Alexander Van der Bellen, backed by the Green Party, won the election by just 30,863 votes over Austria’s populist Freedom Party (FPÖ) candidate Norbert Hofer. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bade/Reuters

Vote in which right-wing candidate lost narrowly annulled over count irregularities

Germany’s then chancellor Helmut Kohl with Angela Merkel in Bonn in  November  1992. Photograph: Thomas Imo/Photothek via Getty Images

Former German chancellor says Europe should ‘pause for breath’ following Brexit vote

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker waves as he gets into his car at the end of the second day of the EU summit in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Phil Noble/Reuters

Tusk: There will be ‘no single market á la carte’ for Britain

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker and David Cameron in Brussels. The British prime minister says the UK wants to retain access to the single market.  Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Merkel says no way to avoid Brexit after ‘deep and intensive’ talks in Brussels

British Prime Minister David Cameron arrives ahead of a European Council Meeting at the Council of the European Union on Tuesday in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Merkel says London should not think it can ‘cherry-pick’ its way back to single market

German chancellor Angela Merkel attends a news conference at the chancellery in Berlin, Germany, June 27th, 2016. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

German leader expresses understanding that Britain needs time to reorder its affairs

British prime minister David Cameron has  ruled out holding a second referendum to reverse the decision on Brexit, and announced that a special unit in government had been set up to prepare for negotiations to exit the EU. Photograph: Jon Nazca/Reuters

Police in Britain investigate spate of racist incidents since referendum decision

 German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French President Francois Hollande (R) and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi depart after speaking to the media during talks at the Chancellery Monday in Berlin, Germany.  Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Hollande warns that uncertainty over UK leaving could lead to ‘irrational behaviour’

German newspapers carry reports on the British referendum. Photograph: EPA

‘First Britain registers its exit request in line with Article 50, then we talk’

German chancellor Angela Merkel: meetings with Donald Tusk, François Hollande and Matteo Renzi today. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/EPA

Commission president says he wants UK’s divorce papers on his desk ‘immediately’

Front pages reacting to the UK’s vote to leave the EU from ‘Le Monde’, ‘Bild’ and the ‘New Yorker’ at the weekend

‘Bild’ calls for calm while France looks at vote result’s effect on own future in EU

 Foreign Ministers from EU’s founding six, (from left) Jean Asselborn from Luxemburg, Paolo Gentiloni from Italy, Jean-Marc Ayrault from France, Frank-Walter Steinmeier from Germany, Didier Reynders from Belgium and Bert Koenders from the Netherlands, speak to reporters after a meeting on  Brexit in Berlin on  Saturday. Photograph: AP

In contrast, Britain ordered to get out of EU without delay at meeting of EU founding members

Cecelia Ahern: “When I’m creative I’m Irish, but I have the work ethic of a German.” Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

The filming of ‘Ein Moment fürs Leben’ – aka ‘The Time of My Life’ – in Dublin for ZDF is the latest example of the Irish author’s(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel giving a statement in Berlin on Friday morning. The Brexit decision presents Dr  Merkel with the greatest headache of her career. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Angela Merkel calls for European unity after after ‘calm and confident’ analysis

The nurse known as  Niels H at a  court in Oldenburg, Germany in 2014: Police  fear the man may have been responsible for more than 200 deaths in total, but, because of the frequency of cremation in Germany, they no longer have bodies to exhume in at least 101 cases of suspicious death. Photograph: Ingo Wagner/DPA via AP/File

Hospital criticised for providing reference to 39-year-old nurse they suspected of killing

Heavily-armed police stand outside a movie theatre where an armed man took hostages and was shot in Viernheim, Germany. Photograph: Alexander Scheuber/Getty Images

Police say man shot dead and nobody else injured at facility in Viernheim

A Volkswagen shareholder walks past a car on display during German carmaker Volkswagen shareholders’ annual general meeting on June 22, 2016 in Hanover. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Gathering told ‘misconduct goes against everything that Volkswagen stands for’

German finance minister Wolfgang Schauble: “Even if a majority decide to stay we cannot continue as before otherwise people will say ‘you’ve not understood’.” Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Finance minister says Germany’s economy would suffer ‘considerably’ if UK leaves EU

Germany’s constitutional court gave its conditional consent to Germany participating in the Outright Monetary Transactions programme, saying it “does not violate the complainants’ rights”. Photograph: Michaela Rehle/Reuters

German parliament’s rights not impaired by Outright Monetary Transactions, court rules

Chelsea Farmer’s Club in Berlin: It is hard to overstate German love of all things British and German Anglophiles love of an Alan Bennett-style, Pimms-drinking England that may or may not ever have existed.

Perhaps Berlin’s greatest fear is Brexit would catalyse resentment towards Germany

A footbridge straddling the Swedish-Norway border. Photograph: Mikael Hjerpe/iStockphoto

Officials say ties have remained strong because of unique cross-border agreements

Germany’s foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier says a Brexit  would have serious consequences for the integrity of the European Union. Photograph: Pedro Pardo/AFP/Getty Images

Wolfgang Schäuble highlights potential risk to stability of Northern Ireland if UK leaves

Turkish demonstrators stage a protest outside the German Embassy in Ankara against approval of a resolution by Germany’s parliament declaring the 1915 massacre of Armenians by Ottoman forces a “genocide”. Photograph: Reuters

Erdogan rails against MPs of Turkish descent with ‘tainted blood’ who backed resolution

Right-wing Austrian  presidential candidate Norbert Hofer, whose Freedom Party has challenged the presidential election results won by the opposition Alexander Van der Bellen of the Green Party. Photograph: Christian Bruna/EPA

Freedom Party candidate Norbert Hofer lost election to Green Party rival by 30,863 votes

The Bergmannstrasse in Berlin.

Enjoy good German food, and beer, and take in some people-watching

Puppets of Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo (left), PiS party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski (centre) and president Andrzej Duda in a pro-EU membership march. Photograph: Pawel Supernak/EPA

The Law and Order party is taking control in a way that threatens to set the country back

Magda Wasiak, now living in Wloclawek after returning from Galway, where she struggled with childcare costs for her two children

Returnees find mood heavy in Poland and say living in Ireland made them more positive

While competitors report on massive anti-government street demonstrations TVP can be relied on to find a camera angle that portrays the marches as a group of stragglers with a flag or two. Photograph: Getty Images

TVP cheers on the conservative PiS as direct government control takes its toll

Opel insists the “isolated findings of a hacker to not reflect the complex interplay of a modern emissions filtering system”

Magazine says tests on Astra and Zafira models showed they emitted 11 times legal limit of nitrogen-oxide

Green candidate Alexander Van der Bellen and Freedom Party candidate Norbert Hofer meet before the debate. Photograph: Lisi Niesner/EPA

Experimental debate with no moderator backfires as candidates trade insults

Two of Opel’s most popular 1.6 litre diesel models, examined by ‘Der Spiegel’ magazine, have software that reportedly switches off filtering above 33 degrees and below 20 degrees. Photograph: Frank Rumpenhorst/EPA

Reports suggest some cars programmed to operate cleanly only within narrow parameters

Wyszniak family: Gina, Asta and Sabine  around 1922. Photograph: Family collection

Weekend Read: In 1933, when Nazism made life unbearable for the Jewish Abraham Wyszniak, he fled the German capital – and ended up(...)

 Peter Nowak

For the second time in two years, the DPC’s critics are asking: who is policing Ireland’s privacy police?

Polish foreign minister Witold Waszczykowski: Noted close ties with Ireland. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

European Union criticisms of conservative reform agenda dismissed by foreign minister

German deputy chancellor and Social Democrat leader Sigmar Gabriel. Bernd von Jutrczenka/AFP/Getty Images

German attitude to north African men has changed since assaults in Cologne

During Hitler’s lifetime, Mein Kampf sold 12 million copies in 18 languages. Photograph: Andreas Rentz/Getty Images

Hybrid of memoir and political rant sells 70,000 copies, to historian publishers’ alarm

A case is being referred to the ECJ after the DPC agreed with the Institute of Chartered Accounts of Ireland’s view that exam scripts did not count as personal data under Irish data protection laws and declined to investigate further. Photograph: Michaela Rehle/Reuters

Student’s exam scripts review case DPC refused to investigate to be referred to ECJ

 Christian Kern: the new Social Democrats leader will have to win over his grand coalition partner, the conservative People’s Party, to back him as chancellor, thus avoiding early elections neither party can afford. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters

Railway head hopes to unite ruling coalition ahead of possible hard-right presidential win

The Hofbräuhaus: Munich beer garden will on Friday evening host a rally of  Germany’s most notorious political party, the AfD following a court ruling. Photograph: Wikipedia Commons

Hofbräuhaus owner fears appearance by AfD’s Frauke Petry will damage his reputation

Two men walking hand in hand in Berlin, Germany. In 2000 the Bundestag apologised for the post-war persecution of gay men

Gay lobby groups estimate paragraph 175 prosecutions resulted in 140,000 convictions

Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) chairman Sigmar Gabriel: Called on his party, which is experiencing a low approval rating, not to rest on past social-political successes. Photograph: Wolfgang Kumm/EPA

Austrian chancellor Werner Faymann latest victim as far right manipulates fears

Austrian chancellor Werner Faymann: “This country needs a chancellor whose party stands fully behind him, the government needs a fresh start with energy.” Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters

Move after SPÖ party’s disastrous results in first-round presidential elections

Nearly a quarter of a million people took part in an anti-government demonstration organised by main opposition parties in Warsaw. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

Fears of PiS rewriting constitution and ‘authoritarian rule’ lead to demonstration

Hardline Stalinist: Margot Honecker pictured in January 1993 with her husband, former East German president Erich Honecker upon his arrival in Santiago de Chile.  Photograph: Cris Bouroncle/AFP via Getty.

Widow of East German leader Erich Honecker was a prominent – and despised – figure

Jan Böhmermann: claims Angela Merkel is “filleting me and serving me for tea to a mentally ill despot”. Photograph: Reuters

German satirist Jan Böhmermann has accused Merkel of sacrificing artistic freedom for political opportunism

Lutz Bachmann co-founder of Pegida(Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the Occident) speaks after the verdict against him was read at the district court in Dresden, Germany, 3rd May 2016. Photograph: EPA/Sebastian Kahnert

Dresden court fines far-right activist Lutz Bachmann €9,600 after Facebook outburst

The original manuscript of the 1791 Polish constitution on display in Kordegarda Gallery in Warsaw, Poland. Photograph: Jacek Turczyk/EPA

Jaroslaw Kaczynski’s ruling party at odds with tribunal over reform programme

 German chancellor Angela Merkel: According to the ‘Bild’ she told CDU allies her party must “grapple with other opinions, including those of the AfD, without foam at the mouth and without blanket prejudice”. Photograph:  Seán Gallup/Getty Images

German chancellor’s modernisation of CDU leaves her party chasing traditional voters

The Merkel administration has “lost hope that the peace process can be revived so long as Netanyahu remains in office”. Photograph: Atef Safadi/EPA

Leading politician says Berlin frustrated at policies including building of settlements

People reading copies of the Greenpeace-leaked TTIP negotiations inside a public reading room in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin on Monday. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

‘TTIP is about a huge transfer of power from people to big business,’ says Greenpeace

Chairwoman of the anti-immigration party Alternative for Germany (AfD) Frauke Petry at the party’s conference. Photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

German party’s manifesto anchors it in Europe’s thriving populist landscape

Reinhold Hanning: the 94-year-old  SS concentration camp guard during his trial in the western German city of Detmold. Photograph: Bernd Thissen/EPA

Reinhold Hanning on trial charged with 170,000 counts of accessory to murder

Social Democrat (SPD) labour minister Andrea Nahles is sponsoring  a Bill that strips non-German EU citizens of all claims on the German welfare system in their first five years, unless they have acquired credits by working. Photograph:  Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Bill strips non-German EU citizens of all welfare claims in first five years unless they had work

For years   Berlin tenants’ associations have called for action on the largely unregulated holiday let sector, arguing it prices regular Berliners out of the housing market. Photograph:  Thomas Trutschel/Getty Images

Letting company wants to avoid legal action by authorities

The head of a 19m high statue of former Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin  on display at the permanent exhibition “Revealed: Berlin and its Monuments” in Berlin’s Spandau Citadel museum. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Berlin exhibition puts previously banished German political statues back in spotlight

Charging an electric car. As VW negotiates the terms of compensation, engine fixes and car recalls for its massive fraud in the US, it stands to benefit from a German e-car stimulus programme co-financed by taxpayers and the industry.

Car lobby argues that stimulus is needed to catch up with competitors

Presidential candidate Norbert Hofer (R) and head of the Austrian Freedom party Heinz-Christian Strache (L) react to the presidential election results in Vienna, Austria. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters

Norbert Hofer of the FPÖ wins 36.7% of the vote and faces second-round run-off

Barack Obama during his visit to Hanover, Germany: Mr Obama said the world needed a “strong and prosperous and democratic and united Europe”. Photograph: Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

US president urges Europe to buy US goods and do more for its own security

Barack Obama and Angela Merkel on his trip to Germany for an industrial fair and to meet European leaders.  Photograph: Michael Ukas/Getty

Chancellor and US president cast aside past differences in favour of praise and respect

 Mozart is now hugely popular with children in China

As firms are snapped up, the result may pose a threat to a treasured European institution

Interior of the Manufactum shop in Stuttgart

For almost three decades, Manufactum has been fighting the tide of built-in consumerist obsolescence with a range of beautifully c(...)

The deal will cover up to 500,000 cars. Photograph: Reuters

Agreement will allow carmaker to avoid prosecution

This is the firt time Germany has hit back at notion Volkswagen was a lone emissions dodger. Photograph: AP

German government orders almost all car companies to make changes to engines

Almost 600,000 cars on US roads are powered by engines rigged to appear to emit less nitrogen oxide than they do. Photograph: EPA

Carmaker offering US drivers $5,000 and a free engine fix

The first senate of the German federal constitutional court announces its verdict on the Federal Criminal Police Office (BKA) law, in Karlsruhe, Germany, on Wednesday. Photograph: Uli Deck/EPA

Karlsruhe court rules that spying powers of BKA federal police intrude on privacy

Both Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban (L) and former German chancellor Helmut Kohl   insisted there was no contradiction in their migration suggestions and those of Angela Merkel. Photograph: Daniel Biskup/Reuters

Hungarian prime minister and German ex-chancellor hold ‘private, friendly’ meeting

Making a comeback: from city bikes to high-end models, Pelago bikes are beautifully designed with a loyal and growing following

There is a growing new focus throughout Europe on older, more sturdy bikes

Copenhagen built proper, one-way cycle lanes with kerbs separating them from pedestrians and motorists. Anything else, the Danes say, is a waste of time, money and effort. Photograph: Thinkstock

The Danes have created a cycling mecca, and the car lobby has conceded defeat. Can Dublin do the same?

 Lutz Bachmann (right), co-founder of Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamisation of the West (Pegida), wearing an angular pair of sunglasses as his trial began at the district court in Dresden, Germany. Photograph: Sebastian Kahnert/EPA

Lutz Bachmann tells Dresden court he did not write inflammatory Facebook postings

Beatrix von Storch, MEP for the German right-wing Alternative für Deutschland party, backed a proposal to shoot refugees entering Germany illegally. Photograph: Patrick Seeger/EPA

Right-wing party accused of abusing Islam to tap into fears arising from terrorist attacks

German chancellor Angela Merkel: Indicated “contempt” for such people following the Anglo Irish Bank tapes revelations. Photograph: EPA

Pointing out our failure to learn from painful past continues to enjoy an enduring appeal

Former chancellor Helmut Kohl: Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán, a fierce critic of Angela Merkel’s migrant policy, is to visit  Kohl, raising eyebrows among German politicians. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/Reuters/Files

Ex-chancellor sides with Hungarian leader Orbán who he is meeting on Tuesday

Turkish prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan (left) and German TV host Jan Böhmermann. Photograph: (right) Ole Spata/EPA and (left) Presidential Press Office

Chancellor accepts Turkish request to seek prosecution over poem that ‘insulted’ Erdogan

Primate of Poland, archbishop Wojciech Polak conducts a jubilee mass to mark the 1,050th anniversary of Poland becoming a Christian nation. Photograph: Bartosz JankowskI/EPA

Critics denounce ruling party’s ties to church and brazen trampling on rule of law

 Chancellor Angela Merkel has authorised a Turkish demand for criminal proceedings against German TV comedian Jan Böhmermann (right) over a satirical poem about President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (left) in a bitter row over free speech. Photograph: Rolf Vennenbernd/AFP/Getty Images

Jan Böhmermann could face jail time for insulting Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan

Jan Böhmermann: He wrote the poem to draw attention to limits on freedom of expression in Germany because of little-used paragraphs that forsee fines or a prison sentence of up to five years for insulting a foreign head of state.  Photograph: Morris Mac Matzen/Reuters

German comedian under police guard two weeks after reading poem insulting Erdogan

Pro-choice demonstration in Warsaw: A compromise reached with Poland’s influential Catholic Church in 1993 has, in the intervening years, been a source of constant legal battles. Photograph: Kacper Pempel/Reuters

Open letter calls for retention of status quo of relatively restrictive abortion legislation

A Bundeswehr soldier: Germany’s army is currently forbidden from acting on domestic soil except in cases of national emergency. Photograph: Christof Stache/AFP/Getty Images

Defence ministry proposal to loosen rules comes in face of ‘security-political threats’

German comedian Jan Boehmermann. Germany said on Monday it was reviewing a formal request from Ankara to prosecute the TV satirist for insulting Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan on air, amid a bitter row over free speech. Photograph:  Britta Pedersen/AFP/Getty Images

Merkel’s migration deal hangs in balance as Ankara angered by poem insulting Erdogan

Syrian refugees arrive at the border entrance camp Friedland near Goettingen, Germany. One asylum seeker started a fire in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Photograph: EPA/Swen  Pfoertner

The man admits setting refugee accommodation on fire and spraying swastikas on a wall

Ready to roll:  Pilot Cecelia and passenger Ellen, and pilot Theis with Hele, left, and Birthle, right. Photograph: Derek Scally

Volunteer-driven ‘Cycling Without Age’ has been a huge success and has taken off worldwide

Ulrike Guérot’s modest proposal offers a new twist on the old idea of more, not less, Europe. Her goal: a three-pillar European democracy offering trans-national sovereignty based on equality of all European citizens – in place of today’s Animal Farm Europe, where some countries are more equal than others. Photograph: Getty Images

No one wants to take credit for it, nor does anyone know how to deal with it

 Sigmar Gabriel: senior party leaders think the SPD leader should lead the losing campaign in  general election.  Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Narrow margin separates Social Democrats from right-wing AfD party

German chancellor Angela Merkel: she had an open-door policy last year towards Syrian asylum seekers. Photograph: EPA/Britta Pedersen

Ahead of joint cabinet meeting French president warns against unilateral moves on migrant crisis

File combination photo of two formerly unknown paintings by German artist Otto Dix. Some 1,500 artworks were confiscated from the Munich residence of Cornelius Gurlitt by German authorities. Photograph: Reuters

Police found and seized about 1,500 major artworks at Cornelius Gurlitt’s Munich home

 Syrian refugees arrive at Hannover Airport in  Germany on Monday under the controversial “one for one” plan. Photograph: Holger Hollemann/EPA

European Commission welcomes ‘logical’ system as human rights bodies critical

Former German chancellor Helmut Kohl  with Chancellor Angela Merkel during an official 80th birthday reception for Dr Kohl in his home town of Ludwigshafen in 2010. They are believed to have had an uneasy relationship for many years. Photograph: Torsten Silz/AFP/Getty Images

Former German chancellor’s essay appears to refer to migrant strategy of Angela Merkel

Anti-Islamic State demonstrators on Sunday at the site of the memorial for the victims of the March 22nd terror attacks in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Mayor ‘outraged’ at incident as more arrests made across Belgium over terror attacks

Bear witness: A man cloaked in a Belgian flag looks on as hundreds of people at a makeshift memorial gather before Brussels Stock Exchange on Place de la Bourse. Photograph: Getty Images

Fifth suspect may have taken part in attack on metro station, officials believe

Belgian soldiers patrol in the Grand Place of Brussels following Tuesday's bombings in Brussels , Belgium, March 24, 2016.    REUTERS/Charles Platiau

City dwellers return to their routines slowly, still fearful after the massacres

 Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo speaks after the Government Security Centre crisis meeting in Warsaw, Poland. EPA/Radek Pietruszka

Brussels attacks used by prime minister to backtrack on plans to take in 7,000

A street memorial to victims of Tuesday’s Zaventem airport bombings is seen in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Death toll may rise above 31 with over 60 people still critical after metro, airport blasts

A woman pauses for thought after a minute’s silence was observed at the Place De La Bourse, in Brussels, yesterday. Photograph: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Medical personnel in Belgium warn that the death toll is likely to increase

Brothers Brahim El Bakraoui (left) and Khalid El Bakraoui who carried out suicide bomb attacks in Brussels. Photograph: EPA

Police in Belgium continue to hunt third suspect in airport attack

People hold a minute of silence at Place de la Bourse  in Brussels on Wednesday, a day after blasts hit the Belgian capital. Photograph: Getty

Historic stock market square in the city becomes a multi-coloured makeshift shrine

A CCTV image shows two suspected suicide bombers at Brussels Airport on Tuesday. Photograph: HANDOUT/AFP/Getty Images

Ibrahim el-Bakraoui identified as airport attacker, brother Khalid targetted metro

Police and rescue vehicles at the Wetstraat-Rue de la Loi, which was evacuated after an explosion at the Maelbeek - Maalbeek subway station in Brussels on Tuesday.  Photograph: Laurie Dieffembacq/AFP/Getty

Popular opinion wrestles with difference between refugees and terrorists, writes Derek Scally

File photograph of German chancellor Angela Merkel and then  foreign minister Guido Westerwelle during a news conference in Berlin, in 2010. Photograph:  Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Country’s first openly gay minister was one of most gifted political orators of generation

Kerrygold: market share under pressure in Germany

Irish butter giant Ornua’s premium brand is feeling the heat from no-name competitors

Rescuers and police officers work around a damaged car after a blast caused by an explosive device killed its driver  in central Berlin on Tuesday. Photograph: Getty

Man (43) murdered in city centre when explosive device detonated as he drove car

More articles