Long-sought US taper hits emerging economies
Fed talk of tapering $85bn a month in asset purchases is precisely what Brics nations have demanded for years
Mount Moran in Grand Teton National Park is seen through a window at the Jackson Hole economic symposium, sponsored by the Kansas city Federal Reserve Bank at the Jackson Lake Lodge in Moran, Wyoming. Photograph: Price Chambers/Bloomberg
Emerging markets have spent the last five years demanding a tighter monetary policy from the developed world. Now it is happening, and one conclusion of the Kansas city Fed’s annual gathering in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, is to be careful what you wish for.
Fed signals that it will soon start to taper down its $85 billion (€63.5 billion) a month in asset purchases, marking the beginning of the end for its easiest monetary policy, have pushed up long-term interest rates in the US.
That has led to a flow of capital out of developing countries such as India, Brazil and Indonesia, with accompanying falls in exchange rates. The view among policymakers was there is more pain to come but developing countries will survive it.
“The sell-off, including renewed pressure in recent days, remains within the range of other sell-offs which the emerging markets have successfully weathered in recent years,” said Terrence Checki of the New York Fed.
But he said there may be more volatility when the US throttles back on monetary easing and investors suddenly pay attention to the fundamentals of countries.
It was hard for emerging economies to complain too much about the Fed’s talk of tapering since that is what they have spent years asking for.
“I think, in any event for us, the process of exit is a welcome transition to more normal global monetary policy conditions,” said Luiz Awazu Pereira da Silva, deputy governor of the Banco Central do Brasil.
The puzzle, he noted, is why there was so much market turmoil from events so well-expected.
With cheap capital flowing in, some emerging markets failed to run a disciplined economic policy, or carry out reforms to boost future growth.
The most positive message came from Christine Lagarde of the International Monetary Fund, who said the world needs to build “further lines of defence” against an emerging markets crisis. As such markets wobble, with the Fed’s taper on the horizon, IMF support may yet be needed. – (Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2013)