European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker: “We must make efforts towards a practical relationship with Russia . . . that must be the case. We can’t go on like this.” Photograph: Armin Weigel/EPA

Commission chief says Europe’s policy on Russia should not be dictated by Washington

US Defense Secretary Ash Carter at a Nato defence ministers meeting in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Defence ministers say organisation is ‘ready to defend allies’ after meeting in Brussels

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of  EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in Luxembourg where the meeting focused on  a system to keep out migrants who do not qualify for asylum. Photograph: Julien Warnand/ EPA

Ministers meeting in Luxembourg sign proposal to tackle crisis ahead of EU summit

Taxation commissioner Pierre Moscovici says  the CCCTB is ‘the best instrument for fighting cross-border tax abuse’  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base is strongly opposed by Ireland

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan  shakes hands with Belgian PM Charles Michel during a meeting at the Chateau of Val-Duchesse in Brussels on Tuesday. Turkey’s leader began his  European tour in Strasbourg last Sunday. Photograph: Nicolas Maeterlinck/AFP/Belga

While wariness of Istanbul continues, its geopolitical role is extremely strategic

German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande at the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Wednesday. Photograph: Patrick Seeger/EPA

The choice is a stronger EU or bloc’s end, French and German leaders tell parliament

Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg at  a press conference  in Brussels on Tuesday. “I will not speculate on the motives but this does not look like an accident,” he said. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

No ‘real explanation’ for why Russian army jet flew over southern province of Turkey

Britain’s prime minister David Cameron, whose government has welcomed a European Court of Justice opinion on benefit payments to non-British nationals. Photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images

Court issues legal opinion that UK has right to restrict social benefits to some foreigners

 European commissioner in charge of economic and financial affairs, Pierre Moscovici:   “Today’s agreement means an end to obscure tax agreements between companies and authorities which can facilitate tax abuse.” Photograph: Julien Warnand

Finance ministers endorse cross-border directive

Welcoming the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (Beps) report, Mr Noonan said the OECD proposals would “play to Ireland’s advantage”, despite fears it could provoke a flight of multinationals. Photograph: Getty Images

Michael Noonan welcomes plan but says EU should not attempt to go further

The Arch of Triumph among the Roman ruins of Palmyra which Islamic State extremists have blown up. Photograph: Getty Images

Nato condemns incursion of Russian military jets ‘despite warnings’ into Turkish airspace

Michael Noonan at the start of the Eurogroup finance ministers meeting at the European Convention Centre in Luxembourg. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Spain could now be forced to submit a revised budget after December’s elections

EU Ombudsman Emily O’Reilly found the EU’s executive body’s approach to publicising meetings with tobacco lobbyists  was “inadequate, unreliable and unsatisfactory”.  Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Emily O’Reilly’s ruling found the Commission breached UN transparency rules

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan warns EU proposals on tax should not go further than OECD standards.

Minister for Finance warns EU proposals on tax should not go further than OECD standards

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras (right):  has told his electorate he will comply with the terms of the three-year bailout. Photograph:   Louisa Gouliamaki

EU officials play down expectations of significant debt relief for Athens

EU Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Commissioner Pierre Moscovici. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

EU member states to reveal information on tax rulings offered to companies

Greece’s finance minister, Euclid Tsakalotos, said he expects to open negotiations on debt relief by the end of the year. Photograph: Kostas Tsironis/Bloomberg

Significant challenges remain as the Greek government settles into its new term

A draft of the proposal seen by the Irish Times shows that a key plank of the Commission’s capital markets union is the creation of a single securitisation market

European Union unveils new capital markets union plan

A spokesman for Ryanair said the company welcomes the European Commission’s announcement and “will co-operate with this investigation”

EU has opened state aid investigation into aspect of air travel tax

Brian Hayes: “The emphasis on non-bank lending models such as crowd-funding and venture capital already have a strong foothold in the IFSC”

Capital markets union plan seeks to give SMEs alternatives to traditional banks

German chancellor Angela Merkel believes Syrian president Bassar al-Assad should be included in the peace efforts. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

EU leaders agree to provide €1bn in humanitarian aid to UN refugee agency

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker (left) and European Council president Donald Tusk following an EU leaders summit in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Bloomberg

Europe hardens stance as Tusk says ‘open door’ policy needs to change

European Council president Donald Tusk:  His visits to Egypt, Jordan and Turkey at the weekend shifted the focus of the EU debate to finding longterm solutions to the  crisis. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Invoking ‘agreement’ mechanism means EU more worried about credibility than consensus

 Catherine Day: stepped down as the EU’s top official on September 1st after almost a decade in the role.  Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Irish woman to advise on EU budgets

German chancellor Angela Merkel (left) arrives for a meeting of the conservative European People’s Party (EPP), on Wednesday, prior to attending an European Union (EU) emergency summit on the migration crisis.  Photograph: Getty

Donald Tusk says most urgent question is how to regain control of external borders

Minister for Justice and Equality Frances Fitzgerald, German justice minister Thomas de Maizière and European Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs Dimitris Avramopoulos attend Tuesday’s meeting. Photograph:  Peter Cavanagh

Orban expected to confront centre-right EU leaders, including Kenny and Merkel

Migrants wait   at the train station of the Croatian town Tovarnik. Photograph: Stringerstr/AFP/Getty Images

Central and eastern European countries refuse to support relocation quotas

Migrants arrive at the railway station in Hegyeshalom, 168kms west from Budapest, Hungary, on Monday after being transported from the Croatian border. Photograph: EPA

Rejection of a common mandatory quota would be a blow to European Commission

Refugees trying to board a train at the border between Serbia and Croatia near the city of Tovarnik, Croatia, on  September 17th. Photograph: EPA/GREGOR FISCHER

The European Commission may drop its proposal for mandatory quotas next week

People reach out for aid packages in Tovarnik, Croatia. Hundreds of migrants have pushed through police lines in the eastern Croatian town, with people trampling and falling on each other amid the chaos, as more than 2,000 men, women and children were stuck at the local train station for hours in blazing heat and sun, waiting to board trains and buses for transport to refugee centres. Photograph: Marko Drobnjakovic/AP

Diplomats working to secure consensus as EU struggles to respond to crisis

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and economic and financial affairs commissioner Pierre Moscovici attend a hearing on September 17th, organised by European Parliament’s special committee on tax rulings and other similar measures in nature or effect at the European Union headquarters in Brussels.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Commission president denied a role in controversial tax rulings

Jeremy Corbyn outside his home in north London. Photograph: Ben Pruchnie/Getty Images

British party’s new leader could inspire a wave of left-wing euroscepticism in bloc

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker. He will be questioned at a hearing in Brussels. Photograph: AP Photo/Christian Lutz

EU committee set up to investigate aggressive tax planning concludes its report in weeks

European commissioner for trade Cecilia Malmstrom announced plans on Wednesday to establish a special court to deal with disputes between investors and states in trade agreements.   Photograph: Olivier Hoslet

Body to deal with disputes between investors and state, one of the major blocks to EU-US trade deal

Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann  and German Chancellor Angela Merkel speak to the media after talks on the ongoing refugee crisis in Berlin, Germany, yesterday. Photograph Adam Berry/Getty Images

German Chancellor Angela Merkel calls for an EU leaders’ summit next week

A police officer watches the Serbian side of the border between Hungary and Serbia. Photograph: Sandor Ujvari/EPA

Hungary shuts main land route as Austria indicates tough border controls with neighbour

Migrants  at Salzburg station in Austria on a train to Germany. Photograph: Guenter Schiffmann/AFP/Getty Images

Concept of free movement a cornerstone of European community since 1950s

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve (L) and German interior minister Thomas de Maziere leave after a European Union interior and justice ministers emergency meeting on the migrants situation in Brussels. Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters

Issue of mandatory quotas for refugees to be readdressed at meeting on October 8th

French interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve (left) and German interior minister Thomas de Maziere leave after an European Union interior and justice ministers emergency meeting on the migrants situation in Brussels. Photograph: Reuters

Germany shifts stance as officials try to cope with numbers crossing borders

A migrant with his child talks to  police officers after Hungarian police sealed the border with Serbia near the village of Horgos, Serbia. Photograph: Marko Djurica

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald calls on EU states to show solidarity

A child arrives by bus in Berlin from Munich. Some 450,000 refugees have arrived in Germany so far this year, including 37,000 in the first eight days of September. Photograph: Getty Images

Brussels gathering comes day after German plan to introduce border controls for Austria

Pierre Moscovici, European commissioner in charge of economic and financial affairs. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

EU commissioner urges member states to ensure fair share of tax is paid

Minister of State at the Department of Finance Simon Harris  before the start of an informal economic and financial affairs council (Ecofin) meeting at the European Council in Luxembourg, September 11th, 2015. Photograph: Thierry Monasse/AFP/Getty Images

Divisions persist among EU states on proposed mandatory relocation programme

Commissioner Pierre Moscovici: has vowed to prioritise taxation during his five-year term. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Reuters

Finance ministers’ meeting likely to cover tax harmonisation issues in Ireland

A Syrian refugee carries his child as he crosses the border from Greece into Macedonia. Photograph: Reuters

Republic to voice concerns at EU over cost of 4,000 refugees on domestic expenditure

Refugees arrive from Hungary after crossing the border in Nickelsdorf, Austria on Thursday. Photograph: Helmut Fohringer/EPA

Britain and Ireland have an exemption from most EU justice and home affairs legislation

European Central Bank (ECB) president Mario Draghi

Mario Draghi to discuss bailout issue in November

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

Government will agree to accommodate group from Syria, Eritrea and Iraq

A young migrant girl is helped ashore as she arrives with others aboard a dinghy after crossing from Turkey to Lesbos island, Greece. Photograph: Petros Giannakouris/AP Photo

Mandatory quotas will set a precedent for handling future migration issues

European Commission’s president Jean-Claude Juncker makes his State of the Union address to the European Parliament in Strasbourg, yesterday. Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

EU justice ministers to discuss plan on Monday to redistribute 120,000 refugees

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker delivers his first State of the Union in Strasbourg. Photograph: Patrick Seeger/EPA

Member states will receive €6,000 per relocated person, writes Suzanne Lynch

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/AP

'Reason number of O'Neills and Murphys living in the US exceeds number in Ireland'

Spain’s deputy prime minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria:  “Spain will take the refugees that the European Union asks us to.” Photograph: Getty

Madrid’s stance a boost to Juncker’s proposal to relocate 120,000 across EU

Simon Harris: the Government is  announce the establishment of  a  working group on the fintech sector.

Minister says Ireland aims to be at cutting edge of financial innovation

British prime minister David Cameron: “. . . The air strike was the only feasible means of effectively disrupting the attacks planned and directed by this individual.”  Photograph:  Andy Rain/EPA

David Cameron confirms Britain will resettle 20,000 Syrian refugees over next 4½ years

Tánaiste  Joan Burton: Believes the State should accept 5,000 migrants, mainly from Syria and Eritrea. Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Tánaiste Joan Burton’s proposal to take in 5,000 not practicable, say Fine Gael

Belgian riot police face angry farmers during a European farmers protest rally near the European institutions in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Protest in Brussels as agriculture hit by falling prices and Russian sanctions

Phil Hogan: the EU’s agriculture commissioner will not attend due to illness. Photograph: Eric Luke

Teagasc says prices have fallen from 39c per litre in April 2014 to 25.5c in July 2015

A young Muslim woman speaks to a German policewoman as migrants who had arrived on a train from Hungary transfer to a chartered commuter train at Munich Hauptbahnhof main railway station. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Osborne says there is a “strong case” for armed intervention against Islamic State

Life jackets, deflated dinghies and life tubes are left behind by refugees and migrants  on a beach on the Greek island of Lesbos, on Friday. REUTERS/Dimitris Michalakis

‘The ideal of European solidarity and shared responsibility has been replaced by bickering, infighting and confusion’

 Migrants on the railway tracks near Tatabanya, 57km west of Budapest, Hungary. Photograph: Balazs Mohai/EPA/

Bloc urged to accept up to 200,000 extra refugees as states divided on how to act

Migrants and refugees cross the border between Greece and Macedonia near the town of Gevgelija on Friday. More than 230,000 refugees and migrants have arrived in Greece by sea this year. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Tánaiste calls for ‘global solution’ to bring peace to migrants’ troubled homelands

Minister for Foreign Affairs Charlie Flanagan said he was “concerned” ahead of the latest round of Stormont discussions. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Minister sees no benefit to not participating in talks that will end in ‘matter of weeks’

Migrants wait to cross the Greek-Macedonia border near the village of Idomeni, in northern Greece. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

‘We have . . . to do what is right’

A migrant holds a sign in front of Keleti railway station in Budapest, Hungary. Photograph: Bernadett Szabo/Reuters

Taoiseach says numbers to increase under EU deal

 Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

From migrants to freedom of speech, the Hungarian PM’s hardline stances have increasingly alienated official Europe

Migrants protest outside the Keleti railway station in Budapest, Hungary. Photograph: Reuters

Proposal to relocate 120,000 migrants across EU to be unveiled on Wednesday

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban (L) and European Council president Donald Tusk in Brussels today. Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters

Donald Tusk calls figure a ‘fair distribution’ as Hungarian PM raises migrants’ religion

EU agriculture commissioner  Phil Hogan may be facing one of his toughest challenges yet in the role. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/ EPA

Commissioner will require all his negotiating skills to grapple with crisis in EU farming

Amam, a 17-year-old refugee from the Syrian town of Latakia, shouts after his sister and mother were detained by Hungarian police outside the railway station in Budapest on Wednesday. Photograph: Reuters

Securing support for a pan-European policy on asylum will be a challenge

Catherine Day: former secretary general of the European Commission is succeeded by Alexander Italianer. Photograph: Alan Betson

Day could be become adviser to European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker

Mmigrants being rescued south of Lampedusa island in the Mediterranean in August. Photograph: EPA

Case regarding Tunisian migrants could have major effect on EU asylum law

An Intercity train. File photograph: Irish Rail/Iarnród Éireann

EU Commission wants changes that would open up sector to competitors

A fire  started by striking French ferry workers caused further delays to traffic on the French side. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

Migrants attempting to enter tunnel nightly, as French lorry strike exacerbates traffic chaos

The Irish railway system has always been operated by Irish Rail, part of the State-owned CIÉ

The European Commission is working on legislation to establish a single railway market across the EU

Migrants who managed to pass the police block on the Eurotunnel site race towards the boarding docks in Coquelles near Calais, northern France, on Wednesday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

UN special envoy Peter Sutherland says media exaggerating on migrants flooding UK

One of the shops in the migrant camp known as the new Jungle in Calais, France. Photograph: PA

Britain and France working to return people to Africa and deal with the criminal gangs

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras delivers his speech during a central committee meeting of the Syriza party in Athens on Thursday. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou

Greek PM Alexis Tsipras surprises Syriza with call for party referendum on bailout

British chancellor  George Osborne  and French economy minister Emmanuel Macron: the negotiations on the  Greek bailout strengthened the argument of British Eurosceptics. Photograph: Eric Piermont/AFP/Getty Images

While talks continue about economics, the migrant crisis is now the dominant issue

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras: argues that Greece is now front-page news and has been presented in “a positive light”. Photograph: Kostas Baltas/Reuters

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras has ‘no regrets’ about how he has handled crisis

Iarnród Éireann has introduced a cost-saving programme and has debts of about €150m

EC proposal would mean stiff competition for Iarnród Éireann

Migrants walk near the road where lorries pass after leaving their hiding spot at the Eurotunnel site in Calais. Photograph: Pascal Rossignol/Reuters

Death of refugees in Eurotunnel has pushed two countries to work together more closely

Kurds protest outside the Turkish embassy in Paris. The Turkish military confirmed on Tuesday it had used jets to target Kurdish rebels. Photograph: EPA

Turkey makes no request for military support during rare emergency meeting of ambassadors

Protesters carry the coffin of Gunay Ozarslan, killed by Turkish police at an anti-terror operation, in Istanbul,  yesterday. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

After Suruc horror, Turkey to ‘ramp up’ military response to Islamic State

The LÉ Eithne in the Mediterranean. Photograph: Irish Defence Forces

Government agrees to relocation scheme as part of bid to tackle crisis in Mediterranean

EU commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis, speaks at a news conference on Wednesday. He has confirmed the troika is to return to Greece for negotiations. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

IMF managing director Christine Lagarde reiterated her call for substantial debt relief

Mario Draghi (centre) following a meeting of the ECB’s governing council in Frankfurt. Photograph: Arne Dedert/EPA

Eurogroup ministers approve €7bn bridging loan in important political signal

People line up at an ATM outside an Alpha Bank branch in Athens, Greece on July 16th, 2015. Greece awoke with a political hangover on Thursday after parliament approved a stringent bailout programme, thanks to the votes of the pro-European opposition, amid the worst protest violence this year. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou/Reuters

Eurogroup’s approval of €7bn bridging loan means Greeks set to make key payment

Greece has been in arrears to the IMF since June 30th and missed a further €450m payment on Monday

With a deal far from done, Greek debt relief and bridging loans are obstacles

With Greece facing a €3.5bn payment to the ECB on Monday, creditors are racing to devise a plan to provide fast cash to the struggling economy to avert full- scale default

Differences remain among euro zone states about tackling Athens’s short-term needs

Women stand by a slogan written on the pavement reading ‘Here lies Syriza, the party I once supported ‘ in front of the Greek parliament in Athens. Photograph: Louisa Gouliamaki/AFP/Getty Images

Britain opposes contributing loans for Greece saying euro zone must ‘foot the bill’

European Stability Mechanism (ESM) managing director Klaus Regling: says  he expects the IMF to contribute to any third bailout package, once Greece’s arrears with it have been paid.  Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

IMF assessment may make it harder for Tsipras to secure approval from MPs

Italian Finance Minister Pier Carlo Padoan, Dutch Finance Minister , President of Eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem, International Monetary Fund managing director Christine Lagarde, Irish Finance Minister Michael Noonan and French finance minister Michel Sapin at the start of a special Eurogroup Finance ministers meeting on Greek crisis at EU council headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Michael Noonan says Ireland will contribute to Greek bailout via ESM fund

A pensioner waits to receive part of his pension at a National Bank branch in Athens. Euro zone leaders clinched a deal with Greece on Monday to negotiate a third bailout to keep the near-bankrupt country in the euro zone after a whole night of haggling at an emergency summit. Photograph: Yiannis Kourtoglou/Reuters

No immediate budgetary implications for Ireland if third bailout agreed, says Noonan

Euro group  .... President of the eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem (centre) is seen with   Minister for Finance Michael Noonan   prior to the start of the eurogroup meeting in Brussels on Monday.   Photograph:  Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

No-one, neither Greeks nor European leaders, comes out of crisis smelling of roses

Protesting outside the Greek parliament against agreement for a third bailout with euro zone leaders. Photograph: Getty Images

PM will need opposition support to ensure passage of contentious bailout package

Taoiseach Enda Kenny leaves at the end of Monday’s  EU summit on the Greek debt crisis.  Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

Taoiseach welcomes agreement but Adams says Government sided with the strong

Head of the eurogroup Jeroen Dijsselbloem: “A lot of trust had been lost . . . it has to be rebuilt.”  Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

Dijsselbloem says Greece must pass reforms before talks begin on third bailout of €86bn

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras (right) and  finance minister Euclid Tsakalotos depart following all-night bailout talks in Brussels. Photograph: Bloomberg

Euro ministers to look at ‘bridge financing’ as Greek parliament debates package

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras and his finance minister  Euclid Tsakalotos  depart following all-night bailout talks in Brussels. Photograph: Bloomberg

Agreement gives political cover to ECB to keep propping up the Greek banks

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