A major study of 1,400 male and female human brains has failed to find any evidence for “sexual dimorphism” - the official way to describe differences in size or appearance between the sexes, in addition to the sexual organs themselves. File photograph: Thinkstock

Major study of 1,400 male and female brains fails to find evidence of ‘sexual dimorphism’

Antibiotic-resistant organisms have flourished in hospital environments. MRSA (illustrated above) and E coli are key healthcare acquired infections. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

No new antibiotic form released since before 1980s and many bacteria resistant to older drugs

The Eiffel Tower lights up with colours and messages of hope on the eve of the  climate conference in Paris: 190 countries are involved in the conference. Photograph: Yoan Valat/EPA

Goal is to achieve universal agreement on climate change signed by all the nations

Moon River, Fields of Gold, Welcome to the Jungle, Don’t Go Chasing Waterfalls - these are all million sellers that yielded massive amounts of money.  File photograph: Getty Images

Benefit of ecosystems worth some €566m to tunesmiths over 12 years - Dr Luca Coscieme

Clinical research ‘needs to be at the core of our health services’, says Medical Research Charities Group

HSE should appoint ‘research tsar’, says Medical Research Charities Group

Albert Einstein: 1905 was later referred to as his Annus mirabilis – or extraordinary year – and this when he was just 26

It has been 100 years since the publication of his General Theory of Relativity, which revolutionised our understanding of the cos(...)

The Large Hadron Collider at Cern. File photograph: CERN/PA Wire

Large Hadron Collider to conduct first lead-lead collisions at close to light speed

The planet Mars is going to lose a moon but gain a distinctive ring when the larger of its two moons Phobos begins to disintegrate in orbit. Photograph: ScienceNewsline

Researchers say the larger of the planet’s two moons, Phobos, will disintegrate in orbit

Global annual average temperatures anomalies (relative to 1961-1990) based on an average of three global temperature data set. Image: World Meteorologicl Organization.

New records for strongest tropical storms, warmest ocean temperatures and driest year

Flowers and fruit on the  previously unknown tree found in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, by the team from Trinity College Dublin

Rare plant found by Trinity team in rain forest already on endangered list

US biotech company Vaccinogen is setting up a research lab on DCU’s campus to develop vaccines that attack any cancer cells left over after surgery to reduce cancer recurrence

Because the technology is not ‘100% validated’, Vaccinogen has taken a two-year option on DiCast

Jennifer Lorigan, mediator at the Science Gallery in Dublin, with a display by artist Katharine Dowson titled Memory of a Brain Malformation. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Trauma: Built to Break is on display at the Science Gallery in Dublin from Friday

Beekeepers on both sides of the Border are being asked to count the Verroa mites in their hives

The public’s assistance could be vital to researchers and beekeepers in their work to protect the native honeybee by building resi(...)

The Great Island Power Station, Wexford. Key interconnector,  the “Celtic Interconnector” will link Great Island in Wexford with La Martyre in France.  Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

European Commission announces 195 projects as part of ‘Energy Union’ effort

Cormac Gollogly and  Richard Dowling last September, in Kilshane House, Tipperary, when they were joined in civil partnership. Photograph: This Modern Love

Richard Dowling and Cormac Gollogly keen to become first same-sex marriage on books

Dr Maria McNamara: The  palaeontologist is studying dinosaurs with the help of human volunteers. Photograph:  Tomas Tyner, UCC.

UCC will have a stand at Cork City Hall on Saturday and Sunday

You can tell your boss it is biology not attitude that causes you to be indifferent. Photograph: Thinkstock

Researchers find the apathetic have less efficient brain structure than the motivated

Artists’ impression of Philae lander on the surface of Comet  67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Photograph: ESA Medialab/AFP/Getty Images

Rosetta flight controllers release video showing failed touchdown on Comet 67P

The  Alimentary Adventure inflatable exhibit  explaining the digestive system in Cork City Hall. Photograph:  Michael MacSweeney/Provision

It Takes Guts offers a step-by-step explanation of what happens to the food we eat

How much do you know about food we commonly eat?

Researchers checked for beeswax residues on 6,400 ancient pottery vessels and pottery pieces. Photograph: PA Wire

International team found ‘bee products were exploited’ at least from 9,000 years ago

Scientific Sue gets her dragon to show off its skills with flammable gases at the Centre for the Advancement of Learning of Maths, Science and Technology (Calmast) based at Waterford IT. File photograph: Patrick Browne

Scientific Sue presents show explaining how dragons work during Science Week 2015

Spider-Man 2099, the superhero as he has recently been portrayed by Marvel in a futuristic costume. Art work by Will Sliney

Ballycotton-based artist Will Sliney responsible for art work on Amazing web crawler

Lucy Whitaker, from Terenure, stands beside Lighthouse, by Fergal McCarthy, at the Science Gallery Trinity College Dublin. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Melbourne centre is the third international science gallery modelled on Dublin

Compounds in seaweed may be used to prevent tissue damage in transplant patients

Researchers at Trinity College find possible anti-inflammatory drug in ordinary seaweed

Michel Jarraud, secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization, speaks about the WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin during a press conference in Geneva, Switzerland, 9th November 2015. Photograph: Salvatore Di Nolfi/EPA

‘Every year we say that time is running out’ - World Meteorological Organisation

Spending cuts: over the past few years  millions were taken out of the university budgets

Research community is badly in need of finance following years of austerity

Biomechanics of the golf swing: Rory McIlroy. Photograph: James Connolly/PicSell

Events in the annual festival continue around the country until November 15th

A  Meccanoid G15 KS robot, manufactured by Meccano, displayed in London last week.  Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Events highlighting biomechanics research form part of Science Week 2015

Students from Rathfarnham Educate Together National School at the launch of Science Week 2007 in City Hall

Festival has grown beyond all expectations with 800 events and world class scientists aiming to enthuse

Scope aims to screen for pregnant women at risk of serious conditions

The research will  be useful for people trying to develop the best replacement heart valves

Researchers at TCD’s Amber centre were testing the durability of the body’s main organ

Dr Darrin Morrissey with Cathy Hynes and Eve Casey, from Cork, who won at the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition for their project Sugar on Trial

Science Foundation Ireland’s research centres are good for private companies and the country’s reputation

Robert Boyle: central to the development of the experimental method used today

Ireland is known for its creative works but it has also produced great scientists throughout history

Annabel Higgins Hoare received an Irish Research Council scholarship award for her project which will study the use of seaweed as a wound dressing. She is pursuing her research at Waterford Institute of Technology.

Cyberbullying and seaweed wound dressings among areas to receive funding in scheme

 Joint recipients of the SFI researcher of the year award 2015 - Professor Geraldine Boylan - Professor of Neonatal Physiology and a world-leading expert in newborn brain function and Professor Louise Kenny - Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and a consultant obstetrician & gynaecologist. Photograph: Jason Clarke.

Profs Geraldine Boylan and Louise Kenny are directors of UCC’s Infant Centre

Eric Ladizinsky: “We have come a long way in a very short period of time. That is the goal, to become self sustaining”

Scientist Eric Ladizinsky compares advent of new technology to discovery of fire

Maureen McNulty and Hannah Smith at the launch the BT Masters in association with the 2016 BT Young Scientist exhibition. Photograph: Chris Bellew/Fennells

BT Masters competition to consider all applicants – from aged 20 to 90 ... and beyond

The press release emphasised the wrong kind of risk, news headlines chose drama over complexity, and the public was misled. This w(...)

Panel: It was frightening to hear that the agency had decided to place processed meats in the same “Group 1: carcinogenic to human(...)

However recovery of layer may be achieved by the next century, says US expert group

Tina Elliot, from Baldoyle, with her granddaughter Nessa Cruise (3) enjoy a stroll in the autumn leaves in Fairview Park, Dublin, on Wednesday.  Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Mild weather this autumn has so far allowed ‘zombie’ leaves to avoid their ultimate fate

Martin Leahy, professor of applied physics at NUI Galway, and Don Bogue, chief executive of Compact Imaging, with a prototype MRO system at the School of Physics, NUI Galway. Photograph: Aengus McMahon

The two are collaborating on an exciting project with many practical applications

Bernhard Url, executive director of the European Food Safety Authority: “Diseases affecting animals, humans and plants are spreading because of climate change.” Photograph: Pier Luigi Vasini

Globalisation and mass migration increase risk of diseases being carried via food chain

Creativity is central to being a leading scientist.

Applied creativity requires a disciplined mindset and a capacity for brilliance

The probiotic has potential use as a way to reduce mild forms of anxiety and stress, say the researchers, based at the APC Microbiome Institute at University College Cork. Photograph: Stockphoto/Getty Images

Cork researchers find bacteria helps improve memory and mental function

The EU announced on Thursday, October 15th, that it would invest €140 million from its Horizon 2020 science programme to develop the next generation of supercomputing technologies. File photograph: Getty Images

Group to form centre of excellence to help bring advanced technology to wider use

We use roads to drive about, but imagine someone builds a handy shortcut that everyone uses.  The shortcut works but causes traffic jams which will slow rather than speed up traffic. Analysing the network beforehand might have suggested a different shortcut, or several shortcuts. File photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Hamilton Day Lecture examines networks at Burke Theatre, Trinity College Dublin

Irish research has shown that badgers can carry a collection of babies fathered by different males at different times. Image: Thinkstock.

Irish study finds females can carry a collection of babies fathered by different males

 Elizabeth Ring, Aoibhin Farrell and Deidre Flynn from Loreto Abbey Secondary School, Dublin explain their project How well do you know your food? at the 2015 BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition in the RDS in Dublin. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times.

Some 4,449 students from half of State’s secondary schools seek entry to 2016 exhibiton

Dr Eugenia Cheng,  Scientist in Residence at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago,  tries to demystify maths in her book, Cakes, Custard and Category Theory.

Dr Eugenia Cheng using music and the baking of cupcakes to make sense of illogical world

Maths Week at Waterford Institute of Technology Calmast during Bubblz the Bubbly Maths Clown show. Photograph: Patrick Browne

It all adds up: Steve Humble takes scalpel to old methods in pursuit of better way to teach

Sisters Doreen Goldsberry, of Stillorgan, and Margaret Ashtown, of Brighton, try out a puzzle at the event in Dublin marking 10 years of Maths Week Ireland. Photograph: John Ohle Photography

Events around the Ireland for 10th anniversary of world’s largest maths festival

Mota Cave in the Ethiopian highlands where the ancient skeleton was buried

Irish scientists take lead in DNA testing from man buried 4,500 years ago in Ethopian cave

Illustration: Thinkstock

The ‘microbiome’ is proving to be a treasure trove for researchers, who have found a link between health and the quality of bacter(...)

The Science in Ireland Barometer shows too many people feel uninformed about major science issues such as climate and energy. They also believe scientists do not listen to ordinary people. File photograph: Getty Images

Too many people feel uninformed on big issues such as climate and energy, results show

All smiles: Paul O’Connell has little to worry about ahead of his side’s key RWC fixture with France on Sunday, according to one maths professor. Photograph: Dan Sheridan/INPHO

Crucial Rugby World Cup tie likely to go Ireland’s way, according to ‘Dr Maths’

A ‘chemical search engine’ is being used by scientists at the University of Glasgow to help synthesise chemicals that existed before life on Earth. Photograph: Planet Observer/Universal Images Group via Getty Images

New system creates complex chemicals similar to those that existed before organic life

Takaaki Kajit,   who has won the Nobel Prize for Physics with Arthur McDonald. Photograph: Issei Kato/Reuters

Takaaki Kajita and Arthur McDonald win prize for research into mysterious particles

“Einstein’s nutty discoveries were off the wall but who is going to say giving him a research grant was a waste of money?” Photograph: AP Photo

New State investment plan needs to deliver a more efficient national research effort

Kristine Rose Beers, working on a mid-16th century Qur’an produced by the master artist Ruzbihan. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Library conservators combine science and creativity in protecting and restoring the collection of 20,000 objects

Dead significant: although Homo naledi were highly primitive and animal-like, they used an underground burial tomb. Photograph: Mark Thiessen/National Geographic/AFP

The newly discovered human species adds astonishing information to our family tree

A reconstruction of Homo naledi’s head by paleoartist John Gurche, who spent some 700 hours recreating  it from bone scans.

Species named Homo naledi appeared to bury its dead

‘Some people will feel very ashamed and embarrassed they don’t have friends on call, but many older people lose friends and spouses.’ Photograph: Thinkstock

Isolation affects people of all ages. If it is not dealt with, it can lead to serious physical and mental health problems

The Famine sculpture in Dublin. “Incremental dentine collagen analysis” can show what children’s diet was like during the Famine. File photograph: Frank Miller

Chemical analysis of dentine can reveal diet changes and when starvation set in

The spectre that a form of brain damage associated with Alzheimer’s disease could infect healthy people via certain medical procedures has been raised by a research group in London

Experts deny disease could infect healthy people via medical or dental procedures

About one in 50 people acquire some kind of infection during a period in hospital, leading to major expenditure in follow-up care.

Good ventilation, barriers between beds and hand washing would reduce risks

iStan, the latest medical simulator technology, was on show in Bradford at the ongoing British Science Association’s annual Festival of Science.

‘Patient simulator’ used in universities as test bed to see how medicines affect body

An artist’s impression of stone monoliths found buried near Stonehenge which could have been part of the largest Neolithic monument built in Britain, archaeologists believe. Photograph: EPA/Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project

After discovery of superhenge, Bradford researchers turn to undersea Doggerland

Emilia Clarke as Daenerys Targaryen and one of her dragons in Game of Thrones.

Visual effects company Pixomondo studied bird’s anatomy to aid dragon animation

The Scottish government is planning to ban cultivation of all forms of genetically modified crops

Why base important decisions on facts when you could base them on politics?

Position of stone row at Durrington Walls monolith”superhenge” (green circles)  near Stonehenge in a British Science Association image. It may have as many as 90 large standing stones. Photograph: Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project/PA Wire

Prehistoric monument would have had stones higher than double-decker bus

A UK study has linked extra screen time with poorer exam results. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill/The Irish Times

UK study finds students dropped an average of two grades as a result of extra screen time

A logging site at Nesset, Mau Forest, Kenya. Humans are clearing  a net 10 billion trees a year from the surface of the Earth.

Ireland has lowest level of forest cover in Europe at 11%, says State forestry firm Coillte

Pentecopterus decorahensis:  lived 460 million years ago and was more than 1.5 metres long, making it a top predator of its day, say scientists who dug it out of rocks in a riverbed in Iowa, US.  Credit: Patrick Lynch/Yale University

Pentecopterus decorahensis lived 460 million years ago and was more than 1.5m long

Researchers note that Isaac Newton, a neurotic brooder and worrier, was able to make outstanding creative breakthroughs. Photograph: Thinkstock

Researchers link creativity with area of the brain used to perceive threat and danger

A Nasa/Esa Hubble Space Telescope image showing the complexity of the “Twin Jet Nebula”. It highlights the nebula’s shells and its expanding gas

Astronomers estimate jets of gas are travelling away from the star system at a million kilometres per hour

Tall order: Amorphophallus titanum blooming in 2013. Photograph: Binghamton University

Amorphophallus titanum stands three metres tall and can take 30 years to blossom

The flu virus evades treatment because of frequent mutations which render older vaccines obsolete.

Universal influenza vaccine still has to be proven to be safe for humans

Nora Khaldi:   mathematician with a PhD in molecular evolution and bioinformatics from Trinity College Dublin has been selected to compete for Ireland at the “Made in Europe” event in November

The Nuritas founder and other participants will present solutions to societal challenges

Smoking is one of nine risk factors for Alzheimer’s linked to two-thirds of cases. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Majority of cases caused by just nine issues, including obesity, smoking and depression

A new study has shown that a feared dementia epidemic is not happening in Europe. File photograph: Getty Images

Ireland’s situation remains unclear as study indicates no epidemic in other countries

Dr Peter O’Brien and Dr Patrick Morrissey of the Irish Photonic Integration Centre with a photonics packaging system at the Tyndall National Institute.Photograph: Provision

Photonics, the generation, manipulation and use of light, is an industry likely to be worth €600bn by 2020

People  have a responsibility to better understand science

Informed public invaluable for ensuring right decisions are made by government

A moving robot child produced by the mother robot after the mother had tried different block combinations. Photograph: University of Cambridge

Better designs passed to next generation as ‘mom’ mercilessly discards inferior creations

An artist’s impression of Kepler-453b and the double star at the centre of its solar system. Photograph: Mark Garlick/www.markgarlick.com

Planet orbits rare double star, much like Luke Skywalker’s home Tatooine

The stars will finally start to wink out like candles on a windowsill. Photograph: Getty Images

Research shows energy generated in heavens is in slow decline and will continue to fade

Minister of State  Damien English: new strategy for science, technology and innovation can be delivered by October. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Damien English believes a new strategy will help make Ireland a centre of excellence

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker decided after taking office that the commission no longer needed a chief scientific adviser. Photograph: AP Photo/Virginia Mayo

European Commission moves fall short of reinstating chief scientific adviser role

‘It helps if you have ambitious people on both sides of the family. I didn’t come from nothing.’ Above, James Watson in Dublin recently. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

The Nobel Prize-winning scientist credits the former taoiseach with turning him towards the study of DNA. He is also excited about(...)

SkySails kite technology can make big savings in energy costs for long-haul cargo ships

The Irish Defence Forces is looking to add wind propulsion to its naval arsenal

There are some 48,000 people living with dementia in Ireland, with Alzheimer’s the cause in most patients

US study claims 34 per cent reduction in mental decline among users of drug

Fly-by: a region near Pluto’s equator shows a range of mountains rising as high as 3,500m, taken as New Horizons passed within 12,500km of the dwarf planet. Photograph: Nasa

The Nasa space probe is sending back surprising images from the dwarf planet

Climate change: 2015 may also push its way into the top 10 group because a strong El Nino - which climatologists refer to as the Southern Oscillation - seems to have formed. Photograph: Owen Humphreys/PA Wire

2015 set to be in top 10 as overheated Pacific ocean releases rising amounts of energy

Taken at a height of 12,500km above the planet the photograph shows the surface of Pluto. Photograph: Nasa

First image of the dwarf planet has been beamed to Earth by New Horizons spacecraft

The dwarf planet Pluto, captured from ‘New Horizons’ on July 13th, about 16 hours before the moment of closest approach. Photograph: Press Association

Nasa releases close-up photographs taken by its New Horizons space probe

A DNA molecule strand: the human genome has generated enormous amounts of information but in forms which cannot be sensibly translated into real-life advice for doctors, farmers and scientists. Photograph: Steven Hunt/Photographer’s Choice/Getty

Gene-altering technologies have potential to identify and repair defective genes such as those responsible for cystic fibrosis

The fruit fly had reduced sensitivity to alcohol when the Rsu1 gene was not working correctly, researchers found. Photograph: Science/AAAS/New York Times

Researchers believe gene mechanism may point to new treatments for alcohol abuse

Storm-force winds along the East Pier in Dún Laoghaire Harbour, Dublin. File  photograph: Frank Miller

Review of climate over 142 years shows dry weather is the exception rather than the rule

Bumblebees in Europe and North America may be heading for a wipeout as a result of climate change. They are not migrating northwards to keep in temperate conditions. Photograph: Nick Ansell/PA Wire

Researchers say bees dying out as they fail to migrate north to escape rising temperatures

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