German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande speak to the press at the Elysée Palace in Paris, yesterday. Photograph: Bertrand Guay/Getty Images

Tension evident between the French wish to negotiate and German impatience

 A woman looks at flowers laid on Marhaba beach in Sousse, where 38 people were killed in last Friday’s terror attack, on June 30th, 2015 in Sousse, Tunisia. Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Tunisian official says assassin was at Islamic State camp with Bardo museum gunmen

Empty sunloungers on the beach near the RIU Imperial Marhaba hotel in Sousse, Tunisia, June 30th, 2015. Photograph: Steve Parsons/PA Wire

Few regret 2011 exit of Tunisian dictator, but some recall his tougher police methods

  Seifeddine Rezgui:  killed 38 people in the Tunisian beach resort of Sousse on Friday. Photograph: AP

Authorities examine possibility Seifeddine Rezgui may have travelled to Libya for training

British home secretary Theresa May, Tunisian interior minister Mohamed Najem Gharsalli, German interior minister Thomas de Maizière and French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve give a press conference in the Riu Imperial Marhaba Hotel in Port el Kantaoui, on the outskirts of Sousse. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

British, French, German and Tunisian ministers condemn Islamic State

Flowers and tributes  left at Marhaba beach near to where 38 people were killed on Friday.  Photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

Surprising number of tourists remain in country despite the slaughter

This image released through social media accounts associated with Islamic State  purports to show Tunisian Seifeddine Rezgui who is believed to be the gunman who killed at least 39 people in the holiday resort of Sousse.  More than 30 people were wounded in the attack. Photograph via EPA/HO

Gunmen targeted foreigners, telling Tunisians in his path to ‘get away’

Laurence (Larry) Hayes, who died during the Tunisian shootings this week

Minister for Foreign Affairs says no reason to believe there are further Irish victims

Police lead away an unidentified woman as they search Yassin Salhi’s home in Saint-Priest, near Lyon. Photograph: Richard Mouillaud/EPA

Neighbours near Lyons describe Yassin Salhi (35) as a quiet, discreet man

Lorna Carty, from Co Meath, who was  killed in a terrorist attack at a resort in Tunisia.

Lorna Carty, from Robinstown, Co Meath, shot dead in assault on beach at Sousse resort

French police cordon off the area where a decapitated body was  found near the Air Products company, in Saint-Quentin-Fallavier. Photograph: AFP

In Syria and Iraq, Islamic State displays the heads of its victims in this way

Dominique Cottrez (51) appears in the courtroom of Douai, northern France, accused of multiple counts of first-degree murder of minors. Photograph: Michel Spingler/AP Photo

Dominique Cottrez feared her eight babies were the result of incest, writes Lara Marlowe

French President François Hollande meets with parliamentarians at the Elysée Palace in Paris after revelations of US spying on French presidents. Photograph: Charles Platiau/AFP/Getty Images

Politicians express indignation, real or feigned, at NSA intelligence gathering

rench foreign minister Laurent Fabius held a meeting on the proposal with Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas in Ramallah, the West Bank, on Sunday. Photograph: Thomas Coex/EPA

Aim of initiative is to set deadline for completing a two-state solution

In 2005, the clothes company Marithé et François Girbaud hung a 400sq m poster of fashion models imitating the apostles in Leonardo’s Last Supper (above) at a busy intersection. A Catholic association sued on the grounds that it was offensive to Catholics.

Supreme court judge Credeville made ‘defending terrorism’ punishable by five years

French president Francois Hollande speaks to journalists upon his arrival in Algiers. Paris and Algiers are enjoying a period of exceptionally good relations. Photograph: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters

Hollande and Bouteflika meet in Algiers after death of militant Mokhtar Belmokhtar

Former IMF director  Dominique Strauss-Kahnleaves his apartment in Paris yesterday. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

Former IMF director’s behaviour was that of a ‘client’, says judge, dismissing charges

Ambassador Geraldine Byrne-Nason (in purple, front row) with Senator Helene Conway-Mouret (on her left) and guest of honour Marie-Christine Saragosse (to her right). Photograph: Lara Marlowe

Ambassador Geraldine Byrne-Nason began a network when she arrived in Paris

Paul McGuinness has turned to TV, joining forces with John Banville and Neil Jordan to make a crime series based on the French Riv(...)

 Nicolas Hulot, the French president’s envoy, said there was a new awareness on the part of the world’s two biggest sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Photograph: Frederic Stevens/Getty Images

Paris gathering in December has raised hopes leaders will at last make a serious move towards a decarbonised world

The OECD did not say which measures it would favour to stop the property market overheating. Photographer: Aidan Crawley/Bloomberg

Organisation calls for action to ‘prevent investors becoming excessively exposed’

US deputy secretary of state Antony J Blinken gives a joint press conference following a meeting with foreign affairs members of the anti-Islamic State coalition in Paris on Tuesday. Photograph: AFP Photo/ Stephane De Sakutin

Coalition of 24 nations against Islamic State puts brave face on divisions in Paris

Nicolas Sarkozy arrives at UMP party headquarters in Paris. The 212,000 members of the party will vote on the party’s statute and new name. Photograph: Stephane de Sakutin/Afp/Getty Images

By changing party name, the former president wants to bury disastrous past

 British prime minster David Cameron is welcomed by Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte at the Catshuis residence  in The Hague. The meeting with Mr Rutte, an ally, was expected to go smoothly. Photograph: Getty Images

France’s foreign minister Laurent Fabius says British referendum is ‘dangerous’

The “survivors’ issue” of Charlie Hebdo sold eight million copies worldwide, and the wave of post-massacre sympathy brought 270,000 subscriptions. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Satirical’s survivors are traumatised, threatened and at odds with each other

French secondary school teachers take part in a demonstration against  curriculum reforms in Paris. Photograph: Yoan Valat

Demonstrators carry placards saying ‘Bring back our Latin and Greek’

Emmanuel Todd has built his career as an author and public intellectual on a combination of scientific analysis, opinion and provocation. In 1976, he foretold the fall of the Soviet Union, 15 years before it occurred. Photograph: Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

Emmanuel Todd says interior minister should be held responsible for January attacks

French ecology minister Segolene Royal: recently accompanied François Hollande on a five-day official trip to the Caribbean. Photograph: Pascal Pochard-Casabianca/AFP/Getty Images

Through state roles, interviews and film launches, all the president’s women live in public

Detail from ‘Dancers Resting’ by Edgar Degas: ‘The dancers’ faces are simian masks.’ Heritage Foundation, Lausanne

Although seen as an Impressionist, the painter was never comfortable with the term and even derided its proponents

Thomas Piketty: “Euro zone finance ministers have been meeting every other week for the past four months to discuss Greece, and nobody knows what they’ve done or what they are talking about. We are just losing time.”

Economist Thomas Piketty says euro zone is wasting valuable time in the Greek crisis

Sétif, 300km east of Algiers, in  about 1930, where a protest sparked the massacre of thousands in 1945. Photograph: Roger Viollet/Getty Images/CAP

Second World War marked the beginning of the end of France’s colonial empire

National Front founder Jean-Marie Le Pen sings at the foot of a statue of Joan of Arc during the party’s annual rally In Paris on May 1st. Photograph: Thomas Samson/AFP

Some 87 per cent of National Front voters want party founder to retire

Aristocrat?: Guglielmo Alberto Wladimiro Alessandro Apollinare de Kostrowitzky, aka Guillaume Apollinaire, with his fiancee, Madeleine Pagès, in 1916. Photograph: Mondadori Portfolio via Getty

Guillaume Apollinaire, France’s most acclaimed war poet, who was born in Rome to a Polish noblewoman, survived the trenches of the(...)

France’s far-right National Front political party founder and honorary president Jean-Marie Le Pen leaving the  party’s   headquarters in Nanterre near Paris. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/Reuters

Party founder angered daughter Marine Le Pen with contentious comments in interview

French National Front leader Marine Le Pen’s anti-EU and anti-immigration May Day rally speech in Paris  was interrupted by her father, the party’s founder and honorary president Jean-Marie Le Pen. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

National Front leader’s attempts to legitimse party are an uphill battle

French president Francois Hollande: said would “make an example” of up to 16 French soldiers if allegations contained in a United Nations report leaked to a newspaper prove true

Claims French soldiers sexually abusing children in Central African Republic

Velázquez’s only surviving nude: Toilet of Venus (1647-51). Photograph © National Gallery, London/Réunion des Musées Nationaux

The Spanish master’s portraits of royal children were dispatched to European capitals to curry marriage possibilities. But the ‘(...)

French prime minister Manuel Valls says the Irish economic performance is “good news for Ireland and it’s very good news for Europe”. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Mediterranean crisis hung over meeting with Taoiseach, writes Lara Marlowe

French Ambassador to Ireland Jean Pierre Thebault with French Prime Minister Manuel Valls outside the new French embassy on Merrion Square in Dublin yesterday. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Talks will center on the economy, agriculture, the British EU exit and Greece

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls inaugurating the new French embassy with Tánaiste Joan Burton at Merrion Square in Dublin yesterday. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Prime Minister and Tánaiste celebrate “unwavering friendship” between two countries

Though his presidential ambitions are well known, French prime minister Manuel Valls has been faultlessly loyal to President François Hollande. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

Strong state to ‘provide security . . . to run our healthcare system’, says prime minister

The Hotel-Dieu hospital where Sid-Ahmed Ghlam, a computer science student suspected of plotting attacks on churches and murdering a young French woman, is undergoing police questioning in Paris. Photograph: Yoan Valat/EPA

Student with links to al-Qaeda arrested on suspicion of terrorist plot and murder

France’s President Francois Hollande (left)  with French diplomat Laurent Stefanini. File photograph: Bertrand Langlois/AFP/Getty Images

Holy See yet to confirm Laurent Stefanini posting three months after appointment

 French   National Front leader Marine Le Pen is kissed by her father Jean-Marie Le Pen after she was   re-elected as president of the party. The party  is in “an unprecedented crisis”, Ms Le Pen told ‘Le Monde’. Photograph: Laurent Cipriani/AP

Marine Le Pen accuses her National Front-founder father of ‘political suicide’

Marseilles prosecutor Brice Robin: Forensic scientists have isolated 150 DNA profiles from more than 2,000 samples collected at the crash site.  Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

Co-pilot Andreas Lubitz accelerated for maximum impact on descent to French Alps

Ian Bailey leaving the High Court after losing his case against An Garda Síochána and the State. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Jury dismisses claim gardaí conspired to implicate Bailey in death of Toscan du Plantier

Pictured at their home in Paris are Marguerite and Georges Bouniol, parents of Sophie Toscan du Plantier.

Family’s lawyer predicts ‘new impetus’ in criminal investigation

Andreas Lubitz runs the Airportrace half marathon in Hamburg in this September 13th, 2009 file photo. Photograph: Reuters/Foto-Team-Mueller

The Germanwings pilot who flew 149 people to their deaths was an apparently normal, apolitical 27-year-old. The reasons for his ac(...)

French gendarmes and investigators work amid the debris of the Germanwings Airbus A320

The cockpit recording indicates a deliberate act by co-pilot, says French prosecutor

Germanwings co-pilot Andreas Lubitz on his (now blocked) Facebook page in San Francisco, California. He barricaded himself in the cockpit and “intentionally” rammed the plane full speed into a mountain on Tuesday, ignoring the captain’s frantic pounding on the cockpit door and the screams of terror from passengers. Photograph: AP Photo

German police search bungalow in Rhineland town where Lubitz lived with his parents

A search and rescue worker at the crash site of the Germanwings Airbus A320 that crashed in the French Alps, above the town of Seyne-les-Alpes, southeastern France. Photograph: EPA

European leaders demonstrate solidarity as alpine valley awaits bodies and the families of victims, writes Lara Marlowe

Tunisia’s culture minister Latifa Lakhdar: “The jihadist idea that religion should rule politics is a model that never existed.” Photograph: Anis Mili/Reuters

Latifa Lakhdar to unveil memorial to Tunis museum massacre victims

M’Barka Brahmi, who heard her husband Mohamed being shot as he left their house: ‘I ran out screaming, “Ennahda killed him”.’

Politician shot outside his home had opposed training of local youths for Syria and Libya

A Tunisian policeman stands guard at Bourguiba Avenue in the capital of Tunis during a celebration to commemorate Tunisia’s national independence day yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Anis Mili

Tunis refuses to declare national day of mourning in aftermath of attacks

Self-Portrait With Two Circles: the circles on the wall behind Rembrandt are a mystery but may allude to a Renaissance theory that the ability to draw a perfect circle freehand was the mark of a great artist. Photograph: Kenwood House/Rijksmuseum

‘Late Rembrandt’, at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, shows that the great Dutch painter was also centuries ahead of his time

Hospital personnel and medical students protest French government reform which seeks to modify payment and social security reimbursement methods for consultations. Photograph: EPA/Ian Langsdon.

Minister believes Ireland is not beginning a new property boom

A Tunisian woman holds a placard reading:  “No to terrorism. We will no longer remain silent for the death of our children” outside the National Bardo Museum in Tunis. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty

Sorrow, anger and defiance in response to the jihadist attack on Bardo museum

Roses  on bloodstains in front of the National Bardo Museum in Tunis. Photograph: Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images

Tunisian officials say more than 3,000 young men have gone to fight with IS in Syria

 Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation, Richard Bruton: “That’s the worst feature of this, that by failing to report and to take appropriate action, that someone else who’s entirely innocent gets exposed to risk.”

‘Expectation’ all information from internal investigations would be turned over, says Bruton

In the spirit of St Patrick’s Day: Edinburgh Castle in Scotland. Photograph: Gareth Easton/PA

From Brussels to Melbourne, St Patrick’s Day is celebrated in style across the globe

The rector of the mosque of Bordeaux, Tareq Oubrou, looks on during a speech by the French interior minister in February. Getty Images

French government reliance on establishment imams misguided, writes Lara Marlowe

Zyed Benna and Bouna Traoré. Photograph: Olivier Laban-Mattei/AFP

Electrocution in 2005 of two immigrant teenagers led to major riots in Paris

French champion sailor Florence Arthaud in Paris, French Olympic gold medallist swimmer Camille Muffat, and French Olympic boxer Alexis Vastine died when two helicopters filming the survival series Dropped smashed into each other in the mountains of La Rioja province of Argentina. Photograph: Getty Images

Champion yachtswoman Florence Arthaud, swimmer Camille Muffat and boxer Alexis Vastine among 10 killed during filming of a realit(...)

Tatiana Danilova, deputy head of security at the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, and volunteer Irina Popovits with Emma, one of their charges. Photograph: Lara Marlowe

St Petersburg Letter: Hermitage museum houses 70 cats in its basement and courtyards

French security officials are exploring the possibility of shooting down drones or jamming their guidance systems. Photograph: AP Photo/Francois Mori

Unmanned aircraft overfly landmarks on two consecutive nights

French photographer François-Marie Banier (right) with his lawyer Laurent Merlet as they leave the Bordeaux courthouse yesterday. Photographer: Mehdi Fedouach/AFP/Getty Images

Verdict to be delivered by June

Co-editor of  ‘Charlie Hebdo’ Laurent Sourisseau, who was shot in the shoulder. Photograph: AFP Photo /Bertrand Guaybertrand Guay/Getty Images

Satirical weekly richest publication in France since nine staff were murdered

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve, French Jewish institutions representative council president Roger Cukierman, French president Francois Hollande, Paris Mosque rector Dalil Boubakeur and Paris Mosque Imams inspector Mohamed Louanoughi  at the Elysee Palace. Photo: Getty Images

French president trying to rebuild unity between Jewish and Muslim communities

Hulking presence: Dominique Strauss-Kahn was at the centre of the trial, just as he had been the focal point at the orgies held for his benefit. Photograph: Gonzalo Fuentes/Reuters

His political career may be in tatters, but despite numerous scandals involving allegations of sexual violence and pimping, the f(...)

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel during the third week of the so-called “Lille Carlton Hotel Case” trial. Photograph: Getty

Beaming former IMF director says he felt he was listened to, unlike some defendants

French prime minister Manuel Valls after delivering a speech before the vote of no confidence. The outcome shows that President François Hollande’s administration no longer commands a reliable majority. Photograph: Christian Hartmann/Reuters

Timid reform law comes at the cost of unity on the left

A still from the video of Chelsea football fans repeatedly pushing the man off a Paris Metro train on Tuesday night. Photograph: Guardian/AFP/Getty Images

Scotland Yard helps Paris police in search for fans who racially abused black man

Said Kouachi (left) and Cherif Kouachi: the brothers sent a text message to Amedy Coulibaly  an  hour before the assault on Charlie Hebdo Photograph: Judicial Police of Paris/PA Wire

Degree of co-ordination between Kouachi brothers and Amedy Coulibaly disclosed

French gendarmes at the desecrated Jewish cemetery of Sarre-Union in France. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty

Desecration of Jewish cemetery has compounded shock at attacks in Copenhagen, writes Lara Marlowe

François Hollande. He telephoned Egyptian president Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to “renew the expression of his solidarity”

Paris and Cairo share disquiet at rise of Islamic State, writes Lara Marlowe

Islamist gunmen shoot a wounded police officer on the ground at point-blank range, as they flee the offices of French satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris, in this still image taken from amateur video shot on January 7th, 2015. Photograph: Reuters

Sins of France’s colonial fathers have come back to haunt the country in the form of a remorseless Muslim intifada

Former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel this week in Lille to attend his trial on chages of “aggravated pimping”.  Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Former IMF director angrily tells court he is not on trial for sexual behaviour

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel  on Thursday to attend the trial where he is charged alongside 13 others for ‘aggravated pimping’. Photograph: AFP

Strauss-Kahn annoyed that text messages were being read out of context in court

Former IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaves his hotel in Lille to attend his trial on charges of procuring women. Photograph: AFP

Former IMF boss claims to have ‘rougher sexuality’ than average man

A topless activist jumps on a car carrying Dominique Strauss-Kahn to his trial in Lille, France. She was joined by two others. Photograph: Denis Charlet/AFP

Seemingly bored ex-IMF director says he had no idea the women at ‘soirées’ were hired

French president François Hollande at the Élysée Palace in Paris yesterday. Photograph: Alain Jocard/Reuters

French president also warns that Ukraine conflict could become ‘total’

Ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn leaving the Lille courthouse. The economist is accused, with 13 others, in connection with a prostitution ring. Photograph: Denis Charlet/AFP/Getty

Former call-girls paint portrait of sleaze and orgies in ‘Carlton’ case, writes Lara Marlowe

A market in Nice. The attack has shaken Nice’s 25,000-strong Jewish community

Assailant had tried to reach jihad in Syria, writes Lara Marlowe

French-born pimp and defendant Dominique Alderweireld arriving at the Lille courthouse as the “Carlton” case trial began on Monday. Photograph: Francois Lo Presti/AFP/Getty Images

Former IMF director faces up to 10 years in jail if guilty of ‘aggravated pimping’ charges

The entrance of the Nice Flore elementary school in Nice,  France, school  of an eight-year-old boy  who was questioned  by police on suspicion of “defending terrorism”. Photograph:  Valery Hache/AFP/Getty Images

Police summons of child who wouldn't take part in minute’s silence sparks national debate

 President Michael D Higgins at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg on Tuesday where  he delivered his address ‘The Future of Parliaments: Addressing the Challenges’. Photograph:  Chris Bellew/Fennell Photography.

Citizens have paid ‘a very high price’, president tells tells Strasbourg assembly

French president François  Hollande:    invited Alexis Tsipras to visit Paris soon and promised “that France will be beside Greece in this important period for its future”.  Ian Langsdon/Reuters

French communist party leader Pierre Laurent ‘absolutely thrilled’

Nicolas Sarkozy: he said prime minister Manuel Valls comparison of  France to the former apartheid regime in South Africa was “a moral error”. Photograph: Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

France’s post-attack ‘sacred union’ between left and right broken by the UMP leader

The Hyper Cacher kosher supermarket in Paris, where four hostages died on January 9th: France plans to spend about €735 million on anti-terrorist measures in the next three years. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

France unveils measures two weeks after Paris attacks, including €725m in new spending

A man films  a building in Beziers, outside Montpellier, where a Russian Chechen suspected of preparing a terrorist attack was living before his arrest on Monday. Five Russian Chechens were placed under custody in Beziers and Saint-Jean-de-Vedas, outside Montpellier. Photograph: Pascal Guyot/AFP/Getty

France remains on high alert in wake of Islamist attacks, writes Lara Marlowe

Marine Le Pen mocked the French foreign minister Laurent Fabius for avoiding the word “Islamist” and for referring to Islamic State by their Arabic name, Daesh. Photograph: Yoan Valat

‘What we are living through is the result of 20 years of errors,’ says National Front leader

 Armed Belgian police officers guard the building of the Federal Parquet in Brussels, Belgium, on  January 16th, 2015. Thirteen people were detained in 12 anti-terrorism raids in the Belgian city of Verviers. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Arrests in Belgium, Germany and France follow Belgian raid in which two jihadists killed

French president François Hollande (left) welcomes US secretary of state John Kerry prior to a meeting at the Elysee Palace in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Patrick Kovarik/AFP/Getty Images

French life still revolves around last week’s attacks, writes Lara Marlowe

Rio police block the street of Colline in Vervier Eastern Belgium, 15 January 2014, after an anti terrorist operation in which two people died and one was injured. Photograph: EPA/Oliver Hoslet

Men believed to have been planning atack ‘on a grand scale’ opened fire on police

Men in Lahore, Pakistan,  chant slogans on January 15th, 2015,  as they  protest against satirical French weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo, which featured a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad as the cover of its first edition since an attack by Islamist gunmen. Photograph: Mohsin Raza/Reuters

Large numbers of students refused to observe minute’s silence for Charlie Hebdo victims

The coffin of “Tignous” is carried outside the town hall of Montreuil during the tribute service for Bernard Verlhac on January 15th, 2015 in Montreuil, France. Cartoonist Bernard “Tignous” Verlhac was killed in last week’s terrorist attack on satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo. Photograph: Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images

Malian Lassana Bathily who acted to save Jews in supermarket to become French citizen

Nasser bin Ali al-Ansi, a leader of the Yemeni branch of al Qaeda (Aqap), speaks via a video posted on YouTube. Photograph: Reuters/YouTube via Reuters TV

Aqap leader claims in YouTube video that killings were in accordance with wishes of Osama bin Laden

Members of the French government and deputies stand as they observe a minute of silence in homage of the 17 victims of last week terrosrist attacks, at the National Assembly in Paris.  Photograph: Remy de la Mauviniere/AP Photo

National Assembly sing ‘Marseillaise’ in emotional scenes

French prime minister Manuel Valls delivers a speech during a special session of the national assembly to pay tribute to the 17 victims killed in Islamist attacks. Photograph:  Francois Guillot/AFP/Getty Images

Assembly votes to renew deployment of French forces in Iraq

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