Into the light: uncovered pine stumps on the shore. Illustration: Michael Viney

Ireland offered has dramatic examples of rogue waves, including those that swamped the bow of LÉ ‘Róisín’

Imprints from the past: successive ice ages and weathering have left the fossils of early limestone Ireland’s chief visible heritage. Illustration: Michael Viney

Limestone formed when Ireland was still down near the equator, its deserts and dunes flooded by warm and shallow seas

Timely: this autumn’s supermoons and all the talk of life on Mars give a topical edge to I Was There’s distillation of evolution. Illustration: Michael Viney

‘I Was There’, ‘Sea Gastronomy’, ‘Ireland’s Birds: Myth, Legends and Folklore’, ‘Dordán Dúlra’ and ‘This Is the Burren’

Heads down: the ewes turned their rumps to the wind. Illustration: Michael Viney

I feel particular despair for all the young city women rushing through their lives, lost in a hectic flow of virtual conversations(...)

Lumbricus terrestrism draws leaves down. Illustration: Michael Viney

In Octobers past, this was my month for lifting the maincrop potatoes, taking care to rebury every earthworm tossed aloft, before (...)

Summer visitor from Africa: the death’s head hawkmoth photographed by Michael Bell

A devil’s coach horse, a trapped crow and a death’s head hawkmoth

Snack time: a snail on petalwort. Illustration: Michael Viney

This coastal plant helps to stabilise exposed sand against the pull of wind and soak up eroding water

Earth star mushrooms, tar spots, pheasants and spaniels

Hare-brained: human population growth threatens the planet. Illustration:  Michael Viney

Mad growth of human race gobbles up space and wipes out ever more species

Aching bee stings, moulting blackbirds and ‘dog’s sick’ mould

Where pollinators can flourish: a blackthorn in flower. Illustration: Michael Viney

A plan backed by 68 organisations shows the plight of pollinators is moving up the agenda

A white swallow at Tacumshin from a photograph by Eric Dempsey. Illustration: Michael Viney

The Wexford lake in autumn is a prime staging post for thousands of Ireland’s migrating swallows, house martins and sand martins (...)

Blackberries come in many shapes and sizes. Illustration: Michael Viney

It seems the ambition of ‘Rubus fruticosus’, the common blackberry, is to take over most of this island

Fruit fly: scarce this year

Fruit flies, crayfish, grey squirrel and a catterpillar

Bicoloured dahlias, ramping fumitory, merlins and oak eggar moths

Off course: gales bring migrants within telescope range. Illustration: Michael Viney

Eric Dempsey’s new book, ‘Don’t Die in Autumn’, is an honest, joyous account of life as a birdwatcher

Gannets, wrens, seals and tachinid flies

Alone: a leveret could just be waiting for mother hare to come and feed it from time to time. Illustration: Michael Viney

Rescue is best saved for obviously injured animals and birds, cold and limp. Wildlife Rehabilitation Ireland has all you need to k(...)

Extinction risk: Aphanomyces astaci killed more than 600 crayfish  in a stretch of the River Bruskey in Co Cavan. Illustration: Michael Viney

A fungal disease spreading from North America could wipe out a species near extinction in most of Europe

Goshawks, false widows, and albino swallows and foxes

Sparrowhawks, flying ants, robin’s pincushions and a trio of moths

Fighting back: the red squirrel is now in all 32 counties. Illustration: Michael Viney

They occasionally cross the river but stick mainly to the parts of Ireland to its east. What’s going on? And where does that leave(...)

White hares, warble flies and comma butterflies

Tracked across the Atlantic: bluefin tuna. Illustration:  Michael Viney

Around Ireland, electronic tags have been fixed to basking sharks, blue sharks, bluefin tuna, leatherback turtles and sunfish

The giant box crab: some are occasionally caught in shallow fishing trawls. Illustration: Michael Viney

The deep-swimming giant box crab are occasionally caught in shallow fishing trawls

Seal of approval: they are amiable but keep your distance. Illustration: Michael Viney

It is great to see grey seals return in numbers, but it is best to enjoy them from a distance

Young hares, a fledgling cuckoo and a rare rosy footman

An old Irish goat: you can learn about conserving the last ones during heritage week. Illustration: Michael Viney

Historic buildings and prehistoric sites are still what people think of when you mention National Heritage Week. Landscapes and wi(...)

Sea foam, wasp grubs and horntails

An escaped wallaby, a strawberry-stealing squirrel and a haunting owl

Limpets: Aristotle noted their mysterious powers of navigation. Illustration: Michael Viney

Optical structures within the limpet’s shell shine brilliantly when catching the light. That means they could work in your car’s w(...)

Crab spiders, gall midges and hummingbird hawkmoths

Sound reasons for surfacing: beached whales. Illustration: Michael Viney Sound reasons for surfacing: beached whales. Illustration: Michael Viney

Whales and dolphins have been killed by powerful naval sonars, the explosions of military exercises and the air-gun detonations o(...)

Mating moths, mistle thrushes and a hungry robin

In a pinch: a crab, part of the big planetary recycle. Illustration: Michael Viney

Where do the oceans get their new calcium from if not rivers rushing out dissolved limestone from the land?

Stick insects, pigeons and doves

Speckled woods: well designed for dappled light. Illustration: Michael Viney

The unusual weather – will there now be any other kind? – is making conditions even more unfavourable for the tortoiseshells, mars(...)

Nesting gulls, raucous magpies, squawking crows and dwindling swallows

Ragweed: one plant can generate up to a billion grains of pollen in a season, travelling hundreds of kilometres on the wind. Illustration: Michael Viney

Ragweed, the bane of hay-fever victims, causes half the summer attacks of asthma. It also invades ploughed fields, waysides and (...)

Diving beetles, a dead swift, and bug eggs

True colours: birds hide to finish changing their plumage. Illustration: Michael Viney

Summer is a time of coming and going, of great change, of moulting and preparation

Secretive otters, curious pine martens and disappearing goldfinches

Carbon footprint: Ireland’s herd size is set to grow. Illustration: Michael Viney

Methane from cows makes up more than half of the greenhouse gases arising from milk production. With Ireland’s dairy herd set to g(...)

Boarfish: “a special gift from a warming ocean”. Illustration: Michael Viney

A dramatic explosion in the numbers of boarfish in Irish waters has turned a minor nuisance into a staple catch

Turkey oaks, capercaillies and a motherly wren

Otters, St Mark’s flies and robins

Corncrake calling: without the EU standing watch, would we really have paid farmers to mow their meadows in ways that let corncrakes escape? Illustration: Michael Viney

The European Commission is running a ‘fitness check’ on the EU birds and habitats directives. Scaling back these conservation rul(...)

A cuckoo’s calls, a blackbird’s bravery and a caterpillar that smells like a goat

Territorial: a raven’s skirmishes can be claw to claw. Illustration: Michael Viney

Jays in California are being left eggs dosed with an emetic to discourage them from eating those of a threatened seabird. Could it(...)

Choughs, fox cubs and glowing beetles

Giant deer: as they grew, their antlers grew too. Illustration: Michael Viney

Stephen Jay Gould loved the natural history museum in Dublin, with its gleaming glass cabinets. But a financial crisis has forced (...)

False widows, burrowing bees and a clutch of ducklings

Eager beaver: could the animal’s river engineering help save Ireland’s wild salmon and trout from decline? Illustration: Michael Viney

A project to reintroduce the wild cat to Britain has won support from a public largely out of touch with farming realities. What m(...)

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Warm-water creature: the gooseneck barnacle drifts from the subtropical Atlantic. Illustration: Michael Viney

Gooseneck barnacles, clustered on drift logs, are a beauty to behold

Dandelions: we treat them as weeds, but these golden wild flowers are an important source of food for a vital insect. Illustration: Michael Viney

Without bees we’d lose much of the choice on our supermarket food shelves: 4,000 of Europe’s vegetable varieties exist thanks to p(...)

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Great lake: mayflies’ sudden emergence from the water and nuptial swarmings have signalled the launch of anglers eager to catch trout with imitation mayflies of their own. Illustration: Michael Viney

If mayflies are key signals of the health of our lakes, Ireland’s inland waters are looking increasingly sick

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Pump action: changes in Atlantic circulation could alter the ocean level. Illustration: Michael Viney

A big patch of the Atlantic between Ireland and Newfoundland is perversely cooling down while the rest of the world is warming up (...)

‘Beaming down the bog’: sunrise on Mweelrea, Co Mayo. Illustration: Michael Viney

Biodynamic growers study the lunar cycle before deciding when to sow their seeds

The caddis fly
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Monster catch: Esox lucius has a lithe and muscular beauty. Illustration: Michael Viney

They were blamed for declines in trout stocks when pollution, overfishing and drainage were also taking their toll

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French connection: dormice arrived in Ireland with hay imported by racehorse trainers. Illustration: Michael Viney

Hazel dormice are the most recent in a long line of wildlife species to come to Ireland

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Tourist attraction? Cliffs on the Wild Atlantic Way. Illustration: Michael Viney

There is a broader, deeper concern for the settings we live in than their money-making potential. Just look at Catalonia’s example(...)

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Contrails: the jet streams wrapped around the planet are broad rivers of wind often thousands of kilometres long, shifting between north and south as seasons change. Illustration: Michael Viney

This atmospheric wind powers so much of our cloudscape – and is bringing extreme weather to both sides of the Atlantic Ocean

Delightfully alternative: Carabus problematicus, widespread on Ireland’s mountain heaths and moraines. Illustration: Michael Viney

Beetles are farmers’ friends, a sign of insect diversity and great recyclers of nutrients

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Still frozen: the fjord at Klaegbugt, in Germania Land, in northeastern Greenland. Illustration: Michael Viney

Meltwater lakes are forming beneath ice as global warming accelerates

The stoat: distinctly Irish. Illustration: Michael Viney

DNA evidence indicated array of animals now recognised as distinctly Irish

Goldcrest: unafraid when picked up
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Pea thief: a slippery-sided bucket will foil the wood mouse. Illustration: Michael Viney

I’ve rushed the spring a little, but how good it feels to be surrounded by green again

Heron: enterprising   behaviour
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The vapourer moth
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Genetic heritage: protection of the red deer is a priority. Illustration: Michael Viney

Protection for the genetic heritage of the red deer a priority

What chance an Irish tsunami? Illustration: Michael Viney, with apologies to Hokusai

Some of the biggest tsunamis arose from three underwater landslides at the edge of Norway’s continental shelf, the most recent ab(...)

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Remote corner: swans on  Dooaghtry Lough. Illustration: Michael Viney

We may not think much about their chemistry or aquatic life, but the island’s small lakes contribute powerfully to biodiversity

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Mainly on the plain: happy hares in Spain. Illustration: Michael Viney

Bring a truffle hound around the midlands and you might unearth some of Ireland’s white truffles – fungi that commercial growers u(...)

Early bird: climate change has brought a trent towards earlier nesting. Illustration: Michael Viney

There is strong pressure to change the closed period for hedge-cutting and hill-burning

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Oystercatchers perch above the waves – but how high will the waves come? Illustration: Michael Viney

The final version of GLAS will bring grant applications from some 20,000 farmers

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Two in the bush: mistle thrushes feeding on mistletoe. Illustration: Michael Viney

Mistletoe, druids, myth and magic in Ireland

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Curlews: down to the last 98 breeding pairs. Illustration: Michael Viney

The list of habitats to be protected gets longer, but few are being looked after properly

Illustration: Michael Viney

Herring and black-backed gulls have been drawn by flat roofs, to nest on, and plenty of food, especially takeaways. There can be s(...)

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Seabed creatures: Lough Hyne has them in abundance. Illustration: Michael Viney

It’s 50 years since the films of Jacques Cousteau inspired the first Irish sub-aqua adventurers. Today 80 clubs, all over the coun(...)

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