A Uygur boy carries a tray of  bread on his head. Ancient ethnic divisions resonate strongly in Xinjiang province, and more than 100 people have died in the past year in violence caused by growing tensions between the two biggest ethnic groups in the area, the Turkic-speaking Uighurs and the Han Chinese. Photograph: Frederic J Brown/AFP/Getty Images

The region accounts for just 2% of the country’s population, but its divisions run deep

Uigur residents sit in front of a shop in Xinjiang province, China. The Turkic-speaking Muslim majority and Chinese-speaking Han live side by side in this strategically important region rich with oil, gas and minerals, but separatists have been fighting for an independent homeland for the past 150 years. Photograph: Getty Images

Yining: a hotspot of opposition to Beijing rule

US secretary of state John Kerry and China’s president Xi Jinping at the opening  of high-level bilateral talks in Beijing yesterday. Photograph: Feng Li/Getty Images

Confrontation would be disastrous, Xi Jinping says in Beijing

Armed police patrol a market in Urumqi in northwest China’s Xinjiang region. Photograph:  STR/AFP/Getty Images

Muslim factions feel their culture is under attack as Beijing cracks the whip

A protester burns a portrait of Japan’s prime minister Shinzo Abe, with the Chinese characters ‘Shameful’ written on it, outside the Japanese Consulate in Hong Kong yesterday. Photograph: Bobby Yip/Reuters

President Xi Jinping lambasts Japan’s wartime aggression on key anniversary

More articles