Euro zone manufacturing at new low
The euro zone's manufacturing sector contracted for the 11th straight month in July as output and new orders plummeted, a business survey found today.
The data, which showed the downturn is deepening its roots in the core, will provide grim reading for policymakers who are battling to contain a debt crisis that has raged across the continent.
Markit's Eurozone Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for the manufacturing sector fell to 44.0, the lowest reading since June 2009 and below a flash reading of 44.1 and June's 45.1.
The output index sank to 43.4, the lowest since May 2009, under June's 44.7 and an earlier flash 43.6. Markit said it was in line with the official measure of production falling at a quarterly rate of over 1 per cent.
"The euro zone manufacturing sector's woes intensified again in July. Manufacturing therefore looks to be on course to act as a major drag on economic growth in the third quarter, as the euro zone faces a deepening slide back into recession," said Chris Williamson at Markit.
After stagnating in the first quarter, narrowly avoiding a technical recession, a raft of gloomy data pushed economists in a Reuters poll last month to predict a contraction in the second and third quarters.
In a bid to spur growth the European Central Bank cut interest rates to a record low of 0.75 per cent in June and is expected to cut them again to 0.5 per cent before the year is out. At its policy meeting tomorrow, it is expected to restart its dormant government bond buying programme with the aim of lowering Spanish and Italian government bond yields, which have reached levels unsustainable in the long-term.
Earlier data from Germany, Europe's largest economy, showed its manufacturing sector contracted at its fastest pace in three years last month and it was a similar story in neighbouring France.
Spain, which slid deeper into recession in the second quarter, saw the 15th straight month of contraction, while Italy chalked up a year in contractionary territory.
The PMI for Greece, where the debt crisis began, has been below 50 since September 2009. Ireland was the only country to show signs of emerging from the downturn, Markit said, where its PMI was above 50 for the fifth month.
Factories across the euro zone cut prices at the fastest pace since early 2010, but the new orders index still fell to 42.8 from the previous month's 43.5 and has only been lower once in over three years. New export orders were at an eight-month low.
"The current weakness of global economic growth suggests that all producers face a challenging environment in export markets as well as at home," Mr Williamson said.
Some of the output was generated by firms running down backlogs for the 14th consecutive month and workforces were cut for the sixth month to reduce costs.
Unemployment across the bloc rose to a euro-era high of 11.2 per cent in June, official data showed yesterday.