The Place de la Republique is covered in pairs of shoes  in  Paris, as part of a symbolic and peaceful rally called by the NGO Avaaz within the UN conference on climate change COP21. Photograph: Miguel Medina/AFP/Getty Images

Kenny tells Hollande that Ireland will sign up to ‘measurable and achievable targets’

EU Council president Donald Tusk arrives for the start of the EU-Turkey summit in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Etienne Laurent/EPA

Plan seen as an attempt to sidestep east European countries who oppose quotas

German chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu and French president François Hollande at the summit meeting  at the EU headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Thierry Monasse/AFP/Getty Images

Despite concerns about human rights Europe gives €3bn and new visa regime

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Photograph: EPA

Human rights concerns set aside as issue prompts leaders to engage with Ankara

The Commission will now subject the Irish economy to an in-depth review. Photograph: Reuters

Republic one of 18 countries said to have macro-economic imbalances

All four Fine Gael MEPs voted against the committee proposal. Photograph: Reuters

European Parliament setting up successor to LuxLeaks tax rulings group

An armoured car drives along the street in Brussels, Belgium. The city has  witnessed the biggest presence of armed forces since the second World War  Photograph: Ben Pruchnie/Getty Images

Attack threat has unnerved a country accustomed to a deep cultural divide

Members of the European Parliament  backed a non-binding resolution on measures to prevent radicalisation. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP/Getty Images

MEPs in Strasbourg back resolution on measures to help stop radicalisation

Members of the European Parliament take part in a voting session  in Strasbourg, eastern France, on November 25, 2015.  Photograph/Frederick Florin/Getty Images

New rules must not seek to replace previously abolished incentives, European Parliament committee says

European Commission’s President Jean-Claude Juncker attends a debate on terrorist attacks in Paris and subsequent police and military operations at the European Parliament in Strasbourg,. Photograph: Frederick Florin/AFP

‘Spirit of Schengen’ must be safeguarded, European Commission president says

 We cannot receive more refugees in Europe,” French prime minister Manuel Valls told journalists in Paris. Photograph: Christophe Petit Tesson/EPA

Manuel Valls stresses solution to migration crisis lies in Middle East not Europe

Migrants and refugees cross the Greek-Macedonian border, near Gevgelija. Since last week, Macedonia has restricted passage to northern Europe to only Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans who are considered war refugees. Photograph: Getty Images

Issue of migration will take on renewed importance on the EU agenda this week

Belgian soldiers on patrol in central Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Reuters/Benoit Tessier

Brussels on alert but people tweet pictures of cats rather than police raids

Michael Noonan and Spain’s Luis de Guindos talking at a euro zone finance ministers meeting in Brussels on Monday.  Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

European Commission request for further information on tax ruling to delay decision

A Belgian police officer and soldiers on  duty inside the Galerie de la Reine in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Stephanie Lecocq/EPA

City faces third day on lockdown as hunt continues for suspects in Paris attacks

France’s justice minister Christiane Taubira and interior minister Bernard Cazeneuve, Luxembourg’s vice prime minister Etienne Schneider and justice minister Felix Braz, give a press conference at the end of the EU justice ministers meeting in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Justice ministers in Brussels stop short of setting up EU intelligence agency

A woman lights candles at a makeshift memorial for the victims of a series of deadly attacks in Paris, at the Place de la Republique  on November 20th, 2015, one week after a series of deadly terror attacks in the French capital. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

Country’s senate votes to extend state of emergency for three months

French prime minister Manuel Valls addresses parliament in Paris. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/EPA

Ministers will propose increased scrutiny of EU nationals entering Schengen zone

Prime minister Charles Michel in Belgium’s parliament announcing security measures after the recent deadly Paris attacks. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Raft of new security measures to be introduced following terrorist attacks

Abdelhamid Abaaoud, a 28-year-old Belgian killed in a police raid in the French capital on Wednesday, told German police on January 20th, 2014, he wanted to visit family and friends in Istanbul. Photograph: Reuters

Six police raids in Brussels as French PM warns terrorists could use chemical weapons

Overall, the research found that the average full-time salary for working women is $11,102 a year (€10,400) - approximately half the male average of $20,554 (€19,222)

New study shows women now being paid what men were back in 2006

A military police soldier patrols the Brussels Midi train station  in Brussels. Belgium’s national security level has been raised to three following the terrorist attacks on Paris. Photograph: Dirk Waem/AFP/Getty Images

Screening people entering and returning to the EU is a deep concern

A police checkpoint   at the French-Belgium border in Neuville-en-Ferrain. Photograph: Philippe Huguen/AFP/Getty Images

New legislation will restrict availability of weapons and criminalise ‘foreign fighters’

Special intervention forces  in Molenbeek, Brussels:   A Volkswagen Golf found in the neighbourhood is  believed to have belonged to a man named locally as  Mohamed Amri. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP

Seven people detained and soccer match cancelled as search for suspects widens

Minister for Defence Simon Coveney attended a meeting of EU defence ministers in Brussels on Tuesday. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons/The Irish Times

Lisbon Treaty calls for ‘aid and assistance’ for countries who face armed aggression

US President Barack Obama gestures during a press conference following the G20 summit in Antalya, Turkey. Photograph: Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images

Washington and Paris agree to increase intelligence sharing

French President François Hollande delivers his speech during an exceptional joint gathering of both of the French houses of parliament in Versailles.  Photograph: Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images

Paris aftermath: François Hollande indicates current state of emergency will be extended

Belgian special forces police climb high on an apartment block during a raid in search of suspected muslim fundamentalists linked to the deadly attacks in Paris, in the Brussels suburb of Molenbeek. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

A relatively quiet area in the Belgian capital has emerged as a centre of jihadist activity

(From left) Belgian foreign minister Didier Reynders, Spanish foreign minister, Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo and Austrian foreign minister Sebastian Kurz at the start of the European Foreign Affairs Council, in Brussels, Belgium on Monday. Photograph: EPA

Flanagan says Ireland ‘does not have any special exemption’ from terrorist events

French police stand guard as people gather to look at the Eiffel Tower that is lit with the blue, white and red colours of the French flag in Paris. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

Islamic State video threatens attack on Washington and other European nations

Despite descriptions in local media of Molenbeek as a den of fundamentalism, the street where the raids took place is in a quiet, well-kept area, just beside a busy Metro station.  Photograph: Emmanuel/AFP/Getty Images

Prime minister Charles Michel says there is an ‘enormous problem’ in Molenbeek

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker  embraces  European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs Pierre Moscovici before a moment of silence for  victims of the Paris attacks at the  G20 summit  in Antalya, Turkey. Photograph: Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

European Commission president warns against ‘base reaction’ to Paris attacks

Arrest warrant issued for Abdeslam Salah.

France conducts ‘massive’ air strikes against Islamic State in Syria two days Paris attacks

Belgian police on the move after making arrests in Molenbeek on Saturday evening. Photograph: Suzanne Lynch/The Irish Times

Street closed off as police vans, sniffer dogs and bomb disposal experts deployed in searches

Two men pay their repects before laying flowers at a rail cordon close to the Bataclan theatre in the 11th district of Paris on Saturday. Photograph: Kenzo Tribouillard/AFP/Getty Images

Incident described as ‘an outrage against France and against Europe as a whole’

Coats are seen on the floor as forensic police search for evidence on Saturday morning  inside the Comptoir Voltaire cafe at the site of one of the six attacks on Friday in which 128 people were killed. Photograph: AFP

Three arrested as Islamic State claims responsibility for attacks

A security check at  the G20 summit in Antalya, Turkey: world leaders will  discuss the war in Syria. Photograph: Tolga Bozoglu/EPA

No meeting for Vladimir Putin and Barack Obama due to dispute over support for Assad

The   summit on migration in Valletta, Malta: With more than 2.2 million Syrian refugees currently residing in Turkey, the country is widely seen as playing a key role in Europe’s response to the crisis. Photograph: Tiberio Barchielli/EPA

EU leaders in meet in Malta to discuss €3bn action plan to help deal with refugee crisis

 German chancellor Angela Merkel, United Nations special representative for  migration Peter Sutherland, European Parliament president Martin Schulz, European Council president Donald Tusk, French president Francois Hollande, and Maltese prime minister Joseph Muscat attend the opening ceremony of the Valletta summit. Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

UN special representative criticises distinction between migrants and refugees

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald with Italian prime minister Matteo Renzi prior to the start of the second day of the Valletta migration summit in Malta. Photograph: Armando Babani/EPA

Frances Fitzgerald underlines difficulties at refugee ‘hot spots’ in EU during Malta visit

Migrants  enter a registration camp after crossing the Greek-Macedonian border near Gevgelija on Wednesday. Photograph: Robert AtanasovskiAFP/Getty Images

Thousands are arriving daily, with multiples of that on the move within the EU’s borders

From left,  Ghana’s President John Dramani Mahama, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande attend the Valletta Summit on Migration in Valletta, Malta, November 11th, 2015. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Ireland to contribute €3m to fund as leaders gather for EU-Africa summit in Valletta

 Kevin Cardiff, former secretary general at the Department  of Finance,  arriving at the Dáil in June   for  the banking inquiry.   Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Former Department of Finance official says all options were discussed in crisis

British prime minister David Cameron outlines conditions for renegotiating the terms of his country’s membership in the European Union,  at Chatham House in London, on Tuesday. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/Pool via The New York Times

Cameron’s lack of clear demands up to now has frustrated other member states

The president of the European Council Donald Tusk speaks to delegates during a welcome meeting   ahead of the Valletta Summit on migration. Photograph:  Ben Pruchnie/Getty Images

Malta summits take place amid continuing signs EU countries struggling to cope with influx of refugees

The Commission of Inquiry into IBRC is investigating disposals by the bank - which was the former Anglo Irish Bank - involving write-downs of €10 million or more - including the sale of Siteserv.

Attorney General Máire Whelan expected to brief Cabinet on legal options

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan. He said the commission had assured him “informally” that his fiscal plan for 2016 was within EU rules. Photograph: Eric Luke

Think tank says Ireland has ‘robust’ growth and Budget 2016 was ‘reasonable’

Eurogroup president and Dutch finance minister Jeroen Dijsselbloem arriving for a Eurogroup finance ministers’ meeting in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: AFP Photo/Emmanuel Dunand

Finance ministers hold disbursement over delay in home arrears measures

German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble and Minister for Finance Michael Noonan at yesterday’s eurogroup meeting in Brussels. Photograph: Reuters

Troika expressed concern that the spending plans are too expansionary

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald said “there is a very particular profile in relation to that group of young men who are coming in on their own, many of whom have a previous history of getting visas in the United Kingdom”. Photograph: EPA

Contact made with UK as Minister for Justice expresses concern at rise in male applicants

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan said on Monday  the legal advice given to the Department of Finance in submitting documents to the Siteserv inquiry was that the judge’s powers could overrule confidentiality concerns. Photograph: EPA

Minister for Finance says inquiry into Siteserv and other transactions is covered by 2004 Act

Minister for Justice Frances Fitzgerald travels to Brussels today for a special meeting of EU justice and home affairs ministers. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Frances Fitzgerald joins ministers in Brussels to formulate long-term policy on issue

Maintenance works near the old ECB centre in Frankfurt, Germany. The Troika will raise concerns over planned Coalition spending during their visit. Photograph: by Hannelore Foerster/Getty Images

Officials will raise concerns about fiscal plan during week-long surveillance visit

GDP growth will slow to 3.5 per cent in 2017, according to the European Commission

Commission predicts GDP to grow by 6% this year and by 4.5% in 2016

A refugee prepares to hand over a toddler to a lifeguard as a half-sunken catamaran carrying about 150 refugees, most of them Syrians, arrives on the Greek island of Lesbos after crossing part of the Aegean sea from Turkey, on Friday. There were no casaulties amongst the refugees who were travelling on the catamaran. Photograph: Giorgos Moutafis/Reuters.

Greek prime minister says Aegean waves ‘washing up the very civilisation of Europe’

US secretary of state John Kerry with delegates from a number of powers in Vienna for talks on resolving the Syrian conflict. Photograph: US Department of State/EPA.

Sending special forces into region seen as major shift in US policy

 Jean-Claude Juncker: met with European Council president Donald Tusk and New Zealand prime minister John Key yesterday. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Agriculture set to be a big issue given New Zealand’s status as top dairy producer

Spanish bullfighter Rafaelillo is tossed by a bull  at La Misericordia bullring in Zaragoza, Spain. Photograph: EPA/Javier Cebollada

An amendment banning bullfighting subsidies was passed by the European Parliament

Volunteer doctors and paramedics try to revive a young child on the Greek island of Lesvos after a boat carrying more than 200 refugees and migrants sank while crossing the Aegean sea from Turkey. A search is continuing amid fears that 34 people are unaccounted for. Photograph: Giorgos Moutafis/Reuters

Ten children among dead and dozens feared missing as refugees try to reach Greece

Refugees flock to emergency accomodation at the border between Germany and Austria near Wegscheid, Germany, on Wednesday.  German federal police are struggling with a huge influx of refugees. and migrants. Photograph: Photograph: Armin Weigel/EPA

Tensions build between EU member states as the refugee and migrant plight rumbles on

A group of migrants queue to be registered as they prepare to cross the border into Spielfeld in Austria from the village of Sentilj in Slovenia. Photograph: Srdjan Zivulovic/Reuters

European Commission ‘not informed’ of plans as concerns over future of Schengen grow

Members of the German Bundeswehr army prepare beds and tents for refugees inside a hangar of the former airport Tempelhof in Berlin. Photograph: Gregor Fischer/AFP/Getty Images

November’s Malta summit seen as chance for talks with Africa on root causes of migration

The European Commission is likely to face pressure from the food industry to downplay the findings amid fears of its impact on food consumption. Photograph: Getty Images

European Commission considering report on cancer link to decide if action required

European Central Bank  president Mario Draghi: will discuss the ECB’s role in the design of the bailout programmes in the countries that received them during the financial crisis. Photograph: Getty Images

ECB president to face questioning on role of institution in lead-up to bailout of State

An escalation in fighting in recent weeks is set to prompt a new wave of displaced Syrians. Photograph: Mauricio Lima/The New York Times

Call for EU solidarity after 100,000 flee Aleppo in wake of air strikes

Germany chancellor Angela Merkel and Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras chat after a meeting over the Balkan refugee crisis. Photograph: Eric Vidal/Reuters.

Assistance to be limited to those who have been registered and fingerprinted

A migrant mother waits to enter a makeshift camp at the Austrian Slovenian border near the village of Sentilj. Photograph: Leonhard Foeger/Reuters

Emergency summit in response to migrant crisis agrees to send extra police forces to Slovenia

Slovenian prime minister Miro Cerar: He warned yesterday that the EU risked “falling apart” if a comprehensive solution was not found to the refugee crisis. Photograph: Thierry Charlier/AFP/Getty Images

European Commission considers sending 400 extra border guards to Slovenia

Slovenian prime minister Miro Cerar: “If these countries tighten the access for migrants, we will be forced to do likewise.” Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images

Emergency EU meeting comes amid reports that Germany is pushing for state quotas

German chancellor Angela Merkel waves after giving a speech during the European People’s Party congress in Madrid. Photograph: AP Photo/Francisco Seco

‘We cannot simply push away boats,’ says German chancellor

Taoiseach Enda Kenny (C) waves at  the end of the European People’s Party Statuary Congress in Madrid on October 22nd, 2015. Photograph: Getty Images

Opposition parties call on Taoiseach and former bank governor to clarify comments

Minister for European Affairs Dara Murphy has been elected as vice president of the European People’s Party. Photographer: Dara Mac Dónaill

Minister for European Affairs is one of 10 centre-right politicians to be elected to job

European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker (left) embraces Catalan centre-right politician Josep Antoni Duran i Lleida, as Spain’s prime minister Mariano Rajoy stands by, at the European Peoples Party congress in Madrid on Wednesday. Photograph: Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty Images

Political groups play crucial backroom role in European politics

Joseph Daul European People’s Party president, said comments from far-right leaders such as France’s Marine Le Pen echoed the extremism seen in Europe during the second World War. Photograph: EPA

European People’s Party emphasises success of centre-right governments

Minister of State at the departments of the Taoiseach and Foreign Affairs with special responsibility for European Affairs and Data Protection,  Dara Murphy, nominated for vice-presidency of European People’s Party

Expectations were that Hogan or McGuinness would be on ticket for vice-presidency

German chancellor Angela Merkel: Her backing of the plan gives it a strong boost. Photograph: John Thys/AFP/Getty Images

Europe accused of trying to ‘outsource’ the refugees crisis in its deal with Ankara

Turkish foreign minister Feridun Sinirlioglu: He stressed the agreement was still a draft. Photograph: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

Turkey’s foreign minister dismisses EU’s offer of financial assistance as insufficient

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel addresses a news conference after an EU summit in Brussels, October 16th, 2015. Photograph: Francois Lenoir/Reuters

Opening door to Syrian refugees could be political gamble of Angela Merkel’s career

EU Council president Donald Tusk (left) and European Commission president Jean Claude Juncker give a press briefing at the end of an EU Summit, in Brussels, Belgium, late 15th October 2015. Photograph: Olivier Hsolet/EPA

Summit in Brussels discusses joint bid with Ankara to contain flow of migrants to Europe

UK prime minister David Cameron faces a potential rebellion from backbenchers if he does not seek significant changes. Photograph: Delmi Alvarez/Reuters

British PM to detail concessions UK wants from Brussels before referendum

German chancellor Angela Merkel, British prime minister David Cameron and French president Francois Hollande meet during yesterday’s EU summit. Photograph:  Alain Jocard/AFP/Getty Images

Cameron, Merkel and Hollande meet to seek a common approach on Syrian war

Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives at the EU summit. “Most war refugees that come to Europe travel via Turkey. We won’t be able to order and stem the refugee movement without working together with Turkey,” she said. Photograph: Reuters

Ankara wants €3bn in funds and visa reform in return for co-operation on migrants

European Council President Donald Tusk (third left) meets with Swedish prime minister Stefan Lofven (second right) on the sidelines of an EU summit at the EU Council building in Brussels. Photograph: Virginia Mayo/EPA

Turkish role in migration and conflicting attitudes to Assad to dominate meeting

Web Summit co-founder Paddy Cosgrave said he was receiving no support from the Government as he sought to keep the summit in the capital.

Series of emails showed irritation over alleged failure to help summit’s growth plans

A Syrian refugee family, sharing the food they have just bought, along train tracks near Idomeni in Greece. There is a growing sense in Brussels that migration is emerging as the defining issue for the EU. Photograph: Samuel Aranda/New York Times

Summit likely to signal toughening of approach by EU to migration issue

Tánaiste Joan Burton at a press conference on the 2016 Budget at Government Buildings. Photograph: Alan Betson/The Irish Times

Enda Kenny wants to abolish charge while Burton wants cuts for low-income earners

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad: EU foreign ministers issued   a strongly worded statement on Monday condemning Russian’s military activities in Syria and blaming Dr Assad for more than 250,000 deaths in the country. Photograph: EPA/SANA/Handout

Extent of co-operation with Syrian president to be focus of Brussels summit

EC declines to comment on claims Ireland’s budget may be in breach of EU rules

Irish MEP Mairéad McGuinness, who sits on the European Parliament’s Environment and Public Health Committee. “To allow one member state to ban the use of animal feed containing GM ingredients in their territory would disadvantage farmers and seriously disrupt the livestock sector,” she said. Photograph: Alan Betson

Proposal would have allowed states control or restrict genetically-modified food or feed

US President Barack Obama: there are increasing signs the accord will not be concluded before the end of his term. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images

Think tank warns of ‘secretive collusion’ between business and trade negotiators

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini with Luxembourg’s foreign minister Jean Asselborn at the  Luxembourg meeting: she suggested  the EU could play a lead role in political negotiations to  end the civil war. Photograph: John Thys/AFP /Getty Images

Moscow should use its influence to stop regime of violence against civilians, EU says

 European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker: “We must make efforts towards a practical relationship with Russia . . . that must be the case. We can’t go on like this.” Photograph: Armin Weigel/EPA

Commission chief says Europe’s policy on Russia should not be dictated by Washington

US Defense Secretary Ash Carter at a Nato defence ministers meeting in Brussels. Photograph: François Lenoir/Reuters

Defence ministers say organisation is ‘ready to defend allies’ after meeting in Brussels

Federica Mogherini, High Representative of  EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, in Luxembourg where the meeting focused on  a system to keep out migrants who do not qualify for asylum. Photograph: Julien Warnand/ EPA

Ministers meeting in Luxembourg sign proposal to tackle crisis ahead of EU summit

Taxation commissioner Pierre Moscovici says  the CCCTB is ‘the best instrument for fighting cross-border tax abuse’  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base is strongly opposed by Ireland

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan  shakes hands with Belgian PM Charles Michel during a meeting at the Chateau of Val-Duchesse in Brussels on Tuesday. Turkey’s leader began his  European tour in Strasbourg last Sunday. Photograph: Nicolas Maeterlinck/AFP/Belga

While wariness of Istanbul continues, its geopolitical role is extremely strategic

German chancellor Angela Merkel and French president François Hollande at the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Wednesday. Photograph: Patrick Seeger/EPA

The choice is a stronger EU or bloc’s end, French and German leaders tell parliament

Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg at  a press conference  in Brussels on Tuesday. “I will not speculate on the motives but this does not look like an accident,” he said. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

No ‘real explanation’ for why Russian army jet flew over southern province of Turkey

Britain’s prime minister David Cameron, whose government has welcomed a European Court of Justice opinion on benefit payments to non-British nationals. Photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images

Court issues legal opinion that UK has right to restrict social benefits to some foreigners

 European commissioner in charge of economic and financial affairs, Pierre Moscovici:   “Today’s agreement means an end to obscure tax agreements between companies and authorities which can facilitate tax abuse.” Photograph: Julien Warnand

Finance ministers endorse cross-border directive

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