Nelson Mandela - a life in pictures
Nelson Mandela led the fight against apartheid in South Africa and became the country's first black president after spending 27 years in jail as a political prisoner
Winnie and Nelson Mandela on their wedding day, June 14th, 1958.
African women demonstrate in front of the Law Courts in Pretoria, 16 June 1964, after the verdict of the Rivonia trial, in which eight men, among them anti-apartheid leader and African National Congress (ANC) member Nelson Mandela, were sentenced to life imprisonment. The eight men were accused of conspiracy, sabotage and treason. Photograph: Getty Images
A rare glimpse of Nelson Mandela (left) with hat, spade and dark glasses doing prison work in the garden of Robben Island jail where he spent 18 of his 27 years as a political prisoner. Working alongside him in the picture, taken surreptiously sometime in the 1970s, are Andimba Toivo ja Toivo (centre), who later became Namibian Minister of Mines and Minerals, and Brigadier Justice Mpanza (right), a former commander in the African National Congress' armed wing. Photographs of Mandela as prisoner were banned by the apartheid government, fearing his status as an African icon.
Undated file photograph of Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie. Photograph: International Defence and Aid Fund/Reuters
This file photo shows Nelson Mandela and his then wife Winnie saluting well-wishers as he leaves Victor Verster prison, February 11th, 1990. Photograph: Ulli Michel/Reuters
The then South African President Nelson Mandela shakes hands with his deputy and last state president of apartheid-era South Africa F.W. de Klerk after a meeting between the two on January 20th, 1995. Mr Mandela and Mr de Klerk said they had cleared up misunderstandings sparked by apartheid-era indemnities that had threatened the government of national unity. Photograph: Shawn Baldwin/Reuters
The fomer president of South Africa meets then president of the Republic of Ireland Mary McAleese at Áras An Uachtaráin in April 2000. Photograph: Matt Kavanagh/The Irish Times
Listening to Mr Mandela addressing the Dáil in July, 1990, were the Ceann Comhairle, Mr Seán Treacy (top left), and (on right) the Taoiseach, Mr Charles Haughey, and members of his cabinet. Photograph: Frank Miller/The Irish Times
South African rugby team captain, Francois Pienaar (right), is congratulated by South African president Nelson Mandela after South Africa won the Rugby World Cup final against New Zealand 24th June 1995 in Johannesburg. Photograph: Jean-Pierre Muller/Getty Images
Then South African president Nelson Mandela and the world's most famous footballer Pele smile for photographers in 1995. Photograph: Juda Ngwenya/Reuters
Then South African president Nelson Mandela meets with Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams at the African National Congress headquarters in Johannesburg in 1995. The meeting was part of discussions between the Sinn Féin leadership and leaders of all political parties in South Africa. Photograph: Juda Ngwenya/Reuters
The then president of South Africa Nelson Mandela chats with President Mary Robinson in the garden of Tuynhuis, his Cape Town office, March 26th, 1994. Mrs Robinson was the first President of Ireland to visit South Africa. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters
Archbishop Desmond Tutu joins hands with Nelson Mandela in triumph after the latter was proclaimed president of South Africa in 1994.
Mr Mandela acknowledges the cheers of welcome fram the crowd, on arrival at Trinity College , where he was conferred with a honorary degree in April, 2000. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times
Then president Mary McAleese with Mr Mandela, and Sir James Black, upon their conferral with honorary degrees in Dublin in 2000. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times
Nelson Mandela gives an animated speach to the crowds at Trafalgar Square during the South African democracy concert April 29th, 2001. A crowd of 20,000 turned out to be entertained by music groups such as REM and The Corrs. Photograph: Jonathan Evans/Reuters
Former presidents of South Africa Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki leave the South African Parliament building after the opening of its first session under the country's new constitution. In his speech Mr Mandela promised further progress on privatisation and the abolition of exchange controls. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters
Mr Mandela, who was one of Africa's most committed campaigners in the battle against Aids, announcing that his only surviving son had succumbed to the disease, on January 6th, 2005. Makgatho Mandela (54) died in a Johannesburg clinic where he had been receiving treatment for more than a month. "Let us give publicity to HIV/Aids and not hide it," said a frail-looking Mr Mandela, surrounded by his grandchildren and other family members. Photograph: Stringer/Reuters
The former South African president waves to the crowd with musician and campaigner Bob Geldof during a mass rally in Trafalgar Square on February 3rd, 2005 in London, England. Mr Mandela told the rally to help "Make Poverty History in 2005" and help set free millions of people in the world's poorest countries who remained imprisoned by poverty. Photograph: Scott Barbour/Getty Images
The former South African leader smiles after receiving Amnesty International's Ambassador of Conscience Award at his office in Johannesburg, November 1st, 2006. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters