North breathes sigh of relief as Twelfth comes to peaceful end
Behind all the marching, parties must tackle the underlying issues
Sinn Féin’s Martin McGuinness: at the weekend he tweeted, “Pleased today’s Orange O parades passed peacefully. Parades Commission determination & those who mainly abided by it delivered.” Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill
About an hour after the north Belfast Orangemen dispersed and went home in the rain on Saturday night, local SDLP Assembly member Alban Maginness issued a statement welcoming a peaceful end to the Twelfth. “This reflects a great deal of work undertaken by political and community representatives in the run-up to today,” he said.
Implicitly included in that statement was praise for the Orange Order, unionist and loyalist leaders who, against earlier anxieties it must be said, ensured that for the first time in recent years there was no violence in north Belfast on the Twelfth Night.
FlashpointSo, credit where credit is due, was Maginness’s stance. But mindful of his constituency, he also commended nationalists in Ardoyne and at Carrickhill, another flashpoint near the city centre, for having endured and withstood those anxieties.
On Saturday night, the Sinn Féin Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness tweeted: “Pleased today’s Orange O parades passed peacefully. Parades Commission determination & those who mainly abided by it delivered.” Again that was fair, but the thrust from Sinn Féin was one of criticism of the Orange Order for alleged breaches of Parades Commission rulings elsewhere.
At the time of writing, the Sinn Féin post-parade response did not reflect the great sense of community relief that there wasn’t major violence at the north Belfast interface beside the Ardoyne shops, as there was from loyalists and Orangemen last year when the Orange Order parade was barred from parading past the shops, and as there was from republicans in previous years when it was permitted.
Maybe that generosity of republican spirit will come later.
What seems clear is that unionist and nationalist politicians have a duty to build on what was achieved in north Belfast on Saturday evening.
And it was an achievement, because PSNI chief constable George Hamilton didn’t deploy 3,500 police officers to cover the Twelfth – 1,100 operating in a small area of north Belfast – for the hell of it.
Up until 7.20pm on Saturday when Orangemen and loyalists turned around near the top of Woodvale Road and went home peacefully, nobody knew what we were in for both in north Belfast and in other sectarian flashpoints.
In the end the “guarded optimism” proved correct, but it could have gone dangerously awry.
FractiousIt was an interesting combined unionist grouping that won that peace, comprised of the DUP, UUP, Traditional Unionist Voice, the Orange Order and people directly linked to the UVF and UDA.
Some will criticise such a liaison but the unionist attitude seemed to be: if that’s what it takes then that’s what it takes. With such a fractious bunch it could be difficult maintaining unity. We’ll see whether this disparate group can be kept inside the unionist tent.
So finally, applying the usual caveats, we seem to have got safely beyond the apex of the marching season. That’s very good. Now it should be back to politics. But therein lies a problem, with the combined unionist group pledging that, in the coming weeks and months as part of its “graduated response”, it will ratchet up protests against the Parades Commission decision on the Ardoyne parade.
It doesn’t have to be like that. There is an alternative, and that is the parties meaningfully returning to the talks on the emotive issues of parades, flags and the past – which is what the last few worrying weeks were about.