Artist’s impression of the Juno satellite on its way to Jupiter

The Juno satellite is en route to the mysterious planet, and it could help to reveal how the solar system was formed

Mind mining may be a career of the future, something that would be based on the use of big data computer analysis and artificial intelligence. Photograph: Getty Images

Want to be a mind miner? Why not a a CSI gut expert? Unveiling those jobs to come

Traces of emerald ash borer on a dead tree. Photograph: iStock

A range of factors are pushing plants to the edge, and many species may be on borrowed time

Determination to become a world leader in scientific research and innovation may be in jeopardy

Prof Michael Zaworotko leads the University of Limerick  research group that developed the sponge. Photograph: Sean Curtin Photo.

Discovery can soak up impurities, desalinate water and mop up carbon dioxide

An artist’s drawing of a  species of hobbit-sized humans, Homo floresiensis. File photograph: Peter Schouten-National Geographic Society/Reuters

Indonesian discovery matches up with the Homo floresiensis remnants found in 2003

Fish can tell one human face from another despite lacking a part of the brain that mammals and birds use for this task, according to new research. Photograph: Caitlin Newport/AFP/Getty Images

Archerfish are able to identify faces they have seen before, according to new study

Beyoncé received a reported €45 million from Pepsi to promote its product. Photograph: Getty Images

Most food and drink products marketed by music stars unhealthy, research shows

Arthur Ward stands with his Pyrenean mountain dog Cody  in Birmingham, England. A 4,800-year-old dog bone dug out of the Newgrange monument in Co Meath has helped to explain how the canine came to be man’s best friend.  Photograph: Darren Staples/Reuters

The 4,800-year-old bone from Newgrange monument forms part of new research

A Petri dish in a laboratory at NUI Galway holds something quite special - hundreds of individual human heart cells all beating in synchrony. File photograph: Science Photo Library/PPX

Skin cells turn into heart cells to help treat conditions that cause heart to beat too fast

Comets can be 50% water and asteroids range from 2% to 20%. Research shows, however, that four-fifths of the moon’s water was delivered by asteroids. Illustration: Lunar and Planetary Institute/David A Kring

Source of water and date of arrival baffles experts down the decades. That is, until now

A lab in Cúram the Science Foundation Ireland Centre for Research in Medical Devices based at NUI Galway.  Photograph: Andrew Downes, Xposure

Cúram’s medical devices programme will see 31 postdoctoral fellowships granted over four years

A computer generated images of the spacecraft on its approach to Jupiter.

Voyage extending to five years almost at an end in quest to unlock secrets of giant world

An artist’s impression of a Hyperloop station

If Hyperloop becomes reality – and tests are now taking place – passengers will whizz along tubes in pods at nearly supersonic spe(...)

Tesla: hopes to see e-vehicle output grow to 500,000 units by 2020

Half the electronics needed rely to some degree on these elements

GeoOrbital’sfixed wheel has three arms instead of spokes and these conceal the motor, battery and electrics

A science-fiction movie inspired the creation of an orbital bicycle wheel with a speed of 30km

Scientists have delivered proof that the mosquito-borne Brazilian Zika virus can cause birth defects in mice.  File photograph: Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images

Brazil-US experiments confirm virus can readily damage and kill human brain tissues

The Blackrock Clinic is the first hospital in Ireland to install the Medtronic Micra pacemaker.

Medical first: Peter Cassells is first patient in Ireland to get next generation pacemaker

Harmless yellow fluorescence sends a light signal to show that a drug is interacting with a drug, something that shows how a drug is performing. The use of fluorescence removes the need to use radioactivity to achieve the same result.

Researchers in TCD and NUIM take radioactivity out of drug production

This photograph taken through a solar telescope in Guwahati on May 9th  shows the planet Mercury (black dot upper left) transiting in front of the sun. Astronomers are preparing for one of the highlights of the skywatchers’ year, when the Sun, Mercury and Earth all line up -- a phenomenon that happens just a dozen or so times per century. Photograph: Biju Boro/AFP/Getty Images.

Planet to be visible until 7pm but skygazers should watch via telescopes or web streams

The 2016 Mercury planetary transit is seen in a NASA conceptual image, made of many images captured by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) during the last Mercury transit in 2006. Mercury will pass between earth and the sun in the rare astronomical event from  about 11.12am. Photograph: Nasa/Reuters

In Ireland, Mercury is visible until 7pm with organised viewings in Dublin and Cork

Independent Kerry TD Danny Healy Rae    who has claimed that climate change does not exist.

Independent TD told a climate change committee ‘only God controls the weather’

A new study from University of Cambridge  researchers has  highlighted the fact that dogs are increasingly becoming obese. Photograph: Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images

Labradors may be prone to chubbiness due to genetic variation, new research shows

Carrots might be good for your eyes but they won’t make you see in the dark. Photograph: Getty

‘Carrots let you see in the dark’ among myths peddled by our mothers

Ireland’s huge livestock population means about a third of its greenhouse gas emissions come from agriculture

Soil under grassland can be used to ‘lock up’ carbon dioxide, says Royal Irish Academy

A man looks at a male nude at the press preview of the Leonardo da Vinci  exhibition at the National Gallery of Ireland in Dublin. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Exhibition of 10 drawings from Royal Collection allows visitors to see complexity of works

Protesters against climate change pretending to be dead outside a Paris hotel last week where the International Petrol Summit was taking place.  Photograph:  EPA/ETIENNE LAURENT

Humans have managed to change the atmosphere on a global scale, and as a result the planet is warming up

Expressions of fury in horses, lions and a man by Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519). Photograph: Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2016

National Gallery exhibit will be the first time the works have been shown outside the UK

An electron microscope image of a zircon crystal

TCD researchers discover oldest pieces of rock are found in asteroid impact craters

The Astro-H satellite  after a perfect launch from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Centre. Contact has been lost with the satellite.

Space agency lost contact with Astro-H spacecraft after its solar panels broke

Falcon, Ant-Man, Hawkeye, Captain America, Scarlet Witch and Winter Soldier in Captain America: Civil War

An Irish scientist has written a book that delves into the secrets behind the extraordinary abilities of superheroes

An  image showing a  view of one person’s right brain hemisphere. The overlaid words, when heard in context, are predicted to evoke strong responses near the corresponding location in the brain. The colour of each word indicates its semantic category. For example, green words are mostly visual and tactile concepts, while red words are mostly social concepts. White lines show the outlines of known functional brain regions. Visualisations created by Alexander Huth using pycortex software by James Gao, Mark Lescroart, and Alexander Huth.

University of California Berkeley team maps how brain responds to individual words

The image shows a sheet of molybdenum disulfide just one molecule thick.   This material has been suggested for a range of applications such as transistors, memory devices, solar cells and lithium ion batteries.

‘Ferrari’ of microscopes can see objects a million times smaller than diameter of a hair

Prof Alan Smeaton at his office in DCU. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

RIA Gold Medal winner Alan Smeaton’s work at DCU and Insight is wide-ranging but includes helping people with Alzheimer’s and deme(...)

Some people can taste the letters of the alphabet while others can taste the sound of a guitar, or see colours when faced with music – a sensory “crossover” known to doctors as synaesthesia

Three-day Dublin conference to discuss synaesthesia, a sensory ‘crossover’ condition

A hen harrier in flight. File  photograph: Thinkstock

Breeding pairs have decreased even within special areas of conservation, research finds

The Irish Research Council announces projects selected for €144,000 in funding for 1916-themed research projects. Photograph: Marc O’Sullivan

Research grants of €144,000 for studies including mobile walking tour and exhibition

The sun emits a mid-level solar flare on its left side in 2014. File photograph: Nasa/Reuters

Research group from New Mexico university delivers insight into how flares occur

An ancient Irish oak sample from a bog in Ulster shows narrowing of tree rings indicating very dry conditions leading to the “failure of bread”, as described in the Annals of Ulster.

Severe droughts match up with crop failures and plague from Irish annals of 1575

Everyone knows Tyrannosaurus Rex was a super predator, but did that beast also snack on carcasses left behind by other predators? File photograph: Getty Images

Team develops computer model imitating life as it may have been on Jurassic landscape

Ian Burkhart (24), who has regained functional use of his hand through the use of neural-bypass technology, playing a video-game guitar. Photograph: Ohio State University/Batelle

Ground-breaking research has enabled a quadriplegic man to move his forearm by way of a microchip implant in his brain

The university groups that will share the payout include University College Dublin, University College Cork and the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland. File photograph: Rui Vieira/PA Wire

New medical treatments for diseases could flow from SFI and Pfizfer backed research

We are still only scratching the surface when it comes to understanding what our DNA and its 24,000 genes are doing

Yet another newcomer genetic technology is on the way, once again with the potential to change everything

Eat less and live longer is the simple message from professor of biology and biogerontologist Prof Steven Austad. File photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Theory that reducing calorific intake could aid longevity has been around since 1930s

From left: Dr Gerard Clarke, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioural Science, UCC; Alan Hoban, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, UCC; and Prof John Cryan, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, UCC. Photograph: Alexander Zhdanov

Discovery may have implications for treating degenerative nervous disorder such as MS

The Col de Traversette pass through the Alps. Photograph: GoogleMaps

Geochemists from Dublin City University solve riddle with hard evidence in the form of poo

The northeast coastline of the Greenland ice sheet is seen in an image from NASA’s Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) field campaign from an altitude of about 12,190 meters. Photograph: Reuters/NASA

Geothermal activity creates network of rivers, speeds up flow of ice to North Atlantic

Chernobyl, 2006: Abandoned bumper cars and a never-used Ferris wheel in the centre of the empty city of Pripyat, 3km from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The Ferris wheel was to be opened on May 1st, 1986, but the explosion at the plant happened  on April 26th.  Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

Photographs from the archive: In 2006, Bryan O’Brien and Kathy Sheridan reported on the devastated area around the remains of the (...)

Up close and personal: the false black widow spider has a fearsome reputation for its bite. File photograph: Michel Dugon

False widow spider called ‘dangerous - but its venom has never been investigated properly’

Dr Maria McNamara, of University College Cork, with Bertie the boa constrictor. Photograph: Mike McSweeney, Provision

UCC’s Dr Maria McNamara makes breakthrough using the skin of a fossilised snake

Research published in the journal Nature Communications shows if you have one or two certain gene variants life expectancy reduces by between one and two years.

Inherited variants have potential to knock three years off your life

Crew members on the US coast guard cutter Sequoia in Guam. Photograph: Dylan Hall

American researchers are placing hydrophones around the US coast to gauge noise in the deepest ocean, which has been on the increa(...)

Irish engineer Vincent Garvey, who has won a major international prize for his design for a low-cost kidney dialysis machine.

Low-cost machine has the potential to save millions of lives in the developing world

New frontiers: a woman star-gazes through a telescope. Photograph: Thinkstock

Scientists are extremely employable, make exciting discoveries and help solve huge global problems. Why would you not want to be(...)

A  group based at the University of California San Diego conducted lens replacement procedures on rabbits and on macaques before using the same procedure in 12 children, all under the age of two. File photograph: Getty Images

Surgeries labelled ‘one of the finest achievements in the field of regenerative medicine’

The ape-like heavy jaw and teeth were more or less gone by the time Homo erectus appeared two million years ago. Photograph: Xavier Rossi/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images

Change in diet triggered evolutionary changes that reduced size of jaw and teeth

Delegates heard about the emergence of “big data” analytics and changes in our understanding of how diet and food affect our mental wellbeing

Self-drive tractors and artificial intelligence may find their way to Irish farms in coming years

At the coalface of groundbreaking scientific and health research all over the world are these eight pioneering women

Flooding along the banks of the Shannon near Athlone. Winters will be much stormier and wetter in the coming years, climate researchers have warned. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Ireland can expect hotter and drier summers, and stormier and wetter winters, climate researchers say

Members of ASTI are planning major industrial action over a range of issues. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Staffing numbers are down while students numbers are up, and intervention is needed

Prof  Lorraine Hanlon: “We want to get as many people who are interested in this in a room and start sharing ideas. We will kick the tyres on these ideas and get to know each other.”   Photograph: Aidan Crawley

UCD workshop seeks to win support and funding for project

High gold levels were found in the aptly named Goldmines river in Co Wicklow. Photograph: David Quinn/Creative Commons (creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0//)

Geological study finds higher than anticipated metal levels in Wicklow’s Goldmines river

An artist’s impression of what the Abelisaur looked like and how it moved, as revealed by an analysis of its femur, its largest leg bone. Illustration: Davide Bonad

The meat eater was fluffy but ferocious, study shows

A  study for the head of St Anne (circa 1510-15)f rom the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci: Ten Drawings from the Royal Collection at National Gallery of Ireland

Ten of the artist’s drawings are coming to the National Gallery

Modern science centres are a huge draw for tourists but also for schools and family outings. File photograph: Getty Images

High-tech scientific exhibits set to prove huge draw for families, tourists and schools

The Exploration Station development would open up Iveagh Gardens (above) and add to the front elevation of the National Concert Hall  facing on to Earlsfort Terrace.

Planetarium is centrepiece of multimillion-euro plan for ‘Exploration Station’

Trinity College Dublin researchers have delivered a structural blueprint for the substance globomycin. File photograph: Getty Images

Trinity College Dublin researchers deliver structural blueprint for globomycin

The research team come from Tyndall National Institute, Stanford University and Queen’s University Belfast. Image: Google Maps

Research involving Cork and Belfast close to ‘holy grail’ of splitting water using solar energy

There will be questions about major societal problems such as diabetes

Each Thursday for five weeks, a series of surveys on irishtimes.com will give you a chance to help direct health policy

An EmPower cookstove in use charging a mobile phone. Image: Anthony Robinson/TCD

Developers at Trinity hope crowdfunding could help bring stove to rural Malawi

 Anne Hodge curator of prints and drawings at the announcement of the Leonardo Da Vinci exhibition at the National Gallery of Ireland. Photograph: Maxwell Photography

Ten drawings are first belonging to Royal Collection to be put on display outside Britain

Artist’s impression  of ‘super-Earth’ 55 Cancri e: The atmosphere of the planet – which completes and orbit around its star in just 18 hours –   is laced with hydrogen cyanide. Illustration: M Kornmesser/Hubble/ESA

New approach to Hubble data reveals inhospitable nature of distant exoplanet

Tuberculosis discovery: The findings, related to a gene known as  MAL,  could lead to personalised treatments for those who develop TB. Photograph: Thinkstock

Trinity and St James’s researchers describe tuberculosis ‘paradigm shift’ in journal

Artist’s impression of   Astro-H  in orbit: The    objectives of the international project –  involving 250 scientists from 61 institutions –  include studying clusters of galaxies to gain insight into the evolution of these massive collections of active stars. Illustration: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies helped define programme for Astro-H observatory

Film star Jaws the shark showed how to put the bite on just about anything thanks to a plentiful supply of replacement teeth. Now humans might also be able to grow all the replacement teeth they need thanks to research from the University of Sheffield.

New research looks into ways of reactivating tooth growing genes

Wave effect: throw a pebble into a pond and waves spread out from the point of impact – a bit like investment in scientific research and education

Underfunding of third-level will keep us on the sidelines of international science

A Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) technician performs an optic inspection on devices used to detect gravitational waves. The twin LIGO detectors are located at Livingston, Louisiana, and Hanford, Washington, in the US. Photograph: Caltech/MIT/LIGO/Reuters

Most scientists agree LIGO consortium almost certain to get physics Nobel Prize for efforts

A small statue of Albert Einstein is seen at the Einstein Archives of the Hebrew University as they present the original 100 years old documents of Einstein’s prediction of the existence of gravitational waves. Photograph: Abir Sultan/EPA

Landmark discovery of ripples in space and time hypothesised by Einstein a century ago

Using Lofar, a new radio telescope, astronomers have produced one of the best images ever made at the lowest frequencies of giant bubbles produced by a super-massive black hole. On left, radio and optical; right, optical only

The Irish node of Lofar, the world’s largest radio telescope – a tool that can be used around the clock and in any weather – will (...)

Artist’s  illustration of  a quasar. Such phenomena are thought to feed  gravitational waves which  form around massive objects like black holes and neutron stars, warping space and time. File photograph:  AFP/Nasa/Getty Images

Discovery of hard-to-detect waves rolling across universe would be most momentous

Jesko Zimmermann, a research fellow in botany in Trinity College Dublin’s School of Natural Sciences, said lands used for crops cause the release of more carbon sources than grasslands, which sequester carbon.  File photograph:  Matt Cardy/Getty Images

Under-reporting due to way data assembled, says botanist Dr Jesko Zimmermann of TCD

“Stem cell technology has involved a lot of hope and a lot of hype, but not much tissue or organs have been made outside the body”

Scientists in Cork have grown aorta and used it as replacement tissue in rodent

The American cockroach  survives crushing at pressures up to 900 times their body weight. Photograph: PolyPEDAL Lab, University of California at Berkeley.

US scientists built ‘insect’ that can compress its normal height by half and move at pace

German chancellor Angela Merkel (centre) inspects the Wendelstein 7-x nuclear fusion reactor at the Max Planck Institut in northern Germany. Photograph: Bernd Wüstneck/AFP/Getty Images

Climate change means that governments are searcing for alternatives to fossil fuels again

Dr Anna Marzec of the University of Zurich and her research team have been following a group of Bornean orangutans in the swamp forests of Indonesia’s Mawas Reserve since 2003. File photograph: Getty Images

Male primates recruited to assist each female during what proves a fight to the death

Nevermore will this raven’s food be stolen. Photograph: Jana Mueller/PA

Birds share human capacity to predict others’ behaviour even if competitor is hidden

Hair raising: Stormy weather at Palmers Rock in Salthill, Galway, on Monday. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Research suggests pressing need for sharper insight into changing wind and rain patterns

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) granted a research licence to carry out advanced genome editing techniques on human embryos. Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Ethical minefield of genome research has been avoided by governments, lecturer says

Mercy University Hospital Clinical Research Facility director Joe Eustace, SRL Pharma vice-president Anita Maguire and founder Margaret Shine. Photograph: Clare Keogh

A Cork-based company has moved to meet big-pharma demand for taste-testing of medicines by consumers

Prof Jane Ohlmeyer, chairwoman of the Irish Research Council: “What we have in Ireland is as good as you are going to get”

Jane Ohlmeyer, as chairwoman of the Irish Research Council, will oversee its vital new role in support of scientific research

Computer used technology “akin to imagination” to defeat humans in the ancient, Chinese board game of Go.

Programme written to master Go, described as most complex game played by humans

Life likely developed on many planets but then just disappeared due to runaway cooling or overheating, say a team of astrobiologists in Australia. Photograph: Thinkstock

Life probably developed elsewhere but disappeared due to planetary instability, scientists say

From left, Orville and Wilbur Wright, in 1905 when they were 34 and 38 years old. Photograph: Library of Congress

Aviators battled with the Smithsonian Institution for 17 years over prized distinction

Crab-eating macaques received a mutated gene that is found in 90 per cent of patients with a condition called Rett syndrome. Photograph: Getty Images

Primates mimic behavioural changes in humans diagnosed with the complex disease

Masters students from Trinity College Dublin’s School of Engineering Giacinto Rittgers and Niall Williams will develop  sports cars with Ferrari over the next six months as they intern with the iconic Italian motor company.

New intern exchange programme has begun with iconic Italian motor company

BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition: the RDS Main Hall has space for 550 research projects, but demand is such that main organisers BT could provide four times as many projects if space allowed. Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition in January was 52nd event

All planets will be low on the southeastern horizon and will line up from left to right (or east to west) with Mercury first then Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter

Mercury to lead line – then Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter visible with ‘naked eye’

The new family of drugs discovered by the group ‘works 1,000 times better than the current top diabetes drug Metformin’

Researchers working on compound that mimics the anti-diabetic effects of vigorous exercise

2015 was the warmest year since modern record-keeping began in 1880, according to a new analysis by Nasa - 15 of the 16 warmest years on record have now occurred since 2001. Photograph: Scientific Visualization Studio/Goddard Space Flight Center

Earth’s average temperature has risen by about 1 degree since late 19th century

Trinity College Dublin scientists have conducted a DNA genome analysis on remains from a Roman cemetery in York, England.

Irish-based geneticists analyse remains at possible Roman cemetery for gladiators

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