Ireland is grossly underinvesting in cycling and pedestrian infrastructure, according to a report from the UN’s Environment Programme. Photograph:  Nick Bradshaw.

UN report says 20% of transport budget should be spent in area but just 1% will be in 2016

Prof Richard Reilly, director of the Trinity Centre for Bioengineering at  Trinity College, Dublin and Prof Richard Costello,  consultant physician in respiratory medicine at Beaumont Hospital, who have developed the Inca (Inhaler Compliance Assessment) device for people with respiratory disorders.

Two old friends have created an inhaler attachment for people with asthma

A capuchin monkey breaks its hammerstone as it strikes an embedded cobble in the Serra da Capivara National Park, Brazil. The monkeys preferred to lick off the stone dust and then throw the flakes away. Photograph: T Falótico

Capuchin monkeys make sharp stone flakes similar to those made by ancient humans

Minister John Halligan with  Julie Byrne of Nokia Bell Labs in Ireland and Lorraine Byrne of Amber, the materials science institute at Trinity College Dublin

Trinity and Nokia Bell Labs are developing components for next generation electronics

Science Foundation of Ireland funding awardees Gerard O’Keeffe, of University College Cork; Roger Preston, of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland  and Nuala Mai Caffery, of Trinity College Dublin. Photograph: Jason Clarke

Forty projects share windfall with awards ranging from €450,000 to €870,000

Shafi Goldwasser: “My lecture will be on the tension between utility of big data and the risks it presents to our privacy, fairness and in general the right to be left alone.”

MIT professor to explore risks and benefits of ‘big data’ in Hamilton Lecture in Dublin

Image released by Nasa today  was  taken by  Hubble space telescope covering a portion of the southern field of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey. Among other data, scientists used the galaxies visible in the survey  to recalculate the total number of galaxies in the observable universe. Photograph: Nasa/EPA

Astronomers make estimate of 2 trillion - but many galaxies are still lurking in the dark

The system “can successfully answer synthetic questions designed to emulate reasoning and inference problems in natural language”, say scientists. File photograph: Getty Images

System analyses data by blending neural network and standard computer memory

Science Foundation Ireland receive 3.5% increase to €162.5 million

Irish researchers have won 75 awards, worth €97million, since 2007 across the full range of disciplines in the humanities, social sciences and the sciences.

Prof Jean-Pierre Bourguignon, president of the council which gives grants, visiting Dublin

Bread: Gluten, a protein found in grains such as wheat, barley and rye, can cause serious problems if eaten by those with coeliac disease. Photograph: Frank Miller

Research also shows that internet-based self-diagnosis of conditions is ‘rife’

Gardasil, a vaccine against cervical cancer. Photograph: AFP/ Getty Images

Uptake in vaccine to prevent cervical cancer low ‘due to huge impact of lobby groups’

Prof Mark Ferguson, director of the Science Foundation of Ireland,  hopes to impress the European Research Council’s president Jean-Pierre Bourguignon when he visits Dublin next week. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

Irish researchers won 0.99% of EU awards with application rate of 1.39% since 2007

The most long-lived Irish person was Kathleen Snavely (above) from Co Clare,  who died in the US aged 113 years in 2015.  Photograph: Syracuse University Archives

Record maximum age of 122 is extremely unlikely to be surpassed, researchers say

Professor of chemistry at Northwestern University in the US J Fraser Stoddart is one of three winners of the 2016 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Photograph: Jim Young/Reuters

Recipient Prof J Fraser Stoddart previously honoured for work by Trinity College Dublin

UCD announced on Tuesday that Prof Fengzhou Fang would join its school of mechanical and materials engineering to develop the micro/nano manufacturing technologies. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Leading researcher in nanomanufacturing will help build engineering base in Ireland

Winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics John Michael Kosterlitz for revealing the secrets of exotic matter, the Nobel jury said. Photograph: Lehtikuva/Roni Rekomaa/AFP/Getty Images

Physics award shared by three US-based scientists David Thouless, Duncan Haldane, and Michael Kosterlitz

‘There are also many cyclists who win no sympathy from motorists, truck and bus drivers because of the way they rampage through Dublin’s streets. No light is red enough, no gap between cars or worse between the sides of two double-deckers is narrow enough and no pedestrian crossing is off limits enough to prevent cyclists from charging through.’ Photograph: Getty Images

Our roads need to be made safer for cyclists – but cyclists also need to follow rules of the road

The Rosetta satellite and Philae lander

On September 30th, the Rosetta satellite will reach the end of its 12-year mission and join the Philae lander on an icy grave

Nobel prize-winner Paul Nurse believes there are better ways to advance the State’s ambitions to become a world centre for innovat(...)

Breastfeeding is the perfect food for newborns, says Dr Amy Brown. Photograph: Katie Collins/PA Wire

Just 55% of mothers in Ireland have breastfed, the lowest rate in the world

Big study: the gait of an elephant has been studied to see whether its mood can be predicted by the way it walks

Tracking device provides ‘daily diary’ for an unprecedented view into creatures’ lives

British Science Festival hears how easy it is to retrieve important personal information

Many ethical questions arise as a result of genome research. Yet it offers much promise in treating disease, delivering safe genetically modified food and even defeating HIV. File photograph: Getty Images

British Science Festival told technology’s power has big implications for eugenics

A new kind of cancer test has been developed that can detect the disease long before any symptoms occur. It is based on a simple blood test and researchers hope it might be able to spot a range of different cancers. Image: iStock/Getty.

British Science Festival: Test seeks out by-products of disease before symptoms occur

Striking imagery: benzene tricarboxamides by Chris Hawes and Amy Lynes. Photograph: Edward Ward, Pal Group, Durham University

Research done at Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute could have ‘huge impact

Researchers have shown that dogs  understand spoken words and  gain information from the intonation used. File photograph: Gil Cohen-Magen/AFP/Getty Images

Man’s best friend processes vocal communication in same way as humans, study shows

 Project Maths is meant to serve enterprise policy by increasing the maths competence of graduates.

Mismatches between education and enterprise policies are becoming clearer

A Greenland shark returning to the deep cold waters of the Uummannaq Fjord in northwestern Greenland. Photograph: Julius Nielsen

New study proves the fish are the longest-living vertebrates on planet Earth

Rocks used as throwing weapons must be heavy enough to do damage but light enough for a high speed throw. Photograph: Andrew Wilson et al

New study sheds light on abundance of round hunting rocks found at stone age settlements

 Understanding: computers that  recognise  emotions could  help people with dementia. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien

Irish-led SenseCare research, funded by the EU, will make use of ‘affective computing’

Scientists from Trinity College Dublin are to play a central role in the research for a new whooping cough vaccine. Photograph: iStock

TCD scientists join the effort to combat the increasing number of cases of the disease

Orreco chief operating officer Fiona Slevin  and chief executive Brian Moore.

Biomarker analytics firm wants to extend elite athlete solutions to everyone

Sothic Bioscience co-founder Piotr	Jakubowicz. Photograph: Conor McCabe.

Firm developed ‘biosynthetic’ equivalent of product derived from crab blood

Megazyme  technical director Vincent	McKie, director Oisín Gilbride and research director David Mangan. Photograph: Conor McCabe

Bray-based firm produces analytics kits used in food, drinks and biofuel sectors

Minister for Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation Mary Mitchell O’Connor visiting the laboratory of  Jazz Pharmaceuticals – she is one of two ministers with innovation in the job title. Photograph: Shane O’Neill

There are two ministers with ‘innovation’ in their title, but who defends research budgets?

There is a wide mix of projects being supported, covering a number of research areas being given priority by the Government. Photograph: Getty Images

Science Foundation Ireland and other bodies offer support for 24 projects and 200 researchers

EU member states are now required to wipe invasive species out or at least try to keep them contained.  Among them are animals such as the raccoon, the grey squirrel and North American bullfrog (above).

Member states, including Ireland, required to wipe them out or keep them contained

A survey showed 15 per cent of 20- to 24-year-olds born in the 1990s reported having no sexual partners since turning 18. File photograph: Getty Images

Online technology can facilitate forming of relationships - but also have opposite effect

St Paul Island, Alaska  supported a large group of the animals for thousands of years after they went extinct in Asia and North America. File image: PA Wire

Researchers say climate change and rising sea levels was the cause of the animals’ demise

Researchers have been copying avian aerial techniques to teach intelligent drones how to cover long distances without needing a lot of energy.

Researchers study avian flying techniques to learn how to minimise energy consumption

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin during the Apollo 11 trip to the moon in 1969. Astronauts on the Apollo missions to the moon have been found to have much higher rates of cardiovascular disease, according to a new study. File photograph: Nasa via Reuters

New research claims radiation from deep space can cause cardiovascular problems

Still life with oysters (circa 1610) by Flemish painter Osias Beert.

Study of 750 food paintings from the past five centuries

Solar Impulse 2 pilot André Borschberg; Frank Duggan, of ABB; Conor Lennon, global manager for special projects, ABB; Eoin Caldwell, service engineer, ABB Ireland; and pilot Bertrand Piccard at Al Bateen Executive Airport, Abu Dhabi.

Significant Irish contingent involved in first solar-powered round-the-world flight

The tallest men on the planet come from the Netherlands, while the tallest women are from Latvia, according to a new study. File photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Irish people fail to make the top 10 for height in massive international study

Nuisance: creeping in your closets, the clothes moth gobbles up any natural fibre from wool to silk, cotton and linen, cashmere fur and even feathers and hair. Photograph: Getty

Warm, humid conditions are ideal for dreaded moth that eats cashmere and carpet alike

The Irish Research Council has helped fund the pursuit of new ways to tackle HIV. Photograph: Getty Images

Report reveals breadth of scientific endeavour – from HIV treatment to Irish gene study

Despite the claims from the Leave camp about the outflow of sterling into the EU’s coffers, Britain was a net beneficiary from EU research programmes

Royal Irish Academy one of seven to issue a joint statement to the UK government

A Google data centre

The world’s data pool is growing at an astonishing rate, and a team based at Trinity has made a discovery about how to store it mo(...)

 Mark Ferguson, director general of Science Foundation Ireland, said Irish science was delivering after the State  ranked second in the world for chemistry, nanotechnology and for immunology research last year. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien/The Irish Times.

Science Foundation Ireland believes Brexit could be an opportunity for sector in State

An image of a graphene sheet which shows three separate graphene ribbons formed by self-assembly. Image: James Annett

Amber materials science centre team find wonder material good for high-tech uses

A honey bee on an apple blossom. Irish people are being asked to do their bit to support bees here by making their gardens ‘bee friendly’ as a third of our 98 bee species threatened with extinction. Photograph: Cyril Byrne/The Irish Times.

Pollinators essential for growth of human food crops but one third of Irish bees at risk

Ethan Hawke in Gattaca, where a two-tier society emerges in the future comprised of those who can afford to be genetically modified and those who can’t.

It should be possible to improve our immunity against viruses and cancer

 No matter how much scientific evidence is provided many people still hold doubts about whether man-made climate change is real. Photograph: John Giles/PA Wire

‘Third of people in US deny man-made climate change’

Artist’s impression of the Juno satellite on its way to Jupiter

The Juno satellite is en route to the mysterious planet, and it could help to reveal how the solar system was formed

Mind mining may be a career of the future, something that would be based on the use of big data computer analysis and artificial intelligence. Photograph: Getty Images

Want to be a mind miner? Why not a a CSI gut expert? Unveiling those jobs to come

Traces of emerald ash borer on a dead tree. Photograph: iStock

A range of factors are pushing plants to the edge, and many species may be on borrowed time

Determination to become a world leader in scientific research and innovation may be in jeopardy

Prof Michael Zaworotko leads the University of Limerick  research group that developed the sponge. Photograph: Sean Curtin Photo.

Discovery can soak up impurities, desalinate water and mop up carbon dioxide

An artist’s drawing of a  species of hobbit-sized humans, Homo floresiensis. File photograph: Peter Schouten-National Geographic Society/Reuters

Indonesian discovery matches up with the Homo floresiensis remnants found in 2003

Fish can tell one human face from another despite lacking a part of the brain that mammals and birds use for this task, according to new research. Photograph: Caitlin Newport/AFP/Getty Images

Archerfish are able to identify faces they have seen before, according to new study

Beyoncé received a reported €45 million from Pepsi to promote its product. Photograph: Getty Images

Most food and drink products marketed by music stars unhealthy, research shows

Arthur Ward stands with his Pyrenean mountain dog Cody  in Birmingham, England. A 4,800-year-old dog bone dug out of the Newgrange monument in Co Meath has helped to explain how the canine came to be man’s best friend.  Photograph: Darren Staples/Reuters

The 4,800-year-old bone from Newgrange monument forms part of new research

A Petri dish in a laboratory at NUI Galway holds something quite special - hundreds of individual human heart cells all beating in synchrony. File photograph: Science Photo Library/PPX

Skin cells turn into heart cells to help treat conditions that cause heart to beat too fast

Comets can be 50% water and asteroids range from 2% to 20%. Research shows, however, that four-fifths of the moon’s water was delivered by asteroids. Illustration: Lunar and Planetary Institute/David A Kring

Source of water and date of arrival baffles experts down the decades. That is, until now

A lab in Cúram the Science Foundation Ireland Centre for Research in Medical Devices based at NUI Galway.  Photograph: Andrew Downes, Xposure

Cúram’s medical devices programme will see 31 postdoctoral fellowships granted over four years

A computer generated images of the spacecraft on its approach to Jupiter.

Voyage extending to five years almost at an end in quest to unlock secrets of giant world

An artist’s impression of a Hyperloop station

If Hyperloop becomes reality – and tests are now taking place – passengers will whizz along tubes in pods at nearly supersonic spe(...)

Tesla: hopes to see e-vehicle output grow to 500,000 units by 2020

Half the electronics needed rely to some degree on these elements

GeoOrbital’sfixed wheel has three arms instead of spokes and these conceal the motor, battery and electrics

A science-fiction movie inspired the creation of an orbital bicycle wheel with a speed of 30km

Scientists have delivered proof that the mosquito-borne Brazilian Zika virus can cause birth defects in mice.  File photograph: Yuri Cortez/AFP/Getty Images

Brazil-US experiments confirm virus can readily damage and kill human brain tissues

The Blackrock Clinic is the first hospital in Ireland to install the Medtronic Micra pacemaker.

Medical first: Peter Cassells is first patient in Ireland to get next generation pacemaker

Harmless yellow fluorescence sends a light signal to show that a drug is interacting with a drug, something that shows how a drug is performing. The use of fluorescence removes the need to use radioactivity to achieve the same result.

Researchers in TCD and NUIM take radioactivity out of drug production

This photograph taken through a solar telescope in Guwahati on May 9th  shows the planet Mercury (black dot upper left) transiting in front of the sun. Astronomers are preparing for one of the highlights of the skywatchers’ year, when the Sun, Mercury and Earth all line up -- a phenomenon that happens just a dozen or so times per century. Photograph: Biju Boro/AFP/Getty Images.

Planet to be visible until 7pm but skygazers should watch via telescopes or web streams

The 2016 Mercury planetary transit is seen in a NASA conceptual image, made of many images captured by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) during the last Mercury transit in 2006. Mercury will pass between earth and the sun in the rare astronomical event from  about 11.12am. Photograph: Nasa/Reuters

In Ireland, Mercury is visible until 7pm with organised viewings in Dublin and Cork

Independent Kerry TD Danny Healy Rae    who has claimed that climate change does not exist.

Independent TD told a climate change committee ‘only God controls the weather’

A new study from University of Cambridge  researchers has  highlighted the fact that dogs are increasingly becoming obese. Photograph: Mark Ralston/AFP/Getty Images

Labradors may be prone to chubbiness due to genetic variation, new research shows

Carrots might be good for your eyes but they won’t make you see in the dark. Photograph: Getty

‘Carrots let you see in the dark’ among myths peddled by our mothers

Ireland’s huge livestock population means about a third of its greenhouse gas emissions come from agriculture

Soil under grassland can be used to ‘lock up’ carbon dioxide, says Royal Irish Academy

A man looks at a male nude at the press preview of the Leonardo da Vinci  exhibition at the National Gallery of Ireland in Dublin. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Exhibition of 10 drawings from Royal Collection allows visitors to see complexity of works

Protesters against climate change pretending to be dead outside a Paris hotel last week where the International Petrol Summit was taking place.  Photograph:  EPA/ETIENNE LAURENT

Humans have managed to change the atmosphere on a global scale, and as a result the planet is warming up

Expressions of fury in horses, lions and a man by Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519). Photograph: Royal Collection Trust / © Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2016

National Gallery exhibit will be the first time the works have been shown outside the UK

An electron microscope image of a zircon crystal

TCD researchers discover oldest pieces of rock are found in asteroid impact craters

The Astro-H satellite  after a perfect launch from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Centre. Contact has been lost with the satellite.

Space agency lost contact with Astro-H spacecraft after its solar panels broke

Falcon, Ant-Man, Hawkeye, Captain America, Scarlet Witch and Winter Soldier in Captain America: Civil War

An Irish scientist has written a book that delves into the secrets behind the extraordinary abilities of superheroes

An  image showing a  view of one person’s right brain hemisphere. The overlaid words, when heard in context, are predicted to evoke strong responses near the corresponding location in the brain. The colour of each word indicates its semantic category. For example, green words are mostly visual and tactile concepts, while red words are mostly social concepts. White lines show the outlines of known functional brain regions. Visualisations created by Alexander Huth using pycortex software by James Gao, Mark Lescroart, and Alexander Huth.

University of California Berkeley team maps how brain responds to individual words

The image shows a sheet of molybdenum disulfide just one molecule thick.   This material has been suggested for a range of applications such as transistors, memory devices, solar cells and lithium ion batteries.

‘Ferrari’ of microscopes can see objects a million times smaller than diameter of a hair

Prof Alan Smeaton at his office in DCU. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

RIA Gold Medal winner Alan Smeaton’s work at DCU and Insight is wide-ranging but includes helping people with Alzheimer’s and deme(...)

Some people can taste the letters of the alphabet while others can taste the sound of a guitar, or see colours when faced with music – a sensory “crossover” known to doctors as synaesthesia

Three-day Dublin conference to discuss synaesthesia, a sensory ‘crossover’ condition

A hen harrier in flight. File  photograph: Thinkstock

Breeding pairs have decreased even within special areas of conservation, research finds

The Irish Research Council announces projects selected for €144,000 in funding for 1916-themed research projects. Photograph: Marc O’Sullivan

Research grants of €144,000 for studies including mobile walking tour and exhibition

The sun emits a mid-level solar flare on its left side in 2014. File photograph: Nasa/Reuters

Research group from New Mexico university delivers insight into how flares occur

An ancient Irish oak sample from a bog in Ulster shows narrowing of tree rings indicating very dry conditions leading to the “failure of bread”, as described in the Annals of Ulster.

Severe droughts match up with crop failures and plague from Irish annals of 1575

Everyone knows Tyrannosaurus Rex was a super predator, but did that beast also snack on carcasses left behind by other predators? File photograph: Getty Images

Team develops computer model imitating life as it may have been on Jurassic landscape

Ian Burkhart (24), who has regained functional use of his hand through the use of neural-bypass technology, playing a video-game guitar. Photograph: Ohio State University/Batelle

Ground-breaking research has enabled a quadriplegic man to move his forearm by way of a microchip implant in his brain

The university groups that will share the payout include University College Dublin, University College Cork and the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland. File photograph: Rui Vieira/PA Wire

New medical treatments for diseases could flow from SFI and Pfizfer backed research

We are still only scratching the surface when it comes to understanding what our DNA and its 24,000 genes are doing

Yet another newcomer genetic technology is on the way, once again with the potential to change everything

Eat less and live longer is the simple message from professor of biology and biogerontologist Prof Steven Austad. File photograph: Jonathan Brady/PA Wire

Theory that reducing calorific intake could aid longevity has been around since 1930s

From left: Dr Gerard Clarke, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioural Science, UCC; Alan Hoban, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, UCC; and Prof John Cryan, APC Microbiome Institute and Department of Anatomy & Neuroscience, UCC. Photograph: Alexander Zhdanov

Discovery may have implications for treating degenerative nervous disorder such as MS

The Col de Traversette pass through the Alps. Photograph: GoogleMaps

Geochemists from Dublin City University solve riddle with hard evidence in the form of poo

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