north Paris on Thursday, after police shot dead a knife-wielding man who reportedly shouted “Allahu Akbar” (God is greatest). Photograph: Lionel Bonaventure/AFP/Getty Images

Man with knife killed after trying to attack police station on ‘Charlie Hebdo’ anniversary

Abdelhamid Abaaoud (left), the alleged planner of the attacks in France of November 13th, 2015. Participant in the attacks, Salah Abdeslam (right), remains the most wanted man in Europe.   File photographs: Dabiq/French police/AFP/Getty Images

Jihadis co-ordinated in real time by unidentified person in Brussels on November 13th

The latest edition of French weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo with the coverline: “One year on,  assassin still on the run.” Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

Ceremonies, including unveiling of a plaque, show depth of feeling in era of uncertainty

A minute’s silence in Paris for the victims of the November terror attacks which claimed the lives of 130 people. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

World review of the year: Isis planned and ‘inspired’ some of the atrocities this year

Marine Le Pen: the leader of France’s far-right  Front National had predicted the party  would take five regions in the elections. Photograph: Denis Charlet/AFP/Getty Images

Despite high expectations, Front National fails to take single region in the elections

Climate activists demonstrate with red umbrellas in Paris on Saturday. Photograph: Thibault Camus/PA

Irish among those who marched for ‘climate justice’ in the French capital

Crowds took to the streets despite the anti-terrorism state of emergency rules that forbid large gatherings. Photograph: EPA

Climate change strategy seen as beginning of the end of planet’s dependence on fossil fuels

UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon, COP21 president Laurent Fabius and François Hollande after the climate change accord was adopted in Paris. Photograph: François Mori/AP Photo

‘A lot of us didn’t even know what a COP was’. Now the whole world knows

Marine Le Pen, leader of the French National Front (FN): the FN claims to be France’s “first party” and often leads in the first round, as it did on December 6th, with 27.8% of the vote. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Extreme-right party falls short in local elections despite first-round successes

From left are Christiana Figueres, executive secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change; United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, French Foreign Affairs Minister Laurent Fabius, and president-designate of COP21 and French President Francois Hollande celebrating  final agreement  at the World Climate Change Conference 2015 (COP21) at Le Bourget, near Paris, France, December 12th, 2015. Photograph: Stephane Mahe/Reuters

There will be no shortage of people seeking to take credit for concluding Paris accords

Some 40 Irish people from the Stop Climate Chaos coalition (above) were allowed to continue to Paris after initially being stopped at Cherbourg on Thursday night.

‘We have the last word, these thousands of us in the streets - we’ll continue to fight for climate justice’

 Primitive communication: Jane Goodall, the world’s foremost authority on chimpanzees, with Nana at a zoo in Magdeburg, Germany, in 2004. Photograph: Jens Schlueter/AFP/Getty Images

Renowned climatologist (81) says COP21 agreement is key to chimpanzee survival

A French customs officer photographs one of the banners brought by Irish environmental activists to the UN climate conference. Photograph: William Hederman

Bus carrying 35 campaigners stopped by French police for three hours in Cherbourg

Saudi Arabian oil minister Ali al-Naimi: rejects distinction “between clean and dirty fuels”. Photograph: Jacky Naegelen/Reuters

The wealthy and influential oil nation is attempting to frustrate progress at Paris talks

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