Drug addicts and prostitutes: Dr Helmut Kentler,  a sex researcher, believed he was giving Berlin’s troubled teens a social anchor while giving paedophiles a chance to become  caring foster parents. Illustration: DFP/MCT via Getty

Under the ‘Kentler Experiment’ of the 1970s, Berlin welfare authorities handed over homeless teenagers to known paedophiles

 German chancellor Angela Merkel has warned of the danger of blowing out of proportion the security threat posed by asylum seekers. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/EPA

Politicians agree on need to adjust ‘welcome culture’

German chancellor Angela Merkel and  vice-chancellor Sigmar Gabriel at a meeting  with  German state  leaders  in Berlin. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Vice-chancellor: ‘Liberal democracies on the defensive, authoritarian answers on the offensive’

German chancellor and leader of the conservative Christian Democratic Union party (CDU) Angela Merkel votes during the CDU party convention in Essen. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Conservative rebels in chancellor’s party seek to provide alternative to far-right AfD

German chancellor Angela Merkel is applauded after addressing delegates during her Christian Democratic Union (CDU) party’s congress in Essen, western Germany, on Tuesday. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Vow to speed up deportations of failed asylum seekers marks start of re-election bid

German chancellor Angela Merkel  is celebrated by party members after she was re-elected chairwoman of the CDU at the party’s convention in Essen, Germany, on Tuesday. Photograph: EPA/Michael Kappeler

German leader sounds tougher at conference, but substance of her message is intact

German chancellor Angela Merkel, seen with CDU party members, will present herself in the election as a voice of sanity in an age of anxiety. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Party delegates to put differences aside for chancellor’s campaign send-off in Essen

 Alexander Van der Bellen: The new Austrian president celebrates with supporters. Observers say the former economist dubbed “the professor” has his work cut out to prove himself. Photograph: AFP/APA/Roland Schlager

‘We are more successful than ever’ says party even as its candidate loses presidential bid

Maria Ladenburger: the student was raped and killed  in October  – she was last seen cycling home.  Photograph: Facebook

Chief suspect in rape and murder of Maria Ladenburger (19) is asylum seeker (17)

FPÖ presidential candidate Norbert Hofer. His campaign manager called Sunday’s result “historic”. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader /Reuters

Bitter 11-month election campaign has left political sphere polarised like never before

“Today he’s the sunny boy but, in reality, he’s the FPÖ chief ideologue”: Presidental candidate Norbert Hofer has tried to distance himself from his own far-right party. Photographer: Joe Klamar/AFP/Getty Images

Contest between Norbert Hofer and Alexander Van der Bellen is the first in a series that could change Europe’s political DNA

 Santa’s present deliveries to Ireland are forecast to be up slightly on last year due to Ireland’s economic recovery and improved behaviour of Irish children in 2016: Photograph: Gareth Chaney/Collins

Austrian parents tell their children that priest ‘is old and confused’

Holocaust survivor Marko Feingold: “Austria is a democracy with Nazi character”

Norbert Hofer of far-right Freedom Party leads in final polls ahead of Sunday’s election

Presidential election posters of far right Freedom Party (FPOe) presidential candidate Norbert Hofer and Alexander Van der Bellen   in Vienna. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Far-right candidate Norbert Hofer faces a rerun against Alexander Van der Bellen

Data protection Minister Dara Murphy: Chancellor’s thinking was echoed in meetings this week  with leading data protection officials. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Dara Murphy welcomes German move towards more business-friendly approach

European Parliament president Martin Schulz (left) and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker prepare to greet the president of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in Brussels on Thursday. Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP

European Parliament president is said to have his eyes on higher things in Germany

As one of 12 vice-presidents of the 751-member parliament,Mairead McGuinness has built up a high profile and is well regarded within the EPP group. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Irish MEP declares candidacy after news that incumbent Martin Schulz will not run

German chancellor Angela Merkel speaking during a heated debate at the Bundestag in Berlin on Wednesday. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

German MPs back Irish section within Brexit talks, Minister says after Berlin talks

Garda Commissioner Nóirín O’Sullivan: Gmail users   grant Google a “worldwide licence to use, host, store, reproduce, modify  . . . publish, publicly perform, publicly display and distribute” their content. Photograph: Dara Mac Donaill

Terms and conditions of Gmail allow Google to publish and publicly perform the content

Garda Commissioner Nóirín O’Sullivan: Sources said a breach of the policy on email use would not necessarily be a disciplinary matter, and that there were “extenuating circumstances”. Photograph: Cyril Byrne

Restrictions on Garda email system meant Commissioner ‘occasionally’ used Gmail

German chancellor Angela Merkel will  seek re-election next year. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Chancellor seen as past her peak and lacking ideas but better than the competition

The Garda has insisted that it is satisfied that “the commissioner’s systems are secure.

Force satisfied Nóirín O’Sullivan’s ‘systems secure and no evidence of compromise’

German Chancellor Angela Merkel: decision to seek fourth term became even more likely given political uncertainties arising from Brexit and US president-elect Donald Trump. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Chancellor says election will be most difficult since unification because of polarised society

Babette Albrecht: claims her late husband Berthold was a “serious alcoholic” who was not contractually capable when he changed his will in 2010. Photograph: Gisela Schober/Getty

Berthold Albrecht’s widow and children take legal action in bid for control of Aldi Nord

Chancellor Angela Merkel: her success reflected in a remarkable 52 per cent popularity rating. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

The popular German chancellor – ‘leader of the liberal free world’ – looks likely to seek a fourth term

US president Barack Obama and German chancellor  Angela Merkel at a mini-summit with  EU leaders in Berlin. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/EPA

EU leaders underline importance of Nato in resolving conflicts in Syria and Ukraine

European Commission president Jean- Claude Juncker: told a closed-door meeting that if Mr Schulz was forced out, “then I cannot guarantee my future as commission president”, according to Der Spiegel. Photograph:   Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Commission president resisting moves to force out head of parliament, says report

Volkswagen: The car giant is looking for big cost savings – €3.7bn worth. Photograph: AP/Erik Schelzig

Europe’s largest carmaker faces multibillion-euro bill related to its emissions scandal

German chancellor Angela Merkel and US president Barack Obama appear jointly before the media in Berlin, Germany. Photograph:  Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images

US president joins with Angela Merkel in Berlin to defend transatlantic relationship

US president Barack Obama arrives Berlin’s Tegel airport at the start of his two-day visit to the German city. Photograph: Rainer Jensen/AFP/Getty Images

US president to give leaders first impressions of successor Trump during Berlin visit

Coloured recycling bins in  Aurich, Germany. The simple task of throwing things away in the country is not for the faint-hearted.  Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Huge bill issued in Germany for badly sorted rubbish highlights bewildering process

Outgoing US  president Barack Obama: eight years on, he will pay a  farewell visit to Berlin on Wednesday to meet a woman he calls his “closest ally”. Photograph: Kevin Lamarque

Outgoing US president forged strong links for US with Germany and its chancellor

A bag of supplies for a poor resident of Athens, Greece. Some 36% of Greeks are living near the poverty line, something that also applies to 37% of Romanians and 41% of Bulgarians. Photograph: EPA/Orestis Panagiotou

Index finds growing EU economic recovery has done little to ease levels of poverty

Norbert Hofer of the Freedom Party: latest polls give him the narrowest of leads. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader/File Photo/Reuters

Last election ended with narrow victory for Green Party-backed Van der Bellen

The site of the Smolensk air crash which left 96 people dead, including Poland’s then president Lech Kaczynski. Photograph: Natalia Kolesnikova/AFP/Getty

President Lech Kaczynski was among 96 people killed when plane crashed in 2010

Nationalists march in large numbers through the streets of Warsaw to mark Poland’s Independence Day on  Friday.  Photograph: Czarek Sokolowski/AP

Ruling party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski promises to restore full sovereignty from EU

Rabbi Arthur Schneier, a Holocaust survivor, presents the Ohel-Jakob-Medal to Chancellor Angela Merkel,  next to Charlotte Knobloch, president of the Central Council of Jews in Germany, at the Ohel Jacob synagogue in Munich. Photograph:  AFP

In Trump, German chancellor faces biggest challenge after many tussles with awkward men

The house of US president-elect Donald Trump’s grandfather in Kallstadt, Germany. Photograph: Ralph Orlowski/Reuters

Many are still annoyed at how he ignored an appeal for funds to restore the church organ

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker told a Berlin audience that the United States “won’t look after Europe’s security for ever”. Photograph:  Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Commission president insists controversial call not related to Trump’s election victory

Police seach a building opposite the German-speaking Islamic Circle Hildesheim Mosque in Hildesheim, Germany on Tuesday. Photograph: EPA/Julian Stratenschulte

Islamic State’s alleged ‘No 1’ man in Germany described as ‘the worst’ by returnee jihadist

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel: torn between appeasement of Turkey and action. Photograph:  Michael Sohn/AP

Arrests of Turkish opposition politicians prompt ‘grave concern’ in EU states

Jaroslaw Kaczynski, (centre), leader of ruling party Law and Justice Party (PiS): said he hoped the new payment would encourage mothers to carry to term even children with no chance of survival, to allow Baptism or a blessing and burial. Photograph: Reuters

Conservative government passes law promising parents of disabled children €926

The new Elbphilharmonie concert hall in Hamburg in Germany, which will open early in the new year. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

General plague of incompetence hangs over major public building projects in Germany

Volkswagen’s supervisory board chairman Hans Dieter Pötsch: German prosecutors  will now examine his role as group finance chief prior to the September 2015 announcement that VW diesel engines contained cheat software to mislead emissions tests. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP via Getty

Widening of inquiry and new Audi revelations mean Volkswagen scandal far from over

A selection of the front pages of British newspapers taken on Friday following the  UK high court ruling yesterday that the Conservative government do not have the power on their own to trigger Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty. Photograph: Benjamin Fathers/AFP/Getty Images

UK press reacts to high court’s Brexit ruling, with some newspapers criticising judges

Crowds of people outside Cologne Main Station in Cologne, Germany, in  December 2015:  the mass attacks took place on New Year’s Eve near the train station. Photograph: Markus Boehm/EPA

Women assaulted in New Year’s Eve attacks only saved from worse by tights, officer says

Neil MacGregor, former director of the British Museum, is in charge of one of  modern Germany’s most ambitious and unwieldy museum projects: the Humboldt Forum. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Germany tackles its most ambitious and unwieldy new museum project

German chancellor Angela Merkel:  “Whether tackling the refugee crisis or Vladimir Putin, she seems as engaged as ever.” Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Decision time approaches for chancellor who has dominated German politics for 11 years

European Commissioner for the digital economy and society Günther Oettinger: joked about an identically-dressed Chinese delegation to the commission. Photograph:  Danil Shamkin/NurPhoto via Getty Images

Speech had swipes at gay marriage, gender quotas and ‘slitty-eyed’ Beijing delegation

German chancellor Angel Merkel: German MEP David McAllister said Dr Merkel “knows very well the particular role Ireland plays in talks and the particular attention we will have to give to Ireland and Northern Ireland”. Photograph: Hannibal Hanschke/Reuters

Berlin will listen ‘closely’ to Dublin once London triggers divorce proceedings, says MEP

Director Roland Welke’s fluid staging gives every scene its own mood and look

The Friedrichstrasse ‘Palast’s’ latest spectacle, `The One', is an orgy of colour and style with costumes by French fashion icon(...)

A full-scale model of Adolf Hitler’s office inside the so-called Führerbunker, which opens to the public in Berlin on Saturday. Photograph: Tobias Schwarz/AFP/Getty Images

Businessman hired movie set designer and spent €1m to recreate Führer’s office

After winning three seats in Reykjavik’s Althing parliament in 2013, the Pirates’ first Bill proposed granting asylum to Edward Snowden – an offer they say still stands. Photograph: Reuters

Polls suggest upstart party is poised for victory in weekend election

Under Arms. Fire & Forget 2, an exhibit at Museum angewandte Kunst in Frankfurt:  Germany refuses to allow weapons exports to countries involved in – or facing the threat of – armed conflict, and has also introduced post-sale checks to prevent arms ending up in the hands of Islamist extremists and others. Photograph: Hans-Georg Roth/Corbis via Getty Images

Claiming tight ethical control, Berlin saw tenfold rise in bullet sales in first half of year

ECB president  Mario Draghi speaking  on the economic and fiscal challenges facing Europe  at the German Institute for Economic Research in Berlin. Photograph: EPA/Wolfgang Kumm

ECB president says Germany should stop railing against monetary policy

Protestors on Pariser Platz in Berlin demonstrate against new laws that could give the Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service  (BND) greater powers of surveillance. Photograph: Klaus-Dietmar Gabbert/EPA

New laws passed since Snowden revelations may give more powers to intelligence service

A quarter century after German unification, childcare remains one of the big cultural divides between east and west

Leipzig authorities ordered to pay three mothers €14,000 in lost earnings

Russian President Vladimir Putin (C-L) and German chancellor Angela Merkel (C-R) converse at the German Federal Chancellery in Berlin, Germany, October 20th, 2016. The leaders of Germany, France and Russia met to discuss the situation in Syria after the so-called Normandy Format Summit on Ukrainian conflict settlement. Photograph: Michael Klimentyev/EPA

Vladimir Putin, François Hollande, Petro Poroshenko meet in Berlin over Ukraine and Syrian conflicts

Russian president Vladimir Putin is welcomed by German chancellor Angela Merkel as he arrives in Berlin. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Moscow’s Syria bombing campaign looms large over talks with Poroshenko, Hollande

Construction work outside the  Reichstag in Berlin in September 1999, shortly after the German government moved from Bonn. Photograph: Arnd Wiegmann/Reuters

Berlin Letter: costs of machinery of state based in two German cities are set to persist

German chancellor Angela Merkel: warned Moscow  its ongoing support for Syrian president Bashar al-Assad meant “all options” remained on the table, including further EU sanctions. Photograph: Getty Images

German chancellor says she is not expecting miracles

Moral dilemma: would it be right to shoot down a passenger airline destined to be crashed by terrorists into a football stadium holding 70,000?

Viewers’ dilemma: would they shoot down an airliner set to crash into a packed football stadium?

A fire blazes on the premises of the chemical company BASF in Ludwigshafen, Germany, on Monday. Photograph: According to the company, at least one person has been killed, six other people are still missing and at least six were injured. The cause of the explosion is yet to be cleared. Photograph: EPA/Einsatzreport Südhessen

Residents of Ludwighshafen urged to stay indoors after incidents at BASF facilities

Bomb plotting suspect Jaber al-Bakr apparently took his own life in a detention centre in Leipzig. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Jaber al-Bakr was arrested on Monday when allegedly planning to bomb a Berlin airport

 German police outside of the apartment building where Syrian terror suspect Jaber al-Bakr was arrested in Leipzig on Monday. Photograph:   Carsten Koall/Getty Images

Relief but anxiety in Germany after suspect tied up with cable and handed over to police

The notorious Volksgericht or People’s Court. It was 1998 before a united Germany got around to overturning the court’s verdicts. photograph: Ullstein Bild/Getty

Study shows West German judiciary was saturated by Nazi officials after the war

Fears that Deutsche Bank might struggle to pay a multibillion US fine for misselling securities have sparked weeks of stock market turbulence. Reuters/Kai Pfaffenbach

Plan could see revival of Deutschland AG postwar network of mutual cross-holdings

Polish prime minister Beata Szydlo in parliament on Thursday, when lawmakers rejected 352-58 an abortion Bill at the committee stage. Photograph: Pawel Supernak/AFP/Getty Images

MPs overwhelmingly back dismissal of Bill that would effectively outlaw terminations

Participants march with banners and placards during the Alternative für Deutschland rally titled “Protect borders, provide social security”, in Erfurt, Germany, on  September 21st. Photograph: Martin Schutt/EPA

Justice minister Heiko Maas says populist party is ‘pouring oil on the fire’ for own ends

Angela Merkel: Asked a few years ago what she associated with Germany, the chancellor  replied: well-sealed windows. Photograph: Alexander Hassenstein/Getty Images

Many Germans seem not to be sure what is German and what is not these days

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan and German TV comedian Jan Böhmermann. Photographs: Getty Images

Comedian Jan Böhmermann made provocative comments about the Turkish president

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange in a live video link at a press conference  in Berlin on Tuesday, during which he promised leaks this month of “significant material”. Photograph: Maurizio Gambarini/ EPA

Wikileaks founder tells journalists it is ‘false’ to say he does not like Hillary Clinton

Demonstrators carrying flags emblazoned with the symbol of the right-wing Identitarian movement join with Pegida supporters on German Unity Day in Dresden. Photograph:  Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Chancellor targeted by jeering crowd over migration policy outside Dresden church

Germany’s Social Democrat leader Sigmar Gabriel mocked Deutsche Bank’s version of the drama. “I don’t know whether to laugh or rage that a company that’s made a business model out of speculation has declared itself a victim of speculators,” he said. Photograph: Atta Kenare/AFP/Getty Images

Sigmar Gabriel accuses John Cryan of hypocrisy over bank’s growing financial problems

The hormone-fuelled optimism of Lisdoonvarna: Joe Copse from Newcastlewest and Maura O’Connor from Galway enjoying a dance at the Matchmaker Bar. Photograph: Eamon Ward

Two books looking at how the Irish are portrayed abroad provide insights we might miss

A man walks past Deutsche Bank offices in London, Britain, December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Luke MacGregor/File Photo

US fine of $14 billion has plunged pillar bank into crisis with potential to rival Lehman

 ECB president Mario Draghi: he told the Bundestag European committee his bank saw no evidence for housing bubbles because rising residential real estate prices. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Remarks come as Germany denies it is working on rescue plan for Deutsche Bank

Supporters of the anti-immigrant Pegida movement hold up a banner reading “Merkel – Non-Word of the Year” during a rally in Dresden. Photograph: Arno Burgi/AFP/Getty Images

Anti-Islamic minority’s Monday night protests are hurting German city’s reputation

 Deutsche Bank  shares fell lower than they were during the banking crisis and down some 50 per cent this year. Shares closed on Monday at €10.55: last October they were €27.975

Drop at Germany’s biggest financial institution sparks sell-off in European banks

 Martin Winterkorn: data from July 2015, leaked to the ‘Bild am Sonntag’, suggests he agreed with VW strategy not to admit the scale of the wrongdoing.  Photograph: Michele Tantussi/Bloomberg

Martin Winterkorn said to have know about illicit VW software before scandal broke

Harry Kessler, 1906, by Edvard Munch. Photograph: © National Museums, Berlin/

Almost 80 years after his death, Berlin is acknowledging one of its most celebrated sons

Participants march with banners and placards during an Alternative für Deutschland party rally in Erfurt, Germany this week. Photograph: Martin Schutt/EPA

Party candidate caught selling Nazi-era medals while Berlin MP calls refugees ‘worms’

A protest against plans to introduce a new abortion law in front of the Sejm parliament building in Warsaw on Thursday. Photograph: Pawel Supernak/EPA

Parliament debates Bill to ban abortion as government continues conservative push

Exruptive’s airport scanning system: you dock a trolley – complete with luggage – into the scanner system, walk through the regular scanner  and collect your luggage at the other end.

Exruptive claims trolley-docking system gets you through security four times faster

Pirate Party parliamentary representative Gerwald Claus-Brunner, who apparently murdered a 29-year-old man he had been stalking before electrocuting himself in his own apartment. Photograph: Sebastian Kahnert/EPA

Pirate Party’s Gerwald Claus-Brunner believed to have killed ex-boyfriend before suicide

Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives for a meeting of the joint Christian Democrats and Christian Social Union parliamentary group in the Bundestag in Berlin on Tuesday. Photograph: Bernd Von Jutrczenka/EPA

Strategists believe Germany’s ‘Merkel must go’ mood is an opportunity to dump her

An election placard for the Pirate Party featuring Gerwald Claus-Brunner pictured in Berlin on Monday. In the background police can be seen entering his home,where he had taken his own life. Photograph: Bernd von Jutrczenka/ EPA

Gerwald Claus-Brunner and his party had promised to overthrow traditional politics

Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor and Christian Democratic Union  party leader, on Monday apologised for her handling of the migration crisis. Photograph: Krisztian Bocsi/Bloomberg

Analysis: Chancellor faces difficult task of re-engaging voters alienated by migration crisis

German chancellor and  chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Angela Merkel at a news conference in Berlin on Monday. “If I could, I would turn back time many, many years to better prepare myself, the federal government and all those in positions of responsibility for the situation we were rather unprepared for in the late summer of 2015,” she said. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Prospect of alternative national coalition emerges after heavy loss in Berlin state elections

German chancellor Angela Merkel attends a news conference after an EU summit n Bratislava, Slovakia. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

The German chancellor is increasingly vulnerable amid backlash to her migration policy

 Edward Snowden speaks via video link at a news conference for the launch of a campaign calling for President Obama to pardon him on September 14th, 2016. Germany’s foreign intelligence agency’s activities were exposed by leaks by Mr Snowden. Photograph: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

Report shows 18 serious breaches of German fundamental law, 12 formal complaints

Winning election formula: AfD candidate Georg Pazderski casts his vote. Photograph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Pressure on German chancellor to halt slippage as far-right AfD wins 10th state election

A woman walks past election posters for incumbent mayor of Berin, Michael Müller  of the SPD and CDU candidate Jutta Kaddatz in Schoeneberg. Germany’s anti-immigration AfD party is looking at fresh gains. Photograph: Getty Images

Fears over migration and frustration with political parties as Germans vote in state poll

Women dressed in traditional Bavarian Dirndls attend the annual beer tasting prior to the2016 Oktoberfest in Munich. Photograph: Alexander Hassenstein/Getty

Recent attacks raise fears around event as about six million expected to attend

Liam Condon, head of Bayer AG’s crop science division: “GM acceptance in Europe is exceptionally low and . . . it’s something we have to accept.”

Head of Bayer crop sciences sees merger as key to long-term food security strategy

German MEP Martin Sonneborn addressed his remarks to President Michael D Higgins. Photograph: Getty Images

Martin Sonneborn says State should ‘take the money and run. It is a win-win situation’

The young woman from the Carinthia region of Austria told the newspaper that the photos were visible to 700 Facebook users linked to her parents’ account.  Her parents refused to delete the pictures when she asked. Photograph: Dado Ruvic/Reuters

Woman discovered 500 images on social network from all stages of her life after joining

Cardinal Christoph Schönborn said it was clear that Europe was facing a crisis of faith and that, thanks to the migration crisis, would sooner rather than later face a major identity question: “What will become of Europe?” Photograph:  Franco Origlia/Getty Images

Archbishop of Vienna says the continent is ‘gambling away its Christian heritage’

German police in heavy protection gear stand guard in front of the ‘Hotel Fuerstenhof’ hotel in Leipzig, Germany, September 6th, 2016. On Tuesday 13th, the federal criminal police office said that six locations in two German states were searched. It said that, as well as the arrests, ‘extensive material’ was seized as evidence. Photograph: Sebastian Willnow/EPA

Syrian men planned to carry out ‘previously determined order’ from Isis, prosecutors say

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