The implications for Britain’s security situation and border control is just one strand of a staggeringly complex picture as Britain begins the task of extricating itself from 43 years of directives, regulations and trade deals.  (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)

Theresa May knows Britain had the best of both worlds when it came to security and borders

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan’s department knew extra contributions were coming but underestimated how big they would be. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Analysis: EU states, including Ireland, will have to pick up the tab in the wake of Brexit

President Francois Hollande with President Michael D Higgins and his wife, Sabina Higgins, at Áras an Uachtaráin yesterday. Photograph: Eric Luke

Taoiseach and French leader want Brexit talks to begin ‘as soon as possible’

 Turkish fishermen demonstrate at Bosphorus with Turkish flags against the  failed coup attempt in Istanbul. The dramatic developments in Turkey have taken place at a sensitive time in EU-Turkish relations. Photograph:  Deniz Toprak/EPA

If death penalty is reintroduced, it would mark the end of Turkey’s EU aspirations

The Irish Farmers’ Association welcomed the 2030 emission calculations, describing the new targets as “challenging but more balanced” than previous figures set by the commission. Photograph: The Irish Times

State still set to be one of only two member countries to fall short of mark by 2020

Armed police in Brussels detain a man. Photograph via Twitter

Suspect was described as having ‘cables hanging out of his clothes’

British prime minister Theresa May leaves number 10 Downing Street to attend Prime Minister’s Questions at the Houses of Parliament in London. Photograph: Getty Images

Ambassadors consider Belgium, Malta and Finland as alternatives for rotating presidency

John Kerry and Federica Mogherini  ahead of a EU Foreign Affairs Council meeting in Brussels yesterday. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

US secretary of state John Kerry says Erdogan must provide ‘evidence, not allegations’

US Secretary of State John Kerry said that Washington had received no request from Ankara to extradite Fetullah Gulen. Photograph: Sergei Karpukhin/Reuters

Friday’s failed military coup which left 300 dead threatens to inflame tensions with US

Foreign ministers  Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo of Spain, Belgium’s  Didier Reynders,  Boris Johnson of Britain and Malta’s George Vella talk during an EU council meeting in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Stephane Lecocq/EPA

Britain’s new foreign secretary seen as a divisive figure as he makes Brussels debut

Minister for Finance, Michael NoonanPhotograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Ruling by European Union is later than expected

New British prime minister Theresa May makes a speech outside 10 Downing Street, London. Photograph:   Hannah McKay/PA

Exit from EU could be drawn out as Downing Street not in a rush to trigger article 50

European competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager has denied accusations of bias against US multinationals. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Minister for Finance understood to have said tax case against tech giant is unfounded

US secretary of the treasury Jack Lew with French finance minister Michel Sapin.  Mr Lew is to meet competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager on Wednesday.

Meeting comes amid expectations that European Commission may rule on Apple investigation

French finance minister Michel Sapin congratulates Portuguese counterpart Mario Centeno on Monday in Brussels. Euro zone finance ministers met for their first euro group meeting since Brexit vote. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Economics chief expects to see contraction of between 0.2 and 0.5% by next year

Euro group chairman and Dutch finance minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem said he was opposed to allowing Italy bailout its banks in breach of new EU bail-in rules.  Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

It says tax payers should not shoulder burden of recapitalisation

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan said Mr Kenny’s skills in crisis management and  international contacts were very important. Photograph: Collins

Minister for Finance says party and country are fortunate to have Kenny as Taoiseach

US secretary of state John Kerry   with Poland’s foreign minister Witold Waszczykowski at the Nato summit in Warsaw, Poland.  Mr Waszczykowski said Europe and the US need  “a more active, energetic Nato that takes practical steps to ensure the real safety of its citizens.” Photograph: Jerzy Dudek/Reuters

Nato agrees to send four battalions of up to 4,000 troops to Poland and Baltic states

 Barack Obama speaking before the Nato Summit  in Warsaw, Poland, which is expected to decide about military reinforcements on Nato territory in Central-East Europe. Photograph: Leszek Szymanski/EPA

Cameron confirms UK troops will take part in planned Nato mission in eastern Europe

German Chancellor Angela Merkel: Berlin looks set to increasingly become the  contact point  for Washington  in the EU. Photograph: Wojtek Radwanski/AFP/Getty Images

Obama says the departure of Britain, a key US ally in Europe, will not affect EU-US relations

The National Stadium,   venue of the Nato summit, in Warsaw: The location of the meeting is replete with symbolism. Poland, which joined Nato in 1999, was once at the heart of  Soviet Russia’s sphere of influence. Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

Summit will be David Cameron’s first international engagement since the referendum

A Nato Global Hawk drone   in Warsaw, Poland: Areas of co-operation between the EU and Nato will include   response to  hybrid attacks – a term used to describe a mixture of conventional and unconventional forms of warfare such as cyber attacks.  Photograph: Rainer Jensen/EPA

Brussels declaration will respect security and defence policies of non-Nato members

Jean-Claude Juncker: criticism of the European Commission President  has been brought to the surface by Brexit, with eastern European member states and the British and German press leading the charge. Photograph: Samuel Kubani/AFP/Getty Images

Awkward questions arise over Britain’s unique half-in, half-out relationship with EU

Minister for European Affairs Dara Murphy said he intended to press the point with the French government that now is not the time for Europe to “shrink into protectionism”.

Minister to meet French counterparts and encourage open, competitive Europe

Former leader of Ukip Nigel Farage: his term as an MEP will officially end in the spring of 2019 when the next European Parliament elections take place. Photograph:  Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

Ukip’s outgoing leader says he will miss being European Parliament’s ‘pantomime villain’

Speaking in Strasbourg, Pierre Moscovici, the EU’s economics commissioner, said that the new rules would help tackle loopholes that allow tax evaders to hide funds offshore.

It is proposed that trusts and offshore funds will be obliged to disclose their beneficial owners to national authorities

Dutch prime minister Mark  Rutte said that he, like many other citizens woke up on the morning of June 24th feeling “pretty dreadful.” Photograph: Frederick Florin/Getty Images

Jean-Claude Juncker says Johnson and Farage ‘not patriots’ but are ‘leaving the boat’

German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble: said this was not a time for “grand visions”. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Jean-Claude Juncker defends himself while Nigel Farage says he will finish term in Europe

EU Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker: “The EU is caught in an endless no man’s land between the need for further integration and the desire by citizens to retain as much national sovereignty as possible.”

The principle of ever-closer union and expansion has been turned on its head after Britain voted to leave

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in Bratislava on Friday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

‘If you want to have access to the internal market, you have to accept all the conditions’

Slovakia’s Prime Minister Robert Fico said that one of the key priorities of the Slovakian presidency was to improve the EU’s communication strategy in a bid to connect with citizens. Photograph: Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

‘It is time for us politicians to ask if we have failed in communicating advantages of the European project,’ says prime minister

 European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker (left) and European Council President Donald Tusk at a news conference after the European summit in Brussels, Belgium,  June 29th,  2016. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

‘No single market a la carte’, warns Brussels after tough meeting on Brexit

Scotland’s first minister Nicola Sturgeon is welcomed by European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker ahead of a meeting  in Brussels  yesterday.  Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters

Spanish prime minister says if the UK leaves the EU, ‘Scotland leaves’

German Chancellor Angela Merkel listens to questions during a final media conference at an EU summit in Brussels on Wednesday. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP

Empty chair at meeting of leaders symbolic of new situation in Europe

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker waves as he gets into his car at the end of the second day of the EU summit in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Phil Noble/Reuters

Tusk: There will be ‘no single market á la carte’ for Britain

British prime minister David Cameron (centre)  among other European leaders at the EU summit in Brussels on June 28th. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Prime minister tells summit in Brussels the British will not ‘turn our backs on Europe’

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and David Cameron in Brussels. The British prime minister says the UK wants to retain access to the single market.  Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Merkel says no way to avoid Brexit after ‘deep and intensive’ talks in Brussels

Taoiseach Enda Kenny arrives at the EU summit meeting on June 28th which concentrated on Brexit. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

At EU leaders’ summit member states discussed co-operation between the EU and Nato

Taoiseach Enda Kenny arrives before an EU summit meeting Tuesday at the European Union headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Fianna Fáil says Government needs to include Opposition in upcoming negotiations

European Commission president Jean- Claude Juncker blocks a photographer’s view of Nigel Farage, leader of UKIP, prior to the start of a plenary session of the European Parliament in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Oliver Hoslet/EPA

Jean-Claude Juncker says EU ‘cannot be embroiled in lasting uncertainty’ over Brexit

The  Scottish Saltire (centre), a Union Jack flag (left) and a European Union  flag  in front of the Scottish Parliament building in Edinburgh, Scotland on June 27th, 2016. The Brexit vote has thrown the relationship between the three political entities into turmoil. Photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP/Getty Images

Question of whether Scotland could remain in EU is highly political and legally complex

British prime minister David Cameron has  ruled out holding a second referendum to reverse the decision on Brexit, and announced that a special unit in government had been set up to prepare for negotiations to exit the EU. Photograph: Jon Nazca/Reuters

Police in Britain investigate spate of racist incidents since referendum decision

 German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande (R) and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi depart after speaking to the media during talks at the Chancellery Monday in Berlin, Germany.  Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Hollande warns that uncertainty over UK leaving could lead to ‘irrational behaviour’

Soldiers taking part in the “Baltops” military exercise in Ustka, northern Poland, earlier in June. It is the largest and most important Nato exercise in the Baltic Sea. Photograph:  Adam Warzawa/EPA

Move to more closely align institutions will prove uncomfortable for Ireland

German chancellor Angela Merkel: meetings with Donald Tusk, François Hollande and Matteo Renzi today. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/EPA

Commission president says he wants UK’s divorce papers on his desk ‘immediately’

As an island country operating one of world’s biggest international air routes between London and Dublin, Ireland is particularly exposed as Britain seeks to ensure easy access to the EU common aviation area. Photograph: Kate Geraghty

Agriculture, trade, aviation and energy among areas left uncertain by UK Brexit vote

Leave campaign leader Boris Johnson said Britain was part of Europe and always would be. Photograph: Peter Nicholls/Reuters

Johnson claims there will still be ‘intense European co-operation’

 A file shows  European Commissioner in charge of financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union, Lord Jonathan Hill. Mr Hill resigned on Saturday in the wake of the Brexit vote.   Photograph: EPA

Germany foreign minister says negotiations on UK’s exit should begin ‘as soon as possible’

Photographers aim their cameras as European Commission President Jean- Claude Juncker  speaks during a news conference on Brexit. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

‘What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger,’ says European Council president

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker comments on the Brexit referendum campaign during a meeting with the media in Brussels. Photograph:  EPA/Olivier Hoslet

‘The notion of ‘two-speed Europe” has long been seen as logical next step for Europe’

Brussels’ Grand Place. As the Brexit results began to filter through in the early hours, a new reality was dawning in Brussels

One outcome of the British exit is that Ireland and Malta will be the only countries where English is an official language

British prime Minister David Cameron said Britain should only give its formal notice of leaving the EU when a new leader is in place. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Top officials want UK to invoke Article 50, ‘however painful that process may be’

So long: A file image shows British prime minister David Cameron leaving an EU summit in Brussels, Belgium, in February 2016. Photograph: EPA/OLIVIER HOSLET

Analysis: Leave vote gives legitimacy to calls by eurosceptics in other states for ballots

Since the announcement of a planned referendum last year, British nationals living and working in Brussels have been nervously assessing their future. Photograph: Reuters

Crucial meeting after the result is known has been scheduled for 10.30am in Brussels

 Brendan Cox,  widower of MP Jo Cox, and their two children Cuillin (5) and Lejla (3) prepare to join a floating commemoration on the River Thames, where the family lived on a houseboat. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Over 10,000 people gather in London’s Trafalgar Square and more honour her in Brussels

Police cars block the scene of a bomb alert at the City2 shopping mall in the Rue Neuve in the city centre of Brussels on June 21st, 2016. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

No explosives found as ‘suicide belt’ of suspect found to be filled with biscuits and salt

Syria Solidarity campaigners hold flags, signs and flowers during a vigil in honour of the late Jo Cox in Parliament Square, London, yesterday. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Some see migration problems but other pro-business voters are keen to remain

This weekend the Sunday papers nailed their colours to the mast, setting out their position in their last publication before next Thursday’s referendum. Photograph:  Matt Cardy/Getty Images

‘Sunday Times’ calls for Brexit while ‘Mail on Sunday’ parts with its daily to back Remain

Grimbsy Fish Market: in the move to processing, 95 per cent of fish arrives by vehicle, a far cry from the past captured in a 1907 image. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Topical Press

Despite Humberside town’s shift to processing of fish, the locals see Brexit as desirable

Paying respects: Hilary Benn MP, speaker of the House of Commons John Bercow, chaplain to the speaker   Rev Rose Josephine Hudson-Wilkin, prime minister David Cameron and Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn   near to the scene of the murder of Jo Cox  in Birstall, UK.  Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty

Prime minister pays tribute to ‘passionate and brilliant campaigner’

Ukip leader Nigel Farage launchs a Leave poster campaign on Thursday before the death of MP Jo Cox.  Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Cameron cancels appearance in Gibraltar after death of Labour MP Jo Cox

British chancellor George Osborne at the annual “Dinner to the Bankers and Merchants” at the Mansion House in London on Thursday. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Analysis: In campaign hit by horror, Remain side is desperate to push economic message

Tom Watson: set out case for EU membership, offering an analysis of its benefits, rooted in socialist politics. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

Deputy leader Tom Watson tries to deal with party supporters’ fears about immigration

 MPs Yvette Cooper and Jess Phillips pose with staff at Palfrey Sure Start Centre as they join the Labour In battle bus to campaign in the West Midlands. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The financial impact of leaving the EU is focusing minds as referendum looms

Minister Dara Murphy: his was the fifth visit to Britain by Government Ministers in the last two weeks ahead of the referendum on June 23rd. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien / The Irish Times

Minister for European Affairs Dara Murphy said Ireland and Britain were deeply connected

On market day in Leicester city centre, beneath the clock tower, the colourful cultural mix is in evidence, from the people to the culinary offerings

In the city centre people mix happily but in the suburbs it seems more complex

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald, pictured  with Garda Commissioner Nóirín O’Sullivan, said the deployment of extra personnel would likely be in the context of a specific taskforce for a temporary period of time. Photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

Frances Fitzgerald held meetings with European counterparts to discuss organised crime

Responding to a UN committee’s findings which called for Ireland’s strict prohibition on abortion to be changed, Tánaiste Frances  Fitzgerald said: ‘We have to take this very seriously. We signed up to this covenant.’ Photograph: Nick Bradshaw.

Pro Life Campaign says human rights body a ‘de facto lobby group for abortion’

Ukip MEP: “Of course I’m campaigning,” she snapped. “I live in England, darling. I only turn up here to vote. I vote no, and then I go back home.” Photograph: Getty Images

Nothing lukewarm in Irish sensibility: If Britain leaves it should not drag NI with it

The European Parliament voted overwhelmingly in favour of a European Commission anti-tax avoidance package on Wednesday, though most Irish MEPs abstained or rejected the proposal.

Most Irish MEPs abastain or reject measure

Concerns about new Government’s commitment to deficit and debt targets

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini: aim of the plan is to “save lives in the Mediterranean”. Photograph:  Vincent Kessler

Programme will target Lebanon and Jordan, as well as a number of African countries

Leaflets delivered recently to British households, relating to the forthcoming European Union referendum. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Ahead of Brexit vote, EU experiencing a dip in public support in France, Spain and Italy.

Sinn Fein’s Matt Carthy has launched a stinging attack on Ireland’s corporate tax regime, arguing that Ireland’s reputation as an “enabler of massive tax avoidance for large corporations” is justified.

MEP says Ireland’s reputation as an ‘enabler of massive tax avoidance’ is justified

Sarah Rooney: “Living in Brussels means you can jump on a train to London to visit friends”

Irish will be a fully fledged language of the EU by 2022, and the drive is on to recruit translators. Officials see it as a rare o(...)

Greece’s finance minister Euclid Tsakalotos and European commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Pierre Moscovici during an Ecofin meeting in Brussels on Wednesday. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty

Decision on proposals to clamp down on avoidance postponed until next month

Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras. Photograph: Osman Orsal/Reuters

Europe Letter: Alexis Tsipras unlocks €10.3bn in funds and a woolly commitment

Former British prime minister Gordon Brown: the idea that sovereign states alone could solve the world’s problems was unrealistic, he told members of the centre-left Socialists and Democrats group at the European Parliament. Photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Social rights, economic health and security at stake in Brexit referendum, says former PM

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Dutch finance minister and head of the group of euro-area finance ministers, speaks during a news conference following a Eurogroup meeting of European finance ministers in Brussels. Photograph: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Eurogroup sanctions release of €10.3 billion for Athens and commits to ease debt burden

Irish businesses are ahead of their EU counterparts in terms of overall online trade. E-commerce accounts for 19 of Irish SME turnover, compared to the EU average of 9.4 per cent.

European Commission survey finds Ireland sell double the EU average online

Up to ten EU countries, including Ireland, are poised to resist giving final sign-off to a new anti-tax avoidance package announced by the European Commission. Photograph: iStock

Up to ten countries unlikely to sign off on agreement

Tensions between the IMF and Greece’s European lenders have plagued the third Greek bailout, with the IMF pushing for greater debt relief measures than euro zone finance ministers are willing to grant

Strains grow between indebted nation’s lenders and IMF over extension of relief

 Alexander Van der Bellen  waving to supporters at the Palais Auersperg on Sunday after the Austrian presidential elections run off, in which he defeated the far-right candidate  Norbert Hofer. Photograph: Florian Weiser/EPA

Independent Alexander Van der Bellen edges to victory over Freedom Party’s Norbert Hofer

Greenpeace activists display a banner against TTIP free trade agreement while suspended on one of the Kio towers in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Andrea Comas/Reuters

Companies will be able to sue national governments under planned TTIP agreement

Trojan horse: anti-trade-deal campaigners protest on the eve of President Obama’s vist to Hannover in April. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty

Proponents of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership say it will boost economies – Ireland’s in particular. So why ar(...)

European Council president Donald Tusk: “When I hear the EU being compared to the plans and projects of Adolf Hitler I cannot remain silent”

In-work benefits for Irish people may hang in the balance after Brexit vote

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan:  the European Commission has expressed frustration with recent Irish economic policy decisions, noting that ‘efforts to broaden the tax base have been limited’. Photograph: AFP

EU officials concerned about changes to USC and planned suspension of water charges

British prime minister David Cameron  meets Taoiseach  Enda Kenny  in Brussels in February. Mr Kenny raised the issue of in-work benefits for Irish citizens living in the UK. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/EPA

Brussels concerned that bid for special treatment may breach EU law

Minister for Agriculture Michael Creed: Called for the European Commission to allow the deferral of super-levy liability payments by farmers. Photograph: The Irish Times

Minister for Agriculture Michael Creed calls for changes to super levy payments scheme

Tánaiste and Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald said it would be “going down a very dangerous route’’ if they insisted, not that they could, that all legal privilege between clients and lawyers should be in the public domain. File photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Remarks follow claim O’Sullivan’s counsel said McCabe acted in malice in O’Higgins inquiry

Changes negotiated by David Cameron span four main areas – greater power for national parliaments, more protection for non-euro zone member states, economic competitiveness and limits on in-work benefits paid to migrants and index-linked child benefit payments. Photograph: Getty Images

Even if UK votes to remain a period of uncertainty and tough political talks will ensue

Various statements by Michael Noonan suggested that retroactive direct recapitalisation was not longer being sought. Photographs: The Irish Times

Noonan’s comments confirmation matter not being pursued

Syrian migrants cross under a fence as they enter Hungary at the border with Serbia last August. Photograph: Reuters

Two journalists tell powerful tales from the front lines of the European migrant crisis – and offer damning indictments of the off(...)

Danny McCoy says account must be taken of investment deficits. Photograph: Eric Luke/The Irish Times

Danny McCoy wants fiscal rules to become more flexible

A ceremony on  Europe Day in Rome on Monday. The day is aimed at celebrating peace and unity on the continent. Photograph: EPA/Massimo Percossi

Brexit vote focusing EU minds on role, definition and future relevance of union

A Lego store in Shanghai: if China gets market-economy status it would make it more difficult to impose steep tariffs on Chinese goods. Photograph: Aly Song/Reuters

Tensions grow as EU veers away from granting market-economy status to Beijing

The president of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz (right), and Turkey’s minister of EU affairs Volkan Bozkir  after a meeting at the European Parliament. Photograph: AFP Photo/Patrick Hertzog

Ankara says anti-terrorism law cannot be changed despite being crucial to accord

Ireland South MEP Brian Crowley: His non-attendance  due to illness meant that Ireland had one of the lowest participation rates in the European Union. Mr Crowley continues to participate in European Parliament work through his office in Cork. Photograph: Michael MacSweeney/Provision

New figures show average attendance rate of 81 per cent in 2015, up from 76 per cent

European Parliament building in  Strasbourg, France: The report commissioned by the parliament’s Green group argues that certain US states “behave like tax havens” by not obliging financial institutions to provide information on the beneficial owners behind firms, allowing for the creation of shell companies. Photograph: Getty

Tensions between the EU and the US over tax follow investigations into Apple in Ireland

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