Perth at dusk, on Australia’s west coast. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

A woman explains why she decided to stay on in Australia after her two-year visa expired

Those without the necessary visa have reason to feel afraid and very vulnerable

Billy Brosnan, engineer from Co Kerry: ‘There seems to be work in Dublin all right, but what about the rest of the country?’ Photograph: Jacky Ghossein

Generation Emigration reports from Sydney and Perth on their successes, struggles and the couples divided over whether to stay or (...)

Mark Cunningham poolside with his daughters Olivia and Kerri in Perth.

Mark Cunningham ‘built a successful life’ in Australia but after five years he’s heading back to Galway

Vicki Buckley with her kids Hannah (5) and Jack (2). Photograph: Philip Gostelow

Lawyer Vicki Buckley has recently moved to Perth with her family (and her hairdresser)

Stephanie McCurdy: ‘I am always looking for the next adventure: I could be in Sydney next year, or Timbuktu.’

In Sydney and Perth, there are mixed views about where will be their ‘forever home’

For the first time since 2009, more people have moved to Ireland than emigrated. A total of 21,100 Irish people moved back to the Republic from abroad in the year to April this year – a jump of 74 per cent – while 58,200 people of other nationalities also moved here to live, up 1.7 per cent. File photograph: Getty Images

CSO figures show 21,000 Irish moved back to Ireland in year to April 2016 - up 74% on 2015

Aoife Doran is moving back to Ireland with her Australian husband Josh and their son Finn.

Readers respond to CSO figures showing drop in emigration and rise in returns

The number of Irish people moving back to Ireland from abroad jumped 74 per cent in the year to April 2016, CSO figures show. Photograph: iStock

Opinion: Economy is improving but Irish abroad are still concerned about prospects

CSO figures show 21,100 Irish nationals moved back to live here in the 12 months to April 2016, up from 12,100 the previous year. Photograph: iStock

Emigration still high with 31,800 Irish leaving in 12 months to April

The Crosscare survey results also found the challenges facing Irish people when they move abroad vary depending on where they go in the world. GAA clubs in Australia and New Zealand were most likely to highlight concerns relating to health and mental health among the Irish living there. Photograph: iStock

Survey of GAA clubs abroad finds job prospects and living costs are biggest concerns

The Beattie family in Perth – Keela, Anthony, Bronagh, Tiernan and Eimear. Eimear, a sports and history teacher from Co Limerick, runs the Irish Families in Perth group which now has 12,000 members on Facebook.

“Would Zara be doing Irish dancing if we were living in Galway? Probably not," says one dad in Sydney

St Patrick’s Day down under: For many people, the family is their main reason for moving to Australia. Many of them came out to give their kids a better life.

Irish Families in Perth, with 12,000 members on Facebook, is at the heart of the new Irish community

Irish Mums NOR facilitator Linda Morton with Lily (2) and Christopher (4), Geraldine Potts with daughter Erin (13 months), Maria Homan with daughter Ava (2), Allison McCormack Baxter with son Elliott (3 months), and Dee Mason with son Marley.

With family support 15,000km away, Irish mums are coming together in Australia for support and friendship

Alicia Butler with her partner, Gerard, and their daughters, Annie and Alice, at an Easter party organised by the Irish Mums NOR group in Perth, Australia.

Alicia Butler: ‘I breastfed Alice until halfway through my pregnancy with Annie, I don’t think I would have been able to do that a(...)

CNN presenter John King said on Twitter that he ‘wasn’t laughing at the mayor’. Photograph: cnn.com

John King caught on hot mic during speech about Catholic Irish immigrants

A busy street in Dublin. The census results  point to a continued shift in population growth towards the greater Dublin area since the last census results in 2011, with decreases in the Border and western areas. File photograph: Matt Kavanagh .

Census results: Birth rate helps push numbers towards highest since 1871 census

More than 125 countries worldwide have some provision to allow emigrants to vote from overseas, but currently, Ireland has no system in place. Image: iStock

Minister for Diaspora announces referendum will be held on issue in 2017

An Irish backpacker was discovered by the Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency services after they received a call that a person was fast asleep on the ledge of a building. Photograph: Northern Territory Police, Fire and Emergency Services

Irish backpacker says he has no recollection of how he got onto the roof

Six in 10 emigrants surveyed for The Irish Times said they would like to be able to vote indefinitely after moving abroad, while about one in three said it should be limited to a certain number of years. Photograph: iStock/Getty Images

Young people more likely to have strong view on issue, Irish Times poll shows

One in five Irish people surveyed abroad, who left between 2008 and 2015, do not see themselves returning to live in Ireland. Photograph: Getty Images

Most post-2008 emigrants not ready to return, Irish Times survey finds

‘I fell asleep on the flight and woke up and the flight map told us we were over Belmullet, and I thought, oh God, there’s no going back now.’

Michael John Winters arrived home from Canada last week with his wife and their dog

Sarah Flynn with her daughter Willow: ‘The years seem to have ticked by . . . For now, we have no plans to move to Ireland.’ Photograph: littlebearphoto.ca

‘Generation Emigration’ is buying homes, starting families – and feeling happier than they did in Ireland

Recent leavers were more likely to say they wanted to “experience a change”. Photograph: The Irish Times

Irish Times survey shows emigrants becoming embedded abroad

How do Irish emigrants who left since 2008 feel about life abroad and coming home?

A broker reacts at the German stock exchange in Frankfurt after Britain voted to leave the European Union. Photograph: Daniel Roland/AFP

Readers express dismay and anxiety over vote to leave the EU

Brexit or Bremain? The UK goes to the polls on Thursday to vote on staying or leaving the European Union. Photograph: Hayoung Jeon/EPA

Almost 4,500 online responses received as UK prepares to vote in EU referendum

Anne Power with her daughter Arianna and grandson Ben at her home in Ashbourne. ‘Being away from the grandkids is the hardest. It is the little things that you miss; not being able to give them a hug, to listen to their little stories, to give them a cuddle when they are ill.’ Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

‘None of us brought up our children to have them exported to the other side of the world’

Minister of State for Diaspora Joe McHugh: ‘It is important that I as Minister work closely with the companies that are seeing gaps relating to skills or education, and be a bit more targeted, use the global Irish network that we have, rather than putting out a call, or putting a minister on a plane on St Patrick’s Day.’ Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill / The Irish Times

New Minister for Diaspora on voting rights, encouraging emigrants home, and a respectful relationship

Minister of State for the Diaspora Joe  McHugh has said Ireland needed to be “more targeted in attracting people back” here, as there would not be jobs for all. File photograph: Getty Images

‘Open invitation’ to return not practical when issues persist, says Minister for Diaspora

Welcome: Billy Lawless greets President Obama at Copernicus Community Center. Photograph: whitehouse.gov

The Chicago restaurateur, who’ll have by far the longest commute to Leinster House, has been representing undocumented Irish since(...)

Róisín Ryan: ‘There will be more and more people like me moving back from Australia, and that’s the ideal way to develop business links between the two countries.’

Róisín Ryan, director with Grant Thornton in Dublin, recently returned from Melbourne

A survey of IACC members last year found 80 per cent wanted to return to live in Ireland in the future, or were undecided about staying in Australia. Photograph: iStock/Getty Images

Irish Australian Chamber of Commerce to open new Dublin chapter

Joe McHugh set up the first GAA club in the UAE while working in Dubai in the 1990s. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill / The Irish Times

Former teacher from Donegal has first-hand experience of living abroad

Dublin-born architect Niamh Kiernan: “The failure to ensure that funding for heritage is put on a statutory basis is detrimental to the heritage sector.”

Funds generated by modernising estate’s outhouses and making them available for rent

‘Australia is the best place in the world on paper, but that doesn’t matter if you have depression’

Colin and Eithne Bell with Joan Ross of the Claddagh Association (centre), and representatives of other Irish welfare organisations working around Australia, at the LINK conference in Perth.

Parents of Kevin Bell honoured in Perth for service to families of Irish killed abroad

Fiona Mayers, Yvonne McCarthy, Vicki Buckley, Ciaran Kelly and  Killian Keating (with Ciara Kenny, right) have all moved to Western Australia from Ireland in the past five years. Photograph: Lorraine McCarthy

Podcast: Five people living in WA since 2011 talk FIFO, family, careers, and moving home

Epic Ireland  in CHQ, Dublin: Some of the diaspora’s well-known members. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Since the State bailed on a national diaspora centre, Neville Isdell has pumped millions of his own money into creating the ultima(...)

FIFO (fly in fly out) contracts are especially common for workers on construction and mining projects in remote parts of Western Australia and Queensland. Photograph: Thinkstock

Research shows FIFO workers more likely to experience mental illness and suicide

In the 12 months to June 2015, just 7,894 Irish people were granted a Working Holiday Visa, down from 12,004 the previous year and 25,827 in 2011/12. Photograph: Thinkstock

32.5% tax on all income will further deter dwindling seasonal workers, says industry

GP Aifric Boylan: ‘The most striking difference between working as a GP in Australia versus Ireland is that here the health system facilitates me in taking care of patients properly.’ Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Irish healthcare workers abroad share suggestions based on experience overseas

Among the groups signing who signed the letter are Votes for Irish Citizens Abroad (VICA) in Britain, the Irish Technology Leadership Group (ITLG) in Silicon Valley, the Irish Australian Chamber of Commerce, We’re Coming Back, the Irish German Business Network and the newly formed Irish Association of Latin America.

‘It’s time for Ireland to live up to the inclusive vision laid out by the Proclamation’

Twenty high school students will take part in the two-week programme, which includes classes, workshops, activities and field trips around Ireland. Photograph: Thinkstock

Two-week programme funded by Government aims to strengthen ties with diaspora

A private house in Dalkey, Co Dublin, by Italian Solutions for deBlacam & Meagher

Kate Macklin sent her first consignment of Italian furniture to Ireland in an empty meat truck. Now her design, construction and r(...)

“These ‘lovely girls’ were being driven around the Tinahely Show. The winner, the Wicklow Rose, would go on to the Rose of Tralee. It was a snapshot of rural Ireland.”

After three decades abroad the acclaimed photographer Seamus Murphy came home to chronicle his country. The result is a collection(...)

Ciaran Staunton speaking at a US Senate hearing on sepsis in 2013, following his son’s death from the infection in 2012. Photograph: rorystauntonfoundationforsepsis.org

Ciaran Staunton becomes third Irish person living abroad to run for election next month

Policemen stand guard at the entrance of a security perimeter set near Maelbeek metro station. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Heavy military presence in aftermath of fatal Maelbeek explosion: ‘People started to run’

Badges of pride: at  the New York St Patrick’s Day Parade. Photograph: Timothy A Clary/AFP/Getty Images

From Montserrat to Perth: national day celebrated around world

Showing solidarity with and speaking up for people who are suffering

A Giant Panda cub is seen on show at China’s largest breeding Programme at Chengdu Research Base Of Giant Panda Breeding. Photograph:  Paul Gilham/Getty Images

It is a thrill to be young and lose yourself for months in the vastness of China, but you can cover a lot of ground – and be bett(...)

Melanie Cullen with her mother Shirley McHugh  in Sydney

Irish people living abroad pay a special Mother’s Day tribute to their mammies

Victim: Dermot O’Toole with his wife, Catherine, and their sons, Dale, Christian and Trent

The killings of David Greene, Jill Meagher and Dermot O’Toole in the Australian city have one uncomfortable fact in common: the pe(...)

Who came out top in an online political opinion poll for the Irish abroad? Photograph: Cyril Byrne / The Irish Times

Support for FG and FF lower than in Ireland, while Social Democrats perform better

Gareth Simpson: ‘For me and the other Irish people I meet, it is clear and simple: access to good quality housing, schools and healthcare are paramount. Those three issues far outweigh any counter issue with regards to tax.’

We asked high-earning Irish emigrants what they thought. Here’s what they had to say

What have the main political parties pledged regarding emigrant issues? Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Some parties promise more than others in relation to voting rights, preventing emigration, and helping people to move home

Gary Whelan: ‘Our first date was a trip around the Ring of Kerry.’

On Valentine’s Day, Generation Emigration readers share their tales of relocating for love

Members of Boat to Vote, a group of Irish people who returned from London to vote in the marriage-equality referendum. Photograph: Dave Meehan

Many of the people who have recently left Ireland want a say in the future of the country to which they hope to return

FRIENDSHIP WEEK: Generation Emigration readers on leaving lifelong friends behind, and creating new social circles from scratch ab(...)

Barry Johnston (left) and Ed Davitt (right) have both announced their intention to run as independent candidates for the Seanad from abroad.

Ed Davitt in Brussels and Barry Johnston in London launch campaign for emigrant voting rights

David Farrell Professor of Politics at University College Dublin said voters are leaving it very late to make up their minds. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

David Farrell says evidence voters are increasingly swayed by policies over personalities

Messages ping in at all times of the day and night from Ireland, London, Hong Kong, Sydney and New York

Minister of State for Diaspora Affairs Jimmy Deenihan said 80 groups had received funding for diaspora projects in 2015, relating to  culture and heritage, genealogy, communications and networking. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill / The Irish Times

Local authorities and community groups urged to reach out to their people overseas

The Sydney St Patrick’s Day parade is the fourth largest in the world after New York, Dublin and Boston. Photograph: Greg Wood/AFP/Getty Images

Hyde Park family day is fourth-biggest St Patrick’s Day celebration in the world

There is no limit to the number of Irish people who can travel to Chile under the new working-holiday scheme.

Young Irish people can spend a year living in South American country under new visa deal

Holders of Irish driving licences can now exchange them for local licences in six out of 10 Canadian provinces. Photograph: Thinkstock

Drivers can swap Irish licence for local one in Newfoundland and Labrador under agreement

Noel Barrett: “We are lucky with the weather here, but you have to motivate yourself to get up, out and exercise.”

Since moving Down Under, these Irish people have discovered a passion for fitness, they tell Ciara Kenny

Staff and passengers at Dublin Airport. The number of Irish people on temporary visas in Australia has fallen by almost half in the  past two years.  File photograph: Kate Geraghty

More than 400 Irish sent home last year for violating conditions of temporary visas

Pat de Brún (centre, with red scarf, who travelled from Cambodia: “There’s definitely more positivity around Dublin I think; whether it’s the Christmas spirit or some form of economic recovery, I don’t know.”

‘We came together for Christmas in Ireland this year because it is potentially my mum’s last’

Maura McElhone’s piece about moving back to Ireland from San Francisco was the most-read article on Generation Emigration this year. ‘I’m enjoying feeling part of this place and it of me. And I am grateful for the opportunity Ireland has given me to start over.’

Returning to Ireland and the marriage equality referendum are the big stories of the year

Claire Smyth with her husband Kevin in Labrador, Canada.

Six Irish emigrants talk about how they are celebrating the festive season in their new homes

Belinda Ennis from Howth in Dublin dressed as a Christmas tree greeting her daughter Alex at Dublin Airport this morning. Photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Tears and hugs fly at Dublin Airport as families and friends reunite

Friends reunited at last year’s Emigrant Disco on the Saturday before Christmas.

'Dublin feels like the way it used to be in 2008... for just one special night of the year'

The IEC scheme allows people aged 18-35 from Ireland to work in Canada for up to two years, or three if they participate in the ‘international co-op’ category first.

IEC visas to be allocated in several rounds in 2016 rather than on first come, first served basis

A Generation Emigration panel of members of Ireland’s “creative diaspora” heard at Other Voices that attracting emigrants back to Ireland was not dependent on particular initiatives or incentives, but about making Ireland a more attractive place for everyone to live, whether they had left Ireland or not.

Session on diaspora told nostalgia not enough to draw back talented Irish people

Dave Tynan, Nicky Gogan and Joey Kavanagh are taking part in a panel discussion at Other Voices called Ireland’s Edge: Creativity, The Diaspora and Realising Potential.

Panel at Other Voices will explore what can be done to encourage creative emigrants home, with Dave Tynan, Joey Kavanagh and Nicky(...)

Barbara Murphy: ‘Knowing that even the new Irish are so willing to help out is just great; it’s  embedded in our DNA I think.’

Every year, Barbara Murphy organises a community dinner for those who have no family close by to share the day with

 On a  new summer camp programme, children of the Irish diaspora will  ‘learn about the country’s history and to experience the modern face of Ireland’. Photograph: Eric Luke / The Irish Times

New cultural programme and media fund announced at Global Irish Economic Forum

Economist and broadcaster David McWilliams at the forum in Dublin Castle. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Diaspora has critical role to play, Enda Kenny tells fourth Global Irish Economic Forum

IBRC inquiry: The Government has been told that Mr Justice Brian Cregan wants  another judge to assist him. Photograph: The Irish Times

Interim report finds six largest write-offs led to combined loss of almost €1bn to taxpayer

Norah Casey: ’I often say Ireland Inc should have an ad on pregnancy sticks abroad, because as soon as someone has a baby, they want to come home to raise their kids in the local area where they grew up.’

Ahead of the Global Irish Economic Forum, we ask panellists for their views on how the diaspora can help Ireland, and how Ireland (...)

Minister for Foreign Affairs Charlie Flanagan and Minister of State for the Diaspora Jimmy Deenihan will be hosting the Global Irish Economic Forum in Dublin Castle this weekend.

And what should Ireland do for the diaspora? What would you like to see discussed at the Global Irish Economic Forum?

Figures released by the HSE to The Irish Times last week show only 77 nurses have so far accepted job offers  under the Nursing in Ireland scheme. File photograph: Regis Duvignau/Reuters

Nursing in Ireland campaign had aimed to attract 500 nurses back within three months

What’s your favourite local dish? Photograph: Aly Song/Reuters

We want to hear about your top dish, food items and recipes from where you live now

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan and Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform Brendan Howlin presenting Budget 2016 at Government Buildings. Photograph: Eric Luke / The Irish Times

Noonan says tax changes will entice Irish emigrants home. Will they? Have your say

From Nervous Nellie to Confident Ciara in just a week, Ciara Kenny learns to love the slopes high in the French Alps

New Zealand emerged as the best place for quality of life, with 57 per cent of expat respondents saying they have become more physically active since moving there. Photograph: Thinkstock

Infographic: Singapore tops HSBC Expat Explorer survey, with plenty of jobs, high wages and lots to do

How do you think you would perform in an English language test? Photograph: Thinkstock

Migration agent claims large numbers of Irish 'fail' the English test. What are the questions like?

Loretta Brennan Glucksman ‘has shown herself to be a proud Irish-American, giving back so generously to the land of her ancestors’, Mr Deenihan said.

Irish-American philanthropist ‘has shown herself to be a friend and champion of Ireland in the US’

In the 12 months to April,  35,300 Irish nationals left the country, down 13 per cent on the previous year. Photograph: Thinkstock

Ireland has highest share in OECD of over-15s born here but living overseas

Dr Aifric Boylan at the Johnstown Bridge Health Clinic in Enfield, Co Meath. She moved to Australia last year. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The  Irish Times

Aifric Boylan (35), an Irish GP in Melbourne, feels much more supported since the move

Sarah Doran: “The biggest difference I have seen between the NHS and the HSE is the waiting times.”

Sarah Doran (24), Irish speech and language therapist working in Berkshire

Sally Casey: “I was surprised to find staff shortages, but not on any scale like my colleagues were facing back home.”

Sally Casey (46), Irish renal specialist nurse working in Abu Dhabi

UCC graduate Michael Courtney (24), who moved to Perth, Australia.

Michael Courtney (24) left Ireland to work in Perth hospital after graduating from UCC

The recruitment embargo introduced by the HSE in 2009 meant there were  no staff jobs in the health service for the 1,500 nurses and 727 doctors graduating each year. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Sick system: The ailing health service, part 3

Ciara Kenny with a quick-marinated pork tenderloin with baby corn and mangetout she cooked from ingredients delivered by DropChef

DropChef is a business that delivers high-quality ingredients and instructions for your meals to your home – you just do the cooki(...)

Downward curve: Western Australia is seeing a slowdown in mining. Photograph: Carla Gottgens/Bloomberg

Fewer emigrants than expected are returning to Ireland. But the economic situation is only one factor in people’s decision to stay(...)

In Brisbane: Richard Donovan with wife Patricia and son Michael. They will all be back in Tipperary in September.

Emigration is falling as economy improves but there is no wave of returning expats. Why?

‘Irish Times’ readers abroad on how they see the economy

Naomi Algeo, who lives in London, says she was “disheartened” by a recent JobBridge advertisement offering just €50 on top of the dole for a qualified clinical psychologist.

Recently graduated occupational therapist Naomi Algeo moved to London in January

More articles