Horsemeat scandal fallout continues
France authorities said today that managers at food firm Spanghero were responsible for passing off horsemeat as beef. Photograph: Jean-Philippe Arles/Reuters.
France authorities said today that managers at food firm Spanghero were responsible for passing off horsemeat as beef, while Britain said it would investigate claims that warnings about horsemeat entering the food chain were raised in 2011 but ignored.
Revelations that some beef dishes actually contained horsemeat has caused a scandal across Europe, leading to products being removed from sale and police investigations.
It has also cast a spotlight on food labelling and the complex supply chain across the EU, damaging Europeans' confidence in the food on their plate and putting pressure on governments to explain lapses in quality control.
An investigation into activities at meat-processing firm Spanghero has revealed "serious, specific and coherent" reasons to suspect it knowingly defrauded customers and consumers by selling them horsemeat labelled as beef, the government said.
However, the firm's 330 workers were not to blame and would meet with agriculture minister Stephane Le Foll tomorrow to determine how they would be paid until the plant, whose sanitary license has been revoked temporarily, could reopen.
"The government distinguishes responsibility for what appears to be the actions of Spanghero's leaders from the work of its employees," the ministers for agriculture and consumer affairs said in a joint statement.
The scandal, affecting a growing number of European countries and retailers, began in Ireland when the food safety authority discovered horsemeat in frozen beef burgers.
Investigations to determine how horsemeat ended up in ready meals sold across Europe homed in on Spanghero, but further probes are under way targeting a meat trader in the Netherlands and other firms in the supply chain.
Irish company Greencore last night confirmed that a bolognese sauce it produces for UK supermarket chain Asda contained 4.8 per cent equine DNA.Packs of the Chosen By You 350g beef bolognese sauce were withdrawn by Asda on Thursday night.
Greencore, headed up by Patrick Coveney, the brother of Minister for Agriculture Simon Coveney, said it was going to carry out 'a thorough and comprehensive investigation' to determine how its supply chain had been compromised.
The Sunday Times newspaper today reported serious concerns had first been aired about horsemeat with British food chiefs 18 months ago but nothing had been done.
John Young, a former manager with Britain's Food Standards Agency (FSA), said he helped draft a letter to the government in April 2011 on behalf of Britain's biggest horsemeat exporter, highlighting failures in the system to stop horses treated with the drug phenylbutazone from entering the human food chain.
"I discussed this with the chief executive of the Food Standards Agency this morning and she is going to go back through the records and see exactly what was said at the time," Britain's environment secretary Owen Paterson told Sky News.
Phenylbutazone, commonly known as bute, is an anti-inflammatory painkiller for sporting horses but banned for animals intended for eventual human consumption as it is potentially harmful in large concentrations.
The FSA said last week six horses slaughtered in Britain had tested positive for bute and might have entered the human food chain.
Irish authorities first discovered horsemeat in beef burgers on January 15th. However, the scandal widened two weeks ago when tests on beef lasagne made by the British unit of frozen foods group Findus showed the product contained up to 100 per cent horsemeat.
Europol are now coordinating criminal investigations across Europe, and in Britain three premises have been probed, two closed down and number of arrests made, Paterson said.
Spanghero had its license revoked for the duration of the probe after French officials said it must have known it was buying horsemeat, which is cheaper and carries a different customs code when delivered in frozen blocks.
The firm's president Barthelemy Aguerre struck back at accusations on Friday, saying the government had been too quick to point the finger.