German chancellor Angela Merkel (centre) inspects the Wendelstein 7-x nuclear fusion reactor at the Max Planck Institut in northern Germany. Photograph: Bernd Wüstneck/AFP/Getty Images

Climate change means that governments are searcing for alternatives to fossil fuels again

Dr Anna Marzec of the University of Zurich and her research team have been following a group of Bornean orangutans in the swamp forests of Indonesia’s Mawas Reserve since 2003. File photograph: Getty Images

Male primates recruited to assist each female during what proves a fight to the death

Nevermore will this raven’s food be stolen. Photograph: Jana Mueller/PA

Birds share human capacity to predict others’ behaviour even if competitor is hidden

Hair raising: Stormy weather at Palmers Rock in Salthill, Galway, on Monday. Photograph: Joe O’Shaughnessy

Research suggests pressing need for sharper insight into changing wind and rain patterns

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) granted a research licence to carry out advanced genome editing techniques on human embryos. Photograph: Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Ethical minefield of genome research has been avoided by governments, lecturer says

Mercy University Hospital Clinical Research Facility director Joe Eustace, SRL Pharma vice-president Anita Maguire and founder Margaret Shine. Photograph: Clare Keogh

A Cork-based company has moved to meet big-pharma demand for taste-testing of medicines by consumers

Prof Jane Ohlmeyer, chairwoman of the Irish Research Council: “What we have in Ireland is as good as you are going to get”

Jane Ohlmeyer, as chairwoman of the Irish Research Council, will oversee its vital new role in support of scientific research

Computer used technology “akin to imagination” to defeat humans in the ancient, Chinese board game of Go.

Programme written to master Go, described as most complex game played by humans

Life likely developed on many planets but then just disappeared due to runaway cooling or overheating, say a team of astrobiologists in Australia. Photograph: Thinkstock

Life probably developed elsewhere but disappeared due to planetary instability, scientists say

From left, Orville and Wilbur Wright, in 1905 when they were 34 and 38 years old. Photograph: Library of Congress

Aviators battled with the Smithsonian Institution for 17 years over prized distinction

Crab-eating macaques received a mutated gene that is found in 90 per cent of patients with a condition called Rett syndrome. Photograph: Getty Images

Primates mimic behavioural changes in humans diagnosed with the complex disease

Masters students from Trinity College Dublin’s School of Engineering Giacinto Rittgers and Niall Williams will develop  sports cars with Ferrari over the next six months as they intern with the iconic Italian motor company.

New intern exchange programme has begun with iconic Italian motor company

BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition: the RDS Main Hall has space for 550 research projects, but demand is such that main organisers BT could provide four times as many projects if space allowed. Photograph: Alan Betson / The Irish Times

BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition in January was 52nd event

All planets will be low on the southeastern horizon and will line up from left to right (or east to west) with Mercury first then Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter

Mercury to lead line – then Venus, Saturn, Mars and Jupiter visible with ‘naked eye’

The new family of drugs discovered by the group ‘works 1,000 times better than the current top diabetes drug Metformin’

Researchers working on compound that mimics the anti-diabetic effects of vigorous exercise

2015 was the warmest year since modern record-keeping began in 1880, according to a new analysis by Nasa - 15 of the 16 warmest years on record have now occurred since 2001. Photograph: Scientific Visualization Studio/Goddard Space Flight Center

Earth’s average temperature has risen by about 1 degree since late 19th century

Trinity College Dublin scientists have conducted a DNA genome analysis on remains from a Roman cemetery in York, England.

Irish-based geneticists analyse remains at possible Roman cemetery for gladiators

Health Research Board chief executive Dr Graham Love:  “Research has to be at the very core of the Irish healthcare system.” Photograph: Frank Miller

HRB to invest €250 million over five years to improve delivery of healthcare to public

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are being found in sewage from our hospitals and homes that is ending up in the natural environment (...)

The danger is drug-resistant bacteria could get back into humans and cause infections that would resist treatment, the researchers from NUI Galway warn. File photograph: Thinkstock

People flushing unused drugs down toilet contributes to problem, scientists say

An image of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko taken on 18th December with the OSIRIS narrow-angle camera. It showing the comet’s dark  crust and rugged surface. Photo credit: ESA

Researchers running Rosetta spacecraft find exposed patches of pure water ice on surface

Adapt, the centre for digital content technology won the research award via Science Foundation Ireland. Photograph: Getty Images

Centre for digital content technology secures award via Science Foundation Ireland

Astronomers will be getting a sharp new view of the stars with the announcement that Ireland is to build a world class radio astronomy facility in Birr, Co Offaly. File photograph: Getty Images

Project one of 21 investments in advanced scientific research funded by SFI programme

University of Limerick: “Our outlook will be international, our ethos will be excellence with impact and our approach will be innovative.” File photograph: Press 22

UL to open up commercial and entrepreneurship training for all staff and students

Young Scientists of the Year Maria Louise Fufezan and Diana Bura from Loreto Secondary School Balbriggan with managing director of BT Ireland Shay Walsh and Minister for Education Jan O’Sullivan at the RDS. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Maria Louise Fufezan and Diana Bura claim first place for research into soil fertility

Crowds attend the   52nd BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition in the RDS which ends on Saturday.  Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

The happiest counties and the danger of high heels - projects to look out for at the RDS

The 52nd BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition in the RDS finishes on Friday. Photograph: Alan Betson

Transition year student finds crows can learn complex behaviour from each other

Alec O’Brian, a 16-year-old fifth year student at Castleknock College, developed a self-guiding robot that uses computer vision to move without human control through the environment. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Teen builds robot from off-the-shelf devices and writes software needed to link them

Shane, Pauric and Colm, sixth class pupils from St Manchan’s National School, Tubber, Moate in Westmeath, decided to learn why soap bubbles always seem to be white no matter what colour dye is used in the original washing up liquid. File photograph: Getty Images

RDS Primary Science Fair runs parallel to BT Young Scientist and Technology Exhibition

Young Scientists: Mark Conlon and James Gallagher, fifth year students from Rathmore Grammar School, Co Antrim, said: “We wanted to develop a solution that would stop you from crying when cutting onions.” File photograph: Getty Images

Young Scientist projects look at teary eyes and the impact of mobile use on students

The BT Young Scientist Exhibition 2016 at the RDS, Dublin. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill / The Irish Times

Some highlights to look out for if you’re planning a visit to the RDS

Aoife Lordan, Rebecca Maher and Ciara Daly, from Coláiste Choilm, Cork at the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition at the RDS Dublin. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

President says pupils’ research is important at a ‘national and an international level’

A project by Roscommon students has found that the  majority of women are not in favour of scruff. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Project by Roscommon students finds majority of women are not in favour of scruff

Students set up their project at the 52nd BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition which opened on Wednesday at the RDS. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

One project focuses on electronic sensors, the other at whether seaweed works as a biofuel

Bright sparks: Alexandra Kenny   and Eve Healy from Santa Sabina Dominican College, whose  project is on smog in rainwater, and Shane Curran (centre) from Terenure College with his project on automated logistics for couriers at  the  oung Scientist and Technology Exhibition. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

RDS hosts 550 projects on everything from the great pyramids to ‘smart nappies’

Flooding along the banks of the Shannon  near Athlone. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Planning could have given those living along the Shannon 10 days’ warning

 William C. Campbell:  won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine. Photograph:  EPA/CJ GUNTHER

Science never ceases to discover new things

Deirdre Turley, a former sixth class pupil at Our Lady’s Grove Primary School, Goatstown, experiences the effect of simulated lightnning. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Largest ever science fair for young children takes place in both Dublin and Limerick

Ruff research: Saoirse O’Reilly and Rachael Milea with Lucy

Ballerina’s en pointe pain, insulating fungus and varying bladder wrack among projects on display at the RDS

Santa is hemmed in by the laws of physics, including one that says he can’t travel faster than the speed of light. Photograph: Per Breiehagen/Photographer’s Choice via Getty Images

How does Santa Claus deliver toys to roughly 132 million homes in only 31 hours of darkness? Well, it certainly isn’t magic. The(...)

Flooded fields and roads near Athlone, Co Westmeath, as waters along the river Shannon rose to  severe flood levels during Storm Desmond. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA

As communities continue to struggle after Storm Desmond, experts look for answers

Science Foundation Ireland’s review comes only a week after the release of the Government’s research and development strategy, Innovation 2020, which seeks to make Ireland a global innovation leader. Photograph: Getty Images

Funding body’s financial resources to remain at €157m – unaltered from 2015 budget

Many of the provisions in the new science strategy are aimed directly at enterprise – both indigenous and multinational – and are all about getting more companies to do more research in partnership with academia

Programme has its own action plan with 93 actions that must be achieved by government before 2020

Scientists are broadly supportive of the strategy but wary of the vagaries of politics and Government decision making.

Do you know your carbon footprint? Photograph: Thinkstock

An online carbon footprint calculator can tell if you’re a big clodhopper or dainty ballerina

Climate change is having an impact on biodiversity and is putting all kinds of species under pressure. Photograph: David Sleator

Research shows natural habitats in Ireland under pressure due to changing land use

“Innovation 2020 is a fundamental part of our plan to keep the recovery going,” Taoiseach Enda Kenny said. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Plan will boost employment and support national research, says Taoiseach

Lynn Scarff, acting director of Science Gallery Dublin, and Patrick Prendergast, provost of Trinity College Dublin, at the launch of the Science Gallery Dublin’s major new exhibition and education programme for 2016. Photograph: Mark Stedman/Photocall Ireland.

Trinity venue will also run project on design and violence in link up with New York’s MOMA

A meeting at Farmleigh, in Dublin, organised by the Department of Jobs, Innovation and Skills, marked a turning point. Photograph : Bryan O’Brien

Scientists deal in facts and evidence: it’s a case of ‘show me the money’

Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Cern

Programme aims to increase numbers working in R&D by 15,000 over five years

Chemistry set: the ideal gift that will make the recipient an innovator

Experimenting with a chemistry set could have a long-term effect

Development of nicotine dependence is associated with the release of the brain-signalling chemical dopamine, which is also associated with the “reward system” in the brain that drives addiction and pleasure. File photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Group at Zhejiang University of Hangzhu in China identify gene that may be linked to quitting

A major study of 1,400 male and female human brains has failed to find any evidence for “sexual dimorphism” - the official way to describe differences in size or appearance between the sexes, in addition to the sexual organs themselves. File photograph: Thinkstock

Major study of 1,400 male and female brains fails to find evidence of ‘sexual dimorphism’

Antibiotic-resistant organisms have flourished in hospital environments. MRSA (illustrated above) and E coli are key healthcare acquired infections. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

No new antibiotic form released since before 1980s and many bacteria resistant to older drugs

The Eiffel Tower lights up with colours and messages of hope on the eve of the  climate conference in Paris: 190 countries are involved in the conference. Photograph: Yoan Valat/EPA

Goal is to achieve universal agreement on climate change signed by all the nations

Moon River, Fields of Gold, Welcome to the Jungle, Don’t Go Chasing Waterfalls - these are all million sellers that yielded massive amounts of money.  File photograph: Getty Images

Benefit of ecosystems worth some €566m to tunesmiths over 12 years - Dr Luca Coscieme

Clinical research ‘needs to be at the core of our health services’, says Medical Research Charities Group

HSE should appoint ‘research tsar’, says Medical Research Charities Group

Albert Einstein: 1905 was later referred to as his Annus mirabilis – or extraordinary year – and this when he was just 26

It has been 100 years since the publication of his General Theory of Relativity, which revolutionised our understanding of the cos(...)

The Large Hadron Collider at Cern. File photograph: CERN/PA Wire

Large Hadron Collider to conduct first lead-lead collisions at close to light speed

The planet Mars is going to lose a moon but gain a distinctive ring when the larger of its two moons Phobos begins to disintegrate in orbit. Photograph: ScienceNewsline

Researchers say the larger of the planet’s two moons, Phobos, will disintegrate in orbit

Global annual average temperatures anomalies (relative to 1961-1990) based on an average of three global temperature data set. Image: World Meteorologicl Organization.

New records for strongest tropical storms, warmest ocean temperatures and driest year

Flowers and fruit on the  previously unknown tree found in Cusuco National Park, Honduras, by the team from Trinity College Dublin

Rare plant found by Trinity team in rain forest already on endangered list

US biotech company Vaccinogen is setting up a research lab on DCU’s campus to develop vaccines that attack any cancer cells left over after surgery to reduce cancer recurrence

Because the technology is not ‘100% validated’, Vaccinogen has taken a two-year option on DiCast

Jennifer Lorigan, mediator at the Science Gallery in Dublin, with a display by artist Katharine Dowson titled Memory of a Brain Malformation. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Trauma: Built to Break is on display at the Science Gallery in Dublin from Friday

Beekeepers on both sides of the Border are being asked to count the Verroa mites in their hives

The public’s assistance could be vital to researchers and beekeepers in their work to protect the native honeybee by building resi(...)

The Great Island Power Station, Wexford. Key interconnector,  the “Celtic Interconnector” will link Great Island in Wexford with La Martyre in France.  Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

European Commission announces 195 projects as part of ‘Energy Union’ effort

Cormac Gollogly and  Richard Dowling last September, in Kilshane House, Tipperary, when they were joined in civil partnership. Photograph: This Modern Love

Richard Dowling and Cormac Gollogly keen to become first same-sex marriage on books

Dr Maria McNamara: The  palaeontologist is studying dinosaurs with the help of human volunteers. Photograph:  Tomas Tyner, UCC.

UCC will have a stand at Cork City Hall on Saturday and Sunday

You can tell your boss it is biology not attitude that causes you to be indifferent. Photograph: Thinkstock

Researchers find the apathetic have less efficient brain structure than the motivated

Artists’ impression of Philae lander on the surface of Comet  67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Photograph: ESA Medialab/AFP/Getty Images

Rosetta flight controllers release video showing failed touchdown on Comet 67P

The  Alimentary Adventure inflatable exhibit  explaining the digestive system in Cork City Hall. Photograph:  Michael MacSweeney/Provision

It Takes Guts offers a step-by-step explanation of what happens to the food we eat

How much do you know about food we commonly eat?

Researchers checked for beeswax residues on 6,400 ancient pottery vessels and pottery pieces. Photograph: PA Wire

International team found ‘bee products were exploited’ at least from 9,000 years ago

Scientific Sue gets her dragon to show off its skills with flammable gases at the Centre for the Advancement of Learning of Maths, Science and Technology (Calmast) based at Waterford IT. File photograph: Patrick Browne

Scientific Sue presents show explaining how dragons work during Science Week 2015

Spider-Man 2099, the superhero as he has recently been portrayed by Marvel in a futuristic costume. Art work by Will Sliney

Ballycotton-based artist Will Sliney responsible for art work on Amazing web crawler

Lucy Whitaker, from Terenure, stands beside Lighthouse, by Fergal McCarthy, at the Science Gallery Trinity College Dublin. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Melbourne centre is the third international science gallery modelled on Dublin

Compounds in seaweed may be used to prevent tissue damage in transplant patients

Researchers at Trinity College find possible anti-inflammatory drug in ordinary seaweed

Michel Jarraud, secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization, speaks about the WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin during a press conference in Geneva, Switzerland, 9th November 2015. Photograph: Salvatore Di Nolfi/EPA

‘Every year we say that time is running out’ - World Meteorological Organisation

Spending cuts: over the past few years  millions were taken out of the university budgets

Research community is badly in need of finance following years of austerity

Biomechanics of the golf swing: Rory McIlroy. Photograph: James Connolly/PicSell

Events in the annual festival continue around the country until November 15th

A  Meccanoid G15 KS robot, manufactured by Meccano, displayed in London last week.  Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Events highlighting biomechanics research form part of Science Week 2015

Students from Rathfarnham Educate Together National School at the launch of Science Week 2007 in City Hall

Festival has grown beyond all expectations with 800 events and world class scientists aiming to enthuse

Scope aims to screen for pregnant women at risk of serious conditions

The research will  be useful for people trying to develop the best replacement heart valves

Researchers at TCD’s Amber centre were testing the durability of the body’s main organ

Dr Darrin Morrissey with Cathy Hynes and Eve Casey, from Cork, who won at the BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition for their project Sugar on Trial

Science Foundation Ireland’s research centres are good for private companies and the country’s reputation

Robert Boyle: central to the development of the experimental method used today

Ireland is known for its creative works but it has also produced great scientists throughout history

Annabel Higgins Hoare received an Irish Research Council scholarship award for her project which will study the use of seaweed as a wound dressing. She is pursuing her research at Waterford Institute of Technology.

Cyberbullying and seaweed wound dressings among areas to receive funding in scheme

 Joint recipients of the SFI researcher of the year award 2015 - Professor Geraldine Boylan - Professor of Neonatal Physiology and a world-leading expert in newborn brain function and Professor Louise Kenny - Professor of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and a consultant obstetrician & gynaecologist. Photograph: Jason Clarke.

Profs Geraldine Boylan and Louise Kenny are directors of UCC’s Infant Centre

Eric Ladizinsky: “We have come a long way in a very short period of time. That is the goal, to become self sustaining”

Scientist Eric Ladizinsky compares advent of new technology to discovery of fire

Maureen McNulty and Hannah Smith at the launch the BT Masters in association with the 2016 BT Young Scientist exhibition. Photograph: Chris Bellew/Fennells

BT Masters competition to consider all applicants – from aged 20 to 90 ... and beyond

The press release emphasised the wrong kind of risk, news headlines chose drama over complexity, and the public was misled. This w(...)

Panel: It was frightening to hear that the agency had decided to place processed meats in the same “Group 1: carcinogenic to human(...)

However recovery of layer may be achieved by the next century, says US expert group

Tina Elliot, from Baldoyle, with her granddaughter Nessa Cruise (3) enjoy a stroll in the autumn leaves in Fairview Park, Dublin, on Wednesday.  Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

Mild weather this autumn has so far allowed ‘zombie’ leaves to avoid their ultimate fate

Martin Leahy, professor of applied physics at NUI Galway, and Don Bogue, chief executive of Compact Imaging, with a prototype MRO system at the School of Physics, NUI Galway. Photograph: Aengus McMahon

The two are collaborating on an exciting project with many practical applications

Bernhard Url, executive director of the European Food Safety Authority: “Diseases affecting animals, humans and plants are spreading because of climate change.” Photograph: Pier Luigi Vasini

Globalisation and mass migration increase risk of diseases being carried via food chain

Creativity is central to being a leading scientist.

Applied creativity requires a disciplined mindset and a capacity for brilliance

The probiotic has potential use as a way to reduce mild forms of anxiety and stress, say the researchers, based at the APC Microbiome Institute at University College Cork. Photograph: Stockphoto/Getty Images

Cork researchers find bacteria helps improve memory and mental function

The EU announced on Thursday, October 15th, that it would invest €140 million from its Horizon 2020 science programme to develop the next generation of supercomputing technologies. File photograph: Getty Images

Group to form centre of excellence to help bring advanced technology to wider use

We use roads to drive about, but imagine someone builds a handy shortcut that everyone uses.  The shortcut works but causes traffic jams which will slow rather than speed up traffic. Analysing the network beforehand might have suggested a different shortcut, or several shortcuts. File photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times

Hamilton Day Lecture examines networks at Burke Theatre, Trinity College Dublin

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