It is possible to apply for a place on a primary school degree programme in Northern Ireland or the UK, and teach in the Republic. Photograph: iStock

It is possible to do so, but he may have conditions attached to his registration

There are a variety of pathways to become a physiotherapist. An increasingly popular option is studying abroad through English. Photograph: iStock

There are alternatives including degrees through English in the Netherlands

If you’ve been studying for the past few weeks and feel that you are losing the energy or motivation to keep to your programme, ask for help. Photograph: iStock

Top tips on how to keep your motivation for study going until your exams this summer

Irish colleges set out criteria for prospective US students which includes an expectation that they have completed a minimum number of years studying set subjects. Photo: iStock

Irish colleges have detailed entry criteria for prospective US students

Orals now account for 40 per cent of the overall marks in Irish.  Photo: iStock

A decent performance in the oral exam will go a long way to meeting entry requirements

Exams scripts for the mocks exams are a vital source of learning ahead of the State exams in June. Photograph: David Davies/PA Wire

Ask Brian: Student should get advice from teachers who are experts in their subjects

The intersection between finance and technology has undergone a huge shift which is changing the face of the financial services landscape. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Postgraduate course can bolster skills and competencies relevant to a broad range of occupations

With more than 40 per cent of undergrads going on to postgrad, careers offices in colleges are crucial in advising undergraduates of their options. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Ask yourself what the type of programme you wish to follow: research or taught

Higher levels of education increase employability as well as salary. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Research shows higher levels of education increase your employability as well as salary

A conversion course can be a good option for students who want to move into a new area where they do not have previous experience. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

If you wish to alter your career path, a conversion course might be the right option

There are a wide variety of routes into the world of business other than through the CAO. Photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

The new apprenticeships in accounting and insurance offer great on-the-job training

This September will see new specifications for Irish, art and the four modern foreign language subjects being introduced

Ask Brian: Reforms aim to provide broader snapshot of students’ achievements and skills

When your daughter realises that chatting 24-7 could lead to her failing to secure the grades she needs to be close to her boyfriend next year, it may have a dramatic impact on her outlook. Photograph: iStock

Final course choices are six months away – an eternity in the life of an 18-year-old

Maynooth: At the Co Kildare university, 53 per cent of students receive Susi grants. Photograph: Eric Luke

Financial obstacles may be driving students away from further education and training

Many students who have narrowly missed out on medicine take the Hpat again in an attempt to increase their points. Photograph: Getty

Taking the Hpat again is an option but beware the hefty financial implications

Students thinking of dropping out of their course must act quickly to avoid incurring hefty charges. Photograph: iStock

If he withdraws before February 1st he will avoid clocking up significant charges

Health insurance policies for persons under the age of 55 usually have a waiting period of 26 weeks in which no claims can be made. Photo: iStock

Insurance for student visas is determined by the Garda National Immigration Bureau

Trinity College Dublin. Insurers have been told international students based in the State for more than a year are required to take out full health cover, which can cost up to €1,000

New measure a ‘big blow’ for Government plans to attract more students from abroad

Properly researched, everyone can find the course or career path which suits them. Photograph: Getty Images

Still confused? There’s no need to panic. You can finalise your choices up until July 1st

Prospective students who think they may be eligible for a grant should research their options by visiting Susi’s website. Photograph: Getty

Applications to awarding authority open in April but students should do homework now

Most colleges participate in Dare and Hear schemes, but even the ones that don’t offer a range of supports, including disability support services. Photograph: Getty

Reduced points places and extra college support are available for some applicants

Leaving Cert applicants for medical courses have a one-in-six chance of success, so don’t spent too much time on Hpat preparations. Photograph: iStock

Focus on sample papers which are provided as part of your registration fee

 UCD campus in Belfield:  it is normal for mature students to feel apprehensive about applying for college. Photograph: Alan Betson

About 12,000 mature students are set to apply for college courses this year

Register your intention now to seek a CAO college place

Register now but you can hold off making your final choices until the end of June

“The most important thing to consider is what subject matter you most enjoy engaging with in school.” Photograph: Eric Luke

It is vital for students to choose carefully in order to avoid possibility of dropping out

Growing number of students take up offers of European courses taught through English

Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Timeline for the 2017 college application process

Don’t have a clue what to do after the Leaving? Don’t panic, you don’t have to decide on the rest of your life, just what you will do for the next few years. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Wnen it comes to choice, don’t be overwhelmed by the challenge of choosing what you do next

A  points scale  based on the new Leaving Cert grading system comes into force this year and now is the time to plan. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

A reduction in the artificially inflated range of choices would lead to lower drop-out rates

Consider your options: Once you have decided on your course or area of study you should consider whether you want to study in Ireand or further afield. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Register now with the CAO, but you have until July 1st to make a final decision on your course preferences

 It is eminently possible for mature students to secure a degree with the right  preparation. Photograph: iStock

You need to prepare yourself for the task ahead in order to succeed

“Fulfilment in teaching comes primarily through engagement with your students and not in monetary terms.” Photograph: Dave Thompson/PA

Ask Brian: Anyone who secures a teaching qualification has skills for a wide range of jobs

Most students  are in a constant state of flux regarding their current career and future aspirations. Photograph: iStock

There’s no need to panic. Career choices are one step on a long and evolving journey

For a school where the numbers taking the Leaving Cert remain relatively constant, we can deduct 22 per cent from their published progression rate to calculate the true progression rate of the 2016 class. Photograph: iStockphoto/Getty Images

Schools with dramatically falling numbers can have grossly inflated progression rates

Each year the tables show very large numbers of students who go to college attended schools in socially advantaged communities, and that they tend to opt predominantly for universities and teacher training. Photograph: iStock

Explaining the progression charts of Irish secondary schools

Science and technology are relevant to business, geography, art, home economics, sport, music and even language students. Photograph: iStock

It’s important to show students that science isn’t confined to the laboratory

Be sure to do your research on  admission policies when choosing a school for your children. Photograph: iStock

Admission criteria can make it difficult to get places in over-subscribed schools

Veterinary science in UCD is a high points course. Photograph: iStock

If you want to be a vet, you must have practical experience

Before you commit to any course, be sure to enquire about what protection is in place in case  it ceases to operate. Photo: iStock

All colleges are obliged to inform you about what kind of protection they provide

Make sure you inspect the facilities at your institution of choice. Photograph: iStockphoto.

You’ll be spending several years of your life at college. Open days give you a chance to assess how good a fit your choices could (...)

Cost of living: Make sure you can afford to live close to the colleges you selected. Photograph: Frank Miller

There is more to consider than the curriculum of the courses you are considering

As a result of the new Leaving Certificate grades, in 2017 the universities and Institutes of Technology will also introduce revised basic matriculation requirements.

School leavers who cannot get chosen course in Ireland may find the solution abroad

Student sitting the Leaving Cert exam: a new CAO points system aimed at easing the pressure is due to come into force next summer. Photograph: Eric Luke

Those who obtained D1 grade are to be eligible for entry to honours degree courses

Many parents are concerned that their children may lose out due to industrial action. Above, teachers on strike outside a secondary school. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Try to mimic the structure and variety of a typical school day at home

Deferring a new college place is often the best option this late into the academic year. Above, students check their CAO results online. Photograph: Cyril Byrne / THE IRISH TIMES

Deferring a new college place is often the best option this late into the academic year

The Garda says  online vetting has a turnaround time of five or six days. Unfortunately this process is not yet in place in many third-level institutions. Photo: iStock

Many students are affected by child protection checks for some third-level courses

Teachers cause themselves needless stress by micromanaging students rather than encouraging more self-directed learning. Photograph: istock

A teacher lacking zest might look at how skills acquired can be used elsewhere

The Dare scheme offers reduced points places to school leavers who, as a result of having a disability, have experienced additional educational challenges.

Ask Brian: The Dare scheme offers reduced points places to school-leavers with disabilities

Brexit is unlikely to adversely affect the study plans of students in both  Ireland and the UK who wish to commence studies outside their home country in 2017.  Image: Getty

Changes are unlikely in the coming year, but beyond that it is hard to say

From 2017 onwards, everybody who ever sat the Leaving Cert will have their results reclassified according to the new State Exams Commission (SEC) grading system. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA

Gains in some subjects will be cancelled out by losses in others for most students

The difficulties for the ASTI in securing compliance with directives has been compounded in recent weeks by the decision of a significant number of non-union or former ASTI teachers in voluntary secondary schools to transfer to membership of the TUI. File photograph: Getty Images

Increased uptake in optional Irish oral raises questions for union members

Many students and parents choose courses based on the CAO points capacity of the student, the perceived attractiveness of the career itself, where their friends are going, and a range of other factors

It is too late to defer, but taking a year out to consider other options is a good idea

Image: iStock

School principals are interpreting the relevant legislation in different ways

There are plenty of opportunities for young students who did not get their course offer of choice. Photograph: Getty Images

There are other routes to third level if you didn’t get your choice of college offer

Jenny Luke and Annie Hewitt from Dalkey check the CAO first round offers last year. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Latest offers reflect move to business, technology and construction courses

Many colleges will have orientation days which are well worth attending

“We have an acute accommodation shortage and accommodation affordability crisis in Ireland which is the single biggest disrupter of prospective students securing the lifelong benefits of a college experience.” File photograph: Getty Images

Key issues: Where to live and how to afford cost of accommodation and maintenance

If you did not get the CAO offer you hoped for, there are other ways to get onto a course

CAO ‘Available Places’, private colleges, study abroad and FE colleges are some options

Some students are very happy with CAO offers of college places, others less so, as they may feel differently about what to study. File photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill/The Irish Times

CAO: There will be winners and losers in recalculation of points in 2017

The biggest increase in demand for  third-level places has been in the construction-related sector. Photograph: Ulrich Baumgarten via Getty Images

Points drop across the board for arts and social science degrees

Emma Palmer , and Sadhbh Dalton celebrate getting their exam results, at Muckross Park College , Donnybrook, Dublin. Photograph: Eric Luke

Weighing the options: there are three possible scenarios when you log into your CAO file

Apprentices typically combine college days and academic training with real work experience. Photograph: Getty.

From accountancy to construction, the choice of apprenticeships is expanding to meet a growing demand

A construction engineer at work. “Based on our analysis of the numbers applying for each course type by the July 1st closing date, we again expect an increase in points in business, construction and technology programmes, reflecting people’s confidence in the strength of the economic recovery.” File photograph: Getty Images

CAO offers: Higher demand for business, construction, technology and nursing this year

Students must be present to check an exam paper and can be accompanied by one other person

If you feel you should have done better, you might consider getting papers remarked

Some students get to demonstrate their ability across a range of competencies, whereas others are confined to  a single three-hour written paper.

Subjects featuring non-written components likely to yield higher grades

The Irish Times free online results helpdesk, offering real-time advice, is available at Photograph: Eric Luke

Brian Mooney on some of they key trends from the 2016 exams

Whatever your results, accept them as a fair reflection of your work over the past six years. Photograph: Getty Images

First-round CAO offers for college places will be made on Monday, August 22nd. What can you expect to happen next, and how do you (...)

Most schools announce in advance what time they will be distributing the results.  Photograph: Getty Images

Results day looms but perspective is needed as there is a path for everyone

 The biggest increase in demand for places is in the construction-related programmes where student interest collapsed in 2009. File photograph: Chris Ratcliffe/Bloomberg

Analysis: Submissions for courses relating to building industry are up by 20% this year

Trinity College Dublin: There is far more to consider than the lecture content when you are deciding on where to go to college.    Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Third-level hopefuls have until 5.15pm on July 1st to finalise their choices

Know the exam schedule. Pin the exam timetable up prominently at home, with each exam to be taken highlighted. Place in the diary the date and time of each paper your son/daughter has to take. File photograph: Getty Images

Use time left to organise all your revision notes for papers between now and Friday

Late-night study sessions are not to be advised. Students need to be as sharp on the morning of their final paper as they are on the first day. Photograph: iStock

As the exams approach, you will need to make adjustments to last-minute study plans, keep on top of stress and know how to prosper(...)

Photograph: iStock

Absolutely: arts graduates have an impressive track record in the commercial, public and creative arts sectors

Advice on making sure you choose the best course and the right college for you. Here’s how to go about it

Important dates to take note of in the CAO process

Students at work at the IADT in Dún Laoaghaire. Photograph: Cyril Byrne / THE IRISH TIMES

A qualification in business is a great investment in your future career and there is a huge selection of courses to choose from (...)

Advice on how to approach the CAO process and how to get your course choice right

A Bakalaura diploma from Latvia is comparable to an award at level eight in the Irish system. Photograph: iStock

Here’s how to check your qualification in more than 100 countries

Lidl Ireland offers a two-year retail-management degree in partnership with Dublin Business School. Photograph: Aidan Crawley

Do you think I could manage a business degree while working part time to fund myself?

Photograph: Thinkstock

There is a a wealth of full-time and part-time options available for graduates

Photograph: Thinkstock

For the first time in Ireland, those seeking such apprenticeships and employers seeking to recruit them have a central portal in w(...)

Photograph: Thinkstock

Follow the subjects you have a passion for

The NCCA says the requirement for questions based on the Koran are explicitly stated in the syllabus. Photograph: Thaier al-Sudani/Reuters

A Syrian parent's complaint over religious content will form part of wider review of syllabus

“Your daughter currently has no option other than to study the Koran if she wishes to take Arabic for the Leaving Cert.” Photograph: Thaier al-Sudani/Reuters

Authorities overlooked the fact that someone fluent in Arabic might not be Muslim

Mary Hanafin as minister for education increased the oral component of Irish from 20 to 40 per cent for Leaving and Junior Cert

A longtime ASTI ban means many schools have not provided oral exams, but this is changing

Photograph: Thinkstock

Rising demand and a cap on numbers are likely to make it more difficult for applicants

Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

Go over your mock papers in detail: they are a map to better performance in the actual exams

Authorities have confirmed that parents do not have an automatic right to information held by schools regarding their children once they turn 18. File photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Move could leave parents in the dark on examination results and disciplinary records

Photograph: Thinkstock

I can vote but I still have to raise my hand to go to the toilet

 Ruairí Quinn: as minister for education he tried to cut spending by adding the abolition of external assessment of Junior Certificate exams. Photograph: Cyril Byrne / The Irish Times

A lack of leadership means the union is being driven by emotion and anger

Photograph: Daragh Mc Sweeney/Provision

Let’s bust this myth: there are no easy subjects in the Leaving

Photograph: Thinkstock

There are lots of options in Europe but they can be very challenging

This morning CAO application numbers give us a first glimpse of what may lie in store for this year’s college hopefuls.

Higher education sector has faced growing numbers without extra resources

Postgraduate programme will add set of cross-sectoral skills to enhance employability

Next step up the career ladder: investigate the vast range of conversion courses which can focus your academic and personal skills on a specific work sector

A postgraduate degree can be a springboard from a general area into a more specialised one – and can lead to a change in direction(...)

Differentiating between what’s on offer and ensuring your course has credibility in the labour market is key

Working collaboratively: Several institutions, including Trinity, UCD and DCU offer interdisciplinary master’s degrees. Photograph: Getty

Research shows that advanced degree holders are more employable and earn higher salaries

Dublin City University. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Rising student numbers and limited places mean points increases are likely

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